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0 / 75
tfor!,SQriiit.r year, Two Poi-MR
t,Lce Jl.it if not puiJ.in odvaufe,
,.f 'n-yiarr fur eai:!i bseM-nt mserijon.
i,L,i.,l'i.i nTwi!. hiirlrtr th;iu t h r
irs A I l
t tte year.
.mil drJuciipn l' 'I'" wlu U(,Vfr,,t b
'1 fshxrrEu for the watchman j
Vtom the Now York Observer
t'nVlc i:bc:i on .TiiiiWrlal Cheating.
- It is too had." said Uncle Eben, "it
A, riot use to be .W: this ministerial
cheating ijt one of: the degenerate signs of I
tBf no.;. . r . ,
Tins remark of Unci. En not ,
Iue ' , . j i ,iJfrht wl.irh
but of certain Ps o' u a t" l
had' been iroum on in iiisinmu. mi. jcii- l
" r 7 . n i,;L J;,i
kins had been sitting bv, his sidesome
fivfriiviiri mutes, reading a newspaper.
lUr,V . ,, i - r VL . w !
If a friend called when LncJe Lbeii was
V . J. f li ii !l i ii tf ,.vvsn,r wi s handed l -
firin, and hf was expected to rend till his
host should be ready to engage n conver
sation. Tliat readiness was sometimes
indicated iy ;i question, but wore (re-
qiiently by remark whicli led o conver- j
atiaii n the subject which occupied his j
IglltS. ; i ,
I'lif expression you have used.' sail
iIr. Jenkiris, willingly laying aside, the
. .......... n..r ' IS! f fill! l nfll I It iJluo m a.n n
lir' n '' vx i. ii, iijiiij nimiii
chfHiihg of mmisteis, or cheating by min
That istrue saTd Uncle El
In which sense should it
said Mr. J, 5 :
In both senses.'
Did no one cheat ministers
Javs V- ' i
iNot very otten. 1 remember a story
told me by ny lather, which
roirues used to feel towards m misters. It
hHpene(l when my father was a small
toy. mbre than seventy years ago.' One
Vibe minister's fowls had gone to one of
lie neighbors, and took up his quarters,
there, A tjievish fellow wfnl one night
and r6bb(Ml the roost, taking among the
other fowls, the minister'. When he
came to ;exHrnine his spoil.! he knew the
one which (belonged to the minister, and
so he took j him home, and jthus brought
bimself out. as the thief. In hose days,
my father said, if a man wronged a min
ister he vvas looked upon as! a sort of Al-
nature is pretty
same ai ni umes. j suspect there were
men then as well as now, wbjo ivduld take
the advantage ol a minister liolwithstand--ing
his Llafcjk coat.' M
1 'There were not many Cjiriistian men
who would jdo it in thoe days.'
'There are not many Christian men
who wduld klo it now.'
'There are a great many Christian men
aIio do do it now.'
'Vou, are not wont to speal; harshly of
. if.. i . j i
wrnur. brethren : 1 hardly ktd
v how to
. iaip joii, i j-
Vou must; take me as I IsAv. 1
sure the word vhcathii mav not b
precise Word to express my ide a. Cheat
ing involves the idea of decept ion or trick
cry. Th,e;wron; which is o lit en practised
on ministers does'not often j involve that
idea. But that matters not.! Whatlsav
is, tbrtt mkny Christian men iwre guilty of
uishoiM'.sty towards ministers!.
'That is a hard saing : I suppose you
are ready In prove it.
'Of course I am, or I should not have
sV'd it. let us suppose a cjiie that will
aJ us ih getting riht ideas of
10U owe me. we will say, a h
lars. Voti engage to pay me
of July, and you put your nai
on the first
le upon pa
I'r to thai ellect. In consequl'nce of that
acrpemenlV I. form ce'itain enagemenrs.
The first of July comes, and 1 hear noth
ing from yoiC My engagements become
dw, and I:; must meet, ihem as I, can.
S'thje timivjn the fall I go tol. v ou. and ask
-ou for ibtt.1 money that was clue on the
lift of July. Vou tell me you hav'nt it
then, or it is not convenient i ryou to pay
thrn. tliaf -you will prcH)ably have it be
;foTe long. , The next week, Uou take all
Jour familf a hundred miles; to hear Jen
ny bind, of you relurinh your wifeVpar
,;'or.!)r giv. a costly enteFtainment,-for
which the cash is paid. v What sort of a
min wouli it take ta'do suqli things?
What would you think of yourself if you
j were CHp.ilile of treating mq in the way
.1 have supposed '
41 should not call mysej' an honest
'Certainly not. And if you knew I had
ssfhred not only vexation but positively
los by your conduct ; if you knew that
'toy family had lacked bread I on that ac
. nt, youvould not like to liieet me.'
'1 sliouhJ not. i
'Well, now let me suppose another
Ase. A parish that is, tb: men who
compose t,' a majority of w mm, to say
Jfifr least, are Confessedly Christian men,
wivite n mimster to settle wit i them, and
' FwViise Uf pa him six hundred dollars a
in two e(jual semi-annni l payments.
he "iirsi payment becomes Hue: only a
Srn''ll p"-l ol if is paid. T je minister
-fciJe. his engagements in vien'of the pro
ie made jhy the parish to pay him at a
; C!"ft,1ln 'ih-fe. Jle has promised the mer
tihis money by that day.: He cannot
p'U his promise for a very obvious rea--0.
hut ofWbvoh will not be taken into
ount by the merchant. ' Ministers.' he
y, hdgld keep iheir !promises.
iv tHn no un,esstiey practise
Hat they preach. Oliier mfn, it is to be
P'-cted, may fail to keep thejr word;
h mintrr, if he wishes th stand faif
llh the public?, must keep liis promises.'
... i ' - ! ,
1 he minister bears the clold looks of
.mi',rchaLiit for several months, when,
"eil'l-irii. li . .Si .
anrnj; nothing about bis jsemi annual
PurUT nt' n'' ca"s on thP treasurer of the
jyh The treasurer is sorry that there
no tnonny in the treasury. I The minis-
11 0 tnnrift in ,i. a i; tri
t . : ij treasury. . i ne minis-
TKU1US OF THK llUOLlYi WATC
1 MrAnI!W;?orr'' and vi,l sPk tol Hetbat can travel well afoot, keeps a
' Aana:Mr.D. who have not naid their Lhnrse. !
J. Jr BRUNER,
Editor 4 Proprietor.
subscriptions.' In the courss of ft weeli
V() fce (oes sQ M fc y
musl calt on some one eIse- Mr- B. hag
a note, to meet at the bank soon, and hence'
' ,,ut J aa SUUG unreasonable i lai ne
shouW be f to pay his subscripJ
.. . ., , . ' " 1 . "
t,on while he has anything else to pay;
M r 5o m i i l i
Mr ' Cal,ed on : he had no mpy l
spare the reason he does not mak
known : the election is approaching, and
be has made up his mind to serve his
country in the next Legislature, if
secure an election.
The year comes round, and the
ter has received only about three hundred
. , and fifty dollars of his salary. He tiasi
suuereu in living, in reputation, and in
purse ; his family have suffered, if not the
pains of hunger, t he-Jack of some jof the
necessaries of life which they could rea;
dily&ave procured, had the parish or the
men composing the parish; fulfilled" their
written engagement. What sort of coni
duct do you call that?'
' It can't be called honesty.'
Certainly not. Is there any diflfirencd
in principle Deiween ine two cases sup
I can't say that there is.'
.If II rrt n
very wen. i nen it any caseis
the above mentioned one occur, I 'spoke
the truth when I said that some profess
ing Christians are guilty of dishonesty to
wards ministers. Now, I will ask you if
any such cases ever have occurred f
I suppose they have a good many of
4 Then I have proved all you; wanted me
But the parishes do not look upon.it in
the? light you do.' I
That may be ; but the question
not IJook upon it in the true, light V
' 1 think you do.''
Looking upon a thing in a false
and calling a thing by a wrong nam, does
jol better its nature. A great many min-j
isters have their influence and usefulness
greatly; irrjpaired by the dishonesty of
those who contracted for stheir services.
It is in vain for Mr. AvB. and C. to throw
the blame on the parish. The parish has
no existence apart from the men whjo con
stitute it. In order that a man may be
free from blame in the matter,' he musf
promptly pay his own subscription, and
do all he can to bring the parish to right
I should like to hear you explain min
isterial cheating in the other sense.'
I have not got through witn the first
scene yet. There is another way in which
ministers are cheated by some men who
profess to be Christians. Once upon a time,
a certain man put up two barrels of pota
toes for two of his neighbors. One wag
sent to Squire M., and word was returned
that they were not satisfactory. The man
hastened to see what was the, matter.
4 The potatoes you sent me,' said Squire
4 are miserable things ; there is not a
large one among them : just look at them.'
4 Zeb has made a mistake,' said the sell
er, 4 and brought you the wrong barrel. I
meanyhis barrel for Mr. He W'as
aboutfto add the name of his minister. -The
barrel was exchanged for the one
filled with fine large potatoes. Thejsmall
ones were sent to their original destina
tion. No difference was made in the
price. Why was it thathe. large ones
were picked out for the squire, and the
small ones lor the minister Because it
would not do tor the minister to complain.
It was the duty to practice self denial ! -That
is a specimen of the way in which
ministers are some times cheated by in
dividuals. 'There are not many persons who are
mean enough to treat a minister in that
manner.' - .:
If ''all the ministers who are now set
tled over churches, should be called on to
give, testimony on this point, I am afraid
it would take a pretty large volume to re
cord it. And now I will explain what I
mean by ministers cheating in the other
sense. When a minister spends his, time
in idleness, or in some secular employ
ment, during the Week, and comes before
his people'on the Sabbath with a j half-'
prepared, feeble discourse, he cheatsthem
out of. what they have a right to have.
Theyvpromised him a certain sum, and he
promised them the best products of his;
mind and heart, and if he wilfully ftjils to
furnish them, he is guilty of dishonesty
the same in kind as that I have been
speaking of and much greater in dejgree.
To withhold from men the bread of life
due to them, is a greater crime than to
withhold the bread that nourishes the
body. I consider it a great crime for a
parish to wrong their minister: I consid
er it a creater crime for a minister to
wrong his parish.'
I must sav in regard to ministers as 1
did in regard to parishes, that ministers
do not look upon it in that light.
' Some of them do. and all ought
When through the inability or neglcfct of
a parish, a minister is obliged to turn a-
side, for a portion of the time, from his
appropriate work, that is another matter ;
but where that is not the case, failure' to
. .i -1 il .. .I
give the w
"ork of the
gation, is tl,
whole mind and neart to me
the ministry, to laj)or for thespi
Ifare of the church and cohere-
. : . . u:.i .j;.i,AKtii '
iiiuij, ishjp worai muu ui uianuucay.
yswtj, .- j rr : 1 - . . k ,, , , MMMMMMMiMiMaMawMaawMMaMBiiiiiiiisiifM
1 " Keep a check cpos all tocr iSS Do this
.. .)! : Rulers. ;.
SALISBURY, N. C, j THURSDAY, MAY 1, 1851.
i 1 i .
From the Goldsboro Telegraph!,
DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
The reader will remember, that we publish
ed a short lime since, an extract from the cor
respondence of the Southern Baptist, in which
it was stated, that Briiish Crown, prior to
Mecklenburg, and tha' we requested some
friend in the county to give us further informa
tion upon the subject. In reply to this request
we have received a communication from a
gentleman residing there, containing a trans
cript of the resolves, which we publish below.
From ihern it appears, that altpr all. Pitt must
yield to Mecklenhnrg the honor of having mov.
ed first in the noble woik, since the Declara
tion of the former was made on the 20th of
May, A. D. 1775. This circumstance, how.
ever, detracts but slightly from the credit to
which she is entitled, since it is very probable,
on account of the poor facilities for intercom
munication in those days, that she had adopted
her resolutions before she heard of the act of
her sister county. Under any circumstances,
they reflect honor upon the county and breathe
the spirit of a high minded, patriotic, and de
termined people, a spirit which we venture to
predict still animates the bosoms of their de
sceridauts, and which will develope itself in
action, should the future prove that their lot
has been cast in those "times that try men's
We hope that our friend will pardon us for
publishing so much of his letter as will rfcrow
light upon the subject:
Greenville, April 4, 1851.
My Dear Friend : I saw some time ago,
an extract in youi- paper taken from a paper
published in the Western part of the State,
which stated that the people of Pitt county had
declared Independence even anterior to the
people of Mecklenburg, as evidenced by re
cords in our Register's Office.
The records alluded to, are the proceedings
of the Committees of Safety tor ihis county,
during Revolutionary times. They are now
very much worn, but are still perfectly legible,
being written in a very plain and handsome
penmanship. Several years ago I examined
them, and took a copy, and often thought thai
I would send to some paper for publication.
The-copies that 1 now send, are the nearest
approaches to a Declaration of Independence
that I can find. The one of 1st July, is a part
of the proceedings of the Committee, and is in
serted as such by the Secretary, as it appears
never to have been a part of ihe said proceed
ings. It is on a separate piece of paper, and
in a different handwriting from the other, and
the signers, with the exception of a very few,
are different persons. It has been preserved,
however, in the same book with the Commit
tee's proceedings. This last may have been
prepared by some member, for those citizens
to sign, who did not have an opportunity of
signing the first-; or it may be the separate de
claration of a party's disagreeing upon some
trivial point with the Committee parly, and ap
pended to their proceedings for preservation.
I have preserved in these copies, the punctua
tion, spelling, and capital letters of the origi
nals. Martiuborough was the ancient name
of this town.
Yours ever sincerely.
Geo. V. Strong,
44 MARTINBOROUGHvJuly 1st, 1775.
The Committee of the county meat accord
ing to Order as Before Mentioned, and has en
tered into the following association.
We the Subscribers Freeholders and inhab
itants of the County of Pitt and Town of Mar
linborough, being deeply affected wiih the Pre
sent alarming state oTlhis Province and of all
Do Resolve, that we will Pay all Dew Al
legiance to his Majesty King George the Third,
and Eodeavor to continue to succession of his
Crown, in the Illustrious house of Hanover, as
by Law Established against the present or any
future Wicked 'Ministry of Arbitrary Set of
men, whatsoever, At the same lime. We are
Determined to assert our Rights as Men, and
sencible that by the Late Acts of Parliament
the most Valuable .Liberties and Privileges of
America are invaded and endeavored to be Vi-
olated and Destroyed, and that under God, the1
reservation, of them, Depends on a Firm Un- j
ion of the Inhabitants, and a steady, spearited ;
observation of the resolutions of the General
Congress, being shocked at the. crewel scene
now acting in the Massachusetts Bay and De
termined never to become Slaves," to any Power
..We do hereby Agree, and associate under
all the Tyres of Religion Honor and regard
for Posterity, that we will Addopt and Endea
vor to Execute the Measures which the Gen
eral Congress now Sitting at Philadelphia may
conclude on for Presserving our Constitution
anrhOpposing the Execution of the Severale
Arbitrary, Iliegale Acts of the British Parlia
ment and lhat we will readily observe The Di
rection of our General Committee for the Pur
poses aforesaid, the Preservation of Peace and
Good Order, and security of Individuals, and
Signed by John Simpson, Ch'm'n..
and 92 others.
44 The Subscribers, professing our allegiance
to the King, and acknowledging the constitu
tional executive power ot Government, do so
lemnly profess and testify and declare, that we
do absolutely beliove that neither the parlia
ment of Great Britain, nor any member or con
stituent branch thereof, have a right to impose
taxes upon these Colonies lo regulate the inter
nal policy thereof, and that all attempts, ly,
. . . .
fraud or force, to estab sh and exercise such
aims and powers are violations of the peace
andecuri.y of.he people and ought to be re-
ana secur .y P j . , ...
mt.j-i 1 a na 111 m i mtiii ii i e ir r in iui?
nrovince. singly and collectively are bound by
he ne,. and Resolutions of .he continental and
provincial Congresses,' because in both they
are freely represented by persons chosen by
.hemsefves. and we do solemnly and sincerely
promise and engage, under the sanction of V ir
im.se ana engage, unueruc a .
, honour, and the sacred love of liberty ana
our CountrV to maintain and support all every
,e..i,iMrin mimhin and siinnori an everv
the Acts, Resolutions and Regulation, of the
ASB LlBEHTTIS SAFE."
Continental and provincial Congresses, to the
utmost of pfir power and abilities. In testi
mony whereof, we have her to set our bands,
this 23d Day of August 1775."
Sjgned by 77 persons.
THE KENT COUNTY! MASSACRE.
Confession of the Mur&er Drummond
turned Slates evidencefour of them im
plicated arrested the Police in pursuit
of the fifth, &-c.
ii ,,. . jQ Q rp,
Havre de Grace, April 13, 8, p m. There
l i ,i ,j
uua utrn i;i rui r , i iicrmnit urir iu lid, ill turn.
sequence of the arrival of an officer from ChVs
C7 . . .. . -J'T I
tertown, who immediately pioceeded to arrest
a man named Nicholas Murphy, on the chargH
of being one of the murderers of the Cosden
family, at the Georgetown i Cross Roads, in
It will be remembered that a man, named
Thomas Drummond, was arrested in Cecil
County, about the first of March, on suspicion of
having been connected with the murder, and
lodged .in jail, where he has remained ever
since. The evidence against him was, that
on Wednesday evening, 26lh ult., ihe day of
the masacre, he disappeared from the neigh
borhood suddenly, and without assigning any
cause for his departure, and could give no sat
fsfactory account of his movements during the
He alleged that he lodged at the house of a
man by the name of Ford (who lives in the
neighborhood of Black fIJird) on th,e night of
the m irder, which declaration Ford corrobora
ted, but stated that Drummond did !not arrive
at the house until a late hour of the night.-
One of the pockets of his pantaloons bore the
distinct impression of a bloody hand ; Murphy,
the man arrested here to day, came forward
and testified that he and Drummond were out
together on the afiernoon and night ef the mur
der, hunting muskrats.
Drummond, notwithstanding tjiis; testimony,
was still held for further examination, and has
now confessed, declaring that Murphy, Shellon,
Ford, -Sills and Taylor, are the parties who
committed the bloody outrage. They have all
been arrested except Shelton, and the officers
are in pursuit of him. This is not the Shelton
the miller, who was among the first arrested.
Ford is the same man who testified at the ex
amination that Drummond did not reach his
house until after midnight.
I learn from the officer who arrested Mur-"
phy that Drummond declares that be had no
hand ih the matter himself, and that the only
object of the band was plunder that his guilt
only consists in a knowledge of ihe conspiracy
before the deed was committed. t
Webster, the uncle of Mrs. Cosden. who has
so long rested sunder the suspicion of having
been the instigator of this dreadful tragedy,
seems to be in no manner implicated by the
confession of Drummond, who intimates that
if some of the Cosden family had not escaped
and given the alarm, ii was their intention to
have followed up the plunder of work and blood,
and that other families would have been masa
cred the same night.
Murphy, on being arrested, appeared to be
the least concerned of all the crowd assembled.
Ford aud Sills have been lodged in jail al Elk
ton. Yours, W. W. L.
Shocking Murder. One of the most heart
sickening murders that we ever read of, was
perpetrated at Baltimore on ihe 10th inst. A
sprightly interesting child, j 5 years and 2
months old, led his father's house after dinner
to go to school. His parents were alarmed
when he did not return in the evening, and
sought and advertised for him. Nothing was
heard of him until the afternoon of the next day,
when his body was found in an old slaughter
house. He-was hori ibl y ma,ngled and bruifed
appearing to have been beaten with sticks on
; lne back, head and amis, and gashed with a
knife on the face, neck, hands and body; his
arn,s terribly cut and gashed as if held up to
defend himself from the blows, lie appears
to have been dragged along; the ground after
being wounded, and thrown; in the slaughter
house, where he seems to have composed him
self to die by laying his head on his arm.
Three boys, 16 and 19 years of age; and
two men, were taken up, charged with perpe
trating this horrid outrage on the poor little
boy. But, alter the most laborious examina
tion, nothing was elicited to authorize their de
tention ; and they were discharged.
Later. Discovery of lhe Murderer. The
Baltimore American says, j
44 It is established beyond the possiniuiy oi
,(,. i i . .. f
a doubt that the atrocious murder ol this inuo-
cent child was perpetrated by another child
once fully convinced all who heard him of ihe
truth of his statements. Il appear hat he and
a negro boy of between 12 and 13 years of age; j This loss of the Company is very heavy, the
the act beinT consummated with the cold original cost of the etahlihment being up
blooded cruehy and determination. j wards of thirty thousand dollars. The walls
"The nerro boy's name' i3 Henry Long, of the building were biick. but th" Ul.ing in of
who lived with Mr. Bankard, adjoining the heavy timbers left them in a mined ?tr;te. No
old slaughter house in which the body of the part of th establishment was insured,
murdered child was found. Circumstances Since wriiing the above, we learn that only
havin" directed suspicion towards him. as soon a part of the yarns were saved. AsMxirough
as he"was arrested he confessed that he com- ; Herald of "23d April.
mined the murder, and related all the particu- j
lars connected with il in a manner which at 1 An Extraordinary Arrival of Emigrants.
little Rumpf (who ought to have been al school) pr a somewhat boisterous passage ol inirly six
were playing together in the slaughter house days, during which she lost her main topmat,
and that Long had lent Rumpf a top-cord, which . fore and mizzen top gallant mast, with tails
he afterwards asked for, and the little fellow ' anached. She brings 5 cabin and 95G steer
told him that he had thrown il down. Not ' arP passengers, making a grand total, inelud-
r i :. . u nvi a rnci: in,- I u un trii iuc
... i J .l fi.A
,u -fc- i , , .. o fUn
neaa who ti--, , ; f
from the house into the yard, but he former
caughl him and took h.m again tnto .he slaugh-
Ipr hflI1,P. ,vhere he says ne reconciled mm so
- . .
'7 1. I . -I I
. 1 1 . .1 .ii a nhi a Ifirwrer
-that they piayea togemer a , V
The negro then again aemanu-u . ..-.u,
..a iu nhA nersisiin-r that he had it not
recommenced beating him with a stone which r. Washington despatch says : J he lo,
he held in his hand, until he staggered and tell lowing, as far as I can at present learn, are
;n it.n corner nf the house, and then beat him
rhM ;,, his arms
in ' -
a uer . , , , ihus he
uci uu e - . . ,
left him, not dead, but, as be; says, crying, ana
VOLUME VIIi-NUMBEU 52.
after bolting the door wenHo his own home.
'Ihe boy says he heard the child groaning du-
ring the night. It was evidentv;th.tt be lived
for some hours after being hurt, as he had
crawled from ihe corner in xvfcichie was left
and placed himself under the winrkwv. where
he was found. The b.ng.niglit of agony thro'
j u'hich he must have pase!$s perhaps the must
J nearl-rPn"ig teature ol the cae ; w hich
,n a!' asl,pcrs, may be "regarded as ne
j scarcely parallelled in ihe hitoiy of crime.
'f"p negro boy is free, and intelligent for'his
' A . , T ......
- ' "" vuic-irss iiiiMur-i ,,, wuilij
he reiterated his -story, seemed utterly incapa-i
ble of understanding or efti.ma'ting ihe enornSi
.ty of the crime which he had committed."
Concerning Orders of Publication.
Sec. 1- Be it enacted by the General
sembly of the State of North Carolina, and it
is hereby enacted by ihe authority of the ?ame.
That in all suits, both at law and in equity, in
which orders of publication are now allowed
to be made, eithei by the court itself, while in
: i..ii i i . .
rsiou, or iy me cierK,or cierK ana master tn ;
equity, during the vacation, it shall be lawful i
for Ihe court or the clerk or clerk and master, !
to cause publication to be made in any newspa
per whatever in this State.
Ratified 2S:h January, 1331.
To amend the 51st section of the 102d chapter
of the Revised Statutes.
Sec. 1. Be it enacted by the General As
sembly of the State of Nonh Carolina, and it
is hereby enacted by the authority of the same,
I hat hereafter it shall be the duty of the sev
eral sheriffs in this Stale, to advertise the sales
of lands for the taxes due thereon, at least nine
ty days in some newspaper published in their
respective counties, where there is any paper
published in such county ; and in counties
where there may not be a paper published, the
sheriffs shall advertise such sales in the near.
el newspaper to such county : Provided, how
ever, that in. the case of the sale of the lands
for taxes of non-residents or of persons living
beyond the limits of this Slate, that the same
shall be advertised in some newspaper publish
ed in Ihe city of Raleigh, in addition to ihe ad
vertisement as hereinbefore provided for.
Sec, 2. Be it further enacted, That so much
of the 51st section of the chapter 102 of the
Revised Statutes, as requires all sales of lands
for taxes to ba advertised in the State Gazette
or some other newspaper published in Raleigh,
be, and ihe same is hereby repealed.
Ratified 24th January, 1851.
To amend the fifty-first section of an act, enti
tled 44 An Act to provide for the collection and
management of the Revenue of the State."
Revised Statutes, chap. 102.
ec. i ne u enacteo ny ne general as-
sembiy ol the tjtate ot iorth Carolina, and it
is hereby enacted by ihe authority of the same,
That so much of the said section as directs the
advertisement of land for sale of taxes in the
State Gazette, or some other newspaper pub.
lished in the city of Raleigh, be, and the same
is hereby repealed, so far as regards the sale of
lands for taxes owned by persons residing with-
in this State; and. in such cases, it shall be nMfQmVo Iv Tlir PVnVTI
the duty ol the sheriff, or their deputies to ad- OMISSIONS IN I II L bL LNTII CLN-
vertise such lands in soma newspaper publish- SUS.
ed in the county wherein such lands are situa- The original tables returned by the Mar.
ted ; and if there be no such paper, then in shal and filed in the Census Olfice, profess to
such newspaper as shall he published nearest include the names of all prions residing with-
thereto: Provided, il shall still be the duty of in the United Slates at the time of ihe enu
the sheriff to advertise the sale of the lands of meration, and il is important that these tables!
non-residents, or of such persons as "live the should be as correct as the nature ft ibe case
beyond the limits of the State as heretofore will admit. Appeals will be hereafier made lo
prescribed by law. these records to asceitaiu facts of iinwr!ance
Sec. 2. Be it further enacted, That all laws to families and individual. Kefe rentes are
and clauses of laws, coming iu conflict with ; now frequently made to the Cenu Bureau lo
the above provisions, be, and the same are ; ascertain from the ducumnts iu the office facts
Ratified 23th January, 1351.
COTTON FACTORY BURNT.
The Coiton Factory at Franklinsville owned
by the Randolph Manufacturing Company, on
Saturday evening last, was consumed by fire.
The fire was discovered about nine o'clock at
night, in the dressing room, which was in the
upper story ot the building. In a short time
the flames were communicated to the roof.
whereupon it became evident lhat no effort
could arrest their progress. Money and goods
belonging to the company were saved, but the
machinery, being fastened to the building, was
destroyed with i. No other buildings were
We have not heard that any one pretends to
i know, or even conjecture, ihe origin ol the fire.
mm i . r . i ' i . i
The packet ship Wa-hington, Capt. Page, from
Liverpool, arrival at New York on Sunday, af-
. l i r i nut ..!. il : n I
i rw nrni0ra n nri I - r f w .11 1 .11 1 11 ijui. a 1 111 1
"- " ' , m wprp fgt
. . V, , ,
rmg the passage. Hus m (he grea eM num
ber of human beings ever conveyed over he
Atlantic. Capt. Page has brought over to this
.... . . 1 . . . - n t, nr.,,t 1 i-o iwivntroa InA Piiiir.
c,,u'" ',""" 1 ' - ;'
m0us numuer o, o,.u, n.,.,....,.,,.
those Senators who thou
ht it dishonorable to
lake constructive mileage. Messrs. Clav. L n-
Messrs. Clav. L n-
i derwood. Badger. Seward, Mangum and Com,
.. " -
The London correipondent of the New York
Commercial Advertiser says of flax cotton : J
44 The use of flx cotton, manufactured ac
cording to the process of Chevalier Ciauen, i
now in progress on an extenive scale at Brad
ford, in Yorkshire, and at Cork, in IrelankJ,
large mill owners at those pJices baring en
tered into contracts." j j
One of the most distinguished agriculturalist
of Pennsylvania, familiar all his life with the
cultivation of flax, writes us to the following ef-
, t " r
feet : .
" Flax is of easy culture as any crop we can
raise, and in cost in, bears but a ma!l propo
i. tion. pound for pou rid, with cotton grown oh
new ground with the best teasnn. j
j 4 Hemp requires a stronger soil, but the
j yield is much greater tbau flx. My e xper(.
i ence leads me to think that ihe crop uf eiiber
is much less liable to faikire than any crop we
, could raise, as flfx matures oly in July. an4
hemp in August, both out of dinger of injury
from drought, the dry season generally occur
. ring later. .
j As a fabric for sheeting 1 and shirting
' deem linen a luxury when compared with cotl
... . , , . ... .,, . . : . J
ltMi, uuu our idoorers wouiu never wear couon
if they could procure linen al a reasonable
price. II the hiire ol these plants can he pre.
pared for power spinning, it will reduce tha
demand for cotton fabrics to a revolutionary
extent, greater even than that produced by the
use of the gin in the rustic costumes of our
people." t I
That the success of the new operation will
be followed by a reductionin he demand for
cotton fabrics to an almost revolutionary ex
tent" cannot, we think, be doulited. The peo
ple of every part ol ihe continent of Europe can
raise, and weave flax for themselves ; and Rus
sia -and Poland, which now supply England so
cheaply with grain, will find themselves bene
fitted greatly by adding to the grain large sup.
plies of flax, which can certainly be raUed at
less cost than coiton, and will ield a fabric
that will be preferred. We yet, however, have
doubts of the success of the new operation ;
and our principal reason for now bringing ihe
matter before our southern readers is, that we
, desire again to invite their attention to the fact
that, for ihe whole of the last thirty year, the
tendency of southern policy has been lhat of
driving the spinning machinery to the flax
growing countries of the world, instead of in
viting it to take its place among its own cotton
fields. Should they not, then! take warning
from what is now going on, if time be yet al.
lowed them, if failure from any caue attend
the present operation ? Had the tariff of 1842
been maintained we should be now consuming
at leat nine hundred thousand hales, a large
portion of which would be worked up in the
southern States ; for by 'this time the northern
manufacturers would be chiefly engaged in tha
production of finer goods, leaving to ibe South
the production of coarse ones. As it is, our
consumption, North and South, is not like, aa
we learn, to reach even half a million, and
there is little prospect of change in the future
unless towards a reduction of the quantity.
A few years of thorough and complete pro-'
lection would enable the South 'to iblp its own
manulactures lo almost every pait of the world
and so much below the prices at which similar
oodjJ COIlId ,,e snppied jjy England, lhat ihey
. , , , , , a . , c , ... 1
m,Shl a,m'St SCl flHl al defianC? 5 and et lheJ'
den' emselves lhat protection f We entreat
them to look to ihe fact they are every day more
and more nlacing ihe control rf the sninninrr
machinery of the world in the hands of the flnx
growers of ihe world. Washington Republic.
; relating to the place of residence of families in
j 1790. In view of these circumstances, we j
have been requested to call the attention of all
j individuals who may have reason to think them. -I
?eVes overlooked by the afvi'ant marshals to
j these fads, and to request lhat they will furn
ish to the Superintendent ol the Cenus the
name, age, color, sex, and condition, (free or ;
slave,) and birth-place of each member of the
family, wiih their olace of residence on the 1st
aa OI June ,asl- Sat- Int-
: South Carolinians Deserting, their Stale.
j The Greenville Southern Potriol says :
v kno,v nf n.uni0n
and W()rh who are a, ,ou, having South Caro-
. i:nft ftn arrniirit i ,l. -in,;nPj ,..r
moij and warfare wiln xlft (;etlra (;vern.
me( which characterizes her. If b persists
in her mad scheme of seceasiort, hr bet rili
Zfiu will leave her in droves, and move, a one
told us a few days since, into the I". Stales."
The Boston Journal says 4,Ili well known
lhat Boston has suffered in its trade by the agi.
tatiwi f S.avery quesiion. Not only South
ern, but Western trade, to the amount, as es.
timaled by some, of even two rniljions7 of do.
lars, been withdrawn from ihis city and given
to New York, in consequence of the odor of
fanaticism with which our ci'y is impregna
ted." We may add that Baltimore hss come in not
only for a large share ol the trade here refr.
red lo, but for a portion of what las been here-
'tofore enjoyed by New York. There is &
strong feeling in ,he South In make BaJ.imora
its commercial emporium, and it is theref.ne
incjrnben? on our business p-o)ie to see thai
the !aci:ities l trading ai d j'ernnal interrourse
shall be on the best fooling. Bull. Amer.
A Yrlcran Printer n the Washington
(i!iJr nL'ice, there is a gen; Umaa. Mr. Collin,
rO years of age, who work it ihe case from
twelve lo fourteen hour every dav, and-w-a!ks
rum arid to hi home in Georgetown, a di.
tance of some three miles, every morning and
! : ' I
!."(''.. ' A " - - ;i