1 .M't !
; i .hi ,V. '"! i-.l- ' or. I ... .--; vl .
CONSTITUTION: AND BY-LAWS
X ijuM iy-CAar Campbell, E?., for the Raleigh
; 'lIllrOUICAL SKETCHES BY COL.
i ft!: j GUILFORD DUD.KY.v
'I' S. P. O.
Ama. and W. 1'tid. Vol. 204. ( (
jfta Council held at Fort Johnson, in No.
.'rdfadlflo.'June, 1775. I ,'
In x?ollencyt iheJovernor,
n)fi Jartiei Uazell, Pre$ident,
n? Jphii IlutKerford,
it Lewis De Uosact. i
J;Typliam Dry, ' : E'V-
fHillE4c?:nty)Cjr, addressed the Council in
rtiej lolloping: if rn : . f
L f oJn'ilir-no of His AIaj"My'$ Hon. Council :
The i lijiM ,conibmaiions that have been
ifarmetf in' Several irts of this! tolony and the
'1'uAf nr rtiasurcs Jlhey pursue In compelling ,
1qe-t by various kind of in.j
S tinlitlaioril pp subscribe associjations inconsist- j
j 'en their duly and allegiahce to their SoyS
fefiinfi'fto 'I'ing people to frequent Meet- i
. iop ia aniis by the usurped authority of Corn- j
' 0TiMeHst; 'H0! recent assemblagrt of a body of
! arfneuimen tn lue town of V imington for the
' ptitp'oA of awing Hs Majestj-'s legal subjpris
lltfe, JDiw eiiuniijfnm mj wi- uiciities oi.an I lie -
Ctl wid tylanical tribunal -erected there under-
ibat ntmei and llio late most treasonable nub.
j Jwjatiof of'a Committee in tie crujnty of Meek- I
1 I'Ri'MCM, jivfin. nif i r ihuiiuiii oirjJirnc5 lo.r
r ilia Mateslv't Government and all lawful m.
! ' , I f ,f ' . : ' U.
f (Loril) whatsoever, are so audacious and dan-'J
v.;rousproceedihgs and so directly tending to"?
t)ie dissolution of the Consiitutiosnof this Pro-Tjjce'--tla'
I have thought it indispensably my
jfy ti ad vis- Vnh you rin the measures prop,
er lo lfe taken tyr the maintenance of His Ma
jgtyVjCwiyehimeiil and the Constitution of this
untty, thus flagrantly JnMilted and violated.
mf'paHt'GeniUMnen the Idea t have of the
, icrc4 trUst 1 hold under th King, and ray
osiiiipf duty to my Royal Ma-ier, will suffer
rri toornii no exertion in my power that may
!f 'conducive to these ends, and 1 trust, -Gen-
I tlrrnert, that I inay expect from your duty to
V llw Majesly iiuj for his service and the
1 good bydMr country not only your best advice.
r Utmost iniiuence in Ibis alarming con.
U ioncture, Io carry inltt execution most effectual
ly.the measiKes you; may advise, for the sup.
port bCthej Hights of His Majesty's crown, for
I br security and weliare of the people, and for
r-:. t ? r : w 1 ; V ... .
ipi niaintpnunco oi tne L.aws and Constitution
ofiht'ro,0' ';' ; - i
ITo hieb the Council replied :
TTbe"jijapj)y situation of this Province ren
Attl Ui. intmsiible for His Plxcellencv lo laW
! thjr Otber step than those he has already taken
io suppress me uisturnauces ne so justly com-
jMiaupr". i '
r' P. O. )'
:!.,Ama. A: W. IndVol. 204
) : i ' 30 June 1775.
iNorth (Carolina, Fort Johnston.
rnor' Martin to Secretary of State.
Jbeg leave again, my' Lord, most heartily
li:V(Tcr!rny humble service to His Majestvlo
raise Hjittalion of a thoiisand Highlanders
htte (ik the restoration of the rank of Lieuten
Jtnt. Colone.l. I hd the honor to hold in the
irhiVirj theyear 17G9, when the total loss of
my hllth obliged me to q iil the service, and
l am.tle rnore -encouraged to hope for His Ma
jy's'jjrarious acceptance; of iny service in a
jmibtary character .at this time, when it be
tornel fs.ntially nVceffsary lv exercise milita
ry'poMr in support bf jhe: high Civil Office in
wlych i.Iiii Majesty has been pleased to place
'roe. in tfiisCoii!itrv. t' '
If 1 am lo happv to meet with His Maiestv's
pproha'tion of this pirr)psal, would most hum
Mji hf g Ipave to recommend Mr. Allen Mc-
) ml leave to ,reeommend M
,Dnald. o Kingsllorough. to bo
I .apt. iletV; ' Mi.-LeKl of ihe Mati
lf pajj; ti) bj First Captain, wht
Dohaltl, o Kingsbonugh. to bo Majpr, and
ines, now on
ho besides be-
i'Ht men of great vvorihi and grod character,
I wre most extensive influence over the Hih.
Uodersihere, great art of whiph are their own
names hnd, families ; and I should flatter my-
"ii mil tins Jiajeiy would uo graciously
pieaaedto pierinit mer to nominate some of the
luVnlternsUii'such a 'Battalion, not for pecunia-
iTT Cotiideration. but lor
or encouragement to
6fne-active and deserv
r . '( I, . ' c " n 1
Vjrjl.emen, who might bo usefully employed :
IBIftfl needy raising ihe proposed Batt tllion :
vinir voun!? 11 ion ana 1
1 ' . I I ( - I i I
JjdseJ I cannot help observing, my Lord, that ;
wre-tte tree or lour gentlemen of consider-
111 1 ti j , ' ' ;
1 uric IM IIIB llallll! Ol ill C 1 'OIIUIU. ailll LiieUt. ,
; McLean late 01 tne iiegt. now on half
jaf, whotn l should be happy to see appointed
v-r-i-n in sucn a uauaiion, weing persuaueu
' trri ' i ! I ' -X
:..Vm.,v!;ner as apparem to your iordsnmiv
r'fJ fP'.'J. ca" 're you. The Board slTflpIicity'and weakness, disgrace him'; his ex
SIT i'o" r 1(1 ,dk a becom4,,g l,art 1 travWncies as iney are continually.. reported
T'i6 Horn apprehensions of personal to mery credible authorities, l.ein'or nfi a n.
2k1? 'n U aH.fordinly have taken
Mmilohotice as possible of the matters I sub
jt)fdwMr consideration. The situation in
5 CJV 3 iQtl m)t at present, is indeed,
".f IIKd.'-rOO! dejttiWhhv anil r,.rl.lY...nr! lo.
iny Uii of greater Ujclius than a Stoic. I
My f.e Indignantly ihe Sacred Majesty of my
iuirr iiisuiicu, me .ivinis oi the Urovvn
niedTaiid I violated, jis" (iovernmeni sei at
noujhtiand trampled upn, hiservants of high
W digiity! reviled, lriduced, abused, the rights
Mbi 4ibjecti destroyed by the most arbitrary
liurpatlons, and the whole Constitution un.
Jinged andr prostrate ; and I live, alas, inglori.
NT only'ii dejdore it.
t;es.of the Committee of Mecklen-
rrij hichlyour. Lordship will find in the en-
, fct4ewpaper, fiirpas all the horrid and '
publications that the inflammatory
1 ,.? tuis M)ntincnt have yet produced;
r i . I . . r . ' . :
ettoiUitt .... i
trt H ' escape, wnenever my nanus
ef j'JOffy, strengthened io attempt the re.
.rvrt dril.i l;.'J. r -.
o . ft ' government.
w!r.Qeei Keiolves, lra - informed, were
Pjr 'ej brest, to the C
, - ri m
CiJii ' u7 a xn.rJ .were passed in the
l .1 r i' ' .
J,lM V Plnjlpn, the princfpal trading town
'JI..W flncewfcere there are manv British
e tk: 2 W .nJ5on, the princrpal trading town
li fCltmC4 ll'Lra I l . n .. It ... 1'
'IJ? ?.1! particularly Scoicb, there
on'f!k ,ohe1 and dormant spirit nurtured
l'cfrn' tht hat yet geverl therri eij;ht
7eRl';ncr, and preserved them from in.
i&W'l h,c be abla, I make no doubt
..viy in kirn : 1 ir
,r L,o;rdstiii may depetd its authors andHhat he had received ndvirp ihat tb t.t
BRUNER & JAMES,
Editor 4- Proprietors.
A Mr. John Ashe, heretofore Colonel of the
Militia of the county of NeIIanejrlit
who had lately formally declined tha appoint,
nient by letter to me, on pretence of jige and
businessarid requested me to appoint another
person, appeared at Wilmingtona fortnight af
ter siich resignation, at the head of a j body of
between 4 and 500 men, menacing the beople
above mentioned ivith military execution, if
mey ciia not immediately subscribe an associa
,ion dictated by the coinmiuee, which they had
refused until that lime ; and being inteirogatd
fr his authority, for such arbitrary proceedings
he pointed to the meij he had assembled. His .
cowardly intimidations f these indivicluals so '
far answered his purpose, that they wereobliged
to sign what their consciences revolted at and
abhorred, but it produced the good effect, at the
same time, of uniting them more firmly in op.
position to such extravagances and they have
since formed themselves into a Combanv for
the purpose of mutual protection nnH rlfnra
The South Carolina Congress hath sent re.
pamcB imu una IIOVUICBIO raise fQep,
but I hope thev will be disamxiintorl In iU;r
expectation of great succour from hence ; and i- The town of Newbern has been pro
I shall leave no means untried to defeat their ilposed as a starting poiint for a rail road
ri " yii
purposes : the lenity of Government has been Juirectly to the city of KaleighJ Valid
so inu?h to that people; that they forget; entire- treasons are to be shown for such a tnea
ly their own weakness and are blustering trea- -fsure. A wise people will proceed to act
son, while Oarlestown. that is the had and
heart of their boasted Province, might! be de
stroyed by a singTexFrigate and thef country
thereby reduced to theHst dirtress. tjlament
to say it my Lord, and most sincerely grieve
to be occasion for it, but I mttst avow jto y'onr
Lordship, it is to me at this time evident, and
out of all doubt, that reasorP andfargtWent can
never restore the just power and authority of
Governent in America. The people nllw free-
ly talk of hostility towards (3ritain,- in the Ian-
guage ol the aliens and avowed enemies ; and
I fear the means that British spirit reports to
at last, for the chastisement of her more natur
al foes, can only now reclaim her mosi unna-
ural children in these Colonies to
sense of their duty : and I must add
Lord, tjiat in charity to them and in duty to
my King and country, I thjnk myself bound to
give it as my sincere opinion, that thej rod of
correction cannot consistently with the good
and interest of either.be weil spared, jif it is
an oVyect to reclaim the Colonies of America
to obedienceto the just authoiity of His Ma
jesty and the Parliament of Great Britain, Hu
inanity, as well as policy, in'my mind, my Lord
urges that the work .be, set about, with jthe yi
gour becoming the glorious and invincjhle spir
it of the British Nation and without a moments
delay, Altho' by my separate despalehlof the
18th of May, I had given my humble Opinion
to your Lordship that the Meeting ofhe As
sembly of this Province, in order to irihg un
der its consideration the Resolution ,of the
House ol Commons of le 27th day of Februa
ry last, while the Philadelphia Congrels was
sitting, and which was not enjoined by yoiir
Lordship's despatches referring to that Reso
lution, would be to no sort of purpose ; yet see,,
ing soon afterwards that His Majesty's Gov
emors in other Provinces had caUed ha re
spective Assemblies expressly with th'atdlesighn
I issued the writs for calling an Assembly
which had been postponed by the advice! of the
Council on account of the heats prevailing in
the Province, at the time of -the dissolution of
the late Assembly, and the General Elections
were accordingly made on the 23d pf last
i month, sirce which as your Lordship will see
; in the minutes of the Council, that Board has
upon the principles of my opinion stated to
your Lordship in-my' separate despatch above
elected Assembly, which I have therefore pro-
reierreu io, advised me to prorogue the new
rogued to the 12th day of September next, be-
ri J f. ..... , M wx
fore which I have no doubt I have irnrid rest,
son to prorogue it further.
1 am noimd to return your Lordship my best
acknoledgemenls for the attention vou have
1 1. ... 1.-;
j been pleased to give tomy representations of
tha. m c.r.rto.t i . 1 ,1 fr..
iniai.iiiuin.1 ui 1 110 iij i-ill Of I s ui 1 uu : lllll-
cil here. At'lhe same time, I must freelv own
j --v.. f., 1 ,,u 1 1 II ui It IT III mo m iiiiii 1 1
)0 reform that bKly effectually, at this tlme.i-
Some of whose delinquenry heretof;re, 1 have
ItaH Iho w.1:i. L..
..j ItUJiMI IO Klllllliaill, IJitC
reason to com
t)V their loval adherence lulivprnmnnl in ibis
time of disaffectionrestored themselves to my
, regard; and 1 believe t mav be found diffi
to supersede the others
I V a leal Illf 111
srite of all allowance that I ran mak for Ri.
ture thalll be impossible for longer to
! overlook, concern I v with iKb d..tv I p m
the King and to Ijis Majesty's service, i I
1 have the honor lo be, wjth the highest re
spect. My Lord, Vbur Lordship's most obe
dient and most humrle servanit, I
To Sec. of State. t
S. P. O.y I I
Ama. and W. Ind : Vol. 204. f
At a Meeting of the Council, on board His
Majesty's Sloop Cruizer, in Cape Fear River,
on Tuesday, the 18ih July, 1775. L
PresentHis Excellency, the Governor,
y James Hasell, j
Lewis De, Rosset and r f
' John Sampson. ! I
The Governor having itilormed the Hoard
. . -----
! . - . : t .viv
j oi me vounty ot u laden were pursuing th
I ample of the People nf Mecklenburg, Iwi
. .... i. . .. . - . , . ; .
Lirrnuimui p oceeumgs tie had communicated
I lo the Council at the last Meet in?, desired ih
i j e r -i i r
( advice of Council on the measures expedient
to be taken to counteract such unwarrantable j
anrl ihiiu'eroiis Pit rai :trtnnea nnA t kadL anA
' prevent the grovvth of that spirit of disorder
I 1 I . . .1 V I ! ... !r i );
wmcn at im nine uunappuy prevails m great
part ot the province, and especially in Ih
County of Mecklenburg, and the counties' on
ihe sea coast?, particularly evinced ijy ;ihe
meetings which have been held among the peo
pie for the choice of military officers, by.! which
they have usurped the undoubted prorogitfir6?of
. i f I i - ' I r . ,i ! . I ' ' 1
Keep a check rrojt all Vocr
SALISBURY, N. C,
he crown, and the frequent assembling of the
eople in arms by the invitation of the Officers
ko illegally constituted. 1
I To which the Cooncil replied : ' t j
That it is their opinion that the deluded neonle
ff this Province (who have followed the ex-
p.mple of the neighboring colonies) will see
their error, and return to their allegiance,
iwhereas every violent measure must increase
jthe disturbances, and be attended with the most
James Hasell isof opinion that tlte Excel.
ncy should take every lawful measure In his
power to suppress the unnatural rebellion now
fomenting irl Mecklenburgh, and other parts of
the Province, in order to overturn the Consti
tution and her just prerogative. i
CENTRAL RAIL ROAD.
THE NUMBERS OF CARLTON.
v No. V. I ':- .
upon a plan only when it is shown satis
factorily that the public welfare (will be
the consequence. ,
Newbern is among such of our towns
as are best situated for commerce by sea.
fit is centrally placed in our lower country
juaween tne nortnem and southern limits
Of that part of our State. Its opportuni
ties at the present time are to be vervdif-
ferently estimated from what they once
were, connected as it now is by the Har
I low canal with Beaufort, the best seaport
oi me taie. were ucracoke the only
joutlet of commerce from Newbern, little
i could be hoped from it. From the reports
pof Fulton, our late engineer, the depth of
water for vessels passing through the inlet
?up to Newbern is at the utmost but eight
or nine feet. The inlet itself, on account
lof the shoals in front of it, is not favora-
jble for entrance frdm the sea. Though
iQcracoke will probably be always used
oy coasting vessels! were this our only
prospect we should jhave little reason to
HI .1 . Ilf a . .
nope mat Washington, Udenton, Plymouth,
Newbern, and other towns around Albe-
I marie or Pamlico bounds, could ever be
I come pf much consequence in a foreign
trade. Jt is the prospect from Newbern
fb Beaufort that attracts and fire ibp. i
choice upon the former of these places, -j
as the point from which it is expedient to I
commence a rail road directly for the !
capital, and then to proceed westward !
through the mirJdle of the Stat'p. till it !
reaches the mountains. I
It might well appear remarkable that !
T . cm appeal ictiiarKaoie mat
North Carolina should have always coru i
sidered her condition so desDerate as shp
has ever deemed it, while such a harbor
as Beaufort Was upon her coast. Let us
advert to the words of the engineer, and!'
would that they might for ever return no-
on our ear with their reanimating sounds !;
in rcaru io me xiariow canal he says,
"I am4of opinion thai the benefits result
ing from the opening of so important a
1 . .1 Til 1 1
E communication with one of the best inlets
ion the coast, will much more than com'
ftpensate lor the amount of the estimate)
f A vefy great Kermuda and Northern trade
n T-- ...w.. 11 11 uuul
lis carried on at Nvhrn. wbicK rr
. - IIIWU UCl
without the canal, " pass through the
. o 7
Ucraeoke inlet. Vessels drawing a mod-
Iprntp n.iant.tv nf Wafo- o -i.,
.v w .Ki v.tui itmu 111 uiil V
pa, partial loading, until they get over the
washes; they then complete their cargo
prom lighters. Ihe nassaire for lisrhters
w I rj - - - -
from Newbern to the Swashes is long, and
sometimes dangerous ; the anchorage for
the shipping is by no means a safe one.
The Clubfoot Creek empties itself into the
Aeuse, before that river is of sufficient
extent to cause any risk from the convey-
;ance by lighters. The water on the Rar
and in the harbor of Beaufort, is of sulil-
cient depth to allow of vessels from 2Q0
to 300 tons burden entering. The an
chorage isjsafe by being well land-locked."
It is the last statement which deserves
i;our most attentive consideration. T ip
. w.u,..wi unvili 4 III,
harbor and the depth of water at Beau-
fort, giving entrance and room to vessels
as high in freight as three hundred tons,
together with-the Harlow canal, throw
open prospects of indefinite prosperity to
the State by: its commercial opportunities,
The subject is worthy of attaching upon
fluctuations common nnnn nther. w rf
our coast. Wimble's map exhibits it ask
ship channel in 173S, and La wson states
its depth of water still farther back jn
1718, precisely the same as it is at the
it day. The merchant vessels arid
ir packets which sail between Neiv
York and Liverpool, or any other port In
Europe, are many of them between two
Ihundred and fifty and three hundred arid
iffiftv tons in burden. Vessels of two huh-
U"'J . ...
dred and fifty or three hundred tons are
.Lji tl : ... -i..
ijivrcii micu tur tniiynii: uu iiauc iu tiny
iL. .k- .k-f .k a.i..:- r'
port on the other side of the Atlantic rir
ithe West Indies, or South America, jif
we look at our map of the seacoast at
Beaufort, and connect with its directions
the circumstance that a vessel south ! of
Cape Lookout comes at once from an open,
pea into harbor, without Ion
ing channels to consult, we shall find that
it our taithful examination in all its di- In common canals they must not be ad
versity of reference, and its future conse- mitted, on account of the contracted limits
quenjges. The channel and harbor .at., of such canals for boats drawn by one or
Beaufort are not lihlp in pbanirp'Kv tk. i two horsos. But there are canals unon
few harbors along the whole extent! of cial towns upon the Albemarle and Pam
Jour coast are better for entrance. Any . lico waters, whether it would not be well
Do this, and Liberty is safe.'
V Gen I Harrison.
THURSDAY, APRIL 5, 1849.
yind between the south east and south I
west points carries a vessel directly Into !
beaulort. A wind between the north
east and north west, sends one immedi
ately out to sea an object always desi ra
bble to mariners next to going into port.
These are' circumstances which constitute
tjie very best privileges of a good harbor.
fpr such vessels as its depth of water is 1
mtea to rece.ve IN or ought we wholly
to torget that though in time of peace tt
adds to the value of a harbor to havR I
a deep and easy entrance, when war oc- !
qurs the seaport town within, if it be not
Strongly and expensively fortified, invites
upon it all the power and fury of the en
; Beaufort has all the advantages of im
mediately fronting pn the sea. In conse
quence of this its healthiness is unques
tinnahb in, tbia ronr,k- ,;il Wo roct i
U,, .u .. 'f.
w.oiijr nuu me uuiisiani experience Ol us
inhabitants. It is better situated on this i
account than Norfolk ; and as it cannot I
be surpassed in this respect by Charleston
Or any place to the south, its latitude j
must give it greatly the superiority in a 1
comparison with any port in that direc- i
Let the expense of transportation from ; Pnse of storage short of Beaufort, should
the whole back country be reduced by j this be an object with the proprietor of
means of a rail way to little or nothing, the goods.
and as a commercial city it must advance j After the. views which have been pre
with instant and rapid progress to pros- j sented, let us pause and reflect upon the
perity and a numerous population. Many i vast interests they involve. That the peo
of us perhaps are but liitle aware of the P'e of North Carolina are laboring under
effects of trade when its facilities are a privation of opportunities for market,
once created. At the site of the present ! And that this is keeping them depressed
town of Rochester, on the western canal j d embarrassed, is a self evident truth.
nf TNIovO T r i-l.' tkaim . . n - 1 Q 1 O . U ' T tKero tr m . .A C. . I. : " 1 t or
houses only. The place is now swelled
to the dimensions of ten thousand inhabi
tants. It is precisely two hundred and
seventy miles west of Albany, and from
the latter place to New York is a hun-
v, uiui CIC 111 JLOIO llirCC
. . . . i
u'cu mm iui iv nve uiiies more ; yet u is i
in this city that Rochester and the coun- j
try around it, through the distance of four j
hundred and fifteen miles, find a market
.l " ? . , . .
r mI 1.m .. 4 . . . : 1 . . " . I
jor meir grain, anu tne productions oi
fneir inuusiry. it is irom the same town
bf Rochester, and still more distant places,
that flour is brought to this very Newbern
pf ours, and sold at five and a half to six
dollars a barrel-, And can it, must it, will
jt be, that we the inhabitants of North
parolina shall think the payment of one
dollar and eighty five cents from each
taxable poll in five years, by annual in-
stalmant of thirty seven cents a year, is
to reat a sum, when this is all that is
necessary for effecting so great a change,
fr making this now " solitary wilderness
10 oiossom as the rose ! Purely such can-
not be our elings. We shall not consent
. , . ,. .
10 continue unoer sucn aepressing tlisad -
vantages, it we really can disengage our-
selves from their fatal effects
much ease and certainty.
. Does U ? ?PRRar Mn that this is the
n which iNorth varohna may with
the soundest policy, and the most compre
nensive-wisuom, airect her eye asollenng
the most indubitable and"animating pros
pects of national relief ? If we are con
vinced that at this place is a valuable
harbor for her commerce on the ocean, it
I may become no less a haven of refuge
! ,ro,n inai sea 01 uncertainty and despon
( j . f -
i-dencv. on which she hag been tossed.
I .May we not indulge the pleasing thought.
I ' " '
. r . . "
without the charge ot extravagance, that
' in her town of Beaufort shp Hncs nnsw
v w .-w-jw..
a gem. which, as it sha be her dilio-Pnep
and care to have it polished and unchased,
will shine With increasing lustre upon the
brow of her beaiity ?
It is an easy matter, by widening the
Harlow canal a few fret, and deepening
il iwo ui iinrr, iu turuw ii open io mo
free passage of steamboats, and then the
nn L..n v. . . . 1m. .1
Commerce of the Albemarle and
waters, would, by the easiest.
prompte$t, and safest navigation possible.
be concentrated at Beaufort. If it be ap-
prehended by any that the waters of these
sounds are too dangerous for the. steam
boat, though il can scarcely be that any
will think so, let it be remembered that
i . - 1 -
the Chesapeake presents fully as great
exposure, and, yet tliis is" continually tra-
versed by boats of this description. Not
less difficult is a passage up and down the
Mississippi, yet this may be said to swarm
with them. Nor tet.it be imagined that
steamboats may hot pass along a canal.
which steamboats work continnallv. and
: it is unnecessary to refer to any other
than the Caledonian canal, through which
such boats run regularly, making a cir,
cuitous route, partly by sea and partly by
the canal, between Edinburgh and Ulas
gow. The two feet by which the Club
loot creek is higher than the Harlow at
the time of low water in the latter, make
it now necessary to have a lock to pre
1 vent too strong a current. In a canal for
' a steamboat, such a current would be
i:.,i r,o .i .k- ib
unit; ui viwcuuiih.c, txuu nic ivu un
c.o.o AVn.a e mn vt -
necessary. Were as much more excava-
tion done as to open a steamboat passage
lo Beaulort, it is probable an end would
be put for1 ever to all light-ring at the
Swashes. A steamboat could then pass
from Edenton to Beaufort in twenty four
- hours, and from iNewberp to tieautort in
four. It is suggested lo all thie commer-
VOLUME V NUMBER 48.
for them to unite among themselves with- '
out delay, thus to annihilate their distance
from Beaufort. An enterprising popula- !
tlon SO extensive as this, COUld SOOn burst l
away the barrier to steamboats at the .
Hi ii . . !
arlow rannl nnn st vr pninvmpnt r
the commercial opportuntties thus secur-
ed, WOUid probably return into their bo-
. " VV" -. 7 J J -
som ample remunen 'ion for any instant
sacntice necessary ,o accomplish it.-
V ere this done, of what use would it be
to expend the eichtv thousand dnlUrs r.. 1
ported by Mr. t ulton to be reouisite for
clearing out the OKI Swjash, or the thirty -!
thousand for 1 eache S channel ? ;
Alter the exposition now given, the rea- ;
Son Will probably be Conspicuous for di-
Ppf,,;n,T rnt. X' i .1
reeling our. cnoice upon iNewoem as the
r " " to
commencing point OI a railway intended
for the accommodation of the people to the raw ujion the T. for all mum necessary to ay tlie bene
wpstern PTtn.mlimu nr ,V, 0 ,u ft pnAided for by the Cnst itutUwi and Hv-Iws.Bnd
WPSlprn ptlri.miimu f tl, it 0 .U
..;.rl ,l. .. ..i ... . .
aKUlIS ni uus p,ace, meir
loads may be discharged lor storarre. or
w u o T
saIe, or for transmission afterwards to
Beaufort down the river by the Harlow
canal, at the discretion of the owner. It
were easy even to provide for placing the
w agons wilh their loading on board of
t'hf hnnf. fn wo,l ,txn
the boat, to avoid anv deirntinn op v.
i,v iiiin-uy JUf IUIJS PV11 1 V
i , - - - -
have a harbor eminently favorable for
health, with a good entrance from the s a
for ships of three h undred tons. Beaufort
has always been neglected as a seanort.
because there were no means of arriving
r f if Mvn-h . ft .. . . . I ' 1
,k uucnur pans oi the coun-
tr)' either by land or water, wijhout a
cost uPor transportation, forbidding ail
possibility of profit. Farmers, therefore,
I I ii l.
; ueen compelled to submit to the pit
iful prices and the slow and uncertain
payments of their own neighborhoods,
except when necessity drove them through
all obstructions to some distant market
for indispensible articles and a little cash.
It is proved by Actual experience now dai-
going on, that were a rail way nrenar
i e Newbern tothe mountains through
i lh middle of the Slate, a barrel of flour
could be conveyed upon it two hundred
j and fifty miles ibr less than thirty cents,
i In stating these numbers the writer speaks
' warily. He is fully assured that this small
j )r,ce ooes not exceed that-which will be
' realized upon trial, can be. proved by facts
,,l 1. 1 -,
; ' u, .tr ,.idc, anu can ne even shown
s.msiaciorny to every one who will exam-
I ine for himself such a statement as will
be made in our next number. A toll be-
"8 1" '"enty cents a barrel lor
: 1 n . . .
I "ls",u' "n" 11 not u;
more than ten. probably not five, the bar
rel of flour which would sell for five dol
lars, two hundred and fifty miles from
Beaufort, could be sold with equal profit
for five dollars and a half at the senport,
and for less than five and a half at any
place short of it. The same thing is equal
ly demonstrable of cotton, iron, flaxseed,
, . . ,
! or any other article, buch a rail road
C1U ue ",tue- proiueu every citizen will
I . . 1 .
. u. . . u... 11 11 iii
1 c l,mi rttU" lldxaMI P sriaii pay
thirty seven cents a year for the purpose.
'J aumii tnai no sooner
! woulci such a ral1 roai1 he prepared for
j act,on than merchants and capitalists
(would flock to Beaufort or Newbern to
I sHze the profits of their business upon our
1 co,lon Ilour ,rtn, tar, pitch, and turpen
tine, staves, spars, bhcon, lard, butter, to
bacco, and upon the return trade whole
sale or retail in salt, sugar, tea, coffee,
fish, and all sorts of dry goods for farm
ers and merchants through the country.
That which was a maxim among the
Jews of old, and which is applied in the
scriptures, would hold here also. " Where
soever the carcase is, there will the ea
gles be gathered together." Wherever
c i i
Pinters, manufacJurers. and merchants
enn meet upon terms fnvorable to their
mutual interests, there each will find the
other prepared and eager for commercial
The way then is clearly open before us.
No sooner shall wc-resolve on the means,
than we shall begin to see the end has
tening into execution. The consequences
to result in changing the face of our coun
try, and in meliorating the condition of
,nc people, are absolutely incalculabl
wh,le ,hey are ahsolutely sure. Sue.!,
causes have operated heretofore to the
reilcf and ProsPer,fv ' others, and when-
p,ver mey arc renew ea. mey w m. un a..
- luu lf p
- natu,re' Perarte aSan. The work of a
&m,e ear a,ier inJ coratnenceraei.i u,
suctl a raif-way at Aewbern ,, will, by tne
- practical and convincing evidence oi us
mimeuiaie utility, dissipate an our uouois
of a,lu "pprenensions, anu e mii go "
happilv and with an irresistible ardour to
.- i ..i. ii
- 4 -
- its completion.
Captain, now Col. Brags, ha' recenilv ta
ted that (Jen. Taylor at It ucna -Vista did r.i
say to him ' give him a little? more grape.'
This is correct. B it the direction, or ihe ex
pression, was actually used by (Jen. Ttrl'r to
Capt. Jas. V. Brvant. commander of Colonel
Washington's battery at the criiical moment,
and is thus matter of history and not of fiction.
SONS OF TEMPERi3VCE:
We, whose nunn are annexed, diroas of fornangj
a society to shield ns from the evils of -istemperartcei i,
afford mutual assistance in case of nclsees, and elevate -
'I i i.
our characters as men do pledje ourselves to be gr)T
J erned by the following Constilot'toa and B-Laws. .
CONSTITU-ljlpX. i j
A"ic" I- This Association shail be known tsihe
sine. i '
D iritis n, .Yo.
, the Son$fTemptrct
of CouutJ' of
, and Sttae of .'.
Aet- Pdcr. No brother shall mTce, bnyf sell.
-u ' "ta, .j uou. w .u
me, or wer. , r - ,
W.P., w. a.. It s., A.R.S., F.S., T.c; A.r.. I,s;
and O. S.. all of whom shall 4e elected b ballot ererr
T f T
three months. v : last resrular meeting n Sptcnibon
. 1V n e c , , , C
.w.iL1..,? ! S'iJ!a?.i?
a due .biervance of the cnitution and B-Lnw. hnd
uir uuit i mi- n . i . ui wrwur in wir uiiinimi, rnHtrrr
exact a comPr,anc' to the Rn,M andUwze- of the Or-
tk.. app,Mnt aU onunitteel and officers noToth.rwi,
provide for; give the carting vote on all matter bHTuriv
the D'1'0" whe tie may occur; inct and an-1
rMHinee the result of all balloting or other. vote ; direct
.w . n i l .
the K. to call ecial meetines when aiijicalwn tiiall
be made in wriiins, by five members f the D.vim;
ht pnAided for by the Confetitutitm and Hy-Ijw, and
other appr,pnaU,n8 made by the DiviKon- llerhalt.oii
the night be vacates. the chair, nee that the Quaru-riv
ICetuntii are prepared for the llrand Divi tin, , i '. iu
per centajje appropriated, and foru ard die same i t tin
tr the Quarterly Stwirni, certified by him, with T the
seal f the Division. He shall perform nch rtherdu-.
ties as the Division or his harpe sljall require of him.
2d. It shall be the dutv of the W. A. to rtjndf the
1-h assistance as he may require of him. bm.i in
the absence of the W. P., the W. A. shall perforin his
3d. The R. S. shall keep a fair and iinartial rcvrd
of the pniceedinps of the Ihvisiou ; write cHnmurira
tins ; notify all suUirdinate Divisions not more th'in lf
miles of its place of mertinj, within one we-k uftr, of
the name,jccnpation and residence of evrrv y rsoa sus
pended, rejected or exptHed f-Hii this Division. He'
shall fill up certificates; notify meeting when ordered
by the V. P.; attest to all nioii. ,s oidered to h paid at
a regular meetitir, and none ;L.-r. Hh Av, m iKeout.
at the end of his term, fo- ;hc Division, a ft' 1 rejvirt iTf
the proceedings durinjr his t.-rm : and al.i tl a qn; leilv
returns to the tirund Division, which sliall eoi'.r; e-tm-number
bf memlK-rs initiated, admitted by r ni. ii!tia n
by d.sH iisution, susjt-nde', re-intated, ui ' -.v!n h;V
witbdnwu during his ter:u t- tlier v:., the' names
and occupations f thos suspeniled, -.polled and re
jected, wilh the d;iles and causes .f e;. .jon. the niua
bor who violate tb' -Pledge, bo many sign over, and
how many violate it the s eond time, the uuiulxr of
deaths and the whole nui.iher .f actual etHitnl.Gtiii'x
! memlers, the amount of receipts for in.tiaiiiig f'sand
j dues, with the per centae due the (irand I)ivim..ii, vi
amount exjH'nded for K ii iits, wih the aasHtiit on hand,
and. with the XV. P. certify to 'h'- - ;ne. He t4f t
pe rform such other duties as may ? r ,uired of l.':ii h
the Division cr his charge ; and d. '.iverVup to b -c-'
c ssor, within one week from the ei''rati i of ' ;.'nn.
all Itooks, papers, or other propertj in his jto:-sc?-io-. lie
longing to his office. i
4th. The A. R. S. shall he n, h'. l to tlie :
whtse direction he shall act. iff hall nn!
sistance to the Tt S., in the pi . lorni:- u
.s duti b,
as he or the ihvisjoii may require .f b.i.i.
Sth. It shall I -e duty of the F. S. to k rp juvt and ,
true accounts between the Division a"d' its mcijibeni ; .
credit the amounts paid, and pay the ioie over to t!j
T. immediately, taking his receipt. He shall, just pre
vious to the close of his tt-rni, notify every member who
is t Wo iiiontlia. or inoro in arrears, of . mnuunl ln 1-
him to the Division, adding 12 cents to each n. ;i. e.
Al the end of his term, he shall make out for lh-- Divi
sion a full report ; and furnish the It. S. with th rurirmnt
of receipts for initiation fees and does during his terrrr,
wu any other infonnatk.n onneeu-d with bis office
t, enable the It s.j prepare Correct rern.
for the drand Division. He shall perforin such other
dmi()l M thp ,)ivi,i(in (,r hil) rharc(('mav rn,lirt. I)f fci.
He shall deliver up u, his successor all matters ajjs t-
taiiung to his office in his possession.
nth. It shall be the dutv of the T. to nav all ord
J 1.:... i... .1... w l ..! t... -l i i
ZZ C' lTxZ,.
.,-,, ,, llM lUe m. mA ,r ,,f i,;, .,
unless otherwise ordered by the Diviwon." :H- Khali keep
a full and correct account of all iDoneyt received and
expended. He sliall pive the Division a monthly Mute
menl of the fund ; and d-liver up, when lenrrilly callod
upon, all money. Iiookn, jMix rt, smd other property of
the Division, to bin tiuccesttor in otbee, or to whom the
Division may specially appoint. He t4iall perform mieb
other duties as may be rejuired of him by th Divifiion
or his charge.
7th. It shall lie the duty of th' (. to introd'ic for
initiation persons who have U en previously ecctfl. He
shall hIki intriKluc. visiters, and furnish them with mi
tuble regalia. He shall, witli the aid of h- A- ('., x
umine thus present at th opening of th Dnisioti.- He
shall jx- that the olTieerV r-gali:i are in their proju-r "pi j
ces at the opening of the Division, and take char.,v if
llu- same at the close. He shall have charge of wieh
property of the division as may isit le otherwise prnid
ed for, and render a full report to the division at the end
of his term. !
Hth. It shall b the duty of the A.C to render miri
sen iceti as the ('. cr Division may require of bun. ;
9th. It shall b' the" duty of the 1. S, u attend th
door to admit none hut memlnm of the Ord.-r, ml
candidates for initiation.
10th. The ). S. s!.all guard the d.ior mts' l-.ir.-l'
keep off intruders.
Art. V. Eligibility for M'lnhrrahip. Sec. 1.
person shall be initiated into the Division uinU-r eight ( ,
years of age, nor for a less sam than two d .'Jiir.
2d. No person sliall c admitted into th s Y. j on
who dues not possess a gool moral charctT, or wh- js
in any way incapacitated from earning a liveitlioixf . or
who has no visible means of support.
Sec. 3. The name of a person offered for metolerr
tJilp iiKiHt b-proj.scd by a member io wi..ing, vtaai4ig
age, residence, and business, which roust be enter. id ti'.i
the record, and the subject referred to three br-iihefp tr
investigation, who shall report in writing a, a t;":c-f!ing
meeting, when th candidate 5iall f b.ulott-d for vit!.
btll ballots, and if not usee 'Kan four jlack b !N ap
pear against h:;n, ! shall le i claret'. ele-; - t'T rut if
firr .r ne r- black bit!!s : ;: ar. l.c sha!. lie rei r I, aj;d
s- declared. No perre h rej -eted sh;;l b- ag-iiiv pro
posed in any D.vimou of the Order, uiu'er six i' Ji.'
Ith- A proposition for nr ndwrship sJii" ; .- f.';tli-
drawn ufo-r it b;is ben referr d to a cmji: iiirii.-
vest'gatio:;, "without the consent of a i.i: 'or-'. , of the
5th. A vote of r-'t ction mayb' re- .Ts'fier- d wit . ..
three meetings, rxc.us;ve of the .e-l al hich il...
vote was taken. Bl a vote liut ha resuitl bi let
election, shall not be. re-cor.-- J -rel.
C'h. The nat ;e of a cuniidat? or brother, e .-vitn-tional'.V
HlSelided. reject' l. -xpe?lett. sli.ul i.it b
ptibiishetl in any otb-r manner thn th - i J iHtif-r t '
the. Divisioiis. '
7th. Any brother applying for in- :ib r' p
01 caru, snail if si in 1 1 i:ie m:u.
r 1 . ... 1 - . . 4 . .... ... I .
Akt. VI. Contrihuti nf end r
retr.dar dues to this Diviixin .! .
' .t: -iec. ' . ' i
:a,-t b .erf i.i i
certs rer week-
2L Everv bona fide inrrnl -r. W'.o shall qiial:J..t
as required by the Coiis-.,tti:sn and !ly-I..i of tl .
Divisi ;t, ulial!, i'i ca- t f sickn'-ss or tfaL.l.:y. lr e
The "si '.v '. T'k- hnioii e!l"!Ti ;:'ry , ii
of 'he Oru r, v. :i-. ui .inii:1 'isl u.i.';-t. d a: ;i
session of Use National -Div--:- . '
R'iAred, Tiiut Ue- Nation: 1 D. on b
clare that the true :.iieut and r.v ai.ing of t!i "
to prohibit the nianiifieture, purchas-. srilerv
all alcoholic or intoxicating li jih.rs as a ,4y " .
( r emim-'-rat'd b iumw in Ui? Iledge or uct.
."re Fj'JTth Page. I '
er. i J;-
j. . - if
T ! y