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The Carolina Watchman jsgtr
FOUNDED 1832—101ST YEAR SALISBURY, FRIDAY MORNING, NOVEMBER 3, 1933. VOL 101 NO. 14. PRICE 2 CENTS.
Washington — The announce
ment by the President of a fixed
policy of Governmental control of
the dollar in international trade has
brought great satisfaction to the
more statesman-like among his ad
visers and friends, who have long
been convinced that- no program
cf domestic recovery could be car
ried on successfully unless world
prices and world currency condi
tions were taken into considera
It is one thing to talk of raising
the prices of commodities in our
home markets, and quite another
thing to raise those prices when they
are dependent upon selling our
commodities abroad. And in the
case of the principal agricultural
commodities, a large part of our
production must be sold abroad.
Half of our cotton, a third of our
wheat, nearly half of our corn, in
the shape of lard and hog products,
and an even greater proportion of
some other farm prducts must find
their market in Europe, Asia and
South America. And so long as
the dollar was maintained at the
old gold value, while all other na
tons were depreciating the gold
values of their own moneys, the
prices c|f our goods tended to get
lower in terms of dollars, higher in
Dollars and Prices
We had a little taste of what
these international prices meant,
last Spring, when the President de
clared an embargo on gold. Im
mdiately the dollar began to drop
in terms of the pound and other
foreign money, and world prices—
and our domestic prices—of wheat,
cotton and other products went up
in terms of dollars. And when
ever, since then, the dollar has risen
foreign-exchange- value,- prices
It is easy to ask why the dollar
has not found its natural level in
foreign trade, but the answer, not
yet fully understood' by some con
servative financiers, is that it is
not to the- interest of Great Britair
to let this country gain any advan
tage in foreign trade and the gov
ernment of England has seen to il
that whenever the dollar began tc
drop a point below that of the
pound sterling, steps were taken tc
send the price of the dollar uf
again. This has been done bt
means of the sterling equalization
/und, operating in the world monej
markets, managed by the Bank oi
"England in collaboration with tht
British Treasury. Whenever th<
dollar gets too high to suit th(
British interests, the equalization
fund goes into the world market:
-and bids it up.
Our Mote Now
So far nothing has been done b)
the United States to offset this
But Mr. Roosevelt’s announcemeni
that the Federal government wil
establish its1 own free gold market
coupled with the declaration ol
policy to operate in the world golc
market and so take the first step
toward a managed currency
amounts in effect to the establish
ment of a dbllar equalization fund
to counteract the effects of th<
sterling equalization fund. And
we have the advantage of havinp
•a lot more gold of aur own to plap
It has now become quite cleai
that gold hereafter will be used only
as a measure of value in interna
tional trade. It also has beconu
quite clear that ultimately the do!
lar will Be given a new value it
terms of gold. Mr. Roosevelt mad<
that a definite pronouncement, 01
what amounts to that, when he saic
that the dollar will be eventually
stabilized whenever commodity
prices reach the proper level. Thi
present commodity prices are only
about 70 percent of what the Ad
ministration regard's as the prope:
normal level. With foreign tradi
prices under control, by means o:
cheapened dollars.it will be fairly
easy to raise domestic prices, sinci
they will no longer be disturbec
violently by attacks upon the dolla
from other nations. And when th
100 percent of normal level price
~ has been reached, then Mr. Roose
velt 'promises, and not before, th
new value of the dollar will be fix
ed, obviously at whatever relatioi
to the moneys of the rest of th
Continued on page four
POLLS OPEN 10 HOURS
Between 3 5 0,000 And 500,000
Are Expected to Vote.
North Carolinians will have 630
minutes, or ten and one-half hours
during which they may cast their
ballots for or against repeal of the
18th amendment next Tuesday.
Under the state law on general
elections the polls will open at sun
rise and close at sunset in the va
Due to the east to west length
of the state, the time polling places
will open in Elizabeth City and
other eastern points will be 31
minutes earlier than in Murpihy
and other mountain places, and
likewise the eastern boxes will close
31 minutes ahead cf those in the
Between 3 50,000 to 500,000 per
sons are expected to vote, accord
ing to the state Board of elections.
More than 800,000 voters are esti
mated to be registered in the state,
but no totals on registration are
All machinery for conducting
the election is 5n readiness, and.
somewhere close to 3,000,000 blank
ballots have been placed in the
bands of local election officials.
The state board preparedl nearly
US 00,000 convention ballots, and
rhe cowBty boards have prepared
about the same number of delegate
A state-wicfe majority will decide
whether or not a convention shall
be held December 6 to formally
cast the state’s vote on the 21st
amendment, which repeals the
18 th, while the majority in each
individual county elects delegates
to the convention.
BRASS BAND AT FUNERAL
The last wish of Jim Patterson,
negro, of Beaufort, S. C., was grati
fied after his death.
Told that he was going to die,
be asked his white friends to have
i band play while he was being car
ried to the cemetery. A subscrip
tion was begun and sufficient funds
ivere obtained to engage an impos
ng band which played appropriate
DRAW UP LIQUOR TAXES
Washington—The White House
lisclosed that the treasury and
jther departments working on li
quor tax legislation had complet
ed but were holding secret a ten
tative schedule of rates to be pro
posed to congress in vent of re
A Russian Cailer
Maxim Litinov, Soviet Foreign
Minister, is now enroute to the U. S.
from Moscow, Russia, to talk over
the restoration of diplomatic rela
tions, as suggested in an invitation
from President Roosevelt.
Instead of solving the whisky!
smuggling problem with which
Uncle Sam has to contend, repeal
, of the eighteenth amendment mayi
I complicate matters, officials of the
j coast guard believe. They have,
I revealed that there are 3 0 rum
| smuggling syndicates operating off |
! the northeastern coast of the Unit-j
j ed States and three off the Pacific
The eastern rum rings are oper-j
ating chiefly from the New Jersey
shore to Nantucket. Most of the,
ships use the French islands of St.!
Pierre and Miquelon as ports. There j
is some activity along the Florida!
coast which will grow with the'
opening of the wLater season.
Coast guard omciafs said the;
syndicates are equipped with pow-j
erful short-wave radio stations tOj
direct operations and notify the]
rum running vessels of the location!
j of government ships.
I Believing that taxes and tariffs!
Jon legitimate liquor will be high in!
i the event of repeal, the rum rings]
;are preparing for a continuation or]
I even an increase in their activates,
] according to the coast guard.
; If repeal becomes a fact, the
i Canadian law prohibiting clearance,
.of liquor for American pclrts will
i become void. What course the
;smugglers pursue will depend upon;
I conditions in the American market.!
,The coast guard, however, is mak-!
;ing plans for a drive against rum]
runners on the Great Lakes,
j In addition to' the probability of;
fairly high tax and tariff on liquor,;
the limited American supply that;
icannot be built up to requirements,
1 for several years and the inevitable
heavy demand will be important,
j factors to stimulate the activities,
of the smugglers. Furthermore, the
ieconomy program has forced the;
coast guard to dismiss many men
and lay up hundreds of its rum
chasers, gving the smugglers ,an
iadded advantage in their activities.
Advance In Retail
Sales Noted In
' Washington—Steady increases in
1 retail salfs were reported from all of
| the 12 Federal Reserve districts
'during mid-October. The current
I Dunn and Bradstreet weekly report
i for the second week in October
' states: "Due chiefly to the cam
paign of NRA, most of the depart
| ment and chain stores report an
j increase in volume as compared
with the preceding week. Certain
'barometer trades, even after allow
ing for decreases since July, are
j still running 2 per cent ahead of
'last year. The commercial report
ing agencies are agreed that busi
. ness in recent weeks has been firm
5 ing in what they regard as an ex
jceptionally active winter. The dry
I goods market is described as being
jthe broadest since 1929, with sales
often 70 to 100 per cent above
October 193 2. Reports to NRA
| from local boards of the Recovery
j Administration indicate that the
. buying is steadily improving as cold
i weather sets in, and forward orders
: to manufacturers are increasing
ANOTHER TENNESSEE DAM
the Joe Wheeler Dam on the
Tennessee river above Muscle
Shoals has been authorized for con
struction by the Valley authority
as soon as surveys are completed.
A mile long and 5 0 feet high, it
will create a lake 100 square miles
REYNOLDS IN MOORESVILI.E
United States Senator Robert R.
Reynolds has been slated to speak
in Mooresville, Turlington’s home
cown, in the high school auditori
um, at 2:30 Friday afternoon.
M LEAN HELD INSANE
A sheriff’s jury has adjudged
Edward B. McKean, former Wash
ington publisher, insane, and steps
were begun for the appointment of
a committee to manage the million
TO DIE FOR ASSAULT
Convicted of a criminal assault
on Mrs. R. Bill Douglas, white,
George Whitfield, negro, has been
sentenced to die in the electric
chair on Januarv 3.
SEEK HIT-RUN KILLER
Sampson county officers (have
sought statewide aid in locating the
driver of a hit and run car which
killed a Mrs. Bradshaw near Clinton
on Sunday night.
FAMOUS ACTOR DIES
Edward H. Southern, 73, one of
the nation’s most famous portray
ers of Shakespearean roles, died at
his New York hotel, He was born
in New Orleans.
WRIGHT VISITS STATE
Orville Wright visited the scene
of his first airplane flight and the
monument erected to his commem
oration on Kill Devil Hill near Man
teo. He was accompanied by
Griffith Brewer, of London, who
was a passenger with Wright in
1907 and holds the distinction of
being the first Englishman to fly.
Lee Waynick, 32, of Reidsville,
was killed by V. H. Goolsby, 48,
after an argument which Goolsby
said started when Waynick insisted
on unloading wood at the Goolsby
home, despite the fact that Willis
GSolsbv, 6, had just died.
BUYS FOREIGN GOLD
In the gold drive looking to
price-lifting control, President
Roosevelt is letting it be known
that he will enter the foreign mark
ets for purchasing the precious
metal. It is apparently his hope
that this will assure greater control
of the monetary situation while at
the same time stimulate commodity
Former Mayor Charles E. Lam
beth of Charlotte was divorced in
a Reno, Nevada, district court by
Mrs. Laura Cannon Lambeth,
daughter of the late James W.
Cannon of Concord. Mrs. Lam
beth will have custody of the
couple’s two children andl will sup
port them herself. The proceed
ings were private and no details
of the trial are given. Mrs. Lam
beth took the decree on a cross
complaint charging extreme cruelty
on the part of her husband, whe
had established residence at Reno.
"Wtlb AJ\ /VvJuJVCc.
North Carolina’s repeal battle
reached its mid-week peak as the
first accounting of campaign costs
was filed with Secretary of State
Stacy W. Wade. The United
Council for Repeal was the first
of the two organized agencies ir
the battle to file its list of receipts
and expenditures, reporting it hac
received and spent $3,3 67.44 so far
TRAIN KILLS BURKE MAN
Failure to hear the rumble of ar
approaching Southern railway
freight train cost the life of Ed gat
Vaughn, 75, a resident of Burkf
county, *who was killed about i
mile east of the Hilderbran station
I ---^cO ---1
I DoubI * .ansvaal Daisies-1
I'red Howard, horticulturist of
Glendale, Calif., values the parent
plant from which the above double
Transvaal daisies were cut at $50,000.
It is the first time this flower haa
ever been shown and is the only plant
in existence. They are shown by little
June Monday in a Glendale Garden
Show last Week.
Is For Repeal
\says Reduction of Evil Is Prime
Objective; Opposes Saloon.
Senator Josiah William Bailey
has announced that he will cast his
vote November 7 for repeal tof the
Eighteenth Amendment. \
Senator- Bailey, leader of the suc
cessful prohibition fight in North
Carolina 30 years ago made known
his position in a statement issuedj
over his signature at Raleigh and^
proposed that the people be given
: an opportunity to determine
whether North Carolina shall ad
here to state prohibition or resort
to a system of liquor control.
I Reiterating his opposition to the
I saloon, Senator Bailey declared that!
[any changes in the state policy1
[must be sanctioned by the people.!
He said national and state prohibi-!
ton are separate issues and must not;
"To reduce that evil (liquor) to!
I the lowest possible terms is the mor-j
al objective in view,” said the sena-;
tor. "On the moral principle they
(repealists and anti-repealists) are
one. They are divided only on the|
,question of method. The division^
las to this method may be serious’
but not so serious as to preclude!
1 the exercise of a broad tolerance
' tending to preserve unity upon the
I In presenting his proposal for a
| referendum on state liquor policy,
; Senator Bailey declared that "state
prohibition was enacted by the peo
ple; they alone may repeal it.”
! He declared that should the
'state policy be altered, it must be
under a program which would not
I permit return of the saloon or any|
institution resembling it. :
Rev. J. D. Maeder, a retired
i minister of Salisbury, has just com
plcted his book "Christ and the
|Chosen People”, a literal translation
of the Epistle of Paul to the He
brews, with critical notefc by the
WRECK IN COUNTY IS
A coroner’s jury sitting here de
cided that the accident which caus
ed the death of R. V. Surratt, on
Sunday, October 8, near China
Grove, was unavoidable.
The testimony of ThArnjajs R.
I.itaker, taken as a deposition at
the Lowery hispital, where he is
still confined from his own injuries,
was to the effect that a bee struck
him in the eye, causing temporary
blindness, and that he did not see
the Surratt car until his car struck
THE TIES ARE BROKEN
A firm advertised for a steno
grapher and next morning was
overwhelmed with applications.
The office boy was told to admit
ShortTy after this an aggressive
lady arrived and, pushing her way
past the others, demanded to see
the boss. By this time the office
boy had become deaf to all protes
tations ~and had but one answer.
"Not today, madam,” he said'.
"But I am his wife,” was the re
"Not today, madam,” wias the
"Darling,” he cried in tender
"I never loved but thee!”
"Then we must part,” the maid
"No amateurs for me.”
A PAINFUL REMINDER
"What’s the matter, Smythe?”
asked Browne of his friend. "You
look as if you had seen a ghost.
Come on and have a good time on
Smythe shook his head deject
I'm not enthusiastic just now,
thanks,’’ he replied.
"A row on the river will cheer
you” Brown persisted.
"No, I can’t stand it,” said
Smythe. "Every time I look at
the river it reminds me of the row
there will be when I get home. I
left the water running in the bath
Father—Your new beau doesn’t
remain very late. The last one
used to hang around1 until the milk
Daughter—You see, dad, this one
is the milkman.
Father—But, my dear Dorothy
vour husband owes me a lot of
money. I don’t think he should
expect me to lend him more.
Daughter—Well, father, he has
to get it somewhere and he has a
certain sentiment about keeping his
creditors in the family.
MR. PECK’S BIG DAY
"Yes,’ said the meek little man at
the quick lunch counter. "I take
my meals at a restaurant every
chance I get.”
"Prefer restaurant cooking to the
wife’s, eh?” queried his friend.
"No, I can’t say that I do,” re
turned the meek little man, "but I
can give orders at a restaurant.”
A MODERN COOK
Mistress—Mary, how long do
you usually boil the eggs?
Maid—I usually let them boil
until I have smoked a cigaret.
CLASSIC MUG, PERHAPS
"Darling, I love you for your
beauty and culture.”
"Youse wouldn’t kid me, would
KNOWS HER MARINES
She—You are the nicest boy I
have ever met.
He—Tell it to the marines.
She—I have—to dozens of ’em.
"Waiter, there’s a fly in my ice
"Serves him right, let him
Mountaineer (taking son to
schoolroom)—My boys’ arter larn
in.’ What have you got?
Teacher—We offer' arithmetic,
English, triogonometry, spelling,
Mountaineer—JuAt give 'him
some of that thar trigernametry:
he’s the worst shot in the family.
WASTE NOT, WANX NOT
Did you hear about Sandv Mc
Culloch findin’ a box of corn plas
"No, did he?”
"Yes—so he went and bought a
pair of tight shoes.”
Miss Mary M. Dewson, of New
York is the new director of the
women’s division of the National
Democratic Committee. She is a for
mer president of the Consumer’s
League of New York.
Motor License Tag
Sale To Begin Dec 1
To avoid borrowing any money
in anticipation of taxes, the state
of North Carolina will place its au
tomobile license plates on sale on
December 1 instead of December
1 5 th as heretofore.
According to Commissioner ofj
Revenue, _A. J. Maxwell, no exten
sion of time will be granted under
the new sales system, since motor
ists- will have one month in which
to buy tags before the 1933 plates
become obsolete on December 31.
Announcement of the change in
the date the license will go on sale
was made following a conference
between Maxwell and G i/ernor
Ehringhaus on a report submitted
by Dr. M. C. $. Noble, assistant
commissioner of revenue.
Governor Ehringhaus has adopt
ed a pdlicy of operating the state
government without any borrow
ings in anticipation of taxes, and;
unless there is a good advance sale
on automobile tags, it may be nec
essary to borrow some money for
30 days to make bond and interest
payments dn January 1, it was said.
"I think when the people of the
state understand the situation and
that prompt action by them will j
mean saving the state interest
charges that there will be no diffi
culty in collecting for the tags and
I shall direct that the law be strict
ly enforced after midnight on De
cember 31 and shall not change
these instructions,” Governor EH-J
K. Hall, 73, transient, was busily
pounding a mail box with a brick
in Oklahoma City, Okla., when
Policeman W. R. Roth intervened.
"I want to get in the federal peni
tentiary for the winter,” Hall ex-,
plained. "You’re on your way,”
replied the officer. He turned
Hall over to fedteral officers, who
said he would be charged with mo
lesting a mail box. ,
“Smoke” Johnson Minstrels
At Spencer Hi School Tonight
LEAVES PRISON IN
Raleigh—Norman 'Davis, servingj'
15 to 20 years in State’s prison fori'
manslaughter, escaped bv secreting;■
himself in a slop barrel in which |i
a false head had been placed and!
breaking out when a tru'ty hadj
gone about half the distance from!
State’s Prison to the Camp Polk:'
prison farm, some four miles fromj:
Raleigh. Slop had been poured' in!
the top of the barrel, sustained by-,
the false head, and Davis had a
breathing " reed arranged. The
trusty reported strugglng with :
him for several hundred yards, but
that he finally broke away. Tie
went the late Otto Wood, who es
caped once in a calvert pipe, one
Waynesboro, \ya.—Richard Du
Pont piloted his sailplane 126 m-les,
almost doubling the American dis
tance record cf 66 miles set last
year. He was in the air four
hours and fifty minutes.
"Smoke” Johnspn, formerly with
\1 G. Field’s Minstrels, and his cast
>f 60 talented comedians will ap
jear at the Spencer High School
luditorium tonight at 8:15 o^clock.
rwo hours of real entertainment
tre promised to all attending.
In addition to Johnson’s cast sev
:ral local people will feature doing
ipecial numbers. Some of the high
pots of the program are "Smoke”
fohnson singing "Memphis Blues”,
icccmpanied by a chorus of 20
girls. Charles Fries will be heard
:inging "River Stow Away.” Eve
yn Perkinson, who so successfully
impersonated Mae West in the
Fashion Show held at the Bcyden
rligh School Monday night will be
>n hand to sing "All Out for
Dreamland Baby.” The Spencer
Quartet will render several novelty
Johnson’s Minstrels have been
playing to capacity audiences dur
ing this season and he has a real
>How built around the songs that
made Al G. Field’s tours successful