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Tarbovough, (Edgecombe County, JV. C.J Saturday. August I, 1840
Vol. XVI No. 31.
j 27ie Tar borough J'lvs.v,
j BV GEORGK HOW MID,
J Is published weekly at 7V?n fhllars and Fifty
Cwts per year, if paid in advance or, Tirpp.
Dollars at the expiration of the subscription year,
for anj period less than a year, Tier n I y-Jiun
tsnfs per month. Subscribers are at liberty to
discontinue at any time, on giving nntico thereof
nd paying arrears those residing at a distam-e
Inust invariably pay in adyance,'or jr'tve a respon
lible reference in this vicinity.
: Advertisements not exceeding a square will be
inserted at One Dollar the first insertion, and -J5
tents for every continuance. Longer advertise
ments in like proportion. Court Orders and Ju
dicial advertisements 25 per cent, higher. Ad
vertisements must be marked the number of in
iertions required, or they will be continued until
Otherwise ordered and charged accordingly. .
; Letters addressed to the Kditor run si he post
paid or they may not be attended to.
Doctor Win. EVAAS'
For children Teething,
PREPARED BY HIMSELF. .
To Mothers and Nurses.
THE passage of the Teeth through the
gums produces troublesome and dan
gerous symptoms. Il is known by moth
ers that there is great irritation in the
raoutli and gums during this process. The
gums swell, the secretion of saliva is in
creased, the child is seized with frequent
and sudden fits of crying, watchings, start
ing in the sleep, and spasms of peculiai
parts, the child shrieks with extreme vio
lence, and thrusts its fingers into its mouth.
If these precursory symptoms are not spee
dily alleviated, spasmodic convulsions uni
versally supervene, and soon cause the
dissolution of the infant. If mothers who
have their little babes afflicted with these
distressing symptoms, would apply Dr.
William Evans's Celebrated Soothing
.Syrup, which has preserved hundreds of
infants when thought past recovery, trom
beincr suddenly attacked with that fatal
j This infallible remedy has preserved
hundreds of Children, when thought past
recovery, from convulsions. As soon as
the Syrup is rubbed on the gums, the child
Will recover. This preparation is so in
nocent, so efficacious, and so pleasant, that
iio child will refuse to let its gums be
rubbed with it. When infants are at the
age of four months, though there is no ap
pearance of teeth, one bottle of the
Syrup should be used on the gums, to
open the pores. Parents should never be
Without the Syrup in the nursery where
there are young children; for if a child
wakesinthe night with pain in the gums,
the Syrup immediaiely gives ease by open
ing the pores and healing the gums; there
by preventing Convulsions, Fevers. Sic.
J To the Agent of Dr. Kvans' Soothing
Syrup: Dear Sir 'Ihe great benefit
afforded to my suffering infant by our
Soothing Syrup, m a case of protracted i
ind painful dentition, must convince every
leehng parent now essential an early ap
plication of such an invaluable medicine
is to relieve infant misery and torture. .M v
infant, while teething, experienced such
acute sufferings, that it was attacked with
convulsions, and my wife and family sup
posed that death would soon release the
babe from anguish till we procured a bot
tle of your Syrup; which as soon as -applied
to the gums a wonderful change was
produced, and after a few applications the
child displayed obvious relief, and by con
tinuing in its use. I am glad to inform
you, the child has completely recovered,
and no recurrence of that awful complaint
lias since occurred; the teeth are emana
ting daily and the child enjoys perfect
health. I giveyou ray chperful permission
to make this acknowledgment public, and
will gladly give any information on this
v When children begin to be in pain with
their teeth, shooting in their gums, put a
little of the Syrup in a lea-spoon, and
with the finger let the child's gums be
rubbed for two or three minutes, three
times a day. . It must not be put to the
breast immediately, for the milk would
like tlie syrup off too soon.- When the
teeth are just coming through their gum,
mothers should immediately apply the sy
rap; it will prevent the children having a
fever, and undergoing that painful opera
lion of lancing the gums, which always
flakes the tooth much harder to come
through, and sometimes causes death.
if llewarc of Counterfeits.
' tijCaution. Be particular in purcha
sing to obtain it at 100 Chatham St.,
New York, or from the
! J. M. Redmond. ) rrl ,
i Pr ii t larboro .
UEO. Howard, $
M. Russel, Elizabeth City.
iUY AUTHORITY M
LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES
PASSED AT TUB FIKST SESSION OF THE
T W E N T V-SIXTH CO NtlK E SS.
PurtLic No. 13.
AN AO V to carry into effect a convention
between the United States and the Mexi
He it enacted by the Senate and H.tuse
of Representatives of the United Stales
of Jmerica in Congress assembled,
That the President of the United State, by
and with the advice and consent of the Sen
a'e, shall appoint two commissioners, who,
together with two commissioners to be
ippointed by the President of the Mexican 1
Republic, shall form a board whoso duty'
il shall be t ) receive and examine all claims
which are provided for by the convention
between the United Slates and the Mexi
can Republic, concluded at Washington on
ihe eleventh day of April, one thousmd
eight hundred and thirty-nine, and which
may be presented to said commissioners
under the same, and to decide thereon ac
cording to the provisions of said convention,
and the principles ol justice, equity, and the
law of nations.
Sec. 2. Jlnd be. it further enacted.
That the President of the United States,
by and with the advice and consent of the
Senate, shall appoint a secretary to said
commissioners, in behalf of the United
States, versed in the English and Span
Sec. 3. Jlnd be it further enacted,
That said commissioners on the part of the
United Statis, in conjunction with the
commissioners on the part of the Mexican
Republic, shall be and they are hereby,
authorised to make all needful rules and
regulations for conducting the business of
their said commission, such rules and regu
lations not contravening the Constitution
of the United States, the provisions of
this act, or the provisions of said conven
tion. Sec. 4. Jln-l be it further enacted.
That the compensation of the respective
officers, for whose appointment provision
is made by this act, shall not exceed the
following sums namely: To said commis
sioners, at the rate ol three thousand per
annum for each; to the secretary at tiie
rate of two thousand dollars per annum.
And the Presidciitof the United States shall
be, and he is hereby, authorized to
make such provision for the contingent
expenses of the said commission on the
part of the United States as shall to him
appear to he reasonable and proper; and the
said salaries and expenses, aiul likewise all
lhat part v lhc l.uy and expenses of the
a, biter under said convention which is re-
quired thereby tube defrayed by the Uni
ted Stales, shall be paid out of any money
in the Treasury not otherwise appropria
ted. Sec. 5. Jin d be it further enacted,
That all communications to and from the
secretary of said commissioners appointed
under this act, on business of the commis
sion, shall pass by mail free of postage.
Sec. C. Jlnd be it further enacted,
That so soon as said commission shall be
executed & completed according to the pro
visions of said convention, the commission
ers aforesaid shall report to the Secretary
of State a list of all the several awards
made by them; and the rccords,documents,
and all other papers, in the possession of
the commission or its officers, or certi
fied copies or duplicates thereof, ' shall
be deposited in the office of the Secretary
Sec. 7. Jlnd be it further enacted,
That the Secretary of State shall transmit
to the Secretary of the Treasury a certified
copy of the report of said commissioners,
or of the award of the arbiter or umpire, as
provided by said convention to be made in
case of the disagreement of said commis
sioners; and the Secretary of the Treasury
shall cause certificates to be issued in such
form as he may prescribe, showing the am
ount or proportion of compensation to
which each person, in whose favor award
shall have been made by said commission
ers or umpire, may be entitled as against
the Mexican Government on account of
the claims provided for by said conven
tion. Sec. S. Jlnd be il further enacted,
That it shall be lawful for the Secretary of
the Treasury, and he is hereby authorised
and required to cause any moneys which
may be paid by the Mexican Government
in satisfaction of said awards, to be remitted
on the most advantageous terms to the Uni
ted States; and all monies received under
said convention, or by virtue of this act
shall be deposited in the Treasury of the
United States, and the same arc hereby ap-
propriatcd to be distributed and paid to
those entitled thereto, according to ihe
provisions of this act: and the Secretary of
the I reasury shall distribute the saTne, in
ratable proportions among the persons
I' I I A .1
atoresaio, according to me proportions
which their respective awards shall bear
t -the whole amount received, and at such
time or limes as the same shall be received
into the Treasury.
Sec. 9. Jlnd be it further enacted,
That if the Melic.in Government, in place
of at once paying the amount of said a
wards, shall see fit to issue Treasury
notes therefore as provided by said conven
tion, then it shall be lawful for the Sec
ret try of the Treasury, and he is hereby
authorised and required, to receive the said
Treasury notes, and to deliver the same
to the persons who shall be respectively
entitled thereto, in virtue of the awards
mule under said convention, and of the
certificates issued as hereinbefore provid
ed. Sec. 10. Jlnd be it further emcted,
That in the payment of money or the issue
of certificates in virtue of this act, the Se
cretary of the Treasury shall first deduct
and retain, or make reservation of such
sums of money, if any, as may be due the
United States from persons in whose favor
awards shall have been made under said
R. M. T. HUNTER,
Speaker of the House of Representatives.
RII. M. JOHNSON,
Vice President of the United States,
and President of the Senate.
Approved, June 12th, IS 10.
M. VAN UUREN.
PunLic. No. 14.
CT to authorize registers and receiv
ers to administer oaths, required to be
taken by purchasers of public land.
Be' it enacted by the Senate and House
of Representatives of the United Stales
of Jlmerica in Congress assembled,
That the register or rceiver of any of the
land offices of the United States, shall be
authorised, and it shall be the duty of said
officers, to administer any oath or oaths,
which noware or hereafter may be required
by law in connection with the entry or pur
chase'of any tract of land; and if any per
son shall knowingly or wilfullly swear
falsely to any fact contained in any oath or
affidavit so taken or made, he or she shall
be deemed and held guilty of perjury, and
shall on conviction, suffer all the pains, and
penalties and disabilities which attach to
said crime, in other cases of perjury, under
the laws of the United States: Provided,
That such land officers shall not directly or
indirectly charge or receiveany compensa
tion for administering such oaths.
Appkoved, June 12th, 1S40.
Public No. 15.
AN ACT for the discontinuance of the
office of surveyor general in the several
districts, as soon as the surveys therein
can be completed, for abolishing land
offices under certain circumstances, and
for other purposes.
Be. it enacted by the Senate and House
of Representatives of the United States
of America in Congress assembled,
That il shall be the duty of the Secretary
of the Treasury to take all the necessary
measures for the completion of the surveys
in the several districts for which surveyors
general have been, or may be appointed,
at the earliest periods compatible with the
purposes contemplated by law; and when
ever the surveys and records of any such
district orState shall becompleled, the sur
veyor general thereof shall be required
to deliver over to the Secretary of State of
the respective States, including such sur
veys, or such other officer as may be au
thorised to receive them, all the field notes
maps, records, and other papers appertain
ing to land titles, within the same; and the
office of surveyor general, in every such
district, shall thereafter cease and be dis
continued. Sec. 2. Jlnd be it further enacted,
That whenever the quantity of public land
remaining unsold in any land district shall
be reduced to a number of acres less than
one hundred thousand, it shall be the duty
of the Secretary of the Treasury to discon
tinue the land office of such district; and if
any land, in any such district, shall remain
unsold at the time of the discontinuance
of a land office, the same shall be subject
to sale at some one of the existing land
offices most convenient to the district in
which the land office shall have been dis
continued, of which the Secretary of the
Treasury shall give notice.
ArpjtovED, June 1 2th, 1S40.
Public No. 16.
AN ACT concerning prisoners of the U
nilcd States committed to the jail in the
county ofProvidence,and State of Rhode
Be it enacted by the Senate and House
of Representatives of the United Slates
That all prisoners committed to the pre
sent jail in the county of Providence and
sta'e of Rhode Island under the author
ity of the United Slates, shall be Kept un
til discharged by due course ol" the lav
thereof under the like restrictions and pen
alties as in the case of prisoners committed
to said jail under the authority of said State
of Rhode Island.
Approved, June 12lh, IS 10.
Public No. 17-1
AN ACT making provisions for the pay
ment of pensions to the executors or ad
ministrators of deceased pensioners in
Re if enacted by the Senate and House
of Representatives of the United States
of Jlmerica in Congress assembled,
That in cae any male pensioner shall die,
leaving children, but no widow, the am
ount of pension due to such pensioner at the
time of his death shall be paid to the execu
lor or ad ninistrator on the estate of such
pensioner, for the sole and exclusive bene
fit of the children, to be by him distribu
ted among them in equal shares, and the
same shall not be considered as a part of the
assets of said estate, nor liabfe to be applied
to the payment of the debts of said estate
in any cau whatever.
Sec. 3. Jlnd be it further enacted.
That in case any pensioner who is a widow
shall die, leaving children, the amount of
pension due at the time of her death shall
be paid to the executor or administra
tor for the benefit of her children, as direc
ted in the foregoing section.
Sec. 3. Jlnd be it further enacted,
That in case of the death of any pension
er whether male or female, leaving child
ren, the amount of pension may be paid to
any one, or eac h of them, as J hey may pre
fer, without the intervention of an adminis
ApntovED, June 19th, 1840.
Private No. 22.
AN ACT for the relief of General Duncan
Be it enacted by the Senate and House
of Representatives of ihe United Stales
of Jlmerica in Congress assembled,
That the Secretary of War be, & he is here
by, required to adjust all claims of General
Duncan L. Clinch for the corn & sugar cane
consumed or destroyed by the troops of
the United Stales commanded by General
Call in the year eighteen hundred and thir
ty-six, during the period the said troops
were in possession of his plantation; and
that the amount when ascertained, shall be
paid by the Secretary of the Treasury outol
any money in the treasury not otherwise
Approved, June 19th, 1S40.
MR. STANLY AND MR. KENDALL.
We extract the following from Mr. Ken
dall's third letter addressed to the Hon.
John M. Bolts.
Sir: Three considerations induce me to
turn aside from the dissection of your com
mittee for the purpose of noticing, still
further, the evidence adduced by you to
sustain your charges against the Post Office
1. To show that I did not, when, at the
head of that Department, omit to investigate
any charge of abuse alleged to exist by any
man deemed to be respectable?
2. To show the straits to which you were
driven to sustain your charges.
3. Dut chiefly to use, in the progress ot
my discussions, the lads disclosed in the
TImj Stanly case has been discovered,
and 1 have been favored with the papers.
How far it is available to convict me of tol
erating abuse or omiting to inquire into it
when alleged to exist, will be seen Irom
The first is a pencil memorandum, in
the hand-writing of the 2d Assistant Post
master General, in the words following,
"Greenville, Pitt co. N.C. Looks in-
to letters negligent, $c. '
"Mr. Stanly made complaint to P.
M. G. and he directs a letter to be writ
ten. A. P. M.
A letter was accordingly written inform
ing the postmaster of Mr. Stanly's charges,
but withholding the name of their author.
To this letter the postmaster returned the
answer hereto annexed marked A, with the
certificates marked A, 1, 2, 3.
You will see, sir, the postmaster pro
nounces the charge of prying into letters
to ascertain their contents, "basely false,"
maintains that the attention given to his
office was as great as its importance requir
ed, its emoluments would justify, and he
forwards evidence of his character &. fideli
ty,not as a means of retaining his office, but
"for the purpose of fixing the lie on the
author" of the charges. You will also mark
an independence of spirit in his letter wor
thy of a true Democrat of the North State.
You will see, also, that two of his "Whig"
neighbors, of high character, fully sustain
him, and that one of them pronounces one
of Mr. Stanly s ch-irges a base slander.''
His testimonials furthermore declare that
the charge must have arisen from personal
or political hostility.
It mut he remembered tlult, when the
postm isterapplied the lertus" baselu false19
and "lie" to Mr. Stanh's chatties, and
when the political friend of the honorable
gentleman called one of them "a base
blander" they did not know who was the
secret accuser. Whether their expressions
f indignation would have been less severe
if they had known lhat their representative
in Congress was thus Verbally and secret
Iy traducing one of his constituents, it
is impossible to say. Sure it is, that the
Department saw no necessity for prosecu
ting the inquiry further, and no utility in
communicating the result to Mr. Stanly,
who had presented no written charge. The
papers were -therefore filed away and for
gotten. Now, sir, what have you gained by bring
ing forward Mr. Stanly, as a witness to con
vict me of malfeasance or omission to do my
duty while in office? And what has your
witness gained by lending himself to such a
Post Office, Greenville, N. C.
March 20, 1839.
Sir: Yours of the 29th ult. stating that a
complaint had been made to the depart
ment, that I vvai iu the habit of prying into
let'ersat my office, for the purpose of ascer
taining something of their contents, and
that the genertd arrangement of the office
is negligent, came to hand.
In reply, I have to say, that the charge
of my prying into letters, to ascertain their
contents, is basely false; unless the charge
refers to my placing a letter to a light, in
order to ascertain if it is double, which I
suppose it my duty to do.
A year or two since, I had a controver
sy respecting "my prying" into a pamph
let received at my office, containing a let
ter written on the margin or pages, on
which I charged lelter postage, and receiv
ed your letter of approval, bearing date 1st
November, 1837. As to negligence in the
arrangement of my office; if the complain
ant in this case refers to my not devoting
the whole of my time to the office, I ad
mit the fact. The perquisites are too small
for me to devote the whole of my time and
attention to the office. And if the Depart
ment expects this, my resignation will be
ready at any time you may demand it. I
heve always been as accomodating' as I
could possibly. I never refused, even of a
Sabbath or night, to go to the office, and
deliver letters or papers, on applica
tion. I will not say I have not made mistakes
in the discharge of my duties. I have over
looked letters for delivery; but always im
mediateiy upon discovering the mistake, I
either carried the letter or gave informa
tion. If the complainant in this case would take
the trouble, he could, without much diffi
culty find cause of complaint against otlw
ers of more magnitude than those preferred
against me, but then he might implicate
some of the members of that party who
hold no offices. The whole of the
charges preferred against me; originated
from political or personal hostility. Had I
have been of different politics you never
would have had the trouble of informing
me of the complaints. During the suspen
sion of specie payments by the banks,
I chose to obey the laws of the United
States, which I had sworn to do; and for
this I was abused and vilified, and had un
pleasant controversies with men who per
mitted their papers to be stopped, rather than
pay their postage in specie. When in the
discharge of the duties of my office, 1 argue
politics with no man; but at any other time
and place, I will speak my sentiments free
ly and fearlessly; and if Congruss shall de
cree that because a man is an agent of the
government, he shall be denied rights guar
antied by the Constitution, then 1 would
resign an oflice, no matter what might be
I enclose you certificates, two of tvhich
are from Whigs, viz: Drs. Goelet and
Masters, and could, if I thought proper,
twenty, as well from Whigs as Republicans.
I wish it understood, however, that I do
not enclose the statements for fear of being
turned out of office, the emoluments of
which are too small, (although I am poor)
and the duties too trooblesome, for me to
make an effort to retain it at any lime. It
is for the purpose of fixing the eon the au
thor, that I forward them. If is not.incon
sistent with the rules of the Department,
I would liKe to know the complainant in
this case and have a copy of his bill.
I hereby certify that James R. Hoyle, esq.
postmaster of Greenville, kept his office in
the same building and next door to my
office, during the year 1838; that he kept
his office open from the hours of 1 1 to 3 o'
clock during every day in the week, save