The News-Journal (Raeford, N.C.) /
May 12, 1983, edition 1 /
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Bragg pay back
urged in 1923
Editor's Note: It was about this
time 60 years ago that Hoke Coun
ty Journal Editor D. Scott Poole
pointed out that it was time for the
federal government to help Hoke
County pay its debts. Here is what
Poole had to say about that issue
and other matters in the May
17,1923, edition of the paper:
"An effort will be made to have
the U.S. Government to pay
something like one-third of the
county's indebtedness at the time
the War Department took about
one-third of Hoke's land for Camp
Bragg. The county owed at the
time of the establishment of the
camp approximately $150,000, and
Uncle Sam should pay $50,000 of
"Mr. R.R. Andrews of Rockfish
brought a carload of the finest cab
bage to town last Friday morning
that have been offered on this
market in some time, shipped or
otherwise. These are exceptionally
fine for any time of year, to say
nothing of May 1st.
"Mr. H.C. McLauchlin's new
brick residence is so near comple
tion that we know that it will be
one of the prettiest in town.
"In the account of the death of
Miss Mary Watson McNeill last
week, there was an erroneous
statement as to her age. She was
56, not 70 years old.
"A number of young women in
this country have been doing en
durance dancing, and some have
made a record of 162 hours con
tinously on the floor, without rest,
taking refreshments as they danc
"And after they had done all
that, they had not done a thing ex
cept make a fool of themselves.
"The women of the Old South
who worked day and night to
clothe their families were heroines.
They taxed their powers of en
durance for their loved ones.
About This Time
"Why do not the little fools
make heroic efforts in lines of
"And some are contesting also.
It is probable some will die of this
"No, it did not frost last week,
but fires were needed for comfort.
"Strange as it may seem, there
will be a fourth of a crop of
peaches this year.
"There has never been a poorer
prospect for a cotton crop than we
see this spring.
"A number of farmers in Hoke
County still have sweet potatoes
for sale as well as plenty for home
"The cold killed tobacco plants
in some beds altogether April 1st,
and those farmers have to depend
on plants their neighbors have left.
"The lights went off, and there
was no prayer meetings in the
churches Wednesday evening,
neither could we read with any
satisfaction that night.
"Messrs. J.D. Niven and Ben
nett Cox have bought out Mr. D.S.
McDiarmid's Grocery on Main
In the May 3,1923, edition Poole
complained about the condition of
"The dust on the streets and
roads, which have been scraped
since we had rain, is really distress
ing. Anyhow, a car or truck will
raise more dust than 40 wagons or
"The new dirt put on the
sidewalks should have been
distributed when it was put on. In
some places when you walk along a
sidewalk you are reminded of
crossing a cotton field in the
"The Raeford city government
has a new duty to perform, that is
to keep clean and to prevent
damage to the paved streets.
"Tractors should be muzzled
before they are driven on pave
Poole also noted in the same edi
tion that, "The Chief of Police of
Fairmont and other prominent
citizens of the Proctorville section
of Robeson County are indicted
for whipping two white women of
Proctorville week before last.
"The accused plead innocent,
however, they were bound over to
Superior Court by Recorder Ivey
of Lumberton at a preliminary
hearing last Thursday."
In the column called "Raeford
School Recorder," the writers
noted that "Mr. H.L. Gatlin Jr.
spent the weekend in Darlington,
S.C. He drove his new car and had
a very enjoyable time."
"John P. Shaw, prominent
business man and farmer of
Wagram was the purchaser of the
old Spring Hill School property,
which was sold at public auction
by order of the county board of
education. The purchase price was
what it is like
By Luclen Coleman
Yes, I know it's customary to
write nice things about the virtues
of motherhood when Mother's
Day rolls around each year. But I
thought it might be more valuable,
just this once, to hear what
children really think of the
behavior of mothers, and other
A Sunday School class of
10-year-olds had several things to
complain about when asked what
they thought of grownups. They
might be worth thinking about:
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Things That Matter
?Grownups don't do the things
they're always telling children to
do-like pick up their things, or be
neat, or always tell the truth.
?Grownups never really listen to
what children have to say. They
always decide ahead of time what
they're going to answer.
?Grownups make mistakes, but
they won't admit them. They
always pretend that they weren't
mistakes at all? or that somebody
else made them.
?Grownups interrupt children
all the time and think nothing of it.
If a child interrupts a grownup, he
gets a scolding or something.
?Grownups never understand
how much children want a certain
thing-a certain color or shape or
size. If it's something they don't
admire-?ven if the children have
spent their own money for it? they
always say, "I can't imagine what
you want with that old thing!"
?Grownups talk about money
too much, and bills, and things like
that, so that it scares you. They say
money isn't very important, but
the way they talk about it, it
sounds like the most important
thing in the world.
?Grownups gossip a lot-but if
children do the very same thing
and say the same words about the
same people, the grownups say
they're being disrespectful.
?Grownups pry into children's
secrets. They always think
it's going to be something bad.
They never think it might be a nice
. . .Letters
(Continued from page 2B)
The subject is a critical one, so
critical it could determine whether
a critical patient in Hoke County
lives or dies.
Because of the impact, that a
statement made by a doctor car
ries, I believe the author should
have done extensive research to en
sure the public was properly in
1 am not a doctor, nor do I pro
fess to be a journalist. As a
member of the EMS profession I
have an obligation not only to pro
vide the highest level possible of
pre-hospital emergency care, but
to inform and educate the public
on matters dealing with E.M.S.
(Emergency Medical Service).
In attempting to do so 1 will use
statistics compiled by the
American Heart Association, and
the American Medical Associa
These figures were compiled
from actual cases across the United
States. The research was done by
Medical Professionals, many who
are doctors specializing in
Emergency Medicine or Car
An 'ideal Emergency Medical
System would operate with a doc
tor on every ambulance. This is not
only economically infeasible, but
due to the number of doctors, it is
The alternative is to train EMS
personnel to the highest level possi
ble in pre-hospital emergency care.
This is where the Paramedic comes
in. He is a highly trained profes
sional who becomes the eyes, ears,
and hands of the Emergency Room
Physician. He is extensively train
ed in patient assessment and
emergency care. He does not prac
tice medicine. He operates through
and on the orders of the Emergen
cy Room Physician.
Hoke County needs this
Paramedic, probably more than
90% of the counties in North
Caorlina. This is based on fact and
As you read the rest of the letter,
1 will try to justify the statements I
Dr. Zota was quoted as saying
that there was no need because
there are three hospitals nearby
(the closest being 20 miles).
According to both doctors, peo
ple who go into "Full Cardiac Ar
rest" do not have a good chance of
survival regardless of what is done.
According to the American
Heart Association, approximately
650,000 Americans die each year
of Heart Disease.
Sixty to 70% of these deaths oc
cur before the patient reaches the
Ventricular Fibrillation is the
cause of cardiac arrest in the ma
jority of these victims.
To quote "Recent reports from
communities advanced in their ap
proach to the cardiac arrest victim,
eg. communities with large
numbers of laypersons trained in
basic life support (BLS) (Hoke
County has over 300 persons train
ed in CPR) and with a rapid
response system of well trained
paramedical persons, have
demonstrated that more than 40%
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of patients with ventricular
fibrillation out-of-hospital can be
successfully resuscitated if CPR is
provided promptly and followed
closely (8-10 minutes) with Ad
vanced Cardiac Care or
Successful resuscitation in
selected subgroups of patients with
documented cardiac arrest has
been accomplished in 60V?-80V? of
cases. I believe that this proves that
a "full cardiac arrest" patient can
have a good chance of survival.
To have an effective system, it
must incorporate basic life support
within four minutes and advanced
cardiac life support within eight
minutes. I believe that this time
frame indicates that the "three
nearby hospitals" Dr. Zota refer
red to are not near enough.
Hoke County has no advanced
cardiac care to include local doc
Dr. Townsend stated that he has
had only one case in 20 years that
would have benefitted from this
sort of care. It is hard to dispute
that claim since I do not work in
his office, but I do work in the
back of an ambulance and this ser
vice in 1982 alone had 95 heart
related calls with 21 full cardiac ar
Even though we have keyed on
the cardiac patient, it is important
to point out that the Paramedic is
instrumental in reducing the mor
bidity and mortality in many types
of other illnesses and injuries.
Both doctors made reference to
the cost of the program. I believe
that the Paramedic program can be
implemented without increasing
the cost of the ambulance trip.
Also, I estimate the initial cost
to the county to equip two am
bulances at the paramedical level
to be approximately S48.000. That
is less than S3, per person in Hoke
In addition, some of the equip
ment can be purchased with 50%
matching funds from the state.
How much is the life of a
member of your family worth?
So far, 1 have quoted statistics
from the American Heart Associa
The American Medical Associa
tion, (of which I am sure that both
doctors are members), produces a
journal entitled JAMA (The Jour
nal of the American Medical
Association). In volume 244 of this
journal, it printed the same
I also refer the doctors to page
459 of that volume where it states
"Physicians and Nurses must be
aware of the E.M.S. System in
their communities. Their actions
should reflect the knowledge that
most cardiac fatalities occur out
side the hospital and that every ef
fort must be made to reduce the
delay between the initial symptoms
and the victim's entry into an ef
fective emergency care system."
Paramedics are not doctors.
They try to buy you some time, to
give the doctors at the Emergency
room and the CCU something to
work with. 1 have tried to show the
need for the program.
I believe this is an issue the
public should become active in.
We at the Ambulance Service
solicit your support. We believe
that Paramedics will save at least
10 lives a year in Hoke County.
These 10 are members of your
family, people that you know, live
with and love. Help these 10 by
contacting each county commis
sioner personally and urge them to
implement the Paramedic Pro
1 will avail myself and my staff
to any person or organization who
desires more information.
In addition Dr. Arkangel, Direc1
tor of Emergency Services at
Womack Army Hospital (whose
ambulance service operates at the
Paramedic level), and Dr. Rogers^
Director of the Advanced Life
Support program at Cape Fear
Valley Hospital have expressed a
willingness to meet with any group
in the county that is interested irt
learning more about the
To set up an appointment, con-;
tact me at 875-5051 .
Jimmy L. Henley, EMT-I
Hoke County Ambulance Service;
I etter* to the editor art encouraged and
welcomed Writers ihould keep letter* at thort at
po*?ble Name*. addre**e* and telephone number*
should he included and all letter* mutt be ugned
Name* will I* printed. However, other in format Km
? ill be kept confidential We reserve the right to
edit letter* for food laste and brevity, letter* *ho?ld
be received by Tht Journal by noon on the
Monday of the pub4>caoon week
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