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0 / 75
J rtr fT't-nr' X) r,, r tmvr il. rrisn to
fci-.u iiKuci my i,;.iuit; J, i'j fuiec
VtfB.u niijatoilifl uiont i;!i,'ihl wars and me m
m U reslabli-b thtir err Jit, and place their npef
wi i par itl jfttf,. the. only stTiJard of vatiM
that raL reiki J jeir-iorr insar
r ', .' . ..Ju7 that there are, in my. dpkiou, ut few iWu
, luiions tf the klml in the t'r.inn rporc toltcnt
, "ami tione wlicif fewer cm'of i,K,it'ii.it atur!
int j.r.mle ran be found.
luuth Mchtetjto the whe and liberal policy of
our ininittiute predcces-nois for an important
arrangement in the, supreme hrwiich of It, I Mt!l
tt many repects dcfvciitc. i As tin evileln.r,Ml
yU4o tbe appointments and icda-ilu'i ul.U J
cvnd smile wurcaMir airy sornewharcf f 1w!tcttw
ectie f , And in JceJ, jf, J .may c iMiOAU:d,tt
i. i i i ..... . . . .
.pea plainly, aoes u not muniicstiy tiegrane tiif
.itn W.nrfilJcY.riid jrvli li t Lf ,t ;.'( reU of 1 i ronf !e;.ry
the Mali. our !n(y 1 . (Ut"n. I.x iii.'mc will
( fcxrninu'iig eye luio the viio.i o-ruti-ii.! ol
,li a yttm. Scan h .otH th rmi'ie of 4 xtri a
urf , ml upply tb (orrtriWr. v '".
ThetitVic-e of Mtd7 Itif,
ln;j lu our cliitens, nd so well 'deserting IcKL"
'ivcaftyniion, Imi, as )tt, with a few rt pi'ton,
pavK-'J unnoticed and unprotected. And i' fust
to uuiiifitciif however UMucasaut tiif amiimioii
lctlit ln i In a 1cm itimiuMo condition tlutt in
KorthCiironn4. 1'hc qtirtion imuif -illy o nr,
lijr(i tlii the caw f The amer it ovi mi.
r5rcaiic-iu iilinoM f vrry mhr t).irt of tlic touic
rbaracterof the State, Impair the ufit'tieu ofi ditirr.
vrriitr.or atutjr.tory tentlmonUlsol picilcfsl tn
iil "Vi M :f ft on i Mime re spec tilde iUI"l t K'itl jr " t6K"
iiiintfil , iiiijrdt ri)kUlii,. i eMcniul 4u tU
tumimcnt of pithlic rcpett and puMic cottli
that (Icpirtmctitcf our" povcrnrntftt j und at the
tame time wound the honorahlc enilllitiej ff
lite ttflrctin,;purt of the community! Ifacono
lay Ite.tho object, I pray yWto examine the c
jkegwi thkt ftare been incurred hy State in
i.oneifliiij the Council for the purpose of filling
uycka occasioned bribe mignntloni of oyr
JudKCH and )ou uill then find that the trifling
addition to the aalry requiiitetd.rtiun tli'e.in 6n
the bencfc,-wmi.Jbe tbe lickt economy jou could
practice. TbU, howetfr, J not, lo my pninfcin,
our true policy, ?A tllfftSnuiion of their labor,
wbtc'i would be virtually, an increase of talarv,
Is induUtabljr the, remedy cjltd for by cipert-
tnre. .' . f "
'I here are two way i by wh'rh this may be done.
The tney itfe re;or;ition of the Dittrict prin
ciplf, new-modeled and refined the otherby
the creation of two or three additional circuity
The first I (ball never think of but with the most
unvioui aolicitude I t co rt-cVutdished f Cor 1
have ever ie.e l Uu feature in our old ftyttem,
ihe ofTsprin of Yevolutionary times,-wuh the
'M-ienetJ ojKlrc.5nejCl.Ior, itc
Wom c.earr ancestor, trom. whose lure and
patriotic ncBds antt nearwituuwert j -rninjped at
ZJJk atmc time with tbe vw oi riiuoirtitt 13 fr
the,rsb act. that expunged it from our Statute
t ' 356ok. If, however, this change, o deiiruble uftd
1neitimible In itself, bhould be deemed unpracti-
Vablt, I would re'pectfullytubn.ii, as dernier
4iort,' tl.e propiiety of making two additional
ireuits v i. - ' f x w;- .
. T A tralifT Theorpanlimton of our County Courts
- or'Qtinrtf rlyScv.JoD, ft Ifcenu t4 toe, may be
niucli imoroved ' Andiwitli due deference, I will
take jle liberty of submitting foVjffur cnidera-
. T lion on Idea or two, surfeited not only by my own
- f itnVctioni on the subject J but Wpporteif.hy' the
; nmcitning opinions some of our most expo
iienced and intelligent cltizens lnnovaiionsi)
ndrrif, should be srrictlykcrul!rtizcd bcrorrf,they
. receive the eouuunoiico ond approbation oL the
Legislature, out when found to be salutary, It 1st
-The confusion apparent jnoht County. Courts
"v n consequence of whatls technically called'Count
. rw busineis chshlnc'viih the rectilir Jury trills,
1 "bufloo often (Ue Cause xubi 6nly'"br dday inllie
. bamiillMiauon Oi usuur, oui is, ai uip sainc ?C)
' . Vurilienvome andotpeniiv'e to the parties litigant,
( and harrasuDg und oppressive to every officer of
, , thctourt. . , , , t.v.,.?
, ,vs Si'parauon oi inesc uuiics-anu powers, vj
the creation of what htavuilhDroirictv and cb'
- j - - - 4 w : I t
-V rectneasf b eUl County Court, Ar tT)epe-
"t.ai:"put-po3Ctr vransacimjr an ccnmtyj ouMnewj
T ether than that wberp the intervention of a iury
"tna'jr be necessary." woiild, it seems to mei be pro-
' ductive of infinite benefit, by cxpediung business,
' ' ... . ' - i . r
- jna tnercojrconomisiog irme nncrexpepauure.
A further detail of ihe, contemplated improve
: . .!. I r ' -i..' h,
jntm? uiuai uc inc icsun oi yuur reseat -uv . .
V-'The Insolvent Iiwsof our State, jt appears to
jne ari; auscepliblo of amendment. Their de
"fcct'sj'I eodeavored to point out in my Mr com?
;muni:aiion, and will, therefore, for, the present",
, Karcl bbsertre, that any system of laws which op-
rates' with equal severity on the innocent and
to shield Iron) the ifgnnancici'cuiiQrJlicmnor
t cnt out jui UMiunaie-nian n i. pe ron i cor.sri-
,rn5i30usjy Jjeuevc, snmiin w iic.u jajrioiaict . -Jei
the fraudulent delrtor be punished as a criminal,
please, or in any otheij.way thai nu be deemed
- best to arrest the progress of fraud, and give ef
" "facyTW'tlfe'ifAt ttenrands tjf-efedttor -hut
iionjpstchtorjout of the reach q( aJ jijnominrous
incarceration, '--This relict of Uarbansmr so te
Hitherto, t'.r tln.e of our annual Sttn-ioiu has
been almost f nclukively devoted to the prenerva
tion and security of property, while the livcv
health and happiness of a numerous and intelli-
gent population, have been left at the mercy of
every pretender ; and thousands and teNis of thou
sands of our fellow titiicnw, I inibt say, have
fallen victims to tbe empirical efforts of a host of
The youth of our State who have lcen reared
and educated for the profession, with that native
modestv which I trust will ever characterize
them, advance with becoming diffidence in their
vocations, while the more adventurous Q'l.ick,
presuming on the iorance and credulity of the
people, run off vthh the upoil. tThii, certainty,
in no one instance, can last long j but from the
facility with which these persons ehant tjuar
ten, and front the eagerness with which aHhcted
humanity seizes tho offeted relief, the Crst fruits
are bnt too often gathered by the rawh though Ig
norant practitioner. Under tbee circumstances,
wbnt Inducement nave our young men to trudge
tti-Uve-tKirNkTul of riHry-n4 Ttord- tbcir
lirno nnu pairimony in tayjng ine toiinoaiion toe
Hitue ircn'iIneVs t TniethennteIIeduar UP
iirnnh is cxauisite : but of itself it is insufficient
to sustain the diffident and desponding youth who
r". i .if . . il . j
nnfu nimscn prcsscy ny soniany oiincuiiics, sou
find's too, that his very sustenance is taken from
him by the characters above alluded to
Again. It must be mortifylng'to see our young
men Constrained to abandon their"1 native State in
pursuit of Medical Science abroad ; where, too
often, in reapingrnhCfffiit or scicncc7 foreign
maples ami foreign habits are formed, not on
i? opposed to-the cenius and spirit of our gov
eminent, but measurably disqualify imf'them in
other respects for futur&.lifei .. Thus exhausting,
ks It weVc'lhe last earninsrs of parenUt industry
und frugality, to obtain what might, with a little
effort b as welt obtained tt home. -Let me ob
serve what irt,iy'Wdemed sUpf I nupUUaftliu
tViC(iicauoarq wiii pot prejucice me pretensions
of any pracfitioiier of the present day, for its op
eration roust necessarily be prospective t
TbU. subject, presents' so-.tnany, interesting
poiuis, ana in iruin is so Busccpuoic vi musira
Uod.' tfiat I'must believe it Is only rcquisite'to in
lerest the ndnd of tbe intelligent statesmun to
perceii'e itslmnjortance. v -1 7 .
- i Bin aware, inai some uivenuy oi sentiment
. , .' i -. . ' i . ..
may oe cxpeciea as lo tnc manner in wnicn ine
Medical Board, above alluded to, should be estab
lished ; but that it, is ? not only4 practicabjr, but
hijihlrj eardrentj-Kmer-T thinkrcan- rationally
oouoii-wnerrineT aavtrt ro mc, uniiorTn success
which has attended theefibrts;of many ot our
sistcr.States. Let roe", then, entreat you, at the
Guardians of the people's best interests to give
thirUbccVDr WI orhers', the hiosUiiUeresuog
a full, fair and dispassionate cohslderatiou. .,
It has not been my habit to travel bej pnd the
limits: t)f the State, and tf course beyond the
spher of;your ction,r for. subjects to, interest
your ilelibe rations V ou the -vital importance ttf
one of he jnost Jrdent and labored discussions
which has agitated the union since the foimation
of our government has. and will on the present
oWfciortrdiverTmB tenor of
m.y course, i iurio 4ook -v td feej for the
issue. io.the Jtvcni fu tcpnflkt! would argue an in
i'1'f1- ' .-,-.1 " - . r . . '
scnviuuuy;.anit, apatny loreign jrom my itature
and an obduracy of feeling unknown to the patrl
uuc,jbina.4lL success , attcndsJihe., gigantic
siriucs oi'ioe menus oi manuiaciurcs, ana toe
onerous burthens sought to he imposed on the
agi icuUural, 4ind inked many oilier branches of
boasted equality of .fHirsuirand freedom from
unnecessary restrafptliltherto the pride of our
lyMninf liiic't ti-st!1 n stin add ! anJ permn
nei.ily Miaitnhi on tlem, would, 1 ft'ar,' produce
. . i - i l!. ...!. ....!.- . r....i..
it I iC.Jl J'trtS II liiC pu.. liuriu inTiir.c ft wiui r
and rtiino'.ts h the extreme.
"Tani aae tha! b't Ml of Icj-.KMion fan grow
otit-cf my reniitks j fnit a silent anaoscnre,
while the rhutiis aie foiririx, amid!.uhe general
exprcssinn of puhlic tcniiinetil, would bo u gross
!er Uction of uty. . . " .
TrfrMmil- f tin addreat fwtfd J nt emrnng
at larre into the subjec t, wr re it necevvary, whlh,
n i. tissiom wi.kIi lute been uoing on in an'i
it of CoiitTirs for the Us.1 iwtlu mOnOi u I
twill iJturUib:Wl"i-cly-aak if it i iut Mr
iilrt!Jv,llal ilm iii'if ud:.t ycutuutry tfiiur
rotmtry ahrnihT-be' mmriUnrary tv the $egr
ttf-rt ana oetiawa popnmttonirmt nine growtn oi
mauuLaui lng elaUiloe nu I X)r. it it . (toliik
that this vrrtuui ami intelligent yeomanry, the
only knfe depoutory and shield of the lilterty of
the country, ihould.iiv lln hot-bed cstaJJinment
of woik-shops, be ultimately amalgamated with
them, or driven by oppression, constrained to a
Itandon the fair and cxhilirntmg pursuits or rural
ife, the prolific nursery of heroes, statesmen,
tatriots and philanthropists.
Jir an act passed at the last session of the uen-
cral Assembly, I was suihoilzed and requested tn
cause the outhwestero bolindary ine of this
State to be ascertained, extended and marked.
In purtiuance thereof a rorrespondence was im
mediately opened whh jhe (iovcrnor of Tchncs
see ; but for the want of authority on his part to
co-operate in the busincw, in inevitable delay en
sued until tbe meeting of jhe Je gislatuie of that
State, which took place during the lust summer-
As soon, however, os it was known that the pow.
er had hecn delegated, the subject was resumed,
and a hope' was1 at first entertained that an ami
cable completion of the business might be effect
ed during lie present year; but causes beyond
our controut have and will prevent it. I am gra
tified, however, to have it in my power to say that
juuinpleaunfror tmTrieiNHy-txdthbrrtre ed tie Bp
prehendetfr- v V - M ""r-"
In the filer market)- A; arrcontalned tne Testg.
nations If such Justitns'of the Peace and Field
Office fs as lift ve been rtcelved (luring the t eress,
togtther.iith the resignation of Judge Murphy
one of tbe Judges of our Superior Cwirtsof Law
and F.quity, n gentleman as highly esteemed for
hrs private virtues, as Tor his able and disinterest
led devotion Jo the best interest of- bis country.
To supply the vacancy, I wasadmed by the Couiir
cU, to kitder the temporary appointment to Vil
ham Norwood, l.sq.oniillslwro, a lawyer of long
standing, and doubtless knowri to many of you. v
I shall now; Centlemen, close this desultorv
..... - .
sdilrtss, and in doing to permit me to lender you,
and. through you, ray fellow .citizens, generally,
the unfeigned homage of my j-espect and jgrati-tude-V
If, in 'he discharge or the duties attached
to tbe executive onicer my condttct hat been such
as rjpVe efficiency to e government of laws, to
impart in ine'smaliest degree viuuty and energy
to.tjie benign gi)d happy institutions under which
we live, and finally to meet the approbation of
r- n " - r t r - ' . . " "
my idiow ciuienst eanconhaemrysay tnarmy
highest ambition w ill have been pratified-, and that
my fondest arid most ardent anticipation have been
I have tbe honor tcbe youf oltcdlent servant,
t -JOHN BRANCH.
Thurspat, jroT.V23Thc. House, dissected
the'Coveinor's Message,' and referred its several
' from so mild and happy a system of Jurisprudence
-a oyr twn -
contemplated increase of the tariff, us effects on
the fiscal resources of our countryi,ill produce
a crufsf cTihtre5hing67tTieTj)hltanthroj)lst and op
pressiveia the eitremeVatthistiaie, to-the agri
cultural andcommercial, part of, our population
alred borne down by an unprecedented depres-!
sion of prices, unpurralleled In the history of our
times. ' For if the aouixes of our national reve
cue arc-ldrk4 up hyh
rics and conveniences of lite, together with a cor
responding fHlliug-off in vhe jykes of the etsple
t The interesting subject of Intemnl Improve
- wenis hav been !ly constdcreuL bylthei Board
cieate'! at the last. AsseVvibly, for the more imme
diate supeiintcndanco and " control of the pecun
isry and physical i tsourccs of the State, set apart
for that purAoscr' 1 heir report will be submit-
-fctl hrdue eason.4 1 tasmothoevrv,skoputhe
Dial Uiosi uj tiio iiiitui lain imjctm wc nave id
. i.view will ultimately be attained ; and ihat upon
' the "whole, our piospcrtiare fluttering, although.
H present, "cfouds and -datkness,r( hover over
- some of our operations in particular sections ol
the State., -
, That Mjjje tnoney,tmd perhaps rot a little, ha?
been iinpruditly expended, is reacliiy admitted ;
but it doe riioi. hence follow, that the objects' are
ifhw oiihy of jliiHuiS orthalthe prospciiiy of ilk
parts to tustinct cotumiuees..
. Mr. Iredell, from ,the committee' appointed 'to
draft joint, riles forth government of thif two
House SKmidexrep6ri,liTc'h was concurred, in';
amf beingse6C-tth-Senqte,'i thi ejortw1a.'.
there also adoptett The rules are In confcijrjiity
to the rules acted upon by Congress,' which will
introducean entirely'hew rnode of transacting
the business of the twojlguses. :
.The, annual Jteport' of the, Public' Treasurer
was hid before the House.; It makes the balance
in the.Treasuryon the firstof November instant,
8156,875 39 '- ; r.
resolution y esierday Presented byMr.:Al-
sion was ciMieu up, una, on mouon oi -wr. rae
ban'ejttas amended, by p'reccdi
lowing pi eariibreT7 ? T?: ' 7?k-
fMhercas Julin Haywood, Public Trewurcr, has set
forth in Iris annual report at tlii seisioii, that impres&ott
and insinuations have gon aWrwwl umighing b'wintegt
Hty hi the discharge of hii official dutiet and the Mid
John Haywood hx- in consequence thcrtof, irqufHtcd
an iuvrsUpation of hi accounts, and the atlairs of the
Treasury (Jfiice", i ii fcvlrv ruilvidJLc. "1 7
commodities of rmrroimtry will not, be the only
oppressions most deeply tp be depi'ccatedbut a
permanent and ine movable direct tax, must be
resorted to to rcpltr.ish an empty I reasury.
, I shudder when I anticipate the-ccmsequenCes
which mubt result from the prevalence of such
counsels. , Our fellow citizens, already borne
down by a reverse of fortune and' stru jjjling fur
1 ' 1 u r -
Sale -of Chmkrr ;arrff:ThO" afejr of the
lOTcKiatcly-CTded bjahetThtreJifesTio ihtssTaTe;
have taken place, under the superintendence of
Major Jesse Franklin and James Mtbane, Esq.
TheyoldvrwlwrHV nearly Wamaerearout-of
66.000 acres surveyed, for about 66,450 dollars.
The price varied according to tbe quality, from
two to nine dollars, though hut little was sold at
the latter price. 'Most of th$ land disposed of
was.of the first and second quality, though there
ir ' ? ci to he
of money, and the large quantitytf new lands in
market, the sales may be considered good. The
purchasers weie principally settlers and inhabi
tants of the neighborhood ; but few strangers be
ing present.. , JialtigM Xcgittr. ,
Great Dividend. Tht New-York American
Insurance Company have declared a dividend of
fifteen per cent, for the lat ux months.
The President romrwunicated eopyof tk.
constitiii('r at iiioptta wr tne goveruiutut ;
the State Jllssouil j which wn rt .U
hereupon, on mtlo5 of Mr. Smith,
inquire wtieuicr any, aim, ii anv, wn.it LigiJ,
tivc measures may be necessary for sduiiitiu
State of Misvniri into the Union., , .
Messrs. Smithf Hurri!! and Mconert t
piauteil it Uiutuiiuce a(jorxIinly,aud hf toe4
tuti til Mat ita-tred lu said committee. 4
.....Tlte irewelesrtljoftrrrefr ten trortock; tit'ir
the" orgsniMtlon of the 'Hotrie' r Rehrt'ieJ"
lives, bru mci BganHouutf nnuinjf tnw Xt-Mivi f
ItepiesrntalWcs had not yet elected a SpcaVu
they adjourned till to-morrow. : . t
Thurmlrty, Aov. 1 6-Mr. of Kf ntnrVf
sulinittcd the following resolution for condJtr.
I ion ' ..
'Ilemlxtd, Tliat itia eipcdicat to tntke Trw'),t,
lawlo autbrie any prr)it who has' purcua4
Um ami not made full payment lit tlie tafa, to tili,
quiih to the t'nited Htates si miirfr thereof u mr m
i . . . i -. A... " ' .-.. - . .
do jua wr, anu rvuin wen punioti oi me ofjtmJ p4
c!uJ ts mav amounl to Uio nuns of moncVscliuItwa
at die prico for which the land was purcliaiti .
: Mr. flurrill submitted tot conslderstlon Ar
following resolution r , ' . y1' .
f Pe,lvl, That the act entitled An act anowlnjrgi.
pr iiiation to the members oTthe Senate, fttmlrnftW
House of Itepittentatives of the UulUd Stated td
the dclofufi of the territories, and repeafing at vim
law's on the subject," patted at V f.nt Betfioa ef th
Fifteenth ongrcst, oujebt to W so altered and aarmU
that die chftipcntation to the members and dtWria
forcniJ thstl hcreaArr be tlx doHan fur each dav'i i
temlance, ami six dollars for every twenty miles trite.
and Dial tf be reftrrtd taf a comiuktec to prepaid mJ
(un a uiu wr uumng aau imrnoiiiy aata sci accorvLit.
T he Senate adjourned to 1 1 oxlock to-morroe.
khvtivxx, tai: irAThe President
nicatcd to the Senate a letter from the Sicr-at
bf the Trtastlry, transmitting, in obedienc . 1
rvsotuuonoi xuc ocnaic w iae n or May ; ..
a statement of the monejr w hich has been :
ally appropriated and paid since the year
for surveying the sea coast,' hoys, inlets." haiWt
and shoals, and (or erecting and kcejJ'mi in it.
pair uTit, nouses, ocacons anu ouoys, anaiorue
pui chase of ground for light bouses,.whick t
rVad and oidered foherinteoT7 -j"-;--''
The President also communicated to the Sen
ate a letter from, the Secretary of the Treasuif,
transmitting, in obedience to e resolution of tie'
Senate of the 3d of April last," statement of
money annually .appropriated and paid, since tk
declaration cf independence, for purcJiaBin jf
the Ijidians, snryeying, and f aclling,. the, puMk
lands, tbe quantity purchased, surveyed, soU,1
remaining unsold, tbe amount of jsales, of forfci
Luieorsumaunpaidr ice. which was rekh 4
on. motion of Mr., 7Wm5r, aoo extra xV '
thereof ordered to be printed ; and , ..; ;
TJTfiii; Senate adjournedto MondayV :"."
. Mr; Valkerj of Alabamal suhmitted Jor
sidefation several resolutlooa for the relief of
purchSsers'of public jands,,.wbicb: were read wi
ordered to be printeiC. " ' ,
day, proceeded to the appointment- by ballot, f
the standing committees, which resulted imN
distribution or the members as follows i'7-5-.
;P9Me. P11& !Pgl& Wferftrt.Me1
Barbour, Macon, Brown, Hunter, King of Kt
York." 7 ' 7. .. ; '
On i'nanff....Messri.'SanfordrMac6n, Dj
Eaton, Holmes of Maine. ;. .
On Commerce and MantactureZ1Ui
Dtckerson7 Riigglcs, Durrill, Horsey, Sanford.
On Military Jfairt.Mctn. Williams of Tt
Trimble, Taylor, Elliott, 'Johnson of Kentuclj
Stokes, Laoman, Chandler."7 if-7
Wiinamf 6T MisstsiTpgi, VVaikcrTorAlato5
On the Public alan.,..Messrs. Thornas,
lor LoMiie, atoriiVandykc- iJi.l .
On Intfian'JJFuirs..Miiws. Ifolniea of-.V.
Johnson bf Ken. Johnson of Louisiana, KiaS"
AhibamarLowrief-"-"- - -.--T-r
Xin C'AiiBMessrsvX'Uson, Hobcrts, Morris
Ruggles,-Vandyke- ,7: : - tn:
On the Judiciary... .'Messnu Smltla Burtt3
" ; OnVitTruflce find i'ot c(.,....I-1
Stokes, Wilson, Palmer, Edwards, Chandler.
On Pent on.Mcssrs. Noble,' tliiott, AVilso
On the DUlrht Ciiuypbia,.ylt'inA
Lanman, Lloyd, Barbour, Iltinter Vir
On Accounts .....Messrsv Robe rls, BiirrUI, L" (
man. v: ' . . . , , v. ,
On Boadt and Caaati.,.. Messrs. Kin? of
Trimble to wrie ivmS;
"Tlie followintf resolutions submitted by m
Sanford on Friday , '.vcre Uken up, nl agreed
. :cetwyfg;;:i yat.se tnucn o.lheMineajiaC;
Pi esMijoi .. tlDate4.iiHus i tiace r'
iciuiiuua vu" "I'aui puu wild r juim -
to thc-committg cln (orelgn r'cli.bna-I-.
-Hem: toed, That so much of tU messar
President of the United States ,&s i d
nancief be referred to the cdh(n'it:ti t '
.'lteolved'i That W much of, the tr.c7 ;t
Ptcbideiit of thy Viiited States as.ic"