THE WATNESVILLE MOUNTAINEER
ARMY CHIEF WELCOMED HQ
MEET THE PRESIDENT:
(No. 3) From Senate to White House Farm Questions
(Compiled by Extension Service
at SU CoUere)
'Third of a Four-Part Feature
ovrrnight. Senator Harrv S.
est Ifice in the land, faced with a tremendous responsi
Truman was ! bility.
raised from relative obx urit to national prominence as ! "Last night the whole weight of the noon and stars
chairman of the war investigating committre So high and all the planets fell on me," he told reporters. "Please
as its prestisr that the granting of funds for its work pray for me. I mean that."
was almost automatic. Alter the first appropriation, the In his first speech to Congress, Truman endorsed a
senate never voted less than SlOfl.O'JO at a time. Truman's world organization to maintain the peace. President
rommittee became the symbol lor honcstv in carrying out Roosevelt had arranged the San Francisco Conference,
war contracts. in which statesmen of 50 nations produced the ('barter
Before the Democratic National Convention at Chi- of the United Nations. He died 13 days before the dele
cacn in 1944, Truman turned don suse-dions from his gates were to convene, and President Truman carried on
friends that he enter his name a? cindiuiitc tor vice presi- , in his place.
i,'"t- On his 61st birthday. May 8, 195, President Truman
"I have the best ob any man could have, and I want announced the unconditional surrender of Germany. "For
to stick to it," he said. But Truman was dratted as a com- this victory we join in offering our thanks to the Provi
promise candidate, to he Franklin D. Roosevelt's fourth dence which has guided and sustained us through the dark
ister Clement Attlee. The Big Three discussed a master
plan for reconstruction of Europe and for dictating un
conditional surrender terms to Japan. Truman's primary
objective was to get final agreement on Russia's entry
into the war against Japan. The meeting took place from
July 17 to August 2, 1945.
Dr. Vannevar Bush, who supervised the war work of
American scientists, has revealed that President Truman
made his decision to use the atom bomb against Japanese
cities while attending the Potsdam Conference. On Aug
ust 6. 1945, Hiroshima, once Japan's most modernized
city, was blasted to ruins by an atomic explosion. Three
days later half of Nagaski was reduced to rubble. Next
day Japan offered to accept the Potsdam surrender ultimatum.
V-.l Day was proclaimed on September 2, the day the
Question: How can a dirty egg be
cleaned without reducing its mar
Answer: The egg should be wash
ed in hot water which ranges in
temperature from 140 to 160 de
grees Fahrenheit. If the egg is
washed in cold or lukewarm water,
the contents of the shoil contract
and draw in the outside dirt and
bacteria. But when hot water is
used, it's a different story the
egg expands, thus causing the in
side pressure to force the dirt out
of the egg shell pores. It's better,
of course, to protect eggs so they
won't get dirty, since any kind of
washing destroys the egg's natur
al protective coating.
joined in solemn prayers for world
term running mate. Resigning from the war investigating : days of adversity," he said. He led the nation in bumble . Japanese signed unconditional surrender terms aboard
committee, he campaigned vigorously. . thanksgiving and
Three months after his inauguration, President Roose- peace.
velt died. Harry S. Truman, whose formal education ended At Potsdam, he conferred with Soviet Premier Joseph
with high school, a former Missouri farm boy who had al- Stalin, Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and, after the
ways worked hard and lived simply, moved into the high- Iatter's defeat in the British elections, with Prime Min-
the battleship Missouri, anchored in Tokyo Bay. "God's
help has brought us this victory," said President Truman.
"With His help we wilL attain peace and prosperity for
ourselves and all the world in the years ahead."
MEET THE PRESIDENT:
(No. 4) Peace Problems -Hot and Cold
(Last of a Four-Part Feature"
Peace brought new problems, both domestic and
international, to the quiet Missourian in the White House.
The nation was plagued with a record number of strikes
as prices skyrocketed into inflation. Sharp disputes over
ideologies of the East and West developed into a "cold
war" between the I'nited States and Russia.
Idleness due to strikes and walkouts rose to 116,000.
OMOman days in 1946 three times the figure for the pre
vious year. Truman broke the paralyzing railroad tie-up
in the spring of 1946 after two days, by threatening to
run the trains with troops.
War-time price controls were dropped in June. 1946,
when President Truman vetoed a watered-down bill for
rxtenslon of the OPA. The bill, he said, offered only' a
"choice between inflation with a statute and inflation
For the first time in 15 years, the Republican party
gained control of' both houses of Congress in 1946.
And then Congress passed tbc Taft-Hartley labor law
over Truman's veto, banning (he closed shop and amend
ing the Wagner Act to restrict other union activities.
President Truman's programs for universal military train
ing, broadening of Social Security coverage, long range
housing, and the St. Lawrence waterway were rejected.
Other major legislative measures pressed by Truman
won approval, However. These included unification of the
armed forces, change in succession to the Presidency, ap
propriation of $400,000,000 for Greek-Turkish aid in ac
cordance with the Truman Doctrine, appropriations for
Marshall Plan foreign aid, and ratification of peace
treaties with Italy, Hungary, Bulgaria, and Rumania.
The Truman Doctrine called for material aid to "help
free peoples to maintain their free institutions and na
tional integrity against aggressive movements that seek
to impose: upon them totalitarian regimes." The plin of
Secretary of State' George C. Marshall called for Ameri
can aid on the basis of European self-help. Both programs
have been denounced by. Russia.
v .''feea Bngry lands abroad,' President Truman
urgljd such voluntary measures as meatless and eggless
days. Millions of tons of foodstuffs were sent to Europe.
JJgxJ&Saw. U In The Mountaineer
In 1947 alone, 18,433,000 long tons were sent overseas
to meet the threat of "mass starvation".
Truman's popularity was at a low ebb when his
campaign for election in his own right began in 1948.
Southern "states rights" delegates marched out of the
Democratic National oCnvcntion to form their own party
when Truman refused to back down on his civil rights
program. Henry Wallace formed a Progressive Party, with
the obvious intent of drawin gleft wing votes away from
the President. Few prognosticators thought Truman had
a chance to defeat Thomas E. Dewey with his smooth
running Republican campaign machinery.
When a Missouri voter suggested that Truman with
draw from the Presidential race, he replied: "I was not
brought up to run from a fight." At every whistle stop he
castigated Congress as "the worst we have had since the
first one met." His outspoken campaign was in sharp con
trast with the quiet and colorless Dewey drive. When the
votes were counted, Harry S. Truman had been elected
President on the basis of a one-man campaign that all
the experts had foredoomed to failure.
INTEREST TO ALL READERS . . .
RAIFF'S 4 6
Is Now Associated With RAIFF'S
Bennie extends a cordial invitation to all his
friends to visit him at RAIFF'S . . . and assures
all that it will be well worth their while to see
what this BIG STORE offers in the way of savings
Renembei . .
You can find what you want at
what you want to pay at . . ..
State College Hints
To Farm Homemakers
By Ruth Current
State Home Demonstration Agent
Long-handled equipment needed
Even small considerations count
in saving time and strength on
cleaning jobs around the house,
household equipment specialists be-
; lieve. For example, the length of
; the handle tf any cleaning tool is
I important because it affects the
; stooping which causes unnecessary
In brushing up floors a long
handled dust pan and a push
broom are recommended instead of
the common short-handled dust
pan and dust brush because the
long handles save back-bending.
Before buying a vacuum cleaner,
it is a good idea to try it out to
see whether the handle is the right
length for comfortable use.
When waxing the floors, spare
the back by using a long-handled
When washing kitchen or bath
room floors, use a long-handled
mop rather than the arduous
Even in dishwashing a handle
may prevent stooping. If the sink
is too low or too deep, a dish mop
is better than a dish cloth because -
its handle saves that wearisome
bend-ovcr. A rack for the sink
helps build up the pan.
Shown In Report
By Canton Police
With 857 arrests made by local
officers during the year 1940. vi
olations of various laws showed a
hike of 125 over the previous year,
when 734 arrests were recorded.
As was the case in 1947, drunk
enness headed the list with 496
arrests made, or more than
half of all the charges listed. The
second nignesi tor tne year was
71 for driving drunk.
More arrests were made in April
on public drunkenness than in any
other month, with 57 listed, the
report shows, while May led in
speeding charges with seven ar
rests made, and September for
driving drunk with 12 cases.
Violations contributing to most
of the arrests were as follows:
Driving drunk 71; violation of
traffic ordinances, 35; speeding,
32; no drivers' license 18; assault
17; warrants 15; reckless driving
27; dogs running at large 20; drunk
and disorderly 12; affrays 6. Other
charges ranged from six to one.
Court Scares Defendant,
Lawyer Worried, Too
PRESCOTT, Ariz.. (U P.) Avery
Fisher is a free man today but he
had a few worrisome moments in
a Prescott courtroom.
When things began to look tough
for Fisher, charged with dangerous
flight of an airplane, he turned to
his counsel, Jack Ogg, and whis
"This doesn't look se good and
uus is me nrst time I ve ever been
on trial. "
Ogg whispered back:
i i give up yet this is my
first time in court, too."
It seems that Ogg only recently
opened a law office here after
graduating trom the University of
The jury took two hours to find
risner not guilty.
Few Bacteria in Frozen Foods:
Reassurance from Experiment Sta
tion scientists that if properly pre
pared, foods have few. bacteria
when home-frozen. .This test was
made on vegetables. Miss Nita
Orr. specialist in frozen foods,
State College, will be glad to give
you correct methods for properly
preparing food for freezing.
FISH YIELDS FALSE TEETH
OSKALOOSA, la. (UP.) War
ren Freel is telling about the 48
pound drum fish he hooked while
fishing in the Gulf of Mexico off
Port Isabel, Tex. Inside the fish
Freel says, he found a partial set
of false teclh.
Want Ads bring quick results.
From Common Colds
That HANG ON
Oeomulsioo relievo promptly because
it goes right to the seat of the trouble
to help looseo and expel germ laden
phlegm and aid nature to soothe and
heal raw, tender, inflamed bronchial
mucous membranes. Tell your druggist
to sell you a bottle of Oeomulsioo
with the understanding you must like
the War it quickly allays the cough
or you are to have your money back.
(per. rr I
Question: Is it necessary for a
producer to have his cotton classed
to get a government loan?
Answer: Yes, the cotton must be
classed by a government classing
office before the grower may ob
tain a government loan. The loan
is made on the grade and staple
shown on the class card returned
to the grower or the class received
by the warehouseman.
n 1 ; '
SeCKETAKT wr inc wtuni incline m iwjau vicn; arrives it (
airport from Europe and ia greeted, by Chief of staB Gal
Bradley (right) and Undersecretary of the Army Willie J
KoyaU, malting a inree-weex wur i rauciitaii military imf
found U. S. troops in "Splendid shape." (fnfernotionoisJ
Question: Is wet paint (on farm
buildings and fence posts) danger
ous to stock?
Answer: Yes. The lead contained
in many kinds of paint can kill
domestic animals, especially cat
tle. While paint is wet, animals
are attracted to it because it con
tains linseed oil. Dry paint doesn't
exert the same attraction. That is
why it is important to keep stock
away from wet paint and discard
ed paint buckets. An animal suf
fering from lead poisoning will
slobber and choke, show signs of
colic, and will eat less. Dairy cows
poisoned by wet paint will drop off
in milk production, and sometimes
a poisoned animal will run about
and appear to be blind. A veterin
arian can give an antidote if called
in time. However, prevention of
the trouble is far better than cure.
Goat Wouldn't Budge,
Woman Is Saved
SCRANTON, Pa. (U.P.) Mrs.
Inez Leccese, Keyser Valley, credits
her life to her pet goat, Nanny.
Mrs. Leccese was leading the
goat to a stake where it was teth
ered most of the time. Suddenly
the goat balked and refused to ad
vace another step.
Mrs. Leccese was attempting to
force the goat ahead when the
ground collapsed a few feet in
front of her, leaving a 35-foot pit,
the result of mining operations.
Meeting, Feb. 7
New officers for the Methodist
Youth Fellowship will be nominat
ed at the February meeting to be
held in Waynesville Methodist
Church on February 7.
The following nominations have
been slated by the committee:
President: Beulah Mae Mauney,
Hazelwood; Jimmy Galloway, Eliza
beth Chapel; Lillian K. Medford,
Vice President: Jerry Alexander,
Canton Central; Dorotha June Gid
ney and Joan Reno. Canton First.
Treasurer: Wayne Howell,
Bethel; Marga'ret Noland, Crab
tree. Commission on Worship and
Evangelism: Mary Chris Gates,
Canton Central; . Frances Anders,
World Friendship: Bill Rhea,
Canton First; Peggy Noland, Eliza
Community Service: John Ter
rell. Lake Junaluska; Elizabeth
Recreation and Leisure: Kath
leen Cooke, Bethel; and Rose Ann
Duckett, Canton First.
All Methodist young people are
urged to attend the meeting on
with this AUtJ
Do not overfrecze desserts
made in the refrigerator; serve
them as soon as possible after they
PAY YOUR 1948 TAXES
February 1, 1949
A penalty will be imposed on
unpaid taxes February 1st. Pa
up today, while the matter is sti
-resn on your mind, and save this
' SEBE BBYSOIJ
Tax Collector, Haywood County
ft XLuud - 3 vmi Bn