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POLK COUNTY NEWS, TRYON, N. C.
II TOBACCO SALES
NLY 42 PER CENT OF SALES
AS COMPARED WITH THOSE
OF OCTOBER, 1917.
DISPATCHES FROM RALEIGH
rings and Happening That Mark
the Progress of North Carolina Peo
ple, Gathered Around the State
On account of the closing of tobacco
warehouses in North Carolina during
. ie -non tli of October, tobacco sales
:I thf State were only 42 per cent as
riivy lor the month as during Octo
vnr, 117. With possibly a larger
, -t)l market this year than last, the
r.rlii''!iza quarantine held the total
-ales on all markets for last month to
-7,514.47:!. Sales for October, 1917,
Seven warehouses in the State have
coni' liable to a penalty of $25 each
or failure to make their reports to
a department on time. They are
banners" Warehouse, Greensboro;
-armors' Warehouse, Kinston; King's
Warehouse. Leaksvilie; Johnston
Warehouse. Oxford; Dill. Warehouse,
New F.ern: Farmers' Warehouse. Ox--ord.
ami Fa i sore Warehouse, Warsaw.
Attacks Made by Interests.
The North Carolina division of mar
issued the following statement:
It is dear that the attack on cot
ron has been made by interests who
hate been promoting a propaganda
iurim? the last year, peace finds a tre
mendous short interest in cotton and
otton goods and in the future will
snake a situation for which these pro-
...ill Kn Q Kl A
;This short interest can only be
iquiilaietl by the actual cotton in the
South. If the South stands firm peace
an be expected to bring such an ad
vance as the market has rarejy seen.
The issue is put squarely up to the
-producers arid business men of the
South whether they will retain control
; the liquidation of their chief crop
Health Work to Continue.
Without official advices, it was the
-Itonon at the offices of the United
States Public Health Service, which
were established here with the coni
ng of Camp Polk, that the work be--znn
by the service would be carried
n until completion irrespective of the
-iatu. of the camp, which may or may
not be altered in the next few days.
An additional allotment of $10,000
from the service for use in rural sani
'ation work in Wake and Durham
ounties gives emphasis to the cor
rectness of this opinion. Authority to
)egin this work right away was re
ceived yesterday by apt. C. E. Wal
'er, officer in charge of the extra can--ornnent
zone surrounding Camp Polk.
The rural sanitation work will be
horoughly modern and -directed by ex
7erts of the service, one In either
ounty. Demonstrations of what .
mral health department can do will
hft gj.ven in every section of Durham
and Wake counties. Stress will be
;laced upon safe water supplies, sew
erage facilities, housing conditions
nd sanitation in the schools.
Beginning of New Era.
In letters to the eounty supein
Twidents and to the newspapers of
North Carolina, Dr. J. Y. Joyner, State
superintendent of public instruction,
bestowing pi-aise to them for their ef
forts in obtaining a glorious vietory
for the six months school term amend
ment, declares the adoption of the
amendment "marks the beginning of
new era of educational progress in
Writing to the superintendents, Dr.
"I beg that you will express for me,
jn the name of the children of North
Carolina, to your teachers. . your com
mittees, your newspapers and all oth
ers to your county that responded so
loyally to the call and rendered such
unselfish service, my sincere appreci
't'ion and profound gratitude.
iork of Volunteer Nurses.
Two hundred and twenty-eight peo
V'ie volunteered and did work as
urses, attendant and clerks at the
Emergency hospital for white .people
iuring the influenza epidemic in Ra
1 )h. These women and men took dif
'( lir turns ix nursing and doing oth
r wotk, some remaining there during
hours nd others reporting long
"'iouKli to relieve regular workers.
ih- citric, force was maintained from
iv :y in the morning until late at
:'!u. or. 1 carried on the duty of noti
ivi7i ipjrses for each day's work.
public Health Service.
Th United States Public Health
Qrvioe completed the establishment
f a. laboratory for diagnostic work
t i he state Laboratory of Hygiene.
!'". Anna Freese, bacteriologist of the
Public Health Service Corps here, will
hr in tVi.wnn
In announcing the completion of ar
rangements, the Health Department
or the county and city expressed the
hpe that the physicians would' matte
liberal use of the laboratory facilities
toe matter of diagosig communi
Sodiers Barred From Cafes.
The first drastic action to be taken
by Camp Polk authorities aimed at
safeguarding the health of the soldiers
in camp here came in the shape of an
order prohibiting the men to enter
any one -of seven cafes, four white and
three colored. - The County cafe, B
and-B. cafe, Capital cafe, Hamlin's
Ideal cafe, Star cafe. Hattle Young'
cafe and the New York cafe are un-'
dor the ban. The h-alth officials re
ported to the camp authorities that
the sanitary conditions in these cafes
did not measure up with government
Great Tobbaco Crop.
Never, before was there a crop of to
bacco so large as this year's. Witk
the exception of Tennessee and Ken
tucky, every Southern State increas
ed its production this year, North Car
olina leading with an increase of 38,
000,000 pounds over last year's large
crop. The production by states is:
Virginia 150,997,000 pounds, 'an in
crease of 21,000,000 pounds; North
Carolina 242.220,000,, increase 38,000,
000; South Carolina 62,208,000 pounds,
increase 11,000.000; Florida 4,416.000,
increase 1,000,000; Tennessee 62,018,
000, decrease 17,000,000; Kentucky,
388,170,000, decrease 38,000,000.
The quality thist year is 87.7 com
pared with 86.4 latt year; the acre
yield 871.8 pounds, compared with.
816.0 last year.
Petition to Increase Rates.
The Corporation Commission heard
petitions irom a number of public
utilities in North Carolina seeking
authority to raise light rates and car
fares k different cities.
The Salisbury Spnecer Railway
Company asked permission to in
crease car fares in Salisbury and
Spencer to seven cents and to aise its
gas rates in the two places and at
Concord, where increased street car
fares are already operative.
The North Carolina Public Service
Company argued an application to in
crease street railway rates in High
Point to seven cents. The Piedmont
Power and Light Company also pre
sented a petition to advance light
charges in Burlington, Graham, Gib
sonville and Mebane.
Opposition to the proposed new
charges was only mild, the companies
contending that increased operating
expenses made it necessary for the
More Textile Classes.
Prof. T. E. Browne. Supervisor for
the, Board of Vocational Education in
the State, announces that three cotton
mills around Shelby will be the next
to take up the evening classes in tex
tile manufacturing. Mr. R. V. Hel
lams. who has been teaching at the
Erlanger Mills, near Lexington, wil!
close the course there on November
22, and will take up the work at Shel
by on December 2. This will be tht
third place where this vocational in
struction has been given to cotton
mill operatives. The work at Shelby
was arranged by Mr. I. C. Griffin,
superintendent of the Shelby schools.
Mr. Browne states that all of these
classes will be of great value in the
making of efficient workmen who un
derstand somewhat of the theoretical
side of their effort.
Price Not High Enough.
In spite of unusually favorable
weather for cotton picking permitting
the cotton growers in North Carolina
to harvest an unusual percentage of
hieb. trade cotton, growers are" not yet
receiving their rightful premium for
this good cotton, according to Mr. O.
J McConcell, specialist in cotton mar
keting for the North Carolina Agricul
tural Extension Service.
Mr. McConnell and . his assistants
will grade cotton for any farmer in
the State who will send samples to
him at Raleigh and farmers will do
well to take advantage of the opportu
nity. Cotton is not being sold freely
during the present period of depressed
prices, and the slight delay incurred
in sending samples to Raleigli win not
inconvenience any grower.
Another Still Captured.
Another stiH has been captured hi
the Apex section of Wake county, of
ficers raiding an illicit distilling plant
about two miles south of Apex and
getting a large copper kettle. The
kettle was found one-fourth of a mile
from the plant.
Fate of Camp Polk.
Washington ( Special). -Raleigh cit
so horo tn inmiire about the future
of Camp Polk, the tank camp near that
city. In the party were Jonn w. nm
dale, Jr.. William B. Jones. Louis Mah
ler and M. R. Beaman, secretary of the
chamber of commerce. Work at Camp
Polk was suspended by wire immedi
ately after the terms of the armistice
were published. Officials said the dis
continuance must be regarded for the
p-esnt as temporary until some gen
eral" policy is arrived at regarding
Professor Johnston Killed.
Naws has been received here that
Lieut Henry Johnston, a former mem
ber of the faculty of the State Univer
sity was killed in battle in France on
October 15. He was a graduate-ot
the first officers' training school at
Fort Oglethorpe, Ga. He gave up hi
position as associate professor of edu
cation at the University in May, 1917.
and entered the officers' trainkx
school. He graduated from the Uni
versity in 1910 an dafter four years of
postgraduate work was invited to tak
a place in the faculty.
This Year the Spirit of Thanks
giving Should Properly Be
Filled With Praise.
HO that views the universe
in its orderly movements
and sees the mind of the Al
mighty in the fixed blessings
of existence can doubt that
out from the cataclysms of
the world war the choice of blessing
or cursing will work out in the victory
oi the good? The old cry, "Hath God
forgotten to be gracious?" needs no
longer be voiced. God has not forgot
ten to be gracious. So that, as the
Americans ussemble in their churches
on the day set apart for expressing na
tional gratitude, they will rejoice
nt.ove all else that the nation of free
men has adopted a its motto : "Whom
the Lord makes free is free indeed."
Let them rejoice that America is bent
upon proclaiming liberty to the entire
t.ounds of the earth. The curse of au
tocracy, the curse of a blasphemous
assumption that God is on the side of
the strongest battalions, the curse of
debauchery of human ideals and hu
man aspirations, the curse of the es
tablishment of force in the place of
purity ; of power in the place of peace
this is the cursing that is being
wiped out in blood. The blessing of
world peace and the prevalence of the
spirit of brotherhood and of mutual
advancement for the peoples such is
the peace that Is being wrought out.
The United States has placed its all
on the altar, realizing that sacrifice
is the noblest virtue of a nation.
Hence, while exuberance may not
abound, the spirit of thanksgiving is
filled with praise over the mighty
manner in which the mind of the .Al
mighty is being made clear in the
movements of the times; with the
United States playing a leading part
in its impressive unfolding.
No Time to Abandon Custom.
It has long been the honored custom
of our people to turn in the fruitful
autumn of the year in praise and
thanksgiving to Almighty God for his
many blessings and mercies to us as
a nation. That custom we can follow
now, even in the midst of the tragedy
of a world shaken by war and immeas
urable disaster, in the midst of sorrow
and great peril.
O Bird of Joy
He Can Find Room
r-:----.--'.. .--....v.-.-.-..-.- .:
Our Nation's Greatness Founded
on Fatherhood of '.Man and
Brotherhood of God.
ITH the growth of the nation
there has been correspond
ing growth in responsibility.
The raw experiment of a
nation framed from the skel
eton colonies of the eastern
seaboard has proved the greatest suc
cess in government the world has ever
known. Democracy sits at the tables
of the land today. Brotherhood asks
its helping from the amply filled
boards of the American home. These
two attributes of the American people
fully express the secret of America's
success as a nation. The growth of
the nation has been in accord with the
extension of these ideas, They are
both home ideas, and therefore they
are both ideas that express the inner
spirit of the day of thanksgiving.
The fatherhood of God and the
brotherhood of man these were the
leading conceptions of the Pilgrim Fa
thers. They are the leading concep
tions of the sons of those fathers to
day. They are the conceptions that
can never be made hackneyed by hypo
critical use or by designing abuse.
They will stand forth in the genius
and action of the American people un
til each year sjiall add praise to praise
in the measure of the fullness of rea
sons for the giving of thanks.
Peace, provision, protection these
are the prized possessions of a na
tion whose one aim is to exalt the
ends of human liberty, to extend hu
man democracy and to exalt the ideals
of human equality. A? this nation
touches the world at large it does so
through its leading national concep
tions, and only when these are vitally
assailed can it take xip arms for its
own defense. It has the obligation
resting upon it to conserve the true
needs of liberty, and this can be done
only by insisting upon the sacredness
of human rights and human opportu
nities. Hence the day set aside for
thanks is a day of pure and unadul
terated Americanism, into which no
alien sentiment can possibly enter.
Hence it is that every head of the
family in acting in his capacity at
the head of the family board becomes
the priest of the things made precious
in the life of the country and of which
mention is made as thanksgiving
themes of the day. No more can the
nation depart from its lofty mission
and progressive ideals than can the
earth swing away from the solar at
traction. The day of home happiness,
the day of praise, the day of felicity
is a sacred and singular day in the
annals of American progress and Amer
ican world influence.
The Truth of It.
"Well. Nettie, did you know that we
had all come for Thanksgiving?" asked
Uncle John, as he chucked his little
niece under the chin.
"I expected you," she said, sweetly.
"Mother said that the whole family
was coming, and it was a dreadful
Lore, but that Thanksgiving only
comes once a year."
Turkey Belongs to America.
jThe turkey is an American bird.
Lucuilus and the Epicureans did not
lenow about him. He- was found in his
wild state after Columbus' first voy
age. About a hundred years after the
discovery of America broiled young
i turkeys, became great delicacies on
! the Frenchman's table.
Much More Than Material Are
the Blessings for Which We
Now Give Thanks.
T IS to be hoped that this
Thanksgiving will not be a
pagan holiday, and tlat
those who do render thanks
will do so not as a heathen ;
philosopher, boasting that he
is not as other men, but in greater hu- j
mility because he has perhaps been
more greatly blessed than others.
Outside of the many material bless
ings that have come to the American
people during the past year, which are
good in so much as they contribute to
wholesome human happiness, there Is
reason for the people of this country
upon this Thanksgiving day to be un
usually thoughtful concerning their
place in the world, and to remember
how this eminence has been obtained.
Who can look back and not see the
hand of Providence shaping the des
liny of America? This liberty which
is the marvel and the hope of the
world today was set up on these shores
by Godfearing men the pioneers who
inaugurated this very Thanksgiving
holiday. It was for the love of the
service of God that liberty was estab
lished in America, and it was this lib
erty that has been the basis of our na
tional greatness and which is to be
the political salvation of the world.
America cannot look back upon its
history without seeing God, and by
taking thought cannot fuil to acknowl
edge its gratitude for all his benefits.
WTith that stage of our development
passed we are now permitted to enter
upon that new era when America par
ticipates in abolishing tyranny and in
justice, ever hateful to. God. and to
carry to the oppressed nations of thi
world those principles of liberty
through which our own chief blessings
This is the supreme service that one
nation can render to another to safe
guard the liberties of its people. In
this momentous time the burden of our
Thanksgiving this year it seems should
be that we are to be chief among the
ministers in working out the Divine
purpose to have all men Greek and
Let Us Give Thanks
ity, all the material
blessings that abound
even ingrates can give
thanks for these. Let us,
at least this once in the long
year, look deep into the
heart of our sorrows, our
failures, our disappoint,
ments, our illnesses, and
see if there does not lie
there, as within the hard,
bitter hull of the nut, some
good kernel that is sweet
and wholesome and nour
ishing. And so give thanks!
The rich, the welL the
happy surely they need
not be taught to give
thanks I No; it is the voice
of praise that wells up through
tears from the heart that aches, to
which angels lean and listen.
For what we have got out of
this world it is easy to be grateful.
But for what we have been able
to give to it, of goods, of sympathy,
of sacrifice, of cheer, of uplift, of
soul-stuff for this we may give
thanks that will blend, infinitely
sweet, into the eternal music of
the spheres. ,
So each of us, as different gems
have different powers to reflect
the light let us five thanks
FOR POULTRY SHOW
ALL NORTH CAROLINA SHOULD
FEEL A VITAL INTEREST
IN COMING EVENT.
SPLENDID LIST OF PRIZES
In Addition to Regular Premiums
Many Cups and Other Valuable
Premiums Are Offered.
Charlotte. Plans for the big poul
try show to be held in Charlotte Janu
ary 6 to 9 were discussed at a meeting
of the Mecklenburg Poultry Club at
the Mttcklenburg hotel.
It was decided that the prizes in
each class, single bird entry, would be
$2 for the winner and $1 for the run
ner up. For pens of one male and
four female birds, prizes will be
tor first and $1.50 for second winners.
As the show will be a dual affair
between the Mecklenburg Poultry
Club and the North Carolina Poultry
Association, an extraordinarily larg
number of prizes will be offered. T) e
North Carolina and American Poultry
Associations have offered many gold
and silver cups and medals, the cups
to be given for the finest and largest
displays by an individual fancier. The
American Association will also , give
diplomas to winning birds.
The classifications have not yet been
decided upon. Another meeting will
be held when further announcements
of plans will be made.
Peace Jubilee Casualties.
. Hickory. Hickory and Catawba
county people here pulled off a 12
hour jubilee and settled down to a
quietude that was almost past under
standing. The crowds gathered soon
after hearing the fire bell announc-
I ing the signing of the armistice ami
from then on until late in the night
there was a regular din, mostly unor
ganized, but none the less effective.
It was estimated that at least o.OOO
persons were on the streets when the
kais'er was burned in effigy following
: a parade. Two persons received
slight injuries as the result of being
j struck by pistol bullets Mrs. Will
Seaboch. in the jaw. and an unknown
. r.egro whose forehead was grazed by a
! spent bullet.
False Report fa Denied.
Fayetteville. OWcv'al. denial of a
current report that orders have beeu
received here reducing Camp Brag
from a six brigade to a two brigade
camp, was made at the office of Major
John K. Thompson, constructing quar
termaster. No orders affecting the
scope of the construction works had
been received, said Capt. W. A. Smith
of Major Thompson's staff, though in
conformance t the general " order
from Washington, eliminating over
time and Sunday work, the camp is
now working on an eight-hour basis.
I Record Session of Synod.
! Raleigh The North Carolina Synod
i meeting here crowded all important
business into a two hour session, be
cause of the influenza epidemic.
With only a quorum limit attending
reports of work' of Presbyterians in
this state the past year by synodical
reports featured finances raised for
church work, surpassing the standard
of previous years, in spite of very
great demands for money pressed up
on the people for war work and other
The activities of the church were
j most gratifyingly reflected in the re
ports with big gains in membership
and general strength of the denomina
tion. Leper Has Left Tryon.
Asheville. John R. Early, leper,
who escaped about two months ago
from a prison cottage in the District
of Columbia, left Tryon. N. C, in the
last 48 hours, according to a report
received here. He is thought to be
on his way to Washington to make a
personal appeal for aid from the
Durham is Confident.
Durham. At the luncheon for tha
War Workers canvassers it was an
nounced that the result of the first
day's canvass amounted to $12.00.1.
Durham's ouota of the $170. ."00.000 is
SSO.000. The cessation of hostilities
has put a new and cheerful spirit In
the people, and great enthusiasm is
expressed over the drive. It is be
lieve that the average daily sub-
I scriptions will largely exceed $18,000
I per day during the rmaindr of the
1 drive and that Durham will go over
' the top in a handsome manner. ,
! Unlucky "Still" Ground.
"Wilmington For the third or fourth
time city officers have seized a "distil
t lery" within the city limits, in the
seizure of a lard can affair in the
house of James Singletary. colored.
The officers walked In on Singletary
and two negro women while the "still"
as operating at full blast. It is a
lard can, and it was turning out spir
its right along. Singletary held a bot
tle and "cotch" the "siaglings."
Some time since a complete copper
still outfit was taken within twti
blocks of the court house.'