Three Cents the Co
INDEPENDENCE IN ALL THINGS.
Subscription Price. $1.00 Per Year in Advance.
COLUMBUS, POLK COUNTY, N. C, THURSDAY, JULY 22, 1909.
Items of State Interest Gathered from Here and There and
Told Briefly for Busy Readers.
Pellagra Causes State of Alarm.
Durham, Special. Two deaths
from Pellagra and two well-defined
casts of the disease which has al
most become .critical with the medi
cal fraternity, have been reported by
the doctors here, and certain por
tions of the population are alarmed.
This human ill is not new enough to
be a sensational thing nor old enough
to preserve it from faddism. Exag
gerated stories of the deaths in Hay
ti, the colored settlement of Difrham,
havt caused a number of families to
discontinue the use of corn-bread as
a family dish and some of the very
best people here are exceedingly
alarmed. The -physicians have not
yet taken it so seriously but they
are vrorried nevertheless. Pellagra
has had but little explanatory litera
ture. The theories that it does and
doesn't find its causation in maize,
or Indian corn, are typical of divid
ed doctors and when they fall out,
sometimes the patient fares but ill.
So far as can be learned by your
correspondent, there is nothing ap
proaching an epidemic and the two
white cases of the disease appear
to be improving, though one is a
verv ill woman. While pellagra isn't
new in North Carolina, there have
been but few cases west of this place.
Wilmington and contiguous territory
have suffered a number but the fa
talities haven't been so great. The
disease has been likened unto leprosy
tut there are plenty of doctors to
combat that theory. The charging up
of the deadly disease to maize arises
out of a theory that this corn as a
consistent diet lacks the living prop
erties that it ought to possess and
that from that very insufficiency
comes tne sKin disease and leprosy
jppearance of the person eating.
There have been some physicians in
consultation with the local doctors
and they have discussed the situa
tion. While it has worried them,
the fact that pellagra is not a con
tagious disease has had a tendency
to keep the few unfortunates from
publicity rather than otherwise. One
of the colored women died yesterday
and the other last week. The resi
dents of Hayti have suffered some
alarm and they have eschewed corn
bread until there is assurance that
it is wholesome.
Spencer. Special. Few people
have an idea of the immense propor
tions' of the electric department of
the Southern Railway shops at Spen
cer, where hundreds of machines of
various kinds are driven by the elec
tric motor. The department, which
is ably managed by Mr. W. S. Sweet
as chief electrician, is producing
more than 600 horse power with 98
ffiotors ranging from three to seventy-five
horse power in size. More than
130 incandescent lights and 226
arc lamps are maintained. So well
managed is this department that only
four men, two electricians and two
ipers are employed to keep the
bole plant in operation. It is sig
nificant that not one minute's delay
has been caused in five years except
n the occasion of the powder maga
zine exnlosion last vear when the
dynamos were badly damaged, but
ere started again in three hours.
Of the more than 200 locomotives in
the service at Spencer, 67 are equip
ped with electric lights. All of the
fining cars, fourteen in number, on
fte main line of the Southern, are
pipped throughout with electricity,
is said that the electric plant at
Spend r ormals in proportions the
Satire plant of a city the size of
vbarlotte. Asheville, or Wilmington.
Wants $25,000 Bond Issue.
Washington, Special. A petition
s been circulated among a large
tanber of our citizens during the
Past few days asking that the Le&
Uturc grant this city the privilege
another? bond issue of $25,000 for
rs Tbp netiticn
"1 JL V W - w f '
. b( :a signed by a large number of
3 Whistling Tiger Run In.
m, Special. Two new cases
i id against Walter Hobbs,
freat blind tieer of North Dur-
turdav afternoon and the de-
' ')"u to take out a writ of
as corpus before Judge Manning
is the whistling cripple
' strange rendition of "The
Bird" was his signal for a
Tie had done the thing
tn.v times, but was landed at
J -be bond nf $1 nftn cfans tA
Vties. Tnye as he has made at the
ounT' cannt raise the required
Raleigh, Special. A striking1 ex
position of North Carolina's rapid
progress in development of public ed
ucation is given in the annual report
of Secretary C. H. Mebane, of the
Education Campaign Committee, just
comvleted. It shows a school fund
for the year of $3,294,231, a gain of
$431,013 over the year previous,
raised by local taxation, $650,739,
gain of $104,607; bonds issued in
local tax districts, $308,5o2, a gain
of $65,008. The report declares that
all records were broken during the
ninety days of March, April and
May in the matter of carrying local
tax districts in that 132 were car
ried within that time, giving a total
of 152 carried during the year in
forty-four counties. There are 900
local tax districts in the State at
this time, distributed one each in six
counties, two to five each in thirty
three, six to -ten each in sixteen;
eleven to fifteen each in eleven, eigh
teen to forty-seven each in fourteen
counties. There are four counties
having no local tax districts.
Secretary Mebane's report shows
that during the year thirty-eight
speakers were sent into various parts
oi tne orate to nil seventy-nve. ap
pointments in the furtherance of the
committee campaign. The campaign
committee to which this report is
made comprises H. E., Fries. Winston
Salem; ex-Governor Charles B. Ay
cock; ex-Governor R. B. Glenn and
Hon. J. Y. Joyner, State Superinten
dent of Public Instruction. The re
port calls special attention to the
fact that one whole county in the
State voted a special tax for im
provement of schools, that being New
Hanover. No other county has yet
adopted a special tax for the entire
The Deserted Baby.
Asheville, Special. The mystery
surrounding the leaving of a child
here with a colored nurse by a wo
man who left the city has been par
tially cleared. Upon investigation it
is learned that the woman's name is
Ella Gibbs, whose home is near Ma
rion. For the past two months she
has been employed at the home of
Mr. Alex Porter, where she was dis
charged, owing to her strange ac
tions. The woman is now at her
home near Marion, but no effort will
be made to have her brought back,
as the opinion prevails that the child
it better off without its mother. The
child is at present at the home of
Mr. A. L. Garren, where it will re
main until a home is selected. There
are many applicants to adopt the
Mistook Wife For Burglar.
Concord, Special. Sam Gibson, a
young negro, and a good farm hand,
living on the plantation of Mr. Wil
liam H. Bost in No. 10 township, shot
and killed his wife about 1 o'clock
Monday morning, thinking the wo
man was some one coming into his
room for the purpose of robbery or
His wife had gotten out of bed
and went to the door, but as the
door was so fastened that she could
not get out, she then went to a win
dow, and was in the act of re-entering
the house when Gibson awakened
and took deliberate aim with his shot-
which proved almost instant death
to the woman. He was not held for
Peculiar and Primitive.
Fayetteville, Special Sheriff N.
H. Watson, of Cumberland county,
has just captured his twenty-fourth
illicit whiskey still at the head of
Beaver Creek Pond. The outfit was
a peculiar one, composed of an iron
pot, wooden cap and gas pipe. There
was no one near it when captured.
Albemarle to Vote on Bond Issue.
Albermarle, Special The citizens
of Albemarle will vote on an issue of
bonds July 27 for lights, water, sew
erage, school and street improve
ments and judging from the registra
tion the bond issue will carry by a
decided majority. This will be a
great step forward as these things
are needed and the town has no bond
ed indebtedness of any conseauenec.
Asheville Lineman Electrocuted.
Asheville, Special W. A. Leonard
a lineman in the employ of the
Weaver Power Company, who came
here with his invalid wife some
months ago from Columbus, Ohio,
was electrocuted late Wednesday af
ternoon while at work on a pole on
the Biltmore line of the power com
pany. Just how Leonard came in
contact with the live wire carrying
several thousand volts of electricity
is not know. He was on the pole
working away when suddenly he
touched the wire in some manner and
death ' was almost instantaneous.
MRS. J. ADDISON HAYES DEAD
Last of Family of the President of
the Confederate States Succumbs
to Combination of Diseases Suc
ceeded Her Younger Sister as
"Daughter of the Confederacy."
Colorado Springs, Col., Special.
Mrs. J. Addison Hayes, daughter of
Jefferson Davis, President of the Con
federacy, died Sunday night at her
home after an illness of six months.
Mrs. Hayes, 54 years old, was the
wife of J. Addison Hayes, president
of the First National Bank of Colo
Friends throughout the country had !
gained the impression that Mrs. Hayes
suffered from cancer, but the cause
oi toer death was announced by at- j
tending physicians as a complication j
Mrs. Hayes, the last of the family
nf Ani., p, j r. . ,
of the only President of the Confed-
eracy, after the death of her sister, j
Miss Winnie Davis, in New York j
city, made a trip through the South a I
few years ago, when she was made !
the "Daughter of the Confederacy"
in her sister 's stead. Her mother,
widow of the Southern President, died
in New York about two years ago.
Mrs. Hayes is survived by two sens,
Jefferson Hayes Davis nd William
Hayes, and two daughters, Lucy
Hayes and Mrs. Virginia Webb, wife
of Dr. Gerald B. Webb, of Colorado
Springs. Jefferson Hayes Davis bears
the name of his grandfather through i
a special act of the Legislature.
It is expected that official notice
of her death will be given at once by
the heads of the various Confederate
organizations of the South, and a fit
ting tribute paid by them to her
Only a short time ago, Mrs. W. J.
Behan, of New Orleans, one of the
leaders of the Daughters of the Con
federacy, received a letter from Mrs.
Hayes, thanking the former for her
efforts to bring about the restoration
on Cabin John Bridge, near Washing
ton of the name of Mr. Davis, which
had been chiseled off after his acces
sion to the presidency of the Con
federacy. Motor Cycle Spreads Death.
Berlin, By Cable. Four persons
were killed, more than twenty
seriously injured, and a dozen
others slightly injured as the
result of the explosion of
a motor cycle, and a fire which
followed it, during a cycle race at the
old botanic gardens Sunday evening.
Thousands of spectators had gathered
around the track which was opened
for the first time a few days ago.
During an endurance race, the tire
of one of the pacemakers motor ey
cle burst and the rider lost control
The benzine exploded in a burst of
flame and the machine leaped into
the air. The rider was thrown off
and fell against other competitors.
So teriffic was the speed of the mo
tor cycle that it continued on its
course after the explosion, crashing
ininto the public stand, hurling specta
tors right and left, and setting on
fire several women's dresses. Two
women were instantly killed and their
bodies, satuated with flaming ben
zine, were burned to cinders. The
wooden stand caught fire, and the
flames flashed in the faces of by
standers, who, with clothing ablaze
rushed about shrieking with pain and
fear. A panic ensued, in which a
great number of persons, including
children, were badly trampled.
Eighteen men and four women were
seriously injured, two of the men
having since died, he hospital sur
geons say that several others are in
a hopeless condition.
Big Fire at Rocky Mount.
Rocky Mount, Special. Fire was
discovered in a room on the sec
ond floor of the Hammond Hotel
Saturday morning at 4 o'clock. The
ouilding was crowded, containing
about 100 guests.
Rare presence of mind caused the
opening of a tap on the third floor
by the first fireman who reached the
burning building. This preserved
the stairway until the third floor
occupants could hurry from the
building in their night clothes.
The loss is reported at about $20,
000 on the building, withoht insur
ance; furnishings about $3,500, part
Sixteen Perish in Water.
New York, Special. Sixteen per
sons, five of them women, met death
by drowning in the waters either sur
rounding or in the vicinity of New
York Sunday. Ten of the victims per
ished after the eapsizing of the ex
cursion sloop Roxana, carrying 22
passengers, which was struck by a
sudden sauall in lower New York
Lbay, midway between Coney Island
Point and Mottman island, late oun
day afternoon. Of the survivors, one
woman, Mrs. C. Knudson, of Brook
lvn. is in such a serious condition
I that she probably will die. Her two
daughters were drowned.
NEWS FROM WASHINGTON
President Taft was the central fig
ure in a number of conferences Mon
day and is living up to the prediction
made many weeks ago that in the
conference consideration of the tariff
bill he would lend bis influence, to
conciliate all differences.
At a conference at the White
House it was definitely decided that
the rate to be levied under the new
corporation tax shall be reduced from
two per cent, to one per cent., and
fcat in redrafting the measure now in
conierence along with the tariff bill,
due consideration will be given to
the ftpTliamlc ef tha mnt.iol K-Pa
surance companies, whose incomes
would have been seriously affected,
The tariff conferees made satisfac-
lT ?ff Mnday in 8Lite f the
Iact that tne House members were
compelled to be absent much of the
time on account of the session of the
House. Thus far, however, the
amendmeniti agreed upon in the
ouucuuje idiaw ickh uj. minor
By passing, over the cotton and
wooien. schedules without taking any
of the amende! paragraphs, and skip
ping the disputed points connected
with the rates on lumber in the wood
schedule, the tariff conferees were
able to dispose of about 400 amend
ments Tuesday. This number however
include8 subjects that were settled
tentatively on Monday and Saturday.
Many important subjects, such as
the House drawbacks features in the
alcohol paragraph,, the rates on oil
cloth and the various items under the
head of lithographs were submitted
to sub-conferees. The treasury ex
perts who helped the Senate finance
committee in its consideration of the
bill are assisting the conferees in
gathering information about these
A representative of The Associated
Press Tuesday interrogated one of
the conferees as to the progress that
has been made. A Kst of pra'iically
all of the amended paragraphs of
public interest was submitted to him.
Strenuous objections were raised
by the House members of the tariff
conference Wednesday to the Senate
provision in the maximum and mini
mum feature of the tariff bill which
gives to the President authority to
employ such persons as he may de
sire to aid htm in enforcing the tariff
laws and which will be useful to Con
gress in tariff legislation in the fu
ture. The provision which provides for
the establishment of a court of cus
toms appeais was adopted. It is in
tended that this court shall deal with
all cases of appeal from the board
of general appraisers and that its
judgment shall be final. The salaries
of the five judges were fixed at $10,
000, instead of $7,000 as provided by
the Senate amendment.
The Senate maximum and mini
mum provision was agreed upon ten
tatively as a substitute for the House
fea'ture, with the exception of. the
provision for the employment of tar
iff experts. The House conferees
claimed that the House ways and
means committee and the Senate fi
nance committee have the investiga
tion of tariff matters as their special
Twenty-four hours would see the
end of the work of the Senate and
House conferees on the tariff bill,
and a suijstantii agreement upon the
questions at issue but for the five
propositions iron ore, coal, hides,
oil and lumber upon which the Pres
ident stands firm for radical reduc
tion or even abolition of the tariff.
Great progress was made by the
conferees Friday. A preponderance
of the differences have been adjusted
In each schedule, however, are a few
items that have necessitated investi
gation in order to enable the con
ferees to get together. This is true
of lead products, such as paints, in
the chemical schedule; numerous ar
ticles in the metal schedule on which
the rates depend upon the settlement
of the iron ore question; the demand
for a change in the classification of
wool tops; the change from ad valo
rem to specific rates on cotton goods;
the increase made by the House on
gloves, and the wood pulp and print
paper contest. The rates on silks and
woolen goods were determined Fri
day. The Senate won in both cases.
On silks there will be a considerable
advance over existing duties; on
woolen, no change from the present
law except in regarc to wool tops,
which are to be giveii a new classi
fication. The duty on tops is prohibi
tive now, and it is predicted that it
will continue so, even after the re
duction is put into force. The Senate
provision reenacted the Dingley rates
of the whole woolen schedule, while
the House provided for material re
ductions. Washington, Special. President
Taft will win his fight for free or re-
duced rates of duty on raw materials.
Nearly every member of the confer
ence on the tariff bill conceded Sat
urday. The indications are that
when the new tariff bill becomes a
law, the rates on the articles which
the President desired to come in free
will be as follows:
Iron ore, free (present rate 40
cents per ton.)
Oil. free (now protected by coun
. Hides, 7 1-2 per cent, ad valorem
(present rate 15 per cent.)
Coal, 45 cents per ton. (Present
rate 67 cents.)
Lumber will probably be $1.25 on
rough, with Senate rates on finish
ed. This would be a material reduc
tion throughout the lumber schedule.
When the conferees transferred to
the President's shoulders the respon
sibility of putting the foregoing raw
materials on the free list, it was not
believed he would meeet with success
in bringing about a changed senti
fent in relation to these articles.
A change of sentiment seems apparent.
Frenchman Eclipses Wright 'u Record
Doue, Franee, By Cable. M. Paul
ham on Saturday beat the world's
aeroplane record for height, held by
Wilbur Wright. He made a flight at
an altitude of aiout 450 feet. The
previous record was 360 feet.
M. Bleriot won the speed prize,
covering 2,000 metres in 2 minutes
19 seconds. M. Paulbam's flight oc
cupied 57 minutes.
Aviator Has Dizzy Fan
New York, Special. A frightened
amateur, sitting like a wooden man,
went up Sunday in GSeem H. Curtiss'
aeroplane, which hovered a moment
in mid-air and then crashed to earth.
The beautiful craft in which Curtiss
made his remarkable flight Friday
was badly wrecked, and Alexander
Williams, the would-be aviator, was
lifted unconscious from the twisted
frame, his left arm broken, his left
thumb dislocated, his body bruised
and his brain reeling.
OLD SOUTHERN RECIPE.
Here is a recipe' for the famous ap
ple bread that was served with duck
in the days before ttte civil war. Rub
through a pound of sifted and warmed
bread flour two-thirds of a cup of but
ter and three heaping; tablespoonfuls
sugar. Dissolve half a compressed
yeast cake in a cup of milk tuat has
been scalded and cooled to lukewarm.
Add to the flour and mix to a stiff
batter. Add agafn three eggs well
beaten and beat the batter till it
blisters. It needs be very. stiff. Cov
er and let rise overnight in a warm
place. In the morning it should be
nearly doubled in bulk.
Divide in two portions and roll out
in cakes about half an inch thick.
Spread one with rather tart apple
sauce, cover with the other and let
rise together about half an hour, then
bake in a moderate over until well
As soon as taken from the oven
spread with -more well cooked and
sweetened apple sauce, dredge lightly
with sugar, sprinkle with nutmeg or
cinnamon and set back in the oven
long enough for the sugar to melt.
Serve hot. Washington Star.
4 PCNTJS ALL IT WILL COST Y00
r WW I o write for our big FREE BICYCLE catalogue
BB mmm V I showing the most complete line of bigh-grada
BICYCLES, TIRES and SUNDRIES at V HICES
I BELOW any other manufacturer or dealer in the world.
WWW HI imm
or on any kind of terms,
logues illustrating and
PRICES and wonderful
cies, oia patterns ana
direct to rider with no middlemen's profits.
WE SHIP ON APPROVAL without a cent deposit. Pay the Freight and
allow 10 Days Free Trial and make other liberal terms which no other
house in the world will do. Yon will learn everything and get much valu
able information by simply writing us a postal.
We need a RMof A front in every town and can offer an opportunity
to make money to suitable
AO CA na. rn if
Wo Will SeSI
You m Sam,
OUT THE AIR
(CASH WITH ORDER $4.55)
NO MORE TROUBLE FROM PUNCTURES.
Result of 15 vears experience in tire
making. No danger from THORNS. CAC
TUS. PINS. NAILS. TACKS or GLASS.
oerious punctures, like intentional knife
be vulcanized like any other tire.
Two Hundred Thousand pairs now fn actual
Seventy-fivo Thousand pairs sold last year.
DESCRIPTIONS Made in all sires. It is
with a special quality or ruDoer, wnicn never Becomes porous ana wnicn closes up small punctu
without allowing tne air to escape, we nave nunorea oi iciiers irom satisnea customers sta
that their tires nave on ly Deen pumpea up once or iwicc m v wnoic season. 1 ney weign no more ini
an ordinary tire, the puncture resisting qualities being given by several layers of thin, special
nr snft mads is overcome bv Uie natent "Basket
squeezed out between the tire and the road thus
tires IS Jo. 50 per pair, sm iut !avciuuug lm xnra
Of only M-ho per pair. All orders snippea same
niatort Krav hand arao and two Samnson metal
fabric on the tread. That "'Holding Back" sensation commonlvfelt when ndineon asohi
not pay a cent until. you nave examineu ana iounu inera sxiicuy as represent e
'ill allow a cash discount of-5 per cent (tnereoy majem g tne price ss per pai
CASH WITH ORDER and enclose this KJvertirment. We will also so
puncture closers to be used in case of intentional knife cuts or heavy gajhes). Ti
at OUR expense if for sny reason they are not aatisjactory os examination. 2,
we are. perfectly reliaoie ana money sent 10 us
Banker. Exnress or Freight Atrent or the Editor
thu tires, vou will find that thev will ride
finer than any tire you have ever used or seen at
that when you want a bicycle vou win give as
order at once, hence this remarkable tire offer.
hl jittth mm m ulitcup-wheels,
WUid I SOt" Dtf&lifkmw&m everything
prices charged by dealers and repair men. Write for our big SUNDRY catalogue.
ifm.0 IMMMnr ut write us a postal today. DO NOT THINK OF
M1U IwzD M ww Ml m bu-vdeor a oa'-r of tires from anyone until vou know
wonderful off en we are making. It only costs
EAT CYCLE WiPMY,r
John D. Rockefeller Is seventy
Count Casimir Badenl. former Aus
trian Premier, died in Vienna.
W. W. Rockftill, the retiring Ameri--can
Minister to China, has left Pekin.
Dawson Hoopes filed suit for dl
vorce against his wife in Philadel
phia. George Frederick Samuel Robin
son, first Marquis of Rlpon, formerly
Lord Privy Seal, died in London.
General Marquis de Gallifet, one
of France's most prominent soldiers
and formerly Minister of War, died
President Taft told newspaper,
correspondents that he believed in
the widest publicity in the making of
a tariff law.
Colonel Roosevelt arrived at Lake
Naivasha after five weeks of success
ful hunting in the Sotik district of
British East Africa.
Mene Wallace, an Eskimo boy
whom Lieutenant Peary brought to
America thirteen years ago, left for
his home, In Greenland.
Sir Purdon Clarke denied the re
port that he was about to resign the
directorship of the Metropolitan Mu
seum In New York City.
Herbert Louis Samuel, Chancellor
of the Duchy of Lancaster, was
elected to Parliament from York
shire by a reduced majority.
Ex-President Castro has renounced
his right to the Presidency and has
asked for a piece of ground, so thai
he may die on Venezuelan soil.
Thomas Hayward, one of the all
men who organized the Brotherhood
of Locomotive Engineers, died at
Marshall, Mich., aged eighty-seven
The recovery of $100,000,000 wortSt
of coal lands by the Government as
the result of a suit against the North
ern Pacific fn the District Court of
Montana follows close upon the set
tlement with the Union Pacific by
whioh the Government recovered
valuable tract of mineral land. This,
commends the New York World, is
the right kind of conservation of na
tural resources. i
Are a Necessity
in the Country
The farther you are removed
from town to railroad station, the
more the telephone will save in
time and horse flesh. No man has
a right to compel one of the family
to lie in ac"onv for hours while he
drives to town for the doctor. Tel- J
ephone and save half the suffering. (
Uur tree book tells how to or
ganize, build and operate tele
phone lines and systems.
Instruments sold on thirty days'
trial to responsible parties.
THE CADIZ ELECTRIC CO.,
201 CCC Building, Cadiz, Ohio.
at any Price.
until you hare received our complete Free Cata
describing every kind of high-grade and low-grade
new offers made possible by selling from factory
latest moaeis, ana learn ot cur remarKHDie J-u w
young men who apply at once.
- PROOF TIRES ? "
Notice the thick rubber tread
"A" and puncture strips "B
and "D," also rim strip "H
to prevent rim cuttln g. Thlt
tire will outlast any other
make SOFT, ELASTIC and
lively and easy riding, very durable and lined .usir ,
Weave" tread which prevents all air from
overcoming all Fuction. The regular prkpof
t c uiuiug a aucLitti lairiury price IU
aay ieiier is receivea. we snip C.O.U. o
puncture closers on full oaid orde
is as saie as in a Daut. asx -t
of this paper about If von
easier, rua taster, wear ratter, last I
any price. e know that yon will be
70'ar urua. we wani you to sena
- - A
saddles, pedafcl pa i3 and
in the bicycle line are sold by us at h
a postal to learn everything. Write -it
DepL " L" CHJMClrftJ
ill I Are a Necessity
CO -p vi
&i these etal . IB
tuj oBrmasTi . i
Dte35w and fV