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'IE MED HERALD
PublisheJ Every Tuesday and Friday.
BEATY & LASSITER
Smithfleld, N. C.
Editors and Proprietors,
Cash in Advance.
RATES OF SUBSCRIPTION:
One Yen, $1.50
Eight Month*,. _ 1.00
Six Month*, .75
Three Months, .40
Entered at the Post Office at Smith
field, Johnston County, N. C., as
GETTING READY FOR WAR.
The Scientific American for last
week is called the "Liberty War Num
ber" and contains much valuable in
formation concerning the progress the
United States has made in Retting
ready for war. A careful reading of
this publication will give the average
citizen a much more accurate under
standing of the present situation than
he can find in many columns of daily
newspaper articles. Some of these
facts are eye-openers and are here
given for Herald readers.
On June 80, 1916, the actual
strength of the United States Army
was in even numbers 5,000 officers and
102,000 enlisted men in all grades of
Due to the activities on the Mexican
border, at the beginning of 1917, the
army had been increas<*l to 5,100
officers and 120,000 enlisted men. The
troubled condition on our southern
borders made it necessary to call upon
the National Guard for 55,000 ad
When war was declared by Congress
on April <>, 1917, the actual total com
missioned and enlisted strength of
the regular army and of the National
Guard of the United States was only
By August first the voluntary en
listments of men for the regular army
hr\d brought its strength up to 308,000,
with (>,700 officers. At the same time
the National Guard strength had in
creased to approximately 377,000 men
and 7,500 officers. With the enlisted
reserve corps the entire strength of
the army at that time was 756,000. |
On August 15th, when the National
Guard was mustered into the service,
and when the many officers from the
several training camps were given
commissions, the forces reached ubout
Then came the first call for the
drafted men, f>87,000 strong. The first
30 per cent of the draft brought the
total up to 1,010,000 men. By (he time
fill the men of the first draft are in the
service the army will have about
1,500,000 of all grades. No nation in
the world has ever surpassed the
United States in getting so big an
army rer.dy in so short a tirtie.
There has been a complete change in
the organization of the army for over
sea service. To quote from the Scien
"An infantry regiment at present
comprises 103 officers and 3, <>00 men,
consisting of *
"Headquarters and Headquarters
"Three battalions of four rifle com
"A supply company,
"A machine gun company,
"A medical detachment.
"To put into effect for oversea
service this new organization, con
siderable rearrangement of the units
of the old plan has been found neces
sary. At present an infantry division
comprises, among other units, two
brigades of two regiments each, an
artillery brigade of three artillery
regiments each, an artillery brigade
of three artillery regiments and a
trench motor battery. The new or
ganisation increases greatly the ratio
of artillery to infantry. Instead of
the old division of three brigades of
three regiments in each, there are only
two brigades of two regiments each.
The ratio, therefore, of artillery to in
fantry is three to four instead of three
to nine as heretofore. This increase is
due to the enormous required increase
in artillery fire rendered necessary on
present battle fronts. The trench
motor battery in an artillery brigade
and a one-pounder platoon attached
to the headquarters of each infantry
regiment add greatly to the gun
strength of a division. The total
strength of the new division, as now
organized, is 27,150 men."
The prominence given to the use of
machine guns in the present v/tr has
developed the greatest surprise per
haps. Inventors have turned their
attention to the development of a gun
of simplicity and lightness. Some of
these .guns we^gh not over fifteen
pounds and may be fired from the
shoulder or hip. Such a gun with
magazines holding 350 rounds of am
munition can be carried by one man.
There are several types of these guns,
some weighing as heavy as 140 pounds,
but our government has adopted the
lighter types. One of theAe is the
lighter Vickers. The others are the
Henet Mercie, weighing 21) pounds, and
the Lewis, weighing 27 pounds. The
warring: powers are using these guns.
Another important featuro-of the
present war plans is the transporta
tion of ammunition and war supplies
to the battle lines. It is remembered
that one of the great elements of the
success in the French plans at the
Verdun battle in 1910 was their pre
paredness to transport by motor truck
munitions, supplies and troops in such
numbers that they were able to hold
back the Germans, and thus one of the
great victories of the war was won.
The United States is making great
efforts to be fully prepared to trans
port all the supplies needed to their
troops in the quickest possible time.
The engineers and designers have
planned the Liberty War Truck r.nd so
great is the faith of those responsible
for its adoption that 10,000 have been
ordered. Locomotives and heavy
freight cars arc much needed in
France, and this country has already
ordered 080 rrf the former and 9,000
of the latter for the use of our troops
overseas. To move the troops and
supplies will require additional rail
To feed an army of five hundred
thousand men will require two and a
half million pounds of food daily.
Thirteen million pounds of beef, fif
teen million pounds of potatoes, one
million pounds of coffee and three
million pounds of sugar are required
.'is a month's supplies of these items,
not counting numerous other things
that men must have. To move these
things is a great task, but America is '
proving hnSelf equal to it and when
the crucial moment comes we shall not
find her lacking.
I>r. Crouch, of the State Health De
partment,,, was here yesterday on a
\ isit of inspection. lie visited the
County Jail and in speaking of it, he
said that the condition of the jail was
"0 out of a possible 100. He said
that the conditions were far above
the average county jails. A report
of his visit to Smithfield and the Coun
ty will appear in an early issue of
The H< raid. ?
HarveMt Day Exercitw*.
Those present at the monthly
literary meeting of the Woman's Miss
ion Society of the M. E. Church
Monday afternoon enjoyed the Har
vest Day musical program. Mrs.
Lassitcr, the president, was the leader
and read Psalm 46. Mrs. Cole led in
prayer. A duet, "Harvest Time," wa3
rendered by Mesdames Cole and Hol
land, followed by Kipling's "Recession
al," which was read by Miss Mattie
Pou. This was followed by a piano
solo by Mrs. R. S. Stevens. Misses
Irene Myatt and .Virginia Puckett and
Mrs. Cole and Mrs. Holland then sang
two selections, "Where Hast Thou
Gleaned To-day?" nnd "What Shall
the Harvest lie?" Mrs. Royall de
lighted all who were present by telling
Dr. Van Dyke's beautiful story, "The
Mansion." Miss Ethel Coats sang as
a closing solo, "Will I Empty Handed
At the close of this most enjoyable
program a short business session was
held and many dollars were paid in
on the dues and pledges.
Reception at Kenly.
Kenly, N. C., Dec. 5. ? Rev. C. E.
Clarke, the popular and successful
pastor of the Presbyterian church, was
married in Richmond, Nov. 28, 1917,
to Miss Fedora Haxall. _
Last Friday night at the attractive
home of Dr. and Mrs. J. C. Grady an
informal reception was given in honor
of Mr. and Mrs. Clarke, which was de
cidedly the most interesting social
event of the season.
The entire lower floor was thrown
open to the guests, and* was beautifully |
decorated with potted plants, cut flow
ers and ferns.
Mrs. G. S. Coleman and Tyra Bailey
met the guests at the door. Mr. and
Mrs. P. I). Grady introduced them to
the receiving line. In the receiving
line were Mrs. J. C. Grady, who intro
duced Mrs. Clarke, Mr. C. E. Clarke, |
Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Kirby, Mr. and Mrs.
J. T. Edgerton ,Mrs. C. E. Walston, i
Mr. W. H. Edgerton. Misses Marie
and Gladys iKrby presided at the 1
Mr. Howard Grady, of Chap"l Hill, 1
played vc-v appropriate selections on '
the victrola during the evening.
Miss Janie McNeill was in the gift j
room, and the people of t're town .
proved with what esteem Mr. and Mrs.i
Clarke were held by the many practi
cal and lovely things that were given.
Mr. and Mrs. Clarke hope to be at'
home at the Manse at an early date. |
Mr. George W. Watts, of Durham,
has been asked to head the North
Carolina Campaign to raise the State's
portion of the $400,000, the American
Bible Society wants to supply the
soldiers with khaki covered Bibles.
[The money is to be raised by Decem
The members of the Philathea Class
of the Smithficld Baptist church will
hold a Chistmas Bazaar in the old
Theatre Building on Third street on
Wednesday and Thursday, December
12 and 13. They will have an assort
ment of articles suit^lile for Christ
mas gifts and would be glad for those
interested to call on them. The Ba
zaar will open on the 12ih at 2 P. M.
It will be open all day on the 13th.
ON K FINE FIGHTEFN MONTHS
old Berkshire boar for sale. W.
Rufus Coats, Four Oaks, N. C.
REPORT OF THE CONDITION OF
JOHNSTON COUNTY B \Nh AND TRUST COMPANY.
At Smithfield, N. C., at the close of Business November 20, 1917.
L'?ans and discounts .^219,889.40 ,
Overdrafts secured and unsecured 435.46 ,
United States Bonds on hand 800.00
Furniture and Fixtures 2,225.20,
Demand loans 5,000.00
Due from National Banks 47,481.10
Due from State Banks and Bankers 7,156.20
Cash Items 945.63
Gold Coin 1,265.00
Silver Coin, including all minor coin currency 1,796.23
National B. nk notes and ether U. S. Notes 6,132.00
Total $293,126.28 j
Capital stock paid in $25,000.00
Surplus fund ^ 1,500.00
Undivided profits, less current expenses and taxes paid 6,368.91
Notes and hills re-discounted 17,500.00
Deposits subject to check 197,496.56
Demand Certificates of Deposit 33,740.17 (
Savings Deposits *. : . 8,547,94
Cashier's Checks outstanding 1,914,83
Certified Checks 264.75
Accrued Interest due depositors 793.12
Total : $293,126.28
STATE OF NORTH CAROLINA? COUNTY OF JOHNSTON
Smithfield, N. C., November 29, 1917.
I, T. C. Evans, Cashier of the above named Bank, do solemnly swear that
the above statement is true to the best of my knowledge and belief.
T. C. EVANS, Cashier.
Subscribed and sworn to before me, this 29th day of November, 1917.
R. N. AYCpCK,
Coriect ? Attest:
L. D. WHARTON,
F. H. PARRISH,
S. C. TURNAGE,
I HAVE A GOOD TWO-ROOM CEIL- 1
eJ house, and would like for a family
to move to it so I could get a regular
hand to work with me. Could give
work to other members of the family '
if desired. P. D. Edwards, near
Smith's Che pel church, Princeton, N.
C., R. F. D. No. L
A FIVE PASSENGER REO CAR IN
first-class condition for sale at a
sacrifice price, $275.00. Apply to
Julius Williamson, Zebulon, N. C.,
R. F. I). No. 1.
WANTED. A COMPETENT MAN
for assistant clerk and bookkeeper
in the Post Office to begin work Jan- ;
uary 1st. Apply to Postmaster,
Smithfield, Johnston Co., N. C.
THE SKLM t MERCHANTS WILL
observe December 10th to the 15th
as "Pay-Up- Week." They will of- '
for special inducements to all custo
mers who settle their bills during
200 BUSHELS PEAS FOR SALE AT
$<>.00 per bushel at Austin-Stephen
s6n Co.'s Big Sale.
FLOUR MILL. BUY ONE OF OUR
Meadows Whole Wheat flour mills.
They are small investments for
good results and profit. We also '
have corn and feed mills. Roberts
Atkinson Co., Selma, N. C.
I HAVE FOR SALE ONE DUROC
Jersey boar, four gilts six months j
old i\nd one Duroc Jersey sow all ?
pure bred registered stock. J. T. |
Langston, Bentonville, N. C., Route
MILLING PROFITS. THERE IS
good money in mills at the present
high prices of grain. No more ex
pense to run and your toll is doubled
in the price of grain. We have the
best flour, corn and feed mills made.
Roberts Atkinson Co., Selma, N. C.
THE SELMA MERCHANTS WILL
observe December 10th to the 15th
as "Pay-Up- Week." They will of
fer special inducements to all custo
mers" who settle their bills during
CAR PIEDMONT WAGONS EXPEC
ted Friday at Austin-Stephenson Co.
AS I HAVE THE COUNTY AGENCY
for the New Home Sewing machine j
I will deliver |ne. anywhere in John
ston if a call lor one is made. Let
me know if froU want to buy. The
New Home is f ir ahead of any other ? .
as a family sewing machine. J. M
Peaty, Smithfield, N. C.
PEAS ARE SCARCE, BUT YOU CAN
get them at Austin-Stephenson Co.
at $6.00 per bushel while they last.
ON DECEMBER 1, 1917, A DARK
cow with short horns took up at my
place. Mark: Crop off each ear.
Owner can get cow by paying for
damage and this advertisement. J.
W. Pittman, Smithfield, R. No 2.'
IF YOU CARE TO GO THE WHOLE ;
hog I would like to sell you some ! '
good corn-fed pork. I have a large ,
lot of fine hogs ready to kill at my
farm. J. M. Beaty.
BUY YOUR SHOES AT AUSTIN
Austin- Stephenson Co. during their
sale to save money.
AUTO TROUBLES: IF YOU HAVE
them, come to see us. We can re- j .
lieve you at least cost. Casings,'"
tubings and spark plugs. We have
marked these very close. Roberts !
Atkinson Co., Selma, N. C. j
FOR SALE? BUILDERS LIME AG
ricultural Burnt Unslackrd, Slacked
and Oyster Shell Lime in bulk or
bags, car or cargo shipments. Clyde
MaeCrllum State Agent, Hertford, -
N. C., for Limestone Products Crop,
and Chesapeake Shell & Lime Com
LOOK FOR OUR ADD? DOLLAR
Day in Selma. We will have the
goods, the assortment and prices.
Roberts Atkinson Co., Selma, N. C.
FRESH JERSEY MILK COWS FOR
sale. See E. F. Boyett, Smithfield,
SEED BEANS FOR SALE. JOIIN
ston County Grown Nnvy Beans.
Raised by E. F. Boyette, Smithfield,
N. C. For sale by Peedin & Peter
son and L. E. Watson, Smithfield,
N. C. ;
FEEDS. OUR WAREHOUSE IS
packed with Red Dog, Ship Stuff.
Soy Bean Meal, feed and seed oats,
see wheat, eottpn seed meal, hulls,
bee* bulp, etc. In fact, anything in
fee 1 line at bottom prices. Roberts
Atkinson Co., Selma, N. C. I
IF YOU NEED A BUGGY GO TO
Austin-Stephenson Co.'s big sale. S
REPORT OF CONDITION OF
THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK
At Smithficld, North Carolina, at the close of
Business on November 20th, 1917.
Loans and discounts $470,803.06
Overdrafts, secured and unsecured 4,987,88
Lib??cty Loan Bonds unpledged 3*/? per cent and 4 per
Stock of Federnl Reserve Bank 2,250.00
Value of Banking House $15,000.00
Equity in banking house 15,000.00
Furniture and Fixtures 5,000.00
Lawful reserve with Federal Reserve Bank 40,191.88
Cash in vault and net amounts due from national banks. 178,203.82
Net amounts due from banks, bankers, and trust com
panies' other thr.n included in Items 13, 14, and 15 . . . 4,545.82
Checks on other banks in the same city or town as re
porting bank 1,675.56
Accrued interest at date of purchase on Liberty Bonds. 140.00
Capital stock paid in $ 50,000.00
Surplus fund 35,000.00
Undivided profits $13,559.39
Less current expenses, interest, and taxes paid 6,391.03
Interest and discount collected but not earned 4,378.50
Amount reserved for all interest accrued 3,656.50
Individual deposits subject to check ? 494,028.21
Certified checks 1,243.51
Cashier's checks outstanding 6,536.10
Certificates of deposit (other than for money borrowed) 185,786.84
State of North Carolina, County of Johnston.
I, R. N. Aycock, Cashier of the r.bove bank, do solemnly swear
that the above statement is true to the best of my knowledge and
R. N. AYCOCK, Cashier.
Subscribed and sworn to before me this 28th day of November,
T. C. EVANS,
My Commission Expires Oct. 4th, 1918.
Correct ? Attest:
T. R. HOOD,
W. H. AUSTIN,
J. D. UNDERWOOD,
GIFTS FOR XMAS
We have lots of useful gifts for Christmas from 5 cents
to SI. 00.
We have a big line of American made Dolls and toys.
We also have a good line of imported Dolls and toys from
Japan. The American made Toys- are higher than the
imported Toys, but are better made. We have the Ameri
can made Dolls from 25 cents to ??'>.00? and the Japanese
Dolls from 10 cents to $1.00.
Buy Your Toys Early
We can furnish everything that's needed for- Christ
mas Trees. Do. not wait until the Rush to buy for a
J. E. GREGORY & CO.
5, 10, and 25 cent Store,
Smithlield, - - - North Carolina