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OLD NORTH STATE NEWS.
Live Items of Interest Clipped
And Culled From North
Durham received six car loads of
coal this week, which came in an
opportune time. The municipal wood
yard was practically out of fuel,
Many local grocers of Kinston will
go on a cash basis February 8. A
number will cut out deliveries. By
adopting this plan, they will be en
abled to sell the necessities of life
on a closer margin.
The County Commissioners of
Moore County decided Monday to send
representatives to Camp Jackson,
Camp Sevier, and Fort Caswell, to see
that Moore County soldiers are in
sured under the liberal terms of the
Dr. Lemuel J. Johnson, of Middle
sex, was indicted by the grand jury at
Richmond, Va., Monday, for the mur
der of his bride, Mrs. Alice Knight
Johnson, last December. It is charged
that poison taken by Mrs. Johnson in
the belief that it was an ordinary
medical preparation was administered
by Dr. Johnson with criminal intent,
Charlotte and Mecklenburg county
have furnished around 1,000 volun
teers for the United States army,
navy and marine corps since war was
declared, according to figures com
piled by Col. T. L. Kirkpatric. This
does not include approximately 300
men who have gone to the national
army from the city and county. ?
As a matter of fact North Carolina
has to date sent into training slightly
less than fifty per cent of the quota
required of the State. No negroes
due under the first call to the colors
have been sent into training from the
State at all. The total number requir
ed of North Carolina under the first
call is 15,974. Of this total up to Dec.
29, 7,951 have been accepted, leaving
8,023 still due. Of this number the
State is due to send 2,832 white men
and 5,191 negro men.
The Belbro spinning mills, recently
organized with an authorized capital
of $125,000 and $60,000 paid in, is the
latest and a most important addition
to the industrial life of development
of Charlotte. The mill is expected
to begin operations wtihin six or
eight weeks, and will contain 12 cards
and 4,000 spindles. W. H. Belk is
president of the new concern; George
H. Brockenbrough, vice-president and
general manager, and George H.
Brockenbruogh, Sr., secretary and
Present indications point to a re
cord-breaking acreage in Irish pota
toes in Mount Olive section this year.
For the Mount Olive and Calypso%
sections combined there has already
been received from northern seed
growers and sold to the farmers about
20 carloads, averaging about 300 bar
rels to the carload ? in the neighbor
hood of 6,000 barrels, or about 1.000
barrels more than is usually planted;
and several more car loads are yet to
be received; that is, if transportation
facilities will permit.
Why They Howl.
"The Garfield closing order to con
serve fuel," says the Concord Trib
une, "has made big1 inroads into the
advertising business of the New York
newspapers, and those of every large
city. Even the New York World, al
ways one of the last papers to feel
movements of this character, has
found its business cut enormously.
Don C. Seitz, business manager of the
World, says that as a result of the
regulation the Sunday advertising of
the World has been cut down 40 per
cent. The advertisers do not feel like
taking extensive space on Sundays
when the stores are to be closed on
Mondays." This explains the mighty
howl of the big city newspapers
against the oi-der. They had an "in
trus' " in the case. Great patriots
indeed, are they. ? Statesville Land
The Anti-Rat Crusade.
It is said that rats eat up one hun
dred million dollars worth of grain in
the United States every year. It is
calculated that a single paid of rats
would in three years under favorable
circumstances increase to 20,000,000.
In its anti-rat crusade the National
Department of Agriculture recom
mends rat-proof construction of build
ing's, better protection of food sup
plies, and the use of various poisons.
? Kind Words.
The price of oxen brought at a re
cent sale in Switzerland ranged from
$440 to $480 the pair; cows sold for
$240 to $2$0 each; goats, $12 to $16
each; smtll hops. $12 to $16 each;
medium-sized hogs, $40 to $50 the
pair; sheep, 512 to $16 each.
SOLDIER CORRECTS MISTAKE.
Concerning the Red Cross Sweaters
For the Johnston County Boys.
Camp Jackson, Feb. 2. ? It seems
that some Johnston County Soldier
has given the people at home the j
wrong idea about our Red Cross
Our sweaters by some means or
other were delated, and many of the '
officers' wives and other good ladies
volunteered to knit our sweaters if
we would pay for the material that
was to go in them, which was only
$2.00. Of course we all appreciate
their kindness very much. But some
one has been home and told the folks
that "Our Red Cross Sweaters were
sold to us for $2.00 each." Of course
that was absolutely wrong, and it
hurt our Red Cross, also the ladies ,
which made them for us. We want j
everybody to feel perfectly satisfied
about this matter, and I feel sure I
am. And we feel very grateful for
the kindness that has been shown to
us by our Red Cross, and the good
ladies that took so much interest in
the soldier boys.
Best wishes to everybody in old
L. H. HOLT.
Co. K, 322nd Infantry.
Don't Let Your Cotton Damage.
At the present time, three pounds
and a half of cotton is worth over a
dollar. Good midding is worth and
will bring $2.50 more than middling.
A bale of good middling cotton ex
posed to the weather for a very short
time will become so discolored on the
surface as to grade middling. The
buyer always grades by the surface
if it is poorer than the cotton further
in the bale.
Cotton is entirely too valuable to be
neglected. It should not be left lying
around gins or on the ground in
yards, as when exposed for long it will
rot and damage ten or more pounds.
Those who haven't a floored house in
which to put their cotton should eith
er sell it or store in a warehouse.
As a rule, storage houses are the
better. Where placed in one of these,
the cotton will be fully insured and
the owner will have it at the market,
ready to sell any time that he see fit.
The charges for warehousing are too
high in some instances, but the cost of
"storage" on the ground at the gin or
farm is always much higher.
Freights are becoming actually con
gested. Local mills are right noW
debating the advisability of purchas
ing their supply of cotton at home.
The farmer who allows his cotton to
damage or rot will not be able to sell
it, because the mills haven't the time
nor facilities to pick and condition
Take care of the cotton. If it is
allowed to rot to any considerable ex
tent, money will be lost by holding,
even though the market should go
much higher. Five hundred pounds
of cotton at 28 cents will bring more
money than 470 pounds at 30 cents.
It doesn't take long for cotton to
damage 30 pounds. ? Southern Culti
Why Not Corn?
"Why not ship our corn to Europe |
and keep our wheat at home?" This
question is still being asked in many
quarters. The answer involves many
interesting economic problems.
(1) As to shipping, cornmeal is not |
a stable product ? it spoils easily in j
shipping. Corn itself before grinding j
will not solve the problem as there
are few mills in Europe for grinding (
corn. Again cornmeal and corn are ,
less compact, and therefore take more
cargo space than wheat flour.
(2) Cornbread is a home product, !
and can not be handled by bakers. To ,
be liked ti must be eaten when fresh- ,
ly baked. Therefore America, where
60 per cent of the baking is done at
home, can increase consumption of
cornbread; while Europe, where prac- ?
tically all bread is baked by bakers,
can not adopt the American cornbread
unless housewives reconstruct their
homes, for the ovens for baking do
not exist in the average European
(3) Our Allies are already using a
mixture of wheat flour with potato, J
rice, rye flour and some corn, but this :
mixture can not go beyond 25 per |
cent (or 50 per cent at the outside) j
and produce a good bakery product.
Corn flour as a further adulterant, is
therefore, neither necessary nor ad
(4) Still another reason for ship
ping wheat instead of corn is to sup
ply the need of the American troops
in France. Military necessity does
not permit experiments. Moreover, it
is neither fair nor reasonable to call
upon people under the pressure of
war times, to make radical changes in
their eating habits.
These reasons must be kept clearly
before us, for an understanding of
facts means a complete co-operation
on thf part of America. ? Southern
THE WAR SAVINGS INSTITUTE.
Heads and Representative* Called to
Attend. Institute Will Hold Threv
Sessions. Physicians Will Respond.
Raleigh, Feb. 6. ? Preachers, tcach
ers and Doctors, also farmers and
politicians, in addition to those nomi
nated by Col. F. H. Fries and dotted
by Governor Bickett, will be expected
to volunteer their interest, particular
ly their presence, at the War Savings
Institute to be held here, February
12 and 13. Those whose attendance
has been requested at this meeting ?
men and women at the head of or
ganizations and who represent large
numbers of people ? are: Chairmen of
War Savings Committee, county
superintendents of public instruction,
superintendents of town and city
schools, farm and home demonstra
tion agents, health officers or county
physicians, and county Chairmen of
The program that has been pre
pared for the Institute calls for a
registration of delegates at 1 o'clock
Tuesday in the city Auditorium, at
which place the Institute will be held.
Colonel Fries will make the opening
address on "The Reasons for the War
Savings Institute," and will also di
rect the sessions. "W. S. S." will be
the subject of an address by Judge
Gilbert T. Stephenson, of Winston
Salem. I)r. J. Y. Joyner will explain
"What War Savings Mean to the
Schools," Col. T. B. McAdams, State
Director of Virginia, will discuss
"War Savings and the Public." At
the Mass meeting Tuesday evening at
8 o'clock, men of National prominence
will speak. A music program has
been provided for this meeting also.
At 10 o'clock Wednesday morning a
conference and roundtable discussion
for workers will be held with Hon.
Otto Marx, Federal Director National
War Savings Committee, leading.
Everybody interested in Thrift and
all that the War Savings campaign
means to the State and to the nation
is expected to attend.
As to the physicians responding to
the Governor's call, Dr. W. S. Rankin,
Secretary of the State Board of
Health, says: "The physicians will be
there. I believe you can count on
them more than any other class of
Potash at High Prices Unadvisable.
Recently we knew of a 10-2-2 ferti
lizer, that is, one containing 10 per
cent phosphoric acid, 2 per cent am
monia, and 2 per cent potash, being
quoted at $44 a ton in car lots. At
the same time a 10-2 fertilizer, that
is, one with the potash left out en
tirely, was quoted at $34 a ton in car
This $10 difference per ton is too
much to pay for the potash, except
in special cases and for special crops.
It means paying $10 for the 40 pounds
of potash in a ton of the 10-2-2 goods,
or 25 cents a pound. At such a price,
with few exceptions, its use is inad
visable. Now let us note the excep
Roughly, by drawing a line from
south central Alabama northeast
ward to about Norfolk, Va., we will
have to the east and south of this line
the area needing potash most. The
soils of this region are mostly light
sands or sandy loams, and experi
ment station tests have very general
ly indicated the need of potash.
But even within this area, it is by
no means certain that potash is need
ed for all soils and all crops. We
doubt if potash at 25 cents a pound
will pay on corn or any of the small
grains in this area, and there may
also be soils with a strong clay sub
soil on which potash will not pay on
any crops. Cotton and tobacco seem
to be the crops most needing potash.
In the area above defined, where cot
ton sometimes rusts badly, twelve or
fifteen pounds per acre will probably
pay well, even at 25 cents a pound. If
there seems to be no tendency to rust,
we would hardly advise its use.
Everywhere north and west of the
line indicated above, that is the Pied
mont conutry, north Alabama, Ten
nessee and all States to the west
ward, potash is little needed for any
o fthc general field crops. Certainly
its use at present prices is not ad
visable. ? Progressive Farmer.
Road Institute at Chapel Hill.
The Fifth Road Institute for North
Carolina is to be held at the Univer
sity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill,
February 19 to 22 inclusive. This
Institute, which has been held an
nually now for five years, is serving a
very important functon in the State,
in the training of road officials. That
it is meeting a real need is shown by
the fact that there has been a steady
increase in attendance and in the
number of counties represented since
the first Institute was held in 1913.
The vahie of sugar and molasses '
invoiced at Cinfuegos, Caibarion and
Sagana la Grady, Cuba, for last year
amounted to $50,716,938 of sugar, and
$2,297,030 of molasses. - i
MOORE'S SCHOOL NOTES.
Death of Mr .L. F. Halley. Work on
the Narron and Central Line.
With the coming of sunny weather
our boys and girls are taking new
interest in basket ball.
Several new pupils entered school
Progressive work is being done on
the Narron and Central Line exten
sion. Many passengers are taking
advantage of this road.
Stores were closed here Monday.
Messrs P. Narron and J. C. Crocker
went to Selma Monday for examina
tion before the Exemption Board.
Mr. Fred Hill left this week for
Camp Jackson to visit his son, Mr.
Fletcher Hill, w'np is in training thlkre.
Mr. N. Narron went to Wilson Mon
Mr. S. R. Cockroll and family have
recently moved into our community.
We extend to them a hearty welcome.
Mr. L. F. Halley died Thursday,
January 31. He was employed during
last fall by the l)u Pont Powder
I'lant, Hopewell, Va. Before the holi
days he returned to his home here and
later contracted pneumonia. Mr.
Halley leaves a wife and several small
children, besides a host of friends.
The family have our our deepest sym
pathy in their bereavement. The
funeral services were conducted by
Rev. Bon. Jones, and thet interment
made in the family burying ground.
Daniels Says Navy Can Do It.
Washington, Fob. 4. ? Secretary
Daniels today authorized the state
ment that the Navy is assured of en
ough transport facilities to make sure
that there will be 500,000 American
troops in France early this year, as
was stated by Secretary Baker re
cently before the Senate Military Com
Mr. Daniels made the statement
when informed that Secretary Baker's
forecast of the number of men to be
sent abroad had been challenged in
the Senate today by Senator Hitch
cock. He would not say whether the
Navy Department's outlook for ships
was such as to warrant the expecta
tion of having 1,000,000 more men in
France by the end of 1918.
Secretary Baker himself declined to
comment in any way upon Senator
CAR CEMENT ON HAND. SELMA
YOU'LL enjoy this real
Burley cigarette. It's
full of flavor ? just as good
as a pipe.
The Burley tobacco is
toasted ; makes the taste
delicious. You know how
toasting improves the flavor
of bread. And it's the
same with tobacco exactly.
Let The Herald do Your Job Printing.
Do not effect us? We have our Guano houses
full, so come to see us today for?
Cotton Seed Meal,
Obers 8-3-3, 8-2-2
Come and come quick, there may come
a time when Fertilizers will not move freely,
but we can supply you today. See us at
Smithfield and Four Oaks, N. C.