Tcf" ojr the Watclunun.
nrr vear. Two Dollars payalik in
Hf:J 1 lii if not, Dai J Itf advance, two dollars
T. r.ti... X-ill h rharird.
At f . V ilha.it n 1 1 insertion. Court orders chird
' Wctlifei" Inanities rates. A liberal dedqc-
f I . t -.Ii. - 1 I .:: " lv. .k.'.,.9r
ttlOPr no Jfuvcriisc uy nit,
gRsilo;i4ie fiJilprs must be postpaid.
pronl tho Presbyterian.
U. U .(L.ii..1ri!i desffnatostnat pan oi
community winni .
rruico ui .,.... rf .
iKk northern counties ri
trettnd. TM name. iavecul,ari 1,1,8 wuu '
I . - i ' : .. .
a - . J if? - !l i ' : " , ' :5i ; J
i it 4 - "if '"'! . . i. - ,
i ' Jl :h ; ' 4 V : - f : 1 V ,
"t"'"" th: i"Trr'TT'"'T"7"r''" r-: ; ,. ,
Ml giiROHMA WATCHMAN.
1 1 1 1 r ' ' -
BRUKER & JAMES,!
Editors 4 Proprietors. 1 1
arc known as
" Keep a check vtox all voxfa.
RULEfiS. i i;
Dot this, ahd Libert t is safe.'
I Gn'i Harrison.
VOLUME VI NUMBER 29.
SALISBURY, N. iC, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 22, 1849.
V ! 7' i w Tlo d has never been , vi.'s Revival, printed at Newbern in 1773, cor,;
Mfr1 ai here complained Sot f"
1 ,Bl?d Wijh tha of he anCestry- HPs, which are now printed for thirst lime
A i ..LlJ.... w,ih of Scotch ancesirv
.t J - .'JJ i il.i. counlry mrui.-..
mn tccilv Horn Scotland. fcBe.
mnXl two waves of the.o emi.
met in Uorin u"""'
li' ' I l)I...lli.nn!i itirmrrVi ttta VatlnV
' -rig irom i '"'V' ,u,w,,b" ,uvi
i .y jhe ril'i'V"1 jCounlry in Virginia. In IN.
CmM t heit d?6ccnaani3 are to ue lounu
ine i.couniit'9 01 u-fnuvmc, wuiut;,!
vllaraance, Rockingham, Guilford,'
. ttoiin,' tatartus, Mecklenburg, and Lincom.
tjg Weldei artpd fiotn tho laith and discipline
of wext ef lne nrKe majority of the
SccBcti-lt''1 of Noth Carolina still adheres p
'Vbircbu'rch for. which theii fathers prayed and
Wirt and jtiedl ; ' . ; A
j i TVc ;Ctp impnt iu self-government of these
' X 'M &'fa, 'l n$ ycl'finlned. Into our po
- Tiiif 1 cauU'fn xro constantly pouring elements
fylii cty Ouiitry in Europe social elements
H jircfrso .i s t features, language, and cos
ianji()i iho e v ho bring them. Werejhe faith
jjjtjlpractici 0" thp Sotch-Irish mord widely
disjilrmjnici , nb lover of his country need to
fe Vrp h f r c s 1 1 1 elf oUr experiment. For, without
r,Lraf;iine it tjf arty of their worthy co.labour.
errfn -th? II ivopijim, it may bo sufely assert.
' d aW the elejine;iits which the Scotch-Irish
liti iittodAcec into our social compact, are
imUr;i.ti nipsl hcalthfu ingredients. In civ
ill matters tHcy c!aim.ed for the? governed the
riill lt settle tho Form of. their government ;
; tioi pciulcalbd jsubtuUsion to the established
aru without date. William Trvonllo whom
they were jaddfessed, was the Royaf Governor
of North Carolina from 1765 to 177 1, I
" To his Excellency, William Tryon, Governor and,
Commandier-in-Chief in and over this, his Majes
ty's Proivince lof. North Carolina: The!iHonbnrav
- . ble his-jMajesiy'a Council, and gentleinen of the
. General Assembly of this Province, the jpetition of
the inhi bitantB of Tryon county, (no'jv Lincoln
Rutherfdrd &c,) being of the Preterianj de-;
; j nominat on, humbly showeth that we, your beti
. J tioners, mmbly conceive that we have been much.
- aggrieved for some years last past by an act con
cerning jnarriage. . j ; l
4 1. By (he preamble, wherin it iilset forth'
that the ministers of our profession, not consid
ering themselves included, and restrained; by
the laws heretofore made and provided, jdid
fraudulently and unlawfully celebrated ; marriage;
Uvithout license or publication of bapl. This
charge, wcjdo aver, is wrongfully thrown upon
us. We are sorry that a report, so scandalous
to us, and so injurious to that reputation we'de-
sire alway$ to maintain, has ever been ohce
believed. jThe practice hadynot then nor at
anytime before obtained among us. The
Constitution of our Church, in common with
ouf brethren of the Church of Engfand, Srel
quires thrice publication of bans. And if kny
minister presumes to join persons in wedlock
without licejnso or publication of bans he brings
himself undpr the penalty of a total suspension
Ironr his otlice by th rules of our Church. I
' 2. By ihe eighth and ninth sectiorts of this;
act our ministers are forbid to marry with right
tul -publication of bans ; a privilege ! which a
II t J 1 - a m. ' t.a
million ot oar tellow professors in America nqw
u-ntpmporly exercised, and they enjoy . whLo ancestors have enjoyed ever
demanded the Abrogation of all privileges to
(lMcs.iii s )ciety,;whether civil or religious.
" !ttl.rHigion t yoy taiiglit that it must bo pure and
r unilfiled bdfon: t3d and man; they asserted
tnatHhe i Iilo 'alone snouiu nave suprfin.u j.
- ovtr'thc clii9cie"fo,i and thateach man had
, t jtghj to worhij (I
lod as his conscience di-
since they iettled on this continent. Neither
ras it ever laken from any dissenters in Araer
ica until it was take from us by tbTf acto
which we riow complain. We pray i and be
seech vou. therefore, to restore us back to the
enjoyment jf this privilege, in common with
Out neicrhhdtirinp nrovinces. Iet na ' not. We
redtled., Hou' carlv and how earnest lite fceoten- h u nl
Urn of Nohh iCarolina were in the cause of nied." it
ihhlnnif ai hiforv ban fiillv pl forth, -thev 11.. j:.i.i .k: iL-
i l&eWf tontrihutdd their fortunes, and fearlessly Uen8a AnA Jood temner of the Scotch Irish of
iV iiadipced thHi; lives to maintain unstained their J North Carolina, the following document is a
vmobMuureu yuuyur vyi .ucn oiCijr .uuic &ull more noble monument ot tne intelligence,
iKCmamorihemseJvrsthe blessings of sane fearlessness,! faithfulness, and liberality of our
Vitiy tna, scnopi-nouie, ur. rooie nas recora- Presbyteriari forefathers. It is in the hand writ.
: ed rnariy ! in? creating proofs in his valuable ;nfT of Waiahtstill Averv. who was a member
""ft Oj j - rf' ;T j
of the Charlotte town Convention in 1775 a
poses heavy penalties on Our clergy, for marry, has been a pest of corruption. Lord Claren
ing after publication of bans by them made, irt den has discharged hij duties with firmnes
their own religious assemblies, where the oar. and without nartialitv. Rut the ifficn use
ties are best kndwn. ui less, and onlv serves to keen the old sore bleed
" We declare that the marriage act obstructs ins. The transfer of the nower to Downing
the natural and inalienable right bf marriage. street would strengthen She hands of the Gov-
" We pray that to thefe several grievances ernment, and neautraliae the factious spirit of
you will, in your wisdom .and goodness, grant the country, tor all practical purposes the
that redress which we ask in this legal and change could not produce evil, and would, we
constitutional method. think, oe attended with. i?ood.
" And we assure your Excellency, &c
inai we snau ever oe more ready to From the Baltimore ciimw
7; " THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED
V i:M , , OT- rnrO
A copy of this petition was circulated amontr 01A11j0,
the inhabitants of Tryon county, who srjeak of man can expect to enjoy the distin-
themselves as being 44 several hundred freemen I guished honor of occupying the Presiden-
Presbyterians, Putch Lutherans, and Dutch tml chair, and be exempt from the attacks
aivinisis ana as sunportinsr two settled I ot nolitical onDonpnts ! hut pvprv Pri.
ministers one Presbyterian and one Dutch." dent lias a right to expect that he will be
j It may be true that agitations for toleration treated with the courtesy due to a gentle
and freedom1 of conscience almost always pro- man. In controvertitio- his noliov. nr ran.
ceed from the oppressed classes, and that his-j vassrng the tendency of his measures, it is
SriT ." 7,71 uITm by;no means necessary or just to assail
of Christians. But the Scotch Irish of North hi rrfciiiP. nr tn KnL; him in,liwi,l,.lN.
ted, is far from being agreeable. If this
class of beings have any business of their
own we hope that out of shame for them
selves, and for the credit of their relatives,
they will attend to it. Albany Freeholder.
From the National Intelligencer.
We are "indebted to the publishers,
Messrs. Gilbert & Kemble, for a file of
the newspaper called the 44 Alia Califor
nia" published at San Francisco, up to
the 1st of October, which puts us in pos- ! includin
his motives, or to abuse him individually
u- . i ; : r i l
sane doctrines when, relieved from oppression " 7- T V y n
they had become in flue ncjal in the State, and viceable to thecountry, and would not
session of authentic intelligence from that
quarter a month later than our previous
The news of most consequence is that
which relates to the. progress of the Peo
ple's Convention for framing a Constitu-
Julies as are" drdinarily given to-such W
bies. The mcmbcrs'of the Asserobly.are
to betclccted annually, and of the Senate .
biennially. No person can be n member
of the Legislature who has not been a
resident of the State for one year. Tho
number of members of the Assembly Is
never to be less than twenty four, nor
more than twenty six, until the popula
tion of the State shall amount to one ha a-'
dred thousand ; and after that period lha
whole number of members of Assembly
is not to be less than thirty nor more than
eighty. The Senate is never to consist of
less than one third nor more than one half
the number of the Assembly.
The Executive Department consists of
a Governor and Lieutenant Governor to
be elected biennially by the people a
Secretary of State, to be appointed by the
Governor, by and with' the advice and
consent of the Senate ; and a State Trea
surer, a Comptroller, Attorney General,
and Surveyor General, each of whom is
to be elected by the Legislature for the
first term, and allerwards by the people.
The Governor is invested with the usual-
powers conferred on such functionaries.
g the veto to those of relative
wj wwwuju iiiuubiiviivi iii me uiaiC) auu It , . . .1 , -
have ftttPmntPd m rptaliat; frt- it,.;. ni1 De objected to by any reasonable man ;
- - f - . . . . v-.w .v.. i.y.i Iv.i iuvii iiaoi , i. . ..
grievances; Happily, the papeis which prove ""Jeeosucn discussions necessarily result
this fact are-Lstiil extantt ahhough but lately from the nature of oUr institutions, and
discovered. Some extracts; from them will be whilst conducted with moderation, and not
given hereafter. But hadfwe no othermemo- i factious spirit 0f opposition, must
rials ol the principles and proceedings of our prove to be of salutary influence, by be-
forefathers than those given above, our Presby- getting inquiry, investjgation, and reflec-
terian has abundant Yeasofis to rejoice in them. tion. But, unfortunately, politicians, and
The clear perception and manly declaration of particularly some of tlie political editors.
,c uigLiueu ioiib i me remonstrance do not conhne their comments on men and
against their violation, anil the catholicity of measures within the limits of moderation
the petition, are worthy of great praise, and per- arld justice for th assail the bH f.
J "J ncer even betore he has had the onnortu-
nity to prescribe his course of policy, and
denounce him as unfitifor office before he
has had time to develop his qualifications.
And they even proceed jfurther, and charge
him with being dishonest, though his in
tegrtty may have been universally admit
Such is the warfarfe which has been
rank in other States.
Banking corporations and lotteries arc
prohibited; and all other corporations,,
except for municipal purposes, are to be
established under general laws, the stock-
holders to be individually liable for all,
their debts. Considerable, debate ocnr-
tionfor the. State of California. This red on a provision which allows corpora-
Convention met at Monterey, in pusuance ' tions to be formed for receiving deposites
of Gen. Riley s proclamation, on sa!ur.- of gold and silver, it having been urged
day, the 1st of September, but, as a ma- -K, Und,cr SUQr a Pulsion, an irrespon-
. r .u r i . t . 1 s,"iC s)stcm of banking might grow un ;
jonty of the Delegates were not then in but lhJ seclion was finIy amended ai
attendance, an adjournment took plnce to ! to avoid all objections advanced, and in
the following Monday. On that day the that shape it passed.
Convention proceeded to business by pas- j Tbc 'boundary, judicial, and education-T
sing upon the credentials of members, &c. ! aJ. es,lioils not decided at the date :
r ,i , ... r . i ot the latest advices from Monterrv. Wo
On the next day the organization of the ; aJd lhe rccommcnJations oflhe select
oociy vas compieteu ny tlie election ol the committee, to which the subirct w;is re-
following officers : ( ferrcd, as regards the boundaries of the
Robert Semple, President ; William G. i ProPosed State :
Marcy, Secretary ; Caleb Lyons and J. B. "Your committee are of the opinion
Field, Assistant Secretaries; W. E. P. that the present boundary of California
Hartnell and Henrique Ilenrinues, Trans- comprehends a tract of country entirely
lators : J. S. Houston, Sergeant at-Arms : I lo extensive for one State, and that there r
wany i interesting proofs
Skcjtehei of Korth Carolina. But history has
hilfchrto -Waillcdj the means fur accurately de.
- terrhuutii the 62iare -which- the Scotch-Insh
hat V'had in diffusing1 ami settling the princi-
pl(jiL.o)i ;hic i thj; State system of North Caro
; mnhia :leei 'loiindcd. '
Iii ijotv ketded .fjeyond a doubt that the
' Sco ch-Irish if ?Corth Carolina did set foith a
cjranon ui iBnepenuence in iiay, i i -!
:-must!notl regard this declaration as a
t; uut jw must noU reir
; wddji'h;buri't f cjnthusiasm, called forth by the
bewVfiiomi Boston atl Lexington. The colo.
: ftittf of Kortii Carolina especially those in
;. nejjtn iCarbltna, had tor many years sutler
cd cih$8.t burdens! from unjust lawn unrighteous
;; If ctecuted. In 1771 the Regulators were
Contending foi wjiat.are now very plain rights.
Tbcri,'wpre jmrjUly spirits among them who
ftsgrarect Ihei r qnuse ; ut very many sympa
lluwl who Co ild lid; theji go the length of open
rciiiunco, ani wfcro frightened by tho excess-
U oElhe JewifiL'f sort of the Regulators. But
ttei'thc tlmd crime, the! Scotch Irish showed
(Lit JlHey' too Khaki severely felt the burdens
hidhthe Heftilitors had" attempted too soon
Ulhhiw ofl". 9 aws which were passed at their
ussion immediately alter tho general Ue.
dlrltiijnof lniJepehdence prove that theydid
fco-operatol as- a body with the Regulators
1 A . t. ' 1 -7 - .... ? -
1, c)1wr the eake of peace, and full trial of pro
- ttand'ireminsirances. Resistance was to
taerian uJiinid ratio -one not 1 izli 1 1 v tube nre-
. ctitdj bqt:whf n pnee urged, to bo maintained i
j! totUtieaihV " Bepides the mailer of taxes and I
I fces the Hcotcli Irish felt very deeply another
Oppncioo, against which also they firmly and
il!lif)gnjiy potc sled until they saw that for- j
KtifaiWe jivas io' onger a irtue. The colony 1
wnrth Carolina had been laid ofl' in parish
Midatfh 4r:i h was expected to maintain
0e of ;u4iit wa i called the Orthodox cler
Uo the jChurlch of England. ; The state of
iftr hiUsit bej a most Utopain, in which the
, jMio i hetween bl uich and State will prove to
1 liy thing btit in abomination. Ilpw very
j jujtjt was in North Carolina may be infer-,
; ftd Itotn the fact; that tho Episcopal Church
HO Norlb Paroliua was not able to support a
'VV9until I tie following papers win
fc f l; tcmp( r kvitb- which, for a while, the
'h Irish' bo c ihis excessive tyranny. To
R.a, 'them fu ly intclligifele.it must be re
Oettjcrcil that th? act foe establishing an Or
jJo&U Clergy, d Ut d from 1715, and as early as
'llLithftCploijia! assembly passed an act per
'" -Jl1'JcpM " lergyman only to solemnize
Ujrjogesj with n he colony ol N. C. When
MN . clergy ii an could bo procured, a jus-
jDjr :thf5 peabe might, olficiate, provided he
,HtidJcd thij fee Lover Io the clergyman of the
yVlr1; . Iii !70Hithj3 act was amended so as
man whose advices was much sought and o-
pinions much respected in the times of the Re
volution. In 1777 he was appointed the first
Attorney General of North Carolina. !
m - i - T-i I ii 1 . nr-ii- rn n an
: " loms cj.xeeuency, vYiuiam lryon, nsq vpian
General, Uovcrfior, and Commander-in'phief in
and over the Province of North Carol ina,:&c. : to
. the Honourable. hi3 Majesty's Council i to ijie
Honourablp Speaker and Gentlemen of the Hodse
of Burgesses for said Province : J
44 The petition and addresses of the inhabi
tants of Mecklenburg county, of the Presbyte
rian denomination, humbly showeth, 11 1
j 44 That wejclaim it as our incontestable right
to petition (he Legislature of this Province' for
redress ofgrevanccs. '"'if j
44 We4nerefore beg leave freely to represent
our case, trusting to your candour and upright
ness to redress our grievances, maintain our
rights and privileges, and prevent all:, infrac
tions of the same
; 44 We would inform you that there are about
one thousand! freemen of us, who hold! to the
Established Church of Scotland, able to bear
arms, within (he county of Mecklenburg;. j
44 We declare ourselves faithful and loyal sub
jects, firmly attached to his present majesty and
the government, ready to defend his majesty 8
dominions from hostile invasions. 1,
44 We declare ourselves zealous to support
government and uphold the courts of justice,
that the law may have its tree course and ope
ration. And we appeal to his Excellency, the
Governor, how ready and cheerful we were to
support government in time of insurrection.
: 44 We declare ourselves entitled to have and
en'ioy all the rights and privileges of his ma!
jejsty's subjects iu Great Britain, to wi Eng.
land and Scotland; p
ceded the storm. The ok! bickerings have
recommenced. Blood has heen again shed in
the terrible collision between landlord and ten
ant. Murder rears its crimson head. Orange
men and Repealers are once more glaring at J
44 When set led under assurances of liberty
and the quiet and peaceable enjoyment of reli
gious rites, secured to U3 by law, by thq char.
tejir, and by'hjs majesty's instructions .to the
Iqrds propietorgwe ihmk it a burlhensome tar
alion to support an bpiscopal clergy.
4 We would by no means cast reflections up
on our sister (Church of England. No ; let
them worship od accordingjto their coricsien-
ces, without molestation from us. Ve; wisn
on our part, that we may worship God accord.
in to our consciences, without molestation
from them. J , 1 i
44 We think it as reasonable that those who
hold to the Episcopal Church should pay; their
clergy without pur assistance, as that we who
hold to the Chijrch of Scotland' should jay our
clergy without their assistance. j
44 We now support two old settled Preibyte
rian ministers I in this parish : we therefore
From Willmer and Smith's European Times.
It is painful to write about Ireland. The
mere me tit ion of the name of that unhappy
country excites feelings of pain and disap-
pointment. lhe lull in tho storm of Irish pol
itics which preceded the ; Queen's visit, in
duced us to believe that a new ra was draw
inc. The old snirit of faction had h&DDilv dis- carried on against taeneral Taylor. From
appeared, and the rush of Itrange'rs to see the the moment of his inauguration to the
and and explore its beauties to spend their present time he has beien the object of in
money, and possibly to invest it permantly in cessant abuse and ridicule. And in this
the soil were cheerins Isishts. The an- kind of warfare the Union h,is bppn nnr.
nouncement of the Queenls intention to build ticolarly conspicuous. I It has been untir
a palace, and have a temporary residence in ing in its assaults upon the President;
uc v.uim.jr oi xuuun, mpaneu nope to many and ,ts columns teem daily with language
U'nn nan nnanairon Alio I tha nalm Anlv I ... ... . ! . . . .. .
"r '"'r" v i" - asratnst him which shou d not hp. ann eH
to any man deemed byj a majority of the
peapie ot me united ocates worthy to pre
side as the Chief Magistrate of the Union.
That paper of yesterday says 44 he had
each other With the malicejof fiends and the ( onh' to be an honest mqn, to gain both the
chronic disorders of the country appear inca- appiause ana me anectpnsot his country-
pable ot cure, or even of mitigation.
1 he feebleness of Mr. John O Connell would
provoke contempt, it did not produce mischief.
He is trying his hand weakly at the old, worn-
put, game of agitation. In the days of his fath
er it required a high order of talent, and all the
resqurcesrof a popular leader, to keep the ball
oving. 1 he juggle was too transparent to
? ' .
eceive ; but wit, and numour, anq sometimes
eloquence, were brought in to aid 'the. delusion
and men laughed at the ability with which the
legerdemain was practised. ;
But things are changed. ; The play is over.
The curtain has fallen. The chief actor is
gathered to his fathers. The racy comedian
who could always command; a roar by his hu
mour, or a smile by his pleasantry, is succeed
ed by a dull dog, the walking gentleman of the
farce, who supposes that every one is pleased
With his person, while in reality 'people curl
their lips with disdaiu at bis vanity. - The heir
to Denmark's throne exclaimed in the bitter
ness of his soul 44 No more lik6 my father,
thant to Hercules!" The! rebuke, finds an
echo, in Conciliation-hall. Every reader, how
ever far removed from the banks of the LitTery,
is painfully impressed with.' the tact talent is
To any imaginative people like the Irish,
nothing surely can appear so pitiful as the so
lemn palaver, "tedious as a twice-told tale,"
which their self constituted leader utters weekly
in the old rendezvous of agitation. 4 Thoughts
that breathe and words that burn,J';.are the
means by which an earnest spirit , moves the
masses. Mr. John O Connell has not a scin
tella of genius. Not a spark of the heavenly
fire exits in his composition, lie is essential
ly a thing of clay 44 of the earth, earthy ;" and
the dross of the pence appears to be the only
power he is capable of appreciating. In this
respect Mr. Duffy and the Young 'Irelanders
stand out in refreshing contrast. Whatever
and Cornelius Sullivan, Doorkeeper,
Gen. Riley being in attendance, he was
invited to take an appropriate seat on the
floor of the Convention.
The following arc the names of the
members admitted to seats in the Conven
From San Diego. Miguel de Pedrore
na and Henry Hill.
From Los Angeles. S. C. Foster, J. A.
Carillo, M. Dominguez, A. Stearns, and
are various other forcible reasons why
that boundary should not be adopted by
this Convention. The area of the tract of
country included within the present boun
dary is estimated to be four hundred and
forty eight thousand six hundred and ninety-one
(148,691) square miles, which is
nearly equal to that of all the non-slave-holding
States of the Union, and which,
deducting the area of Iowa, is greater
than that of all the residue of the non
" Your committee are of the oninion
In what respeci has General Tay
lor exhibited himself otherwise than as
an honest man 1 It is eksy to see that the
ire of the Union has been excited against
hirri by the fact that some of its political
mends have been removed from office ;
but does this constitute a sufficient ground
for pharging him with dishonesty ? How
stands the list of public pfficers at the pre
sent moment. It each ipartv has a fair
portion, then the removals which have
been made, however repugnant they may
be to individual feeling and interest, are
not unjust in a national point of view. It
was! expected that public offices would be
more equally distrjbnteol between the two
parties ; and if General
Taylor has been
guilty of no graver offenpe than undertak
ing this equalization, hej will be exonera
ted from censure by the American people,
notwithstanding the harh and coarse dc- , work in discharge of the important duties
nunciations of the Union, and papers of a assigned to it, at the latest date from
kindred character. j Monterey (the evening of September 22)
The Union exhibits too much irritation ! m0st of the provisions of the proposed
and impatience in its hostility to the Pre-j Constitution had been passed upon in
sidejit. It seems to Te fearful that the j Committee of the Whole, and the Conven
forthcoming message niay be popular tion was expected to get through its work
with the people, and therefore endeavors and adjourn during the first week in Oc
to produce an excited Istate of feeling : bcr.
hat will not permit it tolhave an impar
tial consideration ; but ltisays 44 the Ame
rican people are both intelligent and hon
est;" and hence there is the less fear that
they can be influenced toi do injustice to
7?.. q', nj n t i ! that a country like thi., extending alone
j. i wt Kjuiiiu ajiii ui.ii ft. i . uiiuciiauiiu , i . i . . , . , .
iuu cuasi ncctriy n inousanu miles, ana
more than twelve hundred miles into the
interior, cannot be conveniently or fairly
represented in a State Legislature here,
especially as the greater part of the inte
rior is entirely cut off from the country on
coast by the Sierra Nevada, a continuous
chain of lofty mountains which is covered
within snow, and is wholly impassable
nearly nine months in the year.
44 Your committee are also of the opin
ion that the country included within the
boundary of this territory, as now estab
lished, must ultimately be divided and
sub-divided into several different Slates,
which divisions and sub divisions (should
the present boundary be adopted) would
be very likely to divest the State of Cali
fornia of a valuable portion of her sea
coast. Your committee are therefore of
the opinion that a boundary should qow
be fixed upon which will entirely precludo
the possibility of such a result in future.
Another important reason, which has
aided very much in producing the conclu
sion to which your committee have arriv
ed, is predicated upon the fact that there
is already a vast settlement in a rcmoto
portion of this territory, the population of
which is variously estimated to be from
fifteen to thirty thousand human souls,
the Mormons,) who are not represented
in the Convention, and who, perhaps, do
not desire to be represented here. The
religious peculiarity of these people, and
the very fact of their having selected that
remote and isolated region as a perma
nent home, would seem to warrant the
From San Luis Obispo. Henry A.
Tefft and J. M. Cabarruvia.
From Monterey. U. W. Halleck, Tho
mas O. Larkin, C. T. Botts, P. Ord, and
L. S. Dent.
From San Jose. J. Aram, K. H. Dim
mick, J. D. Hoppe, A. M. Pico, and E.
From San Francisco. E. Gilbert, M.
Norton, W. M. Gwinn, J. Hobson, W. M.
Steuart, W. D. M. Howard, Francis J.
Lippitt, A. J. Ellis, and R. M. Price.
From Sonoma. J. Walker, R. Semple,
L. W. Boggs, and M. G. Vallejo.
From Sacramento. J. It. Snyder, W.
S. Sherwood, L. W. Has'ings, J. S. Fow
ler, W. E. Shannon, J. A. Sutter, John
Bidwell, M. M. McCarver, John McDou
gal, and E. O. Crosby.
From San Joaquin. J. McH. Hollings
worth, C. L. Peck, S. Haley, B. F. Lippin
cott, T. L. Vermuile, M. Fallon, B. F.
Moore, Walter Chipman, J. M. Jones, and
O. M. Wozencraft.
Its organization having been complet-
ted, the Convention went industriously to
A Hill nf liinrht nrppls t Vi t r!rnctitn.
tion, which, as adopted in Committee of ; conclusion that they desire no direct po-
the Whole, embraces twenty sections of "lcai V . - T ," Ps
the usual character of such provisions.-
The question of slavery, the only point
mhrrrages solemnized hy the lhnk a gr.,cvanceih" th Pre,senl aw.?a.ke1
such ministerial acts upon pro-
license from the Cjovernor,
'froihe minister of the Church
ing a'curo of any parish, tho
jPfjterian, cldrdy, and to permit them there
i - mi iinirriui'ri iii mui-ii iinrian. ii nn
litL (' Y . -- --- i " -
y. to pepjrrn the service thereof."
-lper first qjuoied below, is a remonstrance
V' 'i'M amonjing act ,as implying a cen-
(f,ii"M Presbyjerian clergy. The passing ;
' t'" UCl 51 KliriV..! I. r I l.n . i-. A nil rt . r w a ivu a
"fo,un, u null uiiiii nisi uii Mini i ini.1.0
much the misapplication may -induce sorrow.
i The dismissal of Lord Roden from; the mag
istracy has not been followed, as many antici
pated, by his removal from theflord-lieutenancy,
But stung with the insult put ypon their leader,
the Orangeman of the north are preparing for
a grand field-day on the 5th of November next
I the anniversary of the Gunpowder Plot.
The fiery diatribe of the brothers Beer, hurling
defiance at the Irish Government, has been fol
lowed by the resignation of a kindred spirits in
ih commission of the peace. Tho Govern-
- ' I
rhent must' act with promptittide in this emer
srencv. If the Repealers are foolish, the Or-
! anemen are rampant, and bbpod will assured-
y; bo shwl, unless the strong arm makes its
power fen, and prevents the sons of the same
soil' from indulging in the old luxury of cutting
each other's throats.
The corn plundering secrris to extend. t
Klloughby, near Tullamore, ! massacre of po
licemen followed, this congeiial sport, The
peasantry are throwing aside jdl moral, as well
treehoJuers in every parish m-f 44 We conceive ourselves highly injured andn as' all legal, restraint. 1 heU mcessSnt con
the President by?, the irriflammatory ap- j (as the California says) on which it was
peals of that paper. Shoiild the president supposed a controversy would arise, was
fail to administer the Government as be- i settled unanimously, and without debate,
comes the head of a freej people; should oy ;he adoption of a section utterly pro
he oermit the national honor to be tarnish- mhWmo- dnvVrv wiibin thp Xtnt Th
ed, or the national interests to be sacrific- words of this section, which is numbered following should constitute the boundary
"'" " , , ,uii k nvAnUA,1 n inintU mi . -vt.:. i i ot t h e btatc cl La i orrna. viz :
, .1 j . i j i . : - J ' i u . ii.ii; ii c on a 1 1 uiy in t; i u hi uiii nib t j n rn ini in vvs : p r it s nvnrv nnr
may be tneir errors ana mey nave commmea . . . , r ---- u Cnmmmr''nr if r.n nnLt ,r.lp
J .. .u ..!...,: : l.. i Union in pronouncine him unqualified for invn nntnrv serv tude. un ess for the nun- 1 uommencng at tue northeast corner
rnanVHlU lllicnci tnu riuuusiauruy wuicii i -- j i
J (Li A. A 1 t lit- t.l -1
they are animated command respect, however
ble and highly probable, in the opinion of
your committee, that measures have been
or are now being taken by these people
for the establishment of a territorial gov
ernment for themselves.
44 For the above and foregoing reasons
your committee arc of opinion that the
r in n a vv ri 1 1 Umt n I
"-"a - ' - - . . -
uch marriages were ! m,Sht W no mns to pay -any thing by com
.i ( -v, fu,uiiif u )uui outer
,v Ghiklreri born of auc
j f 'plate, andi hid no right to any property
trd1?'! c,aiinJ '4 vi'luo thereof.. The Scotch
feiti i ' I T loo-well to submit
Vti Mnii,vi,at(ti The act for establishing
W Wa! MVMd in 17GI. It provided a
us: liable to be $till further burthened with taxi
es!to support arj Episcopal clergyman, especial-,
ly as not one twentieth part Of the inhabitants
are of that profession. !j
4 We think khat were there an Episcopal
clergymen in (tyis parish his labours would be.
useless. ' -I - i
44 We think Ourselves aggrieved by the ex
orbitant power jof the-vestry to tax us with thej
'enormous sum of ten shillings eacn taxable,'
wtyich is more ihan double the charge of Go-!
vernmcnt, and jthat for purposes to which we
; DONT TATTjLE.
What need it concern you if John to be voted upon by the people, but the
Snooks is courting Molly
They are undoubtedly rational
and can conduct their ldve affairs in a proposition had passed in Committee
, - i ii :
isbmentof crimes, shall ever be tolerated o ne o atc, ai tue imcrsecuon ol tne par
in the State." Some few of the members al!e,1 f latltu two degrees north
were in favor of submitting this question , wnn U1C, Praiici oi longitude one hun-
uitu rtiiu auiucu cai , iiieucc aOUlU. DD
Thompson ?- proposition was not urgently pressed, and n a.n'd al.onS Parallel of longitude, to
Rtinnnl beings, wai reiecteH. almost unaiiimouslv. A the boundary line between the U. States
vn .T-ir in ; nmnnition had nasscd in Committee and eXICO. established by the treaty of
till UUOl IIUII .-al ywv V VVa.--W . - . . . ' ,
becoming.manner without any of your in- of the Whole to prevent free colored r-.- j .u uou-r.mjnw
persons irom settling in uaiilornia, ana 7-; , y
Cjompelled all freeholders to
asa vestryman by a penalty
- .i k
"CH ftminrtiLJU-,.-.!-.; it r.
4 We therefore think that, under the present;
law, the very being: of a vestry in this parish;
will ever be a great grievance. I I
aggrieved by tlj
e marriage act, and preamble
1 . 1 r i ... . : i i
Irid r '
4yiiflV fT ..VC8ltr3,?ncn on evcry Las,er -Mon whereof scand.ilizes the Presbyterian clergy.
Jl lii ' I' hillings ; and lorbade and wrongfully
QiU ! iPl)itcl)p4,',an or dissenter, from de- thelites of rriti
cation of bans!
4 We think i
(charges them with-celebrating
larriage without license or publi-
a grievance that this acl im-
flicts between landlord and tenant foreshadow
society in the stage of disruption.
i Controversy is indulged in respecting the
utility of the viceregal court. In evey re
spect the abolition of the office would; prove a
blessing. The Castle of Dublin, in years past,
terference. What it uep bhort has got persons Irom settling in uainomia, ana 7 ,
a new dress? It is probably paid for and also to prevent the owners of slaves from IH.18 5 lDe.nce west uPn and..
cost Vou nothing. Therefore, why need ' conveying them to the State for the pur- j fa,d boundary line to the I acif
vou interest yourself so deeply about it? pose of liberating them ; but. as much di- I ience ,n a northerly direction,
What if the principal merchant in this ! vision of opinion existed on this subject, lDe course 01 me xacii c coasi, loinesam
citv has become insolvent!? You are not i and some apprehension was entertained : Parallel two degrees north lati-
amonghis creditors, and fqr heaven's sake lest it might jeopard the ratification of the
why can't you let a man have a little en- Constitution by Congress, the California
joymsent? Suppose Dorcas Swift does go , thinks it probable that it will be stricken
to a dancing school? It costs ybu noth- out by the Convention.
luu, u u v2 cue lias a rail cuusuiuuuii, a : x 11c suumgc mumuwi ' owu. ov. , - , .1 , 1
li,Tle;exerciSe of this kind Lay benefit her of considerable debate, and. was. finally T.tiMlr.T.,S? X
general health. This intermeddling with disposed of by admitting to the privileges 'hptrinnino' "
iln ..? tn tlia uttr. i-irrrl.t f mirpivpe i rf i oonr! II mnlft eiti7pnj nl thn United 1 00
becoruing too prevalent Mth a certain States who are twenty one years of age
class in our towns. There are none of us , and for six months residents in California,
wjio escape misfortune, orj are free from i (except Indians, Africans, and descend-
error : out to oe maue ine nuu anu ny- anis oi Aincans.i
tude, exteuding one marine league into
the sea, from the southern to the northern
boundary, and including all the bays, har
bors, and islands adjacent to the said coast;
and thence east from the said coastat
word of a set of gossippinfc intermeddlmj
simpletons, merely On accpunt of inevita
ble misfortune, or a single! error commit-
Th T.fTilatiirp. is to Consist Ol tWO
branchesan Assembly and a Senate--with
such general powers, privileges, and
DCP We see that some of our cotempo
raries have given us credit for an article
headed the " position of BishoJ Ives."
This wrong : It should be crUited to tho
Southern Christian Advocatetfrom which
wc copied it.