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. LETTER tXXIV. f j 4
' .New York, March, 3, 1855.j
A dUtinguuhed arrival The Spring-Xeltina influences
Spring-gladneee Moral vnna n mvcr .
T Crimia budget lord J otn EutuU at Vitnnq
jrUtxyaiie Crime Tie privileged order in Engird
Ike Collins line and Congressional Appropriation
General Sam Eovston on the Indian. "Sarn't chance
for the Presidency A boot about the Jesuits An 4n
stxing alia Colas de Etpara Satire and the SatirU
A headache . j
Mv.D ab Post : We have have had a rddst
distinguished arrival since the date of my last
(letter, and one which has created no little sen-
aation in every circle, of society. I allude to the
coming in of spring tLe fair. young- bride of
the New Year, whose advent has been looked
for 'with solicitude. ..-..She, canter on the ;-fisJ of.
the present month, punctual to berproniifte or
rather to'tnat of the calendar 'makers jor her.
Nor didVhe conceai'Lerself beneath the ski ru of
. old rinte -W sKe. sometimes'does for.the first
.few daysj'lf her annual visit to' vths region of
the glob. She came with; an unveiled 'face and
. loolce&rnpon ua lovingly, with a smile that went
.to our very nearts, and .so warmeu uiiwc
. w,mier wrappings, ine gracious air hu:h-"
f' ;thu. greeted-ys ha" net, played us fajse..
.'-'fEver; (hij.-it hte become. more gonial, aifd hile
' " '1 wVjte. irjifiinpst cr tle tender .kings. of
iheJIyliufBeinasses of frozen' snow and ice
,.in,QurtreVis-reimIing away.bteneathVits soft
' ;, ' breath, rg'reaClytor.the ilif kd;alvtag!e of pedesti w
vsT-uowevdrl for lliertlior'ouirlifares are choked i
- . ;rvith U irrudV; ;A11 tliw wfltspeedify disappear,
I"- etwcially .wheH.th'raiw;wliic:h seenis "already to-
.. f.. iv.'rha'liU3 shall -ddend Vfh Insanitary u?, earne
iflanddo'for: u?wnateienourdtiblen FI
- -,-.Ma-i ;h'a yet"' bienunabie : rX 'Vc.omV1isfi . flmr shin
ckwde.our ways. '
.' -'' V? i have, reason .io be;gladat theCQJJJgf;
' ty"tfsfring o"m1 winterand espec'ally the Iftt- j
' i -tG p.omoioT it, tind "bevn extreedn)giy-.s,o?e'e.
; . It. 11a HiiL-hed with Us -icy? flowers ' tjiou.iands
'-.'..; iw!never- befcri' perhaps '""felt the K)iwr of -its-
c!d. I t-Jias. Milage -poverty liioi-e 'itrer.",tlian
. usual, anil tor !.i:e i:ke rf h poOrt'.i ejufe jtfiat
' the winter over Snd one. ot that we
shall hitve tall -ssrushlne aiid balmv-aicih the
month of ManA; , . Doubtless "the" vinds will
blow and: bluster ft tlity are ,woiit fo do" at jtJiis
period. They XvillviSak-e. thjj tircl:fl,Si''USsaml
daughters, of want to Mfh-er Mnd trt-inlile, bu.t
ev'en as thi'y blow we s!;i!L lumr . in- their v:i!i,ngs
.a reijuie'm fo.V'didiyg'ggjii. 1i .dt-parteJ
scentre. . m - '
I will' not ' occupy- mv' usuar aee whit tlfe
topic of the Eastern War," for itf though bfit the
01. Louis and Lunaua .steamsh-ips; H;Ve 'ar.rivetl
during tire week "wtth several'days. later "iirwHi.-
. gehcefroin the Crimea, than t!iat,whiohP.ieiij
tioned in my lat, the news is meagre and Ino
notonous. If-there is 'anv- ehangr1 at a)1.4P the
complexion of affairs before SevastopjJ, it is
favor of tUe besk-ging armies. The ')uissitA of
Lord John IlusselL'as I'lenipoteiitfarjvo Vu-n-na
is s;gniticant say the wiseacres, -of positive
jwtfee negotiations, but beyond this I see no indw
cations of a speedy termination of the war.
The Tribune of this mornings in an editorial
reference to a very revolting revelation of crime
in1 a high place of the Britih aristotvacy, in-,
vjoling in its guilty di-closures an Es Cabinet
Minister . England, savs, " We l ave little
djubt that it will serve to s.yell that wave which
lats just now with such threatening roar, again-stEngland's-weak
and worn institutions.' With
out iri nr to the extreme length of the Talitne
philosophers in their hatred to the Hritish aiis
tocracy, I. cannot fail to see in the disastrous
ui-inageiuiMit ofthe warby its pan.perod and in-
ettk'ieiit scions,-t-a great cause of popular-, dis
satisfaction and perhaps hostility which must
result in a great and wfeJy modification of the
privileged system. Vnd such disclosures of hor
ril.le crime as that tobioh allusion is made
miist certainly ' deepen th conviction in the
minds of the masses! of the unsoiuidnessyf the
ai jstocraey. Alas I for, England. She is under a
dark cloud and God! only knows when it will
pass away from her fair fame, and her time
hotioied pre-euiiuene among the nations.-
There is a good dcil of talk about the pas
aa'of the bill in Congress, which continues the
appropriation of the bcnus of 33,000 a round
trip to the steamers of Ithe Collins line, for the
tiekt six yfars, and takes away from the Govern
ment the right' of terminating this appropriation
upon six mouths notice, as it has heretofore been.
ly, this bill the government is now pledged to
pajy Collins fc Co., oirr Jive millions of dollars
for carrying a mail once a fortnight for. six
yejirs" between New York and Liverpool. It is
ce tain that other parties would have contracted
to do the same service for about three millions
of dollars bonus. At the first blush of .this
m; itter it seems that this large extra bonus, to
Messrs. Collins & Co. is extravagant and ufljust,
bujt I think it is quite necessary to a correct
judgment in the case, that the past circumstan
ces of the Collins' tine should be reviewed, when
it ill appear that they have competed with the
Cujnard steamers, greatly to the credit of the
coinpany and of the country, but greatly also
to Ithe pecuniary loss of their owners. With
- th4 present bomis from government they pay the
company a profit, the enjoyment of which for 'a
brief terra of years will scarcely more than make
up to them the losses incurred in their first dar
ing and brilliant and successful competition in
o&an steam navigation. Others may now do
4h4 work for less government bonus, but Collins
& Co. deserve something, at the hands of the
Ajtoerican Congress, and I would much rather
see them rewarded than have a cruel extinguisher
put upon a noble private enterprise, by the pov-
eriment's withdrawal of its favour, just so soou S
as the enterprize is made safe to seeon l parties.
I an inclined to think that Collins fc Co: deserved
this token of the national favor.
j think I mentioned in my last the presence
; f General Sara Houston among us. I had the
pleasure of hearing the distinguished Senator
delirer a lecture before the "Baptist Historical
Society of this city on Wednesday night last,
j-Aj large audience nearly filled the Broadway
: Tabernacle, and listened with great interest
and frequent burst of applause to a rather long
discourse about the Indians. I was much inter
ested in .the Senator's generous defence of the
; Indian character and. in his severe, but perhaps
not unmerited animadversions, upon the policy
which our government ias ' pursued
them. He has a much more tlevated
, of the red men than is generally prevah aQ(j
indeed his remarks bordered pretty closfr j. aon
panegyric, though his hearers were ayLarenty
very willing to sympathize with his antA;raIjon
of the speedy civilization and 'mPrement Gf
these tribe. .
What think you, my dear osi-ff ,53,
chances for the Presidency? Habouts we
- talk of them very largely and co and
little of a politician as I am, I kao'w but
I could gel np a little enth. for
should he be duly tntered for thei.
- perhaps quite, as little against hiT (Mli&:deT:JS
his longr political career, as any ma , .
0 r ' p wno stanos
the slightest chance of "the whit u s n -iw
there; Pwqnt say anything morel t', nt at
ieit, &uuu irresiuenis or punuusj
Mr. Ed ward's J-ester, former J g Qonsu
. arGen6a1las . just publikhed.-aj" f
, thot,ttnhope rfcA.i9.a;terrii?leon.
slaught against-tbe order'of 6rd
by the way.of 5Ph Mn8trous-iniquity and of
such diabolical gnSj t;hAt it fe quite imp'ossi-,
ble to naint the . ,1 ,
t- - jra 100 piac-K ;auq ine-especiai
.aim of the bo is - tLe m"ericaa
Whac;er may be sa:d of the book, of -its plot,
of its incidents, of its spirit, one thing U incpn
trowrtible', it does not do 'the world renowfied
i' Company. of-Jesus" one ioia of injustice, for
there exists not under, heaven, an institution
more, dishdnoring to Gixl, or more inimical to
man. than -this infamous oicler.." .
iTead Mr. Listers book all through, and rose
"from" it with frish indignation ' boilingxin my
"efns against the disciples of Loyola,-and with
the earnest hope' in my heart, that the'.Ameri-
may never be rudelv awaken-'d from.
lumbers of iihiitference, to 'thjS' insidious
progress of this terrible' order in otir now free
and prosperous land. Put while I ciieri-h this
liope, let jne ask if jve do well to. be iihiijFeroi t?
.1 Ought to say of '-Mr. Lester's book, thru for
Si-mie reason best known -I suppose to himself,
he takes live noin de plume of. Helen- Dfiu. His
own na nif is riot .in the best pos-yble'oJor, but.
'why did w-wtsfx-himse'.f for an alias!. ."
Amongthe baoksvof'tlie ve'.,k.is,a vTery read
able; and. pltea.-int one.fi;oni the press of Eedlieti,
entitled 'y-Coms d? EstpS'iia, or Going to Madrid
Via: "B rrcejnav1 ' The ."'sevej-al chapters of -thisr
volume are briibful of vhaeity and good 'humor..
Tin y are decidedly the-ui'ost'rTitertainiiig sketch
es of travel I have met with in a.tivelveinontli.
.Sitiris:aia ' Satirists" i-the title of atio.h''1
er book from the pr .-ss.of Kedrield. It is from J
the pen of 'Mr. ''lam e.s Haunvau English "w riter
I tt riinntQ.mn . fLi.. .t ist . b- '.-viO .a irHi- civ ''I ij. .t.t i rn J'
' - ,
.1 . 1 1 e ' mi 'ij. icvr cities mill, uae
on the ancient aid modem s.itins-from JloiRce:" , , "" , -
- -r ' --f-. " rn ' 1 .'11 . i expanded to its MZe, and none that have attained
toiom JOi.re.. lher- ate characterized, bv a -.,,. , .
,'- , ; -.' v 11 ".' ' ' jSo-eiiviaoie a po-uiuu 'are-destitute of this in-
'g.-Hial per.ept:on of tiler tiemes, and bv a terse .-. r " ...
.. . ' .", . l ,r, . , ttfrcstyig- teatuie. " ' .- '
ammated and vigorous sty.e. L4 ho.sketches. ijr. 1 ,,,-'.,,, ' '
' v ' . . - " . v,'- , . 1 Vj " All. pd epeeia!lv the vounjr, icitl have com-
tnev :tfe-p:cturesque j-atber- than phiiosj-'phj.ai ... ,. - . -
v ,; t- - ,, . ,-. - , "' ,p,a::iUn?lnp; and it, it is not to be tound anion'
.delineations, wnl carrv the teaier idong with a . - .' . .... .- 0
s ' J- ., -,,: , ." S 1 V ! tf'e wise and-Airtuous, u , will be' sougiit ambnc
plefs:ugynteresr., ai)d,at!or 1 h m, uio:i ttie winSe; r ., . .
- .. .. n ' '' ! U:evicrous, tlie grovehng.. the depiaved.- '
very,, urst nnnies-ions ot the smul ot the i'reat" -0 . . .
. ..- . 1 " - -- . i " . v
satirii't. " -"
t ... " T i ,
1 thjnk.it you.wjll aaow "me,;! will plead a .
head-ache, vhicti.is nlot a fiotioA bv the way,'
knd escribe myself i, , . V ' '
1 ours as ever,
'. ' " ' - jCOSMOS. "
-. . ' .' T Kor "the S mthern SVe'eklv Post.
A LECTUEE. ' .
Ddiverel It fore the Lhertj Lyceum, on the
'jietii for which w-l a man risk most, for
money, or for I jcc.
in- r. n.
. Yi-r me to undertake to recount the iranv
temptations whii.b money presents to man were
an e;ui'.es task. In all ages ofthe woild men
seem to have h;id a famous phrenological devel
opment ofthe orgvns of aouUiiivenes. Iu all
aes money has been the f treat incentive to act-
ion. For money or its equivalent, men liil the
soil, the smith wields his hammer, the miner
delves into the bowels of the earth, the intr- I I" hints are thrown out tor serious con
chant braves the rajrin? biliows of the madened I s',deration auJ n is to be hoped that none will
ocean, the physician exposes himself to'the con
tagion ofthe raging pestilence, the lawyer tells
lies, the politician apes the oemaoue. the
assassin whets his knife to murder his fe'hJw
man. the incendiary apolie- the torch to his
neighbors building, the ruffian with: his datjer
pierces the Heart of the innocent, the lover woes
the richest girl he can find. For money, nation
makes war unon nation, and for tronev a'l men'
serve the devil. Solomon thc wisest," of. men said,
the love of money is the root of all eii ;" and
who- will deny his authority ? Who will sav
that the wise man did not know, or that the
good man was not honest in his assertion ? Can
we not bring the most indubitable evidence to
prove that Solomon was rijjht ? What was it
that caused Judas to betray his master ? It was
money ; and not very much of it at that ; only
thirty: pieces of silver I ! ! What did be risk for
this little insigiticaut sum of money. lie risked
his being exposed to eternal infamy and univer
sal detestation jn time, and to eternal and un
mitigated punishment in eternitv.
What was it that tempted Benedict Arnold
to betray his country at such au important
crisis? It was money. Money tempted him to
risk his well-earned reputation and the salvation
of his country. It caused him to risk being held
in everlasting detestation and infamv by all
men. In the days of our revolutionary btrusr
gles. Arnold was one of our most aspirin;; and
successful young officers. His valour had ren
dered many a battle field slippery with . British
blood, lie was highly esteemed by the Ameri
can people, and his reputation as a daring of
ficer was fa.st spreading far and wide. But
England offered him a few thousands of univer
sal tempter; and lo ! for that insignificant sum
I he ajrreed to betrav the whole armv under his
command, into the hands of the enemy ! What
was it, bat money, that tempted Great Britain
to levy an unjust tax upon her American col
onies ! She knew that this was not right, but
for money she would risk her reputation for
honesty, and also the rebellion of her colonies.
And it was to save money or in other words to
prevent the collection of those unjust taxes, that
the colonies rose in armies against the mother
country. Money wa the primary ostensible
object of our revolutionary war. And what a 1
multuda of widows and orphans were made bv
this bloodyVwar of eight years ! To say nothino-
: 1 s.ou.t
of the ancient wars, what eminent peril did
Fernando Cortes and his men expose themselves
to for Mexican gold I What bloody scenes fol
lowed in the train of that monter of cruelty f
Read, if you please, the adventures of John
A. Mnrrell, the great land pirate of the west
How many innocent victims fell, pierced by his
dagger 1 Tha whole country was alarmed at the
bold depredations of this unparalelled marauder.
Thousands were constantly on the. alert for his
arrest, yet notwithstanding his iminent danger,
for the sake of money, he persisted in his course
until he was finally arrested.
For money the divers in the Persian Gulf,
who descend to the bottom of the ocean in
search of pearl, risk their health, their lives, their
all ! With their ears and nostrils plugged up,- a
piece of sponge fastened to their arms, a rope a
round their bodies, and a large stone tied to
their feet, they go jdown into the watery world,
fiom which, many of them never return. They
risk being strangled, being devoured by the
.shark, and their beinz swallowed bv other in-
habitants, of the deep. For money men risk all
tli is !
For money, man ventures to play with the
ion, -and even to place, his head between the
afWevouringaws of the elephant! I once hearcF
.a preacher give it as his opinion, "that if there
was a bag of gold in the bottom of hell, some
men would 4be- foolish enough to jump in after
itjl," Ilowever. this may be, ice believe that men
serve the- devil, more for money than tor any
one thing else.v Witness the. gambling, the ly
ing,' the cheating, the', shaving, the chicanery,
tnt) dissuuuiatidji, the-. extortions, 'the aggres
siohs a'fi'd insistences that are .practiced "ust for
gain..- Whoever eptrasres in anv of the.e risks'
t . 00.. : . .
a great deal. They risk their good naihe, vhich
is worth mwre
Octies, and tlioyri'-t their temporal and eternal
happiness. ' '. ...
Fr many, the physician leaves the-abode of
health an''! happiues and goes forth to be ex
posed -4o the 'njia-m" of insalubrious districts,
and to the'tiuToction: of "contagious diseaes. .
lie gi'es through storm and whiter, through
rain and "coM, and t If rough damp and darkness:
a-ll for ttymey.. For moiuy, the miner descends
'int. 1 pits occupied by te inbs.t fatal o"ast;, and,
.the.' blaster,. by" being exjiosed to the unexpected
il&ionsA.or gun 'powder, 'has ol'teli times
beeti,,a'uiL, hi-li in the -atmosphere, flying a
niQ!ig'lhe iHizzartLs.; .
I ""' ' '"
. - . - . " ..Jor the Southern Weekly Po?'t
Mr. Eoitok: Briefly, through the- me iium
of' your paper, I wisltto call the attentioii of our
citizens to the propriety establisi ing a Liter-
1 ..'pV in k "rK : VrA .!..-. i
f. -T his is a. taet loo. w.-ll mom", 5.l In r-A f..-. I
. ..... ' 1 ' 1 lCW iVI 1
' w nece.a;i.v.
men, in oruer to nn
. 1 ...
of those who ir'e' about to engage in the stern
duties of life j .whose influence will be - more
and more widely" and deeply felt, for or,-od or
fur evil r. -' - '.' .
I avouI I suggest that suitable rooms be sup
plied wr.h a library, coni-ti.r,g f a few hundred
we'd selected volumes and sJhie of the moit
useful and entertaining journals of the d;tv.
The library could be furnished either bv do
nations of books or money, 01 both, and bvsuch
sums as w-Quld annually be demanded to insure
During the long whiter '-evenings, original
essays, debates or paj-ers might be presented,
and perhaps au occasional moral drama or tart
j atK sl'r.v Coinedy as the taste of the society
S mi'nt oictate.
hold them lightly, none will deeia them extrav
1 have faith to believe that there are those in
this community, noble-minded and open-handed,
who, wheu the matt-. r shall be show n iu them
in a proper light, wili do all that a libera! 'olicv
I Sllests ' who will feel that in tins w ay they
; oatl eI'ect' a U;J'J'e and. lading monument, not to
! tne '-'ad' but for the living.
J I" VEX IS.
QUAIL AND OYSTERS.
Among the first class restaurants in Albany'
is the Marble Pillar, located under the Museum,
and kept by Billy Winne,' a gentleman whose
good nature is only equaled by his tonnage.
Among the visito s w ho entered " the Pil'ar" on
Tuesday last, was a semi-cleri?al looking gentle
man, who ordered up a broded quail and a dozen
fried oysters. While discussing these delicacies,
he touched the bell, and requested the waiter to
send the proprietor to him. The waiter com
plied, and in a few moments afterwards the
semi-clerieal looking gentleman was in a cozy
codoquy with Mr. Winne about matters and
thinirs in general.
"By the way, W., what was the trouble with
that young man I saw you in altercation with on
Friday eveuing last V
' He contracted a bill to the amount of eigh
teen shillings, and. then refused to pav up.''
And what did you do with him P
"Chucked him out of doors.'
" Nothing else ?"'
"No going to law don't pay. To have ob
tained eighteen shillings worth of money by
means of litigation, would have consumed ten
dollars, worth of time."
Then ail you do is to chuck them out, as
you say." .
" Well, that may be, a wise plan, but I doubt
it. By the way, what kind of wine have you
got ?" -
" As good an article of Heidsick as you can
find in this city. Will yon have a bottle p.
u On one condition, and that is, that you will
join me in its imbibition."
" With pleasure sir." .
The bell was again tinkled a white jacket
appeared in the door-way the white jacket van-
W WEEKLY POST.
ished. In a moment the white jacket re-appeared,
bringing in a silver top on a juvenile salver.
The wine was poured out, duly iced and dispos
ed of. In a few moments after this, Winne "beg
ged to be excused," and left his friend to "Snish
up the quail." The friend did so, and then re
appeared in the bar room.
" Where can I find a little water to dip my
"In the wash bowl by the looking glass."
The stranger crossed the room, took a wash,
brushed up his whiskers, adjusted his white
neck cloth, and once more sought the proprie
tor. "Mr. Winne, I have really enjoyed myself.
I cannot recollect when I ever relished wine
and quail with greater zest."
- "Happy to hear you say so, sir."
"As a memento of the little repast, I have
one, little fay,or to ask."g
"Chuck me out."
buck me out."
J u on t mean, to say you have been do
fik't mean anvtbinff else. I have not the
h - -
fit rifea cnaSr If you want pay for'those
, quail, you must do as I said before, " chuck me
Winne could hear no more. He made a rush
to the kitchen to get " the cheese knife." Whde
he was absent, our semi-clerical friend dashed
out of the side-door, and when last seen was
rushing north, at the rftte of fourteen miles an
hour. Should he stop this side of Canada, we
shall issue an extra. Dutchman.
The Ocean and its Depti. Prof. Olm-
stead,-of Xew Haven, has contributed to the last U(Je as hey wpre ujust- - There W3Sj in its re
number of the, Xew England (a Quarterly pub marks, a sufficient amount of dictatorial arrogance
lication-) an 'article entitled ' a Philosophical
'Survey o;' the , Ocean," front which we extract
the following' paragraph. The author commends
highly thv, labors of Lieut. Maukv.
T&e waters, of the ocean cover neailv three
r . . i ... .i t: .i ,.
jouTtlis '(Or -.more exactly, hve sevenths) oi
the fiobe atid ot the thirtv-ciirht millions of
.v - - -
rifles. ot;lry-IaiieL in existence, twentv-eight be-
-. j i-i ri-,
ung :o the northern hemisphere. The mean
depth of the cioeaa has been- variously stated,
.bill n.av for th,.- pre-out be taken at four miles
theiiijmeious .vomioin-s now in progress will
lo.fn enal'Ien-s to speak with more drfiniteness
on thi poiiit. En,.u4!i has already been don
f prove tftaftiie UeptU.i-.exceeU.ngiy uqequai; j
that ilKe- the sm hu e xf tl-rt ea'lh. the bottom .f
the 'ocean here r-ses . in mountain J eak, and ;
"there fcii. k? in deep valleys. Until recently the'!
deepest sOunding-ever made was that by Captain j
Ss-ore-bv' in thC'i.'..hfr s;-:.s,'-which was sllort !
..of a mile a.,,1 and u half. A la n Tfti. ;
the maximum sounding was that of Captain
Ross, .in the South Atlantic, .and cave 27.600
feet, or a little over five mile, without- fiudiu";
bottom. But more recently, at a point ofthe
Atl uitic"' farther no'rih, Lieut, Walsh, ot the U.
S; .Schooner Taney, soun led, without reaching
bottoni, -to tile depth of 34.200 feet, or iiein- v
, . , , ,
Within a short time Captain Den
ial Society a re-
loJaneiro to , the Cape
ooyVylope, atths astonishing depth of 7,706
fathoms, 8 3-4 miles ; a depth so- profound, that
the plummet occupied in its descent from the
reel nearly 9 1-2 hotus. From these results it
appears that the depths of the ocean exceed the
heights ofthe muin alns, since the loftiest sum
mits of Himiua'ava are a little more than 28
000 feet, or 5 1-4 miles. Notwithstanding these
enormous depth-, there are large tracts of the
ocean comparatively shallow : and in the lmn:e
diate vicinity of places where no bottom 'could
be found, were spots of no uncommon depths.
The-e facts indicate that the bed of the sea is
jyersified like the surface of the earth: Tlie
pulf of Mexico is thought not to exceed on an
aveiage one mile; and the Greenland seas are
of such moderate dep;h, that whales, when har
pooned, often run to the bottom, as is indicated
by their apj.earat.ee when they rise again to the
surface. Whales aie even supposed to seek a
part of their food at the bottom of the sea.
PiKpartion- fok a CoMinsED Attack. It I ec'''t associati"n nf n"J "' whatever, and never
is stated (Jan. 2Sth) that the New French bat-j nas Deen- e have, from the first, pursued the
teries will open tire with guns, which w ili be j course we are now p irsuing, and h,ave consist
more than twice as uiaiiv as thev had on the i entlv, throughout, endeavored to avoid the snnnnrt
1 th of October. The guns of the RtiSian bat- j
tehes- inside ofthe Fingt;,ti' Fort are not plainly j
discernible, but the French have counted, on two
or three occasions w hen the enemy opened a
geneial fire, about 200 buche a flu, including
the newly erected batteries by the Quarantine
Our own ba' teries are in very good order, and
are ready for the reception ot" the pieces of
artillery,-which' can be put into them -in three
nights. 'To-morrow night our roops wid begin
to arm One attack. To-night the Working par
ties legin to place the guns in position in the
other attack, and we have a fine battery ready
to open on the steamer which is anchored to
ward the head of. the creek, near Inkerman, and
which has caued us so much annoyance by her
shells. The Russians, on their side. Lave made
the heights over Inkerman bristle with batteries,
some of -which, will probably take our more ad
vanced works in reverse, or will at least . enfilade
them if we do not stop their fire.
The French have relieved all our pickets in
front of our right attack, and our extreme riht
picket is now situated in what is called the Mid
dle Picket Ravine. This is a great relief to our
exhausted force. In return for this service,
which might have been extended to us before
our commissariat rations a large body of the
French army. If all goes well,' the allies will
be able to re-open fire with about guns and
mortars, each with ammunition for 48 hours'
It i-. to be feared there will be srreat difficulty
in subduing the fire of the Malakhoff and the
Inkermann batteries, but tl e effort must be
made, and if it fails, there only remains what we
had in much greater efficiency and force last
November the bayonet to do the work. It
is reported that Sir John Burgoyne recommen
ded the use of this simple weapon long ago,
and that after the gradual slacking of our fire,
he stated that every day we abstained from its
use would give it increased strength to the ene
my and would cot us many additio ial lives.
However that may be, one" week more will
test the value of all our labors, and enable us to
form an estimate of the sironml ,.f t... ,.;,
TKlSltlr.n Urn, loro - .1 ,
. . v 4 luc -xhurauiu
latelv li:b KluHincr tliA TVAr,l, .1. - . J i .
Canrobert from afive run ba.t p
erv of crrpat
strength across the Tchernaya, on the brow of
u injeermann height. Ihey have scarped the
littie road up the ravine round by the ruins to
the north side, and have thrown up formidable
entrenchments to resist any attempt to get round
the north side bv Inkermann.
WILLIAM D. COOKE, 1 D ITQ
JAMES A- WADDELL, M. D. f.
RALEIGH, MAECaiO, 1855.
Terms TWO DOLLAES PES AmfTDTC, in Advance.
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Ten Copies, la
Twenty Couies 20 '
. . 16,
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Kr Where a club of eight, ten or twenty subscribers is
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the Southern- Weekly Post.
"Mr. H. P. "Douthit is our authorized agent for the
States of Alabama. Mississippi and Tennessee
" THE STANDARD."
(See article in another column.)
The storm has at last burst upon us. The pent
up fury of the Standard has, after sundry premoni
tions, overwhelmed us with a terrible rebuke. The
editors of that paper, not satisfied with our repeated
declaration that we are engaged in the service of
no.politicalparty. notwithstanding our extreme cau
tion to deal out nothing but even-handed justice to
wards all the northern portions of the several polit
ical bodies, notwithstanding the fact that we have
from the first contended quite as earnestly as that
paper for the rights of the southern people, against
the anti-slavery spirit, wherever it has been devel
oped, and openly sustained patriotic statesmen,
without regardto party, who have faithfully defend
ed our Institutions notwithstanding all this, we
say, the editors of the Standard came down upon
us last Saturday in a long and petulant article, de-
nrinnrinnr inr riinrf in n tnnfi And' lanfTliace altO-
... ,!,,', hv the faet. and in terms as'
and harshness to irritate our temper, but we are
-wety aware that this may linve been exactly the
object of the writer, and that he would much pre-
fer a squabble to a discussion. And we may add,
tnat.tlie ludicrous features ol the article, to a great
.... . . 1" i-. n-
exieni, neuiriuizca us apparent aciiinony. ve
, ,.-- , , '
when we read the tollowinw passage at the close :
.1 ... '
e ictii iivi sianu uv in silence ami see me
Democratic party assailed: either covertly or nen-
ly. Th Post must either return to its neutrality.
or practice s inuepenaence wun stnci justice
ces. Thc Commissioners of the Institution will be
appealed to. if necessary ; and if they should de-
fT' 1,1 ,he I:1St ,rftiort-as we (' not tor a moment
Ko loco ti-,.1-, U tn noiHirnnd lihit i c? firl-t onrt
iiiniitiv it i vi tJ voiuiiiunu t imi i -5 iiw i U.IIU
pr(1per under the circumstances, our appeal would '
I then be against them to the people of the State.'
NVe have much reason to feel complimented,
whn tin; Standard, unwilling to meet us on the
"umer.rtis issues -pending between the foreign party
and jhe AmerLn people, expresses such pathetic
a,1AUl- ,,,naeus resirainea ov ojncuu tnterjer-
Retire. It reminds us of tiip rnmninn pvf.trmntiti
among little boys, when they think themselves im
posed upon. '' If you dont let me alone, I'll tell
yOTr.Vrt.'" But it seems the Standard intends.
" in the last resort," to appeal to the people. IVe
are perfectly willing lo leave it to the ' Commis
sioners " whether we have assailed lhe Democratic
party. Most of our readers very well know that
such is not the fact. But when an nppeal is taken
to the.'peopfe' " in the last resort," we must say
that we aretfc-h hftnv republicans ourselves, that
we would be very willing to submit the question to
the people, now ! ,
The Standard opens its article with the follow
ing paragraph :
" The Southern Weekly Post, edited and pub
lished in this City, by the Principal of the Institu
tion fur the Deaf and Dumb and Blind, was estab
lished as a neutral family paper; but it has recent
ly, under thegarb of independence.' thrown offits
neutrality and entered the lists as a Know btfiinr
organ. The tendency- of some of its Editorials of
late whatever their object has been to sustain
the Whiz; cause as coupled with that of Knflvv- !
Nolhinjri.sin ; and some of these articles, thoucrh I
now and then covert in their allusions, are calcula
ted, whf-rever they obtain currency and belief, to
w:jrk gross injustice to the Democratic party."
In reply to the misrepresentations contained in
this passage, we will make a statement of facts.
' The Southern Weekly Post" was established as i
a family paper. " neutral " in politics, but nofneu- ,
tral " in re 'iscion. Since Mr. Wiley's withdraw
al from the editorial manaemnt. many of the ar- :
tides bearing upon great public questions have ;
I been written by the present Junior editor. Al! the j
articles referred to by the Standard are chargeable '
! to the same source. T7;e writer is a member of no
-of one political party at the expense of others. The
proof is broad-east thrush our columns. But at
the same time we have continued to maintain the I
great cardinal principles of Protestant .imericanism, j
and expect to do so tor the future, without regard j
to the efforts of the Standard to detet or intimidate 1
us. In May, 15"o, w'e sustained a controversy, j
in this paper, w ith a Romish priest, on a question
of vital importance to our country, and for a nurn- i
bei of weeks helJ up the dangerous features ofthe !
papal system before our readers. Our language j
was as bold and decided then, as it is now, as may I
be judged from the following concluding passage of j
one of our replies. Referring to the language of
the Tablet, a Catholic paper; published at Chicago,
we said :
"From this it will be seen that a foreign despot
ic king, w ho keeps his own subjects designedly in
profound.and abject ignorance, and governs them
with French bayonets, is the author of this assault
upon our institutions. We-are ''not advocates of a
Native American party, but we say toost emphati
cally that such afaet is well calculated to arouse
a Native American spirit throughout the confeder
acy ; and we believe it will."
, The language of this paragraph faithfully repre
sents our present editorial position. It was used
long before the '' Know Nothings " had been heard j
of, and, we believe, before the Standard pronounc- !
ed the Whig party, which it charges us with now
serving, to be dead and buried. We ask every candid i
reader whether the Por or the Standard has under- j
gone the most decided change f Who remembers j
to have seen at that time, in that paper, week after I
week, articles, both editorial and selected, written j
in defence ofthe Catiw-lc hierarchy? The readers j
of that paper can bear us witness that this disposi- j
tion to institute an odious contrast between Protes- !
tantism and Catholicism, has manifested itself in '
the Standard only within the last few months. j
By what right then does this Protestant defender j
of the Catholic Church presume to arraign us for !
crossing its path ? By what right does it charge 1
us with a change of our course, when the only !
change has been in its own relative position ? j
But we are accused of transferring a series of j
questions to our paper, which had been copied by
the Standard from the Washington Union, and
"suppressing " the introductory remarks of the
former paper. We plead guilty to the charge.
We were under no obligation of justice, or of court
esy, to publish the Standard's paragraph. If that
was unjustifiable suppression, what will the reader
think ofthe fact, thaV, although the Standard has
several times accused us of publishing a Know -Nothing
paper, it has never taken the least notice of any
of our disclaimers! We now insert here those
important sentences alluded to by that paper.
"We are as much opposed as any reasonable man
in this country can be, to the Catholic religion
we are a Protestant, and expect thus to live and
die; but better Catholicism than infidelity hetter.
that than a war between races ind religions in this
Here we have what the Standard says we so
carefully "suppressed." What does the. -para
graph amount to ? Why, it amounts to this, that
this good Protestant has despaired of the Protes
tant cause, and in holy horror at the infidel ten
denciesof our country, intimates with unratstakeablef
distinctness that we must, choose the Catholic reli
gion as the least of two evils. If it does, not mean
this, then what does it mean 1 What effect could
it be expected to have upon the Protestant, popula
tion of North Carolina, if it was not to convince
them. that, although Protestantism, if it 6vdd be
preserved, might be better than Catholicism, yet,
in our national circumstances,, it would probably be
necessar' to qhoose the latter, to avoid falling into,
the jaw s of that other foreign monster, infidelity.'
If we have misrepresented the bearing of the. lan
guage employed, w'e have not done so designedly,
but from inability to ascertain its meaning.
But the Standard complains that, jve haye "false
ly " represented it as attempting with others to
forcignize and Romanize North Carolina. We do
not desire to misrepresent that paper, but we must
say that the publication of the " questions " of the
Union, and their apparent endorsement, taken together-with
other indications in the columns of the
Standard, made that impression on our mind, and
we are still of the same opinion, so far as a fair in
terpretation of its language warrants, though of
course, after a positive disclaimer, we do not pre
sume to judge of the motives by which it was ac
tuated. We repeat, that a fair interpretation of
the language just quoted, justified the conclusion
that the Standard, like the Union, was attempting
to "foreignize and Romanize" the State... The
Standard, in very rude language, denies the fact.
That rudeness shall not have the effect of throw
ing us off our guard. So long as lhe Standard
shuns an intellectual encounter, we shall not be
anxious to outdo that paper on a humbler theatre.
What then does the Standard note say about the
comparative merits of the different churches ? Hear
him in his own cautiously penned, and carefully
limited language :
" That that Church is sounder on the question
of slavery than a majority of the Churches of the
free States of this Republic."
It will be Observed that " a majority of the
Churches of the free States " are here compared
-with the. Catholic church a distinction not made
in the questions of the Union. The evident object
of the last named paper was to prejudice the south
ern people against those P:otestant denominations,
me tubers of which had signed the anti-Nebraska
petitions. There wtre distinguished names of
Baptist, Methodist, Congregational, Unitarian, Pres-
4 byterian and Episcopal ministers on those petitions
The Standard appeared to aim at the"saine tiling.
We aie glad to find that It intended its remarks to
affect none but churches of the free States. But as
North Carolina is not a free State, why contrast
those churches with the Catholic Church, for the
benefit of Carolina readers ? If there is no ecclesi
astical connection between those churches alluded
to in lhe free States, and others in the South, the
comparisjn is entirely destitute of point or object,
If how ever, the reference is made to churches con
nected with our own, the paragraph is calculated to
injure southern Protestant churches, and to promote
the growth, of Romanism at their expense. Its
direct tendency, unless it be explained, must be,
whatever its motive, to foreignize and Romanize
our people. We ask the Standard to name the
denominations in the free States to which it refers.
The Standard charges us, for thus resisting its
appeals to the people in behalf of the Catholic
Church, w ith having " assailed" . the " Democratic
Party. Tnis is not'true. We have no quarrel with
that party, and it is not in their character as Demo
cratic journals, that we have referred to any of our
eote;uporaries. It is because some of these papers
have, for mouths past, been inflicting a deep injury
upon the cause of American Protestantism, and
waging a , persevering war upon those religious
opinions for which we have long been contending.
They have crossed our path, and in the terrific lan
guage of the Standard, " they must lake thc conse
quences." But in regard to the controversy now ppnding in
this country between Protestantism and Ruiiianisrn,
-we contend that this .alleged '"soundness" of the
Catholic Church on the subject of slavery, has no
thing to do with the issue. Mormons, Mahometans,
Pag..iis. are all sound on that question. Why does
the Standard confine its eulogies of the Catholic
Church to this one point ? Is it fair, is it just to
our Protestant denominations, to institute such a one
sided comparison ? Why does not the Standard
meet some of those numerous other issues which
we have raised in reference to this poor, humble
church, which is so much persecuted by discussion f
Is that paper willing to lay aside all the reserve of
the partizan, and fairly and openly discuss the po
litical principles-and tendencies of the Catholic
Hierarchy ? If so, we invite the" editors to select
any one of the following questions, or as many of
them as they plea:-e.
1st. Does the Roman Catholic Church practically
or dogmatically recognize the right of every man
r to worship God according to the dictates of his
own conscience" which right is clearly implied in
the Constitution and laws of the United States ?
2nd. Does the Pope of Rome claim, or disclaim,
the right, jure dicrno, to nullify "the laws and ordi
nances of independent nations, not subject to ifi
immediate temporal sway ?
3rd. Is the Roman Catholic Church, in its prin
ciples and policy, as favorable to Democratic Re
publican institutions as the leading Protestant
Churches in the United States ?
We admit that the " slavery question," is an im
portant one,- but the " liberty question" is at least
equally so, and the Standard may make all the
"sectarian" capital it can out of the alleged, but
unsubstantiated " soundness" of the Romish Church
on the former, if it will only dare to affirm lis equal
" soundness" on the latter.
We have no extravajrant idea of our own abilities.
We consider them on tee whole rather moderate,
but such is oui confidence in the impregnable strength
of our position, that we fear no odds that can be
brought against us. If the Standard will accept
our challenge, as conveyed in the foregoing ques
tions, we proiniue to make it feel, yet more, the
need of aid from the " Commissioners," and we
recommend to that paper, if the " Commissioners"
are deaf to its pathetic appeal, to call mightily upon
the saints in the Catholic calendar. If they heed
it not, let it call upon the " Oak City Guards" to
put as down, or the newly organized Fire Company,
to put us oui.
We have thus replied to the arrogant strictures of
the Standard in what we trust will be regarded as a
becoming spirit. Vf have done it in a good hu
mor, conscious that a bad temper would only spoil
a good cause. As our neighbor expresses, in his
concluding paragraph, sentiments of personal good
will, we take pleasure in declaring that we cherish
towards him a similar feeling. We have not set
down aught in malice, but aimed in all that we have
, "We copy the Standard's article entire
that p?per d the same for us ?
THE SOUTHERN WEEKLY POST
"sThe Southern Weekly Post, edited, md pubis'P
tiliaCity, by the Principal ol the Institution for m
andlljumb and Blind, was established as a neutral fa
papfcr ;. but it has recently, under the garb of" moV
e'nce," ahrown .ofl its neutrality and entered the 11'
Know-Nothing organ: The tendency of sorne of itsVi
torials otlate whapjVer their object ha bet n t' .
the Whig cause as coupled with that of Kin,w-
ism; and sorn ot these articles, though now pj
;qpvrt in their allusions, are calcuian d, whor'
obtain currency and belief, to worK gross' injustice!
Incur paper of the 7th, of February, we copied l
Washington Union sundry questions jn ru,,' tt'
Catholic Church, and in doing so we said '."v " "
much opposed as any reasonable man in this ceQrltrT
be, to the Catholic religion we are a rroiesiaut'jrj
pect thus to live ud die.; but bet:er Catholic,, a, '
fidelity better that than a war tfcuveen races and "" '."B "
ons in this free land." The Po.n ofthe 10th 1-Vi T 2 "
copied the questions referred to, and offered r
them; but was careful tosuppress, so fur at. it -T
keep out of its columns the remarks oi the St-uiri-. i '
given, whijcJvaccompanied the questions. The o,,-
to an assailed' and .pe&M?ed Chiirefi, that neuheT "
CalWio CburctV nor 5toli orgamzaUons, tu,rZ
or laymen of that Church .have at any time aUaciH'''
Constitution of the. United States nor the mit '
slavery ; whereas' some, of the Protestant Churti. ".''"''K
all the signers, of the famous or raihi-r infaih-, .
stranceofthe Clergy of the free' States agam-. u
braska bill, being Protestants, the P,o6t ahls ""
" We have seen seen" for some -time a di.so.,.
tain quarters to make the inipressiou on ihc .v.'u-'t''
pie that the Catholic Church is tnor Irieintiv '" '""
tion of the Union than the Protestant I liiWh, J:t '"
questions contained in the foregoing extort x,,-'- .''''
insidious at-d Jesuitical design to enVct the y
Jf they , mean anything in the world, thev inlZil. - i
the decline ot Protestantism and the incrCa.-,'" , .
ism in the South, would conduce t" the t.u ' ' "
our institutions. In thj name of the Prm. '. im , !''"',
ot the South, we renM-the inanltm- m... '.''-
deny the-inference attempted to li etarii w'ed 't ''
prof tutors of Proteslaotisiii, so uniavorabi.- t., ti, " '" " ,
ant cause." 1 ".-st-
Now all this is very well in' its way, but it t,a. ,
jiucou-'u w me i-'iaiiutiiu. v f UO notnilj" " it,
ulin.lim tr. tkA C .-...I 1 II. J .
we have no 'Jesuitical designs."' U
S'V ' '
, , .i.oo.iit.-.-s aim (j.
days, to proscribe, and persecute, and hunt d ;
France ; or because, in the exercise of a riaht u-,'a,','.t.f'1
lw iw VV..SIUUUU113 OI Ule Lllld I'j". -
of Nonh Carolina , they eii'Jjiavor to Worship ( i. J acv ,
iu me uicuues oi meir own consciences. rep .
are neither the advocate n'or the apolonist ..f tlt. v
Church ; but the faets are as state.l. 'h it t '.it
wiitnatr on it ijuettHm u :-', ,,;
(Jl-urclttx of 'the frei Stuff eifthit liet.i.
wuo wun uiouves we reier to (acts svhilu til,r,jt
be euccessfully denied. This hem? the Ca.-e, is n 4
policy for thc people ofthe South to line with the J,.,;,.
tion Clergymen and the aboiiti..,, Cimrchrs in the iee
States, 'just .referred to, in a cruwde ol'. perSTK-utj .u and
abuse against the Catholic Church ? .VVt- us:,v iKul,p,JS.
ed,' as we should be, to the s; T.-.'.d f C'oiii.'.;ie;sni -we
may resort to ai! just and Con-titutional !n. 'at.s u, -.r.'-vetit
that spread, and to foster and .-.ox a:ice the Prot-stam lanh
and the Protestant .institutions . : the S..uthWu Sfate but
let us not, in doing this, .perp-trat-r th- gr ,- iustic.- of
reviling a Church which has tev.-r, so l ir as the r-eord
speaks, either assailed the Coi-.;i:ution of the country or '
the institution of slavery but Which, on 'h- contrary, if
we may judge by the writings and s-riiiou.-,-..j j L,-ii..pS
and priests, holds to be a God-ustai.Itehvd ami Biblc-siiic-tioned
The same "numocr of the Post fr.im which xv- ar. iyv,.
in?, makes the foilowing'iiicidioi:s -vtt'.t.c;.:" ;;;:.. at
the Standard for we ard Constrained :..-:.. 1. .
dcrthe cincumstances, and taken in oonncetiou n.-.a:;
other article, the insinuation was intended l r ,h.s ;
There are, we know, Come few at work, endeaveni.
to change the sentiments of au nruiienc maiur.n "Hie
people ot this State in regard to the periiicH,u? '
imported among us from Europe. They arr . , y
contending that there is no danger to our its.-.. ,
from foreign xveialirm and o'jran.inmm, on the n-::.c,
or from foreign prietcrtft and lOolntim, eri th.- -m.
But, our world for it, thistlfort to fwi-mizt ;.!, .. -
North Carolina, will prove as hard a task as me ?; i t f
Sisyphus, and must recoil 111 ternb e '.n,1,l...,..i , . ,, ,3
authors. Lodertake to convince tlie I;tt.-ti .t u-.ltt
ol North Carolina that French and German jLtw. ;tv,
and.ltanan and.In.-h Ron-janism, arc- emineiuiv la-.Prab'.e
to Ifee institutions ! What t'olU-! what atxurditv ' N 1 a;
ignorance ol tlie character of our people appears u. s-ta
, If the foregoing was intended lor this paper, or for the
Democratic party of this State, or for any portion ol that
party, we pronounce it faise in its application and fals- m
fact. We have heard wic know ,oi 110 nue in this sftate
who is endeavoring to .;t.;.-.'.-,'aiid livmauize North
Carolina." We tail upon the Post to tingle out and linmc
these people who arc thus, at work. Who are thev 7
.u; .i-. ...:.u . . . .
The Post appears to be VK-ing with the Star in its effort
la the lead in the Ameriean-or Know-Nothing cue.
Has the Post observed the lact, as given .ri the New
Ilain-pliire papers, that a negro preacher is at th s time
traversing that State, denouncing the Democrats, advocut-
: tt x- 1 -
ing n.now-otningism, and assailing Popery and A:r.can
slavery as equally sinful and opposed to the rida- ofn:an?
He have heretofore offered no objection to the puWic
ation ol a newspaper by the Principal of the hisuwuoi, ti
the Deaf aiid Dumb. A neutral paper may, perhai.8, be
ot sen,-ice to the lnstitutjouat any rate, u cuu.d 60 no
harm ; but w do object tq the puWwstion ty that officer,
or under his auspices, of a journal devoted to pnncip-.w of
bigotry and in'toicrance, or controlled l y p. .a xm. . r
sectarian influences. We! entertain friendly ieeitngi- tcr
Mr. Co.ke our personal I relations with h;in hav- been,
from the first, of a pleasknt and agreeable nature ; but
this is one thing, and a sense of public duty ai.oti er. We
wiU nA stand by in silence: and see the Democratic par.y
assailed, euher covertly or'iopenlyl The P,st mu.-t either .
return to its neutrality, or practice its ' hid- pend'; '
with strict justice toward the Democrats, or-takc-"thf
consequences. The Commissioners of the In?titut:'.n ;.'
be appealed to, it necessary ; and if they shouid decline,
in the last resort as w- do 'not lor a mo'int-nt beheve they
would to command w hat is right and proper ui.Jr the
circumstances', our appeal Would then be agahift then' !'J
th people ofthe State. !
FThe Standard declares that it "' ",f
stand by in silence and jsee the Democra t P.rty
assailed," dc. Point oat the language in wi.icfi
that assault has been made, if you please! Th-t.
paper reminds us of an anecdote we have heard of
a farmer in Lower Virginia. lie resided in a
" worn out" county, and vvasVery sensitive .-.bout
his county., A clergyman from a fertile part of
the State stopped at his house, and w.-is so unfor
tunate as to contrast khe appearance of things
around him with his own section of the State.
This nettled the farmer, but he said nothing.
They went together to rheetin', at which the cler
gyman officiated. The "opening prayer had some,
allusion to the discouriginj appearance of the
crops. He then gave oujt a hymn,
" Lord what a wretched land 13 this
That yields us ino supply "
" See here stranger," idd thc farmer, " uoht
stand it any longer, -'ou have talked agin n;y
county, and prayed agin by county, and now you
are going to sing agin my county. I woiit sUi.d
S5F The Standard intimates that the Post is
" controlled by political or sectarian influences."1
A "sectarian paper" is. generally understood to te
one devoted to the interest of seme particular de.
nomihation. If this be correct, the Post is'in M
degree sectarian, but the-Standard to gome extent
is ; because almost every number contain some
thing in support of one particular church the
Roman Catholic ! i
When our neighbor charges us with mak
ing "a jesuiticaP fling at his paper, we suppo-e he
charges us with unfairness. If so, it U an admis
sion that the commonly Tec'','ed opinion that un
fairness ia characteristic5 of the Jesuitn, is wed
written to promote the cause of truth and
esia of our country.