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THE SMITHFIELD HERALD
Published Every Tuesday and Friday.
REATY & LASSITER
Editors and Proprietors,
Smithfield, N. C.
RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION:
Caah in Advance.
One year, 11.50
Eight Month*, 1.00
Bix Months, .75
Ttiree Months, - .40
Entered at the Post Office at Smith- 1
field, Johnston County, N. C., as
THE LEADING WOULD CHOI'S.
In an article in a recent issue of
The Country Gentleman some inter
esting facts and figures are given con
cerning the six leading crops of the
The Potato stands first with 5,
' 470,000,000 bushels. Oats second,
with 4,349,000,000 bushels. Wheat
third, with 3,822,000,000 bushels.
Corn fourth, with .'1,818,000,000
bushels. Rye holds fifth place with
1,782,000,000 bushels, and barley
Bixth, with 1,482,000,000 bushels.
The Oat* Crop.
Russia is the greatest oats grow
ing country in the world, producing
an average annual crop of 1,380,000,
The United States stands second
with 1,154,000,000 bushels.
Germany third, with 695,000,000 |
Canada fourth, with .'187,000,000. (
France fifth, with 313,000,000.
Austria-Hungary sixth, with 246,
Great Britain seventh, with 179,
000,000, and all other countries 95,- 1
World's Wheat Crop.
As in oats, Russia also stands first
as a wheat producing country, with
an average annual production under
normal conditions of 767,000,000
The United States is a close sec
ond with 704,000,000 bushels.
British India third, with 368,000,
France fourth, with 324,000,000.
Canada fifth, with 228,000,000.
Italy sixth, with 190,000,000.
Argentina seventh, with 170,000,000.
Germany eighth, with 160,000,000.
All other countries, 921.000.0(H).
In the production of corn the United
States holds first place with an av- 1
erage production of 2,700,000,000
Austria-Hungary holds second
place, with 211,000,000 bushels.
Mexico third, with 15*0,000,000.
Argentina fourth, with 173,000,000.
Rumania fifth, with 110,000,000.
Italy sixth, with 100,000,000.
Russia seventh, with 78,000,000.
All other countries 255,000,000.
In growing rye Russia again take.1 j
the lead with 920,000,000 bushels.
Germany holds second place with a
production of 455,000,000 bushels.
Austrin-Hungary third,- with 163,- 1
France fourth, with 49,000,000.
United States f.fth, with 30,000,000.
All other countries 159,000,000.
Russia again stands first in the
production of barley with 489,000,000
The United States holds second
place with 187,000,000 bushels.
Germrny third, with 164,000,000.
Austria-Hungary fourth, with 153,
Japan stands fifth, with 92,000,000.
Spain stands sixth, with 71,000,000.
Great Britain 62,000,000; France
48,000,000; Canada 47,000,000; Alge
ria 43,000,000, and all other countries
In the production of the five great
cereal crops of the world, the United
States holds first piace in only one ?
corn. This country holds second
place in the production of wheat,
oats, and barley.
Russia holds first place in the pro
duction of wheat, oats, rye and bar
ley. Hut she holds only seventh place
in corn production.
Germany holds second place in rye
production and third place in the pro
duction of oats and liarley.
These figures are all based on the
production of these crops under nor
mal conditions before the beginning
of the great war. Since then then
have been great variations in several
"RIGHT IS I M MORTA L."
The hi jfh?*r and nobler things of
life and civilization are understood
fully by but few. A young German
Republican who participated in the
Revolution of 184K, along with Carl
Schurz and others, saw some of these
nobler things that go into the make
up of the highest type of civilization,
when, on the night before he was
ordered to be executed, he wrote
"The light will break,
And send its stirring radiation
through the land,
For right is immortal; there will
A day of storm and wreck when the
Will tremble with God's lightning,
and His hand
Will write His awful message on
Has not that lijjht now broken in
upon tlie cloudy days of autocracy?
That day of storm and wreck is now
on us and the awful message is writ
ten on the wall. Has not America
entered into the fray in the darkest
days and may we not hope that His
hand is the guiding one in this dark
and awful bout? May the hour be
near when "the light will break" and !
show to the world as never before 1
hat "right is immortal."
Iil<; FACTS IN FKW WORDS.
In Wisconsin there arc <>7 cows for
?very one hundred people.
? ? ?
In Kansas there are 100 beef cattle (
for every one hundred people. (
? ? ?
In Iowa there are 453 hogs for
every one hundred people.
? ? ?
In Massachusetts there are but
four cows and three hogs for every
? ? m
Massachusetts produces two and a
half pocks of corn per person. In
wheat growing, her products are not
enough to feed the hens of the State.
? ? ?
Argentine is the world's tirst corn
exporter, sending out an average of
128,01)0,000 bushels per year for the
three years, 1911, 1912 and 1913. The
average production for Argentina for
those years was 173,000,000 bushels.
For the same years the average num
ber of bushels of corn exported from
the United States was 47,000,000, out
of a 2,700,000,000 bushel crop.
In a few more weeks or months at
least the people of this section will
take a much larger interest in the
news from the battle line in France.
Now, a jrreat many people are only
casually interested. They know that
there is war across the water, but
they look at. the newspaper headlines
and pass on. Hut when our own boys
net across, we will then scan the
news from the battle front with in
tense interest. Some American boys
are already, perhaps, on their way
over to the other side, and another
six months will see many more cross
ing to help the Allies in their mighty
Henry Wilson, who was elected
Vice-President of the United States
in 1872, began life as a shoemaker.
He was born in New Hampshire and
his roal name was Jeremiah Jones
Colbaith. When he became twenty-one
years of ape he had his name changed
by the Legislature to that of Henry
Wilson. He was elected to a seat in
the United States Senate in 185f? and
continued n member of that body un
til he was elected to the Vice-Presi
A billion ons of wheat, corn, rice
and other cereals is what Hoover
says the Allies will need during the
next yer.r. This is some quantity and
a largp part of it must be furnished
fortified through service.
I'antor of liaptiht Cburrh In Sunday
Sermon Calls Attention to Some
I'hases of Our l.ife in Which We
Need a Refuse.
During the past few days the ques
tion of community life has been much
to the fore in Smithfield. It has been
shown us that the community l>fe is
made up of the individual life, and
reaching out from the individual life
and the community life is seen the
national life, and the national life
cannot be made stronger than the in
dividual and community life.
In his sermon at the Baptist church
last Sunday morning, the pastor,
Rev. Mr. Iirinson, struck some of the
vital notes in the building up,
strengthening and protecting the
community life. His subject was "God
our Refuge." His text was from the
Kith I'salm, "God is our refuge and
strength, a very present help in
The minister discussed the subject
under four heads, or subdivisions, as
First, we need a refuge in our com
Second, we need a refuge in our
Third, we need a refuge in our
Fourth, we need a refuge in our
/MKT Using some iiiuMraiums iiuiii
the life on the sea to bring fully be
fore his hearers what a refuge re
ally means, the minister took up the
first topic, and showed how our
community life is being urbanized,
that the city is reaching out into the
country, and that the village and
rural life is no longer free from the
things that help and mar the city
life. We need a refuge from the un
clean and impure amusements and
entertainments that have gone out
over the country. We need a refuge
from the corrupt politics that some
times holds such a strong place in
many cities and communities and
counties. We need a refuge from all
these evil things that are weakening
and destroying the youth of the land.
There has been a time when the
strong men and women of the cities
were born and reared out in the
country away from the contiminat
ing influences that are now so preva
lent in the cities and even in s'ime
>f the smaller towns.
Passing on to the second part of
the discourse, he called attention to
the evil teaching that characterizes
some of the departments of the
schools and colleges- atheism and
infidelity ? and is also reaching out
into the smaller schools. There are
teachers in some of the colleges to
day who bring such teachings to their
classes that they leave and go out into
the world scoffers at God. We need
a refuge from these things. In the
plastic age of the child there should
be no one as a teacher who is not
a God-fearing and a God-loving per
son. Right principles of living and
life should be instilled into the minds
and hearts of the youth of the land.
Here we need a refuse.
In the third place, we need a ref
use in our home life. God pity that
hoy or girl who has been brought up
by a servant while its mother was
giving her life to social affairs and
club life. It is in the home where
the foundations of pure and noble life
are laid. The mother's first place is
in the home, there to give to her
child the proper training. We need a
refuge from the things that would
take the mothers away from their
highest duty in the home. We also
need a refuge, said the minister, from
the absent fatherhood of the day.
So many fathers leave their homes
early in the morning and go rushing
along through the day with no
thought of their duty to their home
and their children, leaving the mother
to look after the children as best she
may. No time after the day's work
is done to sit down and have a quiet
hour with the wife and children
around the fireside.
And in the fourth place we need a
refuge in our church life. We need
a refuge from a "spiked gospel," a
gospel which leaves off some of the
great fundamentals and preaches to
please the folks, regardless of how
the great truths are neglected. Again
we need a refuge against the indif
ference of church members. The
church and the gospel are the all im
portant things, and yet there are so
many who fail to measure up to their
duty in attending the services and
getting the things which can be had
only in God's house with mind and
heart communing with other minds
and hearts in the real worship of the
All-wise God. Then the individual
needs that refuge that is found only
The sermon was pronounced by
some to be the best the pastor has
given since coming to the field a
year or more ago. It touched on
the vital things of life and was but
a fitting prelude to the addresses that
were delivered here Sunday after
| noon by Mr. Jumei S. Knox, of
Cleveland, Ohio, and on Monday
night by I)r. K. L. Williams, of
Chi i ago. Such sermons and address
es are bound to bear fruit, and
though the minister may feel discour
aged sometimes because of the ap
parent ymall number of folks who
aeern to be interested, he should never
falt?*r but go on with the work know
ing that in the end the bread cast
on the waters will come back in
grew r abundance.
Taking ( are of Kooft* of Building*.
The roofs of buildings are a prob
lem for the people nf the South now
and in the future. Heretofore we had
plenty of long leaf heart pine timber
from which to get shingles, but this
is getting scarce and in most com
munities there is no more of it. In
the future if we get good heart shin
gles at all the prices will be high.
Even now the prices are higher than
ever known before. We have seen
them sell for $1.50 and $2.00 per
thousand and now they are worth
$5.50. The scarcity of shingle tim
ber makes the roof problem. What
shall we do about it? The first thing
to do is to paint every roof which is
not too old to paint. This will pro
long the life of a roof from five to
ten years. Hoofs should be painted
even if the walls of buildings cannot
get paint. Another thing which would
help is to build two-story houses so
as to get the room without so much
roof space. This suggestion can be
applied to barns and stables and other
out-houses as well as to dwellings.
A third help worth considering is
to get roofing material of uniform
quality. Sometimes a roof is torn off
for a new one to replace it. Just be
cause part of it is no good. A chain
is no stronger than its weakest link,
and a roof is not much better than
its weakest spots. Mr. T. S. Kagsdale
of Smithfield called our attention re
cently to an important point in re
gard to shingle roofs. He says that
every shingle should be double nail
ed and that putting two nails in each
shingle hold them steady during wind
blowing periods, thus preventing
leaks and keeping shingles from
blowing out from the roof. Our opin
ion is that good shingles are about
the best roofing material. Many of
the metal roofs put on buildings dur
ing the past five years will soon be
worthless. While they are supposed to
be more substantial than shingle
roofs they do not usually last more
than half as long. ? J. M. B.
NOTICE TO APPLICANTS
For Superintendents' Certificates.
Examination to Be Given at Smith
field, June 18th and 1'Jth. Schedule
Monday, June 18th, 9 o'clock:
Theory and Practice of Teaching.
School Law of North Carolina.
Tuesday, June 9th. 9 o'clock:
Latin, French, German ? Only
one of these languaged required.
General Science, Physics, Physi
cal Geography, Agriculture, Bot
any, Chemistry ? Only one of
those sciences is required.
These subjects will be given exact
ly as scheduled, and cannot be taken
at any other time.
These regulations are issued by the
State Board of Examiners and Insti
tute Conductors, and cannot in any
case be altered or set aside. Please
do not ask me to make special con
cessions, for I have no authority to
L. T. ROLALL,
Superintendent Johnston County.
The Dust Mulch Is the Thing.
Two things, plant foods and moist
ure, in abundance, are vitally neces
sary to the production of large crops.
Without both of these or either of
them, crops must at least in part fail.
The foed must be in the soil for the
plant, and water must be present in
order that this plant food may be
kept in solution. Plants can take only
a liquid diet ? solid food is of no value
From May until August is a criti
cal <i,ne with most of our cultivated
crop,<. The weather is warm and of
ten dry, and evaporation is rapid.
Under such conditions, moisture con
servation is of first importance, and
in attaining this every farmer should
know the value of making and main
tain. njr a dust mulch.
Th'a mulch acts just like a blanket
in keening the water in the soil. Any
farm hoy who has turned over a board
or plank lying flat on the ground has
found it moist and cool underneath,
though possibly all around the soil
may have been parched and dry. The
farmer who maintains by means of an
earth or dust nlulch just such condi
tions over all his fields is the man
who is likely to suffer least in peri
ods of drouth. ? Progressive Farmer.
VN ho Hath a book.
Who hath a book
Hath but to read
And he may be
A king indeed.
His kingdom is
His inglenook ?
All this is his
Who hath a book.
Who hath a book
Should thank the Lord,
Because he may
A book afford;
And in his prayer
This clause is due,
"Lord bless the men
Who write books too!"
Cotton the King.
Four days ago a Savannah cotton
broker offered to bet a New York ,
dealer $10,000 that July cotton would
reach twenty-five cents within three 1
weeks. It is a failing of the average
New York cotton man that he thinks
he knows all there is to know about
cotton, so the man to whom this bet
was offered "took it up." Cotton was
yesterday on the rise of twenty-four
cents, and the New York man is no
doubt coming to the conclusion that
he has yet something to learn about
cotton. But he is not at the end of
his experience, because, immediately
after having taken the bet offered by
the Savannah broker, he was offer
ed another proposition to this effect:
A bet of $10,000 that January cotton
would be bringing thirty cents a
pound within six months. The New
Yorker also accepted that gamble,
and he is just about as certain to
drop his second $10,000 as he is to
lose the first. As a matter of fact,
nobody at this time is able to say
at what point cotton is going to stop.
The only certain thing about the
prospect is high prices not only for
what remains of the old crop yet on
hand, but for the 6rop which the
farmers are now plowing. It is the
most interesting situation in cotton
that has existed in the history of the
market. It is decidedly more so than
during the famous high period grow
ing out of Civil War conditions. The
demand is now larger than then al
most beyond calculation. It is far in
advance of the utmost resources of
Southern farmers to meet. The larg
est crop they possibly could raise un
der the most favorable of conditions
would not burden the market. There
is no fear of a surplus, and for once
the cotton farmer is able to view
the future without apprehension. He
may not know exactly what it holds
in store for him, so far as his cotton
crop is concerned, but he is reason
ably sure of figures close to or in the
Present and prospective conditions
are such as to encourage the farmer
to save up the most unpromising of
all wastage. On the Charlotte market
yesterday ,a lot of what the buyer
described as "The nastiest, dirtiest
grade of the staple" he had ever
seen, brought sixteen cents. Three
years ago the farmer would have
been ashamed to bring cotton of that
grade to the market. In fact, he would
not have considered it worth baling,
and with ties and bagging deducted
he would scarcely have been reim
bursed for the cost of hauling, but
this character of cotton is nor.' bring
ing four cents above what at that
time would have been considered a
top price for the best grade of the
staple. Old King Cotton has surely
worked himself into a position which
commands the interest of the country.
? Charlotte Observer, June 12th.
BLACK MAN'S CROSS ROADS.
A few of our people attended
church at Lee's Chapel Sunday ev
Mr. Jesse Stanley spent Sunday
evening in New Hope section.
Miss Pauline Lee and Miss Louella
Allen spent Sunday evening with Miss
Addie and Lector Allen.
Listen! the wedding bells keep ring
We are very sorry to fiote the ill
ness of Mrs. Lula Lee. We hope she
will soon recover.
Mr. Lundy Lee from Massey school
house section, was visiting friends
and relatives Saturday night and
Sunday in this section.
Don't Neglect the Summer Cold.
We "catch cold" in warm weather
because colds are germ diseases and
our vitality is too low to resist them.
To kill those cold germs, the antisep
tic pine-tar of Dr. Bell's Pine-Tar- 1
Honey is famously effective, besides
helping to relieve the tight chest and
invigorate the tissues. The honey and
expectorant ingredients heal the
throat and soothe the cough. Always
have a bottle of Dr. Boll's Pine-Tar-'
Honey in your home, 25c. at your
druggist. ? Adv. . I
TURNER'S NORTH CAROLINA
Almanacs for 1917 now on tale at I
The Herald Office. Price ten cent*, j
25 Cent Books
At Special Prices
For the Next Few Days We Will
Sell Any Hook in the List Be
low for 20 Cents; Any 3 Hooks
for 50 Cents; Any 7 Hooks
The Boy Scouts with the Motion
The Boy Scouts of the Flying Squad
A Fool for Love.
Wallingford, by Chester.
Trolley Folly, by Phillips.
The Motormaniacs, by Osborna
Chimes from a Jester's Bell.
The Princess Elopes.
Four in Family.
The Fifth String, by Sousa.
Eccentric Mr. Clark.
Four Years of Fighting.
Flower Fables, by Alcott.
Camping Out, by Stephens.
Pretty Polly Pemberton.
A Modern Cinderella, by Alcott.
Bertha's Christmas Vision.
Wood's Natural History.
The Water Babies, by Kingsley.
Greek Heroes, by Kingsley.
Coming Back with the Spitball.
Poor Boys' Chances, by John Hab
The Young Editor.
Frank's Campaign, by Alger.
The Boy Scouts with the Geological
Folly in Fairyland, by Carolyn Wells.
Hospital Sketches by Alcott.
Adventures in Frozen Seas.
Left on Labrador.
Merle's Crusade by Carey.
The Boy Geologists. .. .by Houston.
Story of John G. Paton.
Andy Grant's Pluck by Alger.
Another Year With Dennis and Ned
Moods by Mrs. Alcot.
Ruth Fielding of the Red Mill.
Charlie Codman's Cruise.
See Kings and Naval Heroes.
Friends Though Divided Henty.
In the Reign of Terror Henty.
The Lion of St. Mark Henty.
Through the Fray Henty.
LIST NUMBER ONE OF
Any book in this list for 25c.f or any
four books for 90c.
Endurance Test; or How Clear Grit
Won the Day.
Under Canvas; or The Hunt for th?
Elsie Dinsmore. (3 copies).
The Motor Maids by Rose, Shamrock
Her Senator, by Gunter.
Under Two Flags, by Onida.
The Camp on the Big Sunflower.
The Rivals of the Trail.
The Strange Cabin on Catamount
Lost in the Great Dismal Swamp.
Caught in a Forest Fire.
Chums of the Campfire.
The Chouans, by Balzac.
Hans Brinker; or the Silver Skate*.
Mr. Potter of Texas, by Gunter.
The Schonberg-Cotta Family.
Larry Dexter in Belgium.
Larry Dexter and the Stolen Boy.
Tales From Shakespeare.
The Bobbsey Twins at Meadow Brook.
Dora Thorne, by Braeme.
The First Violin.
LIST NUMBER TWO OF
Any book in this list for 30c.; any
two for 55c.; any three for 80c.; any
four for $1.00.
The Pioneer by Cooper
The Deer Slayer by Cooper
The Last of the Mohicans, by Cooper.
The Spy by Cooper.
Treasure Island by Stevenson.
Louise deValliere by Dumas.
Memoirs of a Physician, by Dumas.
Barrack Room Ballads, by Kipling.
Toilers of the Sea by Hugo.
Cast Up by the Sea by Baker.
The Adventures of Daniel Boone.
The Boy Scouts on Sturgeon Island.
The Boy Scouts on the Trail.
The Boy Scouts Through the Big
The Boy Scouts in the Maine Woods.
The Boy Scouts First Camp Fire.
The Boy Allies on the North Sea
The Boy Allies Under Two Flags.
The Boy Allies with the Flying
The Boy Allies with the Terror of
The Boy Allies at Liege.
The Boy Allies with the Cossacks.
Our Young Aeroplane Scouts in
The Boy Scouts on Belgian Battle
The Boy Scouts with the Allies in
The Boy Scouts at the Panama
The Boy Scouts on Sturgeon Island.
THE HERALD OFFICE,
Smithfield, N. C.
ED. A. HOLT
High Grade Coffins, Caskets
and Burial Robes,
Princeton, ? North Carolina