RALEIGH, N. C. THURSDAY FEDRUAaY IOt 1911,
Claim That Rate of Four
Cents on Magazines Would
PECIPROOTT .WITH CANADA
Congress Flooded With lotions Fa
TOiing and Opposing the Pleasure
ftlll Talk of Kvtra Hew km ofi
Conre Prominent Republican
Comment on the IXcmocratic Dem
agogic Position on Pre Text-Books
In Common School.
(Special to The Caucasian.)
Washington, D. C, Feb. 14, 1911.
The proposition of Postmaster
General Hitchcock to increase the
postage rates on magazines from one
cent a pound the rate which is now
paid by magazines and newspapers
to four cents a pound, has aroused a
storm of protests from all of the
leading popular magazines of the
country. For the last day or two
Washington has filled up with repre
sentatives of these magazines who
are appealing to the members of
Congress in both Houses. They de
clare, and produce figures from their
books to show, that such a rate is
A report is being circulated that
the purpose behind this proposition
to Increase rates Is to drive certain
magazines that favor reform meas
ures and which have been supporting
the position taken by the National
Progressive Republican League out
of business. There are some who be
lieve that if these magazines become
embarrassed that large financial in
terests would buy them up when they
had reached the verge of bankruptcy,
and this belief was strengthened by
the proposition that the increased
postage rate from one to four cents
should be operative for only a year as
Of course, this suggestion is indig
nantly denied by the Postmaster
General and those who favor his
plan. The positioa of the Postmaster-General
is that he wants to wipe
out the deficit in the Postofflce De
partment, and that this deficit is
caused by this low rate of postage
which has been given to the maga
zines. No matter what the truth may
be as to the proposition and the va
rious views with reference to the
same, yet it seems to-day as if the
Congress would not approve the In
crease in postage rates. Indeed, this
evening the representatives of the
magazines who are is Washington j
declare that they have won their
Reciprocity With Canada.
Congress Is being flooded with pe
titions both favoring and opposing
the reciprocity treaty with Canada;
besides, the national capital is full of
people who are both favoring and
opposing the proposition. On this
question party lines are badly di
vided. All of the farmers' organization
of the country are protesting against
the reciprocity agreement with Can
ada on the ground that it takes pro
tection from farm products while
leaving protection for manufactured
products. They charge that this is
an effort to reduce high prices, and
that this effort is directed almost
solely against the farmers. On the
other hand, it is suggested in certain
quarters that the farmers seemed to
vote with the Democratic party in the
last campaign as a protest against
high prices while they were the chief
beneficiaries of the same, and that
this proposition Is simply to comply
with the voice of the people, includ
ing the farmers, as expressed by the
The North Carolina delegation in
Congress is very much divided on
this proposition. As a rule, the
Congressmen from agricultural dis
tricts are opposing the reciprocity
treaty, while those from city districts
are favoring it. Of course, there are
a number of Congressmen who have
taken positions for or against the
proposition, regardless of whether
they live in rural districts or In dis
tricts where cities predominate.
Extra Session Still looms Up.
With all of these questions and
with the permanent tariff board prop
osition and many other important
questions yet undisposed of, it begins
to appear that nothing less than a
legislative miracle would be neces
sary to prevent an extra session of
Congress. The leaders on both sides
and in both parties are making stren
uous efforts to harmonize their difr
ferences so as to prevent an extra
.session, but there are only a few
days left, and as each day passes' the
solution of the situation does not ap
pear to be any ne&rer. It As under
, stood that President Taft will be cer
tain to call an extra session if his
-reciprocity treat alls.
The Free Text-Book Proposition.
A prominent Republican of North
Carolina, who waa here to-day com
mented with earnesiae and Intel!
official. If we arc to judge the Dem
ocrats in the Legislature to play pol
itic! over the proposition to furaUh
the children of the State with free
text-book In the public schools.
He said that the action of the Dem
ocrats In the Legislature in refusing
to pass a bill applying to the whole
State for free text-books, bat declar
ing that they were willing to pass
such a bill for the Republican coun
ties, would not fool the people of the
State. He said that he was from a
Republican county and he would be
glad to have free text-books for his
county alone, provided the Legisla
ture would establish local self-government
in his county and allow the
Republicans of his county to elect the
County Superintendent and the Coun
ty Board of Education.
Continuing, he said: "But I am
not In favor of having a Democratic
Legislature to pass a bill of their own
framing and wording to apply to my
county as to free text-books, while
the management of the schools In my
county is left in the hands of Demo
crats appointed by the State Democ
ratic ring and my people are denied
the right to select their own school
ojcials. If we are to judge the Dem
ocrats by the action they have al
ready taken In the Legislature on
this matter, then the Democratic of
ficials in my county would try to
make the free text-book proposition
work a failure in my county for pol
There is 300,000 Horse Power Driv
ing 152 Cotton Mills in North and
South Carolina Plans for Great
(Correspondence of Manufacturers'
Charlotte, N. C, Jan. 8. Dreams;
of empire that fired the minds of
the greatest generals in history have
hardly been of more far-reaching
scope in their effect on the civiliza
tion of their day than are the plans
for the development and utilization
of the greatest forces of nature which
are being worked out by Mr: J. B.
Duke and his associates in the Pied
mont section of the Carolinas.
Under the name of the Southern
Power Company this great interest
has, with a present expenditure of
some $13,000,000 to. $15,000,000,
developed water-powers aggregating
101,500 hose-power and having a
total of 300,000 horse-power avail
able. At present, transmission lines
cover a section 335 x 125 miles in
area, with something like 1,380 miles
of lines in the aggregate.
The power from the present devel
opment drives 152 cotton mills in
North Carolina, located in fourty-five
towns, and in addition power is fur
nished for lighting the towns as well
as providing power for small indus
tries, and the power that runs all the
street-car systems in , Greensboro,
Winston-Salem, Salisbury, Charlotte,
Greenville, and Anderson.
The Duke interests have also enter
ed the trolley field, the lines in Char
lotte, Greenville and Anderson being
under the control of Mr. Duke and
The immensity of the Duke plans
is evidenced in the fact that they are
considering the construction of trol
ley lines throughout the entire zone
of present transmission lines, so that
there will ultimately be an interur
ban line reaching from Durham to
Anderson, a distance of 350 miles,
with a net-work of branch lines ra
diating throughout the district. Lines
are already projected from Greenville
to Anderson, and from Charlotte to
Kings Mountain, and plans are under
discussion for a line from Belton to
Greenwood or Abbyville, a line being
in operation now between Belton and
It is not mere flattery to ascribe to
Mr. Duke qualities belonging to a
really great general. He has imagi
nation, the gift of prophecy, and with
an enormous executive force and
ability of a most unusual kind.
The work he Is carrying forward in
the Carolinas is of world bigness;
there will be no such interurban lines
anywhere as his system when com
pleted. The effect of his enterprise
on the develoument of the section
really staggers the Imagination.
New and modern towns are already
being built at power sites, other
towns and cities will be constructed
or re-constructed with the develop
ment of his trolley lines and water
powers, and there will come to the
entire section eventually a degree of
industrial prosperity and universal
development unequaled outside of
New England, If duplicated there.
Why Hero State Judges if Not More
' Federal Judges?
Lincoln Times. 3
Congressman Webb is opposed to
any . more Federal ; Judges. How
about any more judges here in a pro
hibition (?) State? Ah, well When
the Democrats get the Presidency,
guess he will be for more Federal
MARION BUTLER'S . BALH6H SPEECH:
Greeted by a Tremendous Audience Uhere
He Exposes and Denounces Sim
mons, Daniels and Others.
He Produces Proof Conclusive to Show That He Is not Som and Xeeer
Ha Had Any Connection, Either Directly or Indirectly, With Fraud
ulent C&rpcthag Bonds He Shows That Ttee Bonds Were Coo.
reived and Engineered by a Conspiracy of Leading Democrat, and
That They Looted the State, and
... " .
mio juuenuiie ccvrvi j upwrur ot Mouaofii, iMateta, Overman
and Others -ne Proved That Senator Vance Had Denounced Sins
moos a Being an Uncrupnlon Politician and a Haa Unworthy of
the Confidence of the People of the State He Showed How Daniels,
W.U. Insr-iU, Ul Horded u ,U, D-Oi . To
Had Befriended Him and His Widowed Mother, and Also How He
Betrayed and Misrepresented Senator Vance to Hi, GravThe Speak-
er Was Given a Warm Welcome When He Entered the Hall, Was
Frequently Interrupted by Vociferous Applause, and Was Given an
Ovation at the End of His Speech.
(Continued from issue of February 2nd.)
"Butler and Bonds'
"We come now to discuss the real
questions for which this meeting was
called. So far we have been discuss-
ing the real live issues in the cam-
paign, both State and National, which
should have been discussed by both
parties through every newspaper and
on every stump in the State, The
rord of thA Democratic nartr for
inrnmnptpnpv and hrnlrAn nromisps.
and its failure to meet the people
not only on its record, but also to
state its position on these live ques
tions, is why they have declared 'But
ler, Booze, Boodle, and Bonds' to be
the real issue in this campaign.
'Inasmuch as they have made me
and the bond question their issue,
then I have accepted them at their
word and challenged them to meet
their issue face to face. The cow
ards have run because they know that
they are lying. Since Mr. Daniels
and Mr. Simmons have
the Democratic machine in conduct
ing this campaign of lying slander,
I especially challenged them to ap
pear here to-day. If they were here
you . would have an opportunity to
hear both sides. It is not my fault
that they are not here. Since they
are not here, I will give to you and
to the State the facts about 'Butler
and Bonds' which they dare not deny
except behind my back.
"The editor of the Raleigh News
and Observer began his campaign of '.
lying slander on me by charging that
I had accepted employment as coun-
self from a lot of bond sharks and
speculators and had brought a suit
in the Supreme Court of the United
States to collect a lot of dishonest,
fraudulent carpet-bag bonds. This
charge was made and repeated time 0f security and the income on the
after time. I prepared a statement same, without taxing the people a
showing the falsity of this charge, dollar. That security is so valuable
which that paper refused to publish. tnat out Q it couii be paid the prin
Therefore, those who depend entire- ctpai and tne interest of the first
ly upon that dirty and lying sheet for mortgage bonds and also the princl
their information, no doubt, are still Dal and the interest of the second
The Facts About the Bonds.
"The facts about the bonds which
I, as counsel, represented before the
Supreme Court and helped to adjust
and collect, are briefly as follows
ThA hnnds knnwn tho vnrth
Carolina Ten-Share Second Mortgage
RondR' vptp nnt Mt-hnfr hnnds.
There never was any taint or sugge- hifld tnat these were nonest bonds jer In all the several States of thej Raleigh, with request that it be re
tion of fraud connected with these and that the state was not only lnj Union. It has always been a bad bit f erred to the Appropriations Corn
bonds. They were not issued by a hoEor bound to pay them' but that I of political tatics and has often been I mittee.
Republican Legislature. On the oth-
er hand, they were issued by a Dem-
ocratic Legislature, when Hon. Jona-
than Worth was Governor and Dr.
Kemp P. Battle was State Treasurer.
They were not onlj issued by a De Hi
eratic Legislature and signed by a
Democratic State Treasurer, but they
were advertised and sold to the pub
lic and brought a hundred cents on
the dollar, every dollar of which the
State received. The State made sev
eral efforts to sell these bonds at
par, but failed to do so, and then it
was that a Democratic Legislature, in
1886, passed a supplemental act au
thorizing the issue of these bonds, in
which it was provided that the State
would mortgage ten shares a thou
sand dollars worth of its stock in
the North Carolina Railroad as
curity to guarantee, the payment of
each thousand dollar bond then of
fered for sale. That act also de
clared that this was done in order
to enhance the value of the bonds
and to induce the public to buy them
"In the suit brought before the
Supreme Court of the United States
to test the validity of taese bonds,
Dr. Kemp P. Battle, the Sate Treas
urer, when the bonds were issued,
testified that he did advertise, these
bonds and advertised that this se
curity was . pledged by the Stat to
Not the RefmbUeaas lie Exposed !
. .. . .
w i Not only every cotton planter and U, fr DUI T
guarantee the payment of the bonds,; every railroad in th Cotton Belt ill Mr n"tl to Incorporate toe Nort&
and be further testified that on the j interested directly in the adjudica-i Stte Company.
stength of tMs security he was en-jtion of the cases, they are regarded he Judiciary Co rani tie rport$
ab,ed to seiI the bonds at a hundred j as of so much Importance that Judge unfTorabljr 3ttsr rrUUcg to
cents on the dollar- Clements, chairman of the Commis-flh rlhu nd "Abilities of marrlsd
' we see that lf there was everfsion, himself will go South to hear! momen ed offered a tubfUtnU for
an nonest Doaa lsaue r this State,
ur any ?tner ?tate' and tnat if r
the credit and hoaor of this Statel
ab Peagea " Soa "im to pay aa
honest debt, that it was in this case.
A. S L A. A. 1 a. f A . . .
The fact is' wnich everybody knows
and which no one will deny who has:
any regard for the truth, that the
State could never have sold those
bonds for a hundred cents on the dol
lar had it not been for this pledged
security which induced the public to;clared nlmself agalnst a Kerryman -
ouy tne bonds. .
The Value of the Security Pledged,
Now let us look for a moment atL t. '
the security which induced the public
to buy these bonds. That security
j h f monv vooh haon rutlnr
? J v.v
an income from this security (its
stock in the North Carolina Railroad)
large enough to pay the interest on
the first mortgage bonds, and have
left over $46,800 each year more
than enough to pay the interest on
the second mortgage bonds. Has this
money which the State has been re
ceiving and is now receiving ever
been applied to paying the interest
on those honest second mortgage
bonds? No. A Democratic Legisla
ture repudiated these bonds and re
fused to pay the interest as it became
due. .Years went on, and the hold-
ers of these bonds not only received
no interest, but the bonds became
due. and still the State refused to
"When those bonds became due
the State could have paid them out
mortgage bonds and then the State j The samr UQfalr
would have a clear two million dol-j advanUge of the party majorUy
lars and more left over. T . , . . .
I tQe Legislature to make as many
"These are some of the facts that gafe Congressional Districts as possl
were brought out In the suit before j ble, that animated Governor Gerry
the Supreme Court to establish theand his fellows in Massachusetts a
validity of these bonds. Is it strange
a!"e.'SuP'?mi? Coxxll ?f 5hf Un!H
ed States, with these facts before it,
tue WUI" 1W"601 ""M
he Iaal,1e ec U,W 1 n la?e
Jncome from it which honestly be-
luujeu io muse wag uaa ueea in
duced by the State to buy its bonds?
Is there a single honest man in the
State who wants to see his great
Commonwealth refuse to pay such an
honest debt? ,
"Following the decision of the Su
preme Court upholding the validity
of these bonds and declaring that the
State could no longer refuse to pay
them, and could no longer hold back
the valuable security and the income
from it to those who bought her
bonds, what happened? The very
next session of the Legislature be
ing the Legislature of 1905 pro
ceeded to make a final settlement of
se-l41168 bonds. The Legislature ap-
pointed a committee, all of whom
were Democrats, and Instructed them
to confer with the Governor and the
Council of State, to consider, the li
ability of the State and to recom
mend a settlement of these bonds.
A report of that committee will
be found in the House Journal of the
Legislature of 1905, on pages 1,149
and 1,150. It recommended a settle
ment of th bonds. The repcrt
closes as follows:
M4We believe this settlement ' is
both honest and just, and we there-
(Continued on Page 3.)
fisrorce Tin cwstsfraai mn ft
Tjo Htm tsspnrtaat C3mm 'flsfrtn .
i 3fwi ( rf Hoae Countf EsteUkicd Cut
fotf t6trtt 0trt CtaW? rgriKLJ CI 3 t4
iuurrh Cuab timet
Wataisttoeu D. CL, tVV 13, To?
of the sou iarrunt r;-(IAnnTT! tTtPKTPt lA CTT
in the si?taat and eoarrertoVet ! UAWlMfcU UUlAT5 & 510
Wfare the !&!m! Coamert Cos!
mission to-day r aural for
harisr at Moatts:ry. Ala-. bt&.
ning oa March 3rd a&4 at AtUeu.
G.. beginning oa March th.
The rase are those of the Com
mercial and Industrial Association of
Union Springs, I .a., against the Cat- j
traJ GrSl Itailroad. and Uaer
carrier, and tbo Itailroad Comala-
ilon of Alabama aialcat t& Ceatral .
of Georgia Railroad ac4 others.
Both cases effect the rates on the!
shipment of cotton from every pn
Of lhf Cotton ftlt in thm stS mt I
only to &oinU of comnrmmlon bet trt!115 of t!M tot Kit CUltt
i ZimtiuluM'toll "Bc i i-
Und in Europe. The complaint in 11111 8chol l Ofeaioro. aa4
1 lh firt Caf a15 dUcrtml-j yeaUroorUJI
nation sgainst cotton buyers, cotton 7 protiae domUory
merchants and com press r. and Ue!ao4 make o!hr Irmsstat laprsve-
second avers that the railroads in-?
voke unreasonable and dlecrtmlna-
tory regalations repecUn the trans-i
1 portation and compression of cotton.
the testimony in themj
Term Was Firt Ucd in MaArhu-
Kelts and Means Unfair RedUtrict
, ins of District. that Initiation $1,000 for the pay.
Hon. Joseph Walker. Speaker of?,ent of U debt' P3
the House of Representatives of the Si1' ...
Massachusetts legislature, haa de-
j der of the gtate whea lhft Ujne CQme9
j to make a new apportionment un-
; Hot trio tact raneua T r msblni i VIa
ttuuuuuuemeni oe cans aiieniion 10,
the fact that this is the centennial
place of the method of apportion
ment which has come into use all
over the country, and which is known
everywhere by the name gerryman
der. And that brings up the story
of how the name gerrymander earn
to be attached to this particular bit
of political unfairness. A hundred;
years ago Elbridge Gerry was Cbver-j unfavorably by the committee Tb
nor of Massachusetts and was instru- bill reducing the cost of Pullman
mental in having formed a Congres-j berths was also reported u a favors
sional District consisting of Sails-' ble.
bury, Amesbury, Haverhill, Methuan, j ran,, introdmoed.
Andover, Middleton, Lynnfleld, Dan-i
vers, Lynn, Salem. Marblehead and!, ,lke,: To provide nddiUonal-tltr-
Chelsea. Tho creation of aueh
district was so obviously for parti
san advantage that it called forth a
storm of criticism. Gilbert Stuart,
the artist, while looking at the dis
trict as outlined on the map, was re
minded of a salamander, and with a
few strokes of his pen emphasized
the likeness. An editor of the day,
to whom the drawing was shown re
marked that it looked "more like a
gerrymander,' and so that name
passed into the political history of
the country as a' designation for an
! hundred years ago has made the eer-
rymander part of the tactics of every
I political party that haa had the now-
so shamefully used as to cause the
downfall of the party practicing it.
Now that a leading figure in the Leg
islature of the State which invented
it has denounced It, and declared
himself against it In its centennial
year, it is hoped that his influence
will prove sufficient to cause its aban
donment there, and that other States
will follow the lead of Massachu
setts and banish it from the politics
of the country forever. Exchange.
G. Houston Dove Gets Ffre-Year
Sunday's Durham Herald says:
"Judge Daniels yesterday morning
sentenced G. Houston Dove, of Gran
ville County, to a term of five years
in the penitentiary for the killing of
"The attorneys for the defendant
gave notice of appeal, and the bond
was fixed at $5,000. Until yesterday
evening it had not been raised, but it
is the opinion of Dove's friends tnat
It can be gotten up this week. He
has some property, but could not lift
that amount without a great sacrifice.
Mr. Scrapplngtou: There would
be fewer divorces if more men were
like William G. Diff erdaff er.
Mrs. Scrappington: Why so?
Mr. Scrappington: He Is a bache
lor. Smart Sat. ,
IU4 Hm Civ
e Cbttti Vrer Mlt9f Taa
r I Merited IVoo Tm Osca.
rd I afsvxral4irajNIWer g;,.
rd (hat in ScaateXirw tksr tVn
la th Sst TSssrsday, Peuur
llobcood. of Cssilford tatrodaeed a
protl4ia for an aaaa3
Sator Sikes introduced oas a.
rropliUnc lh tltO.OOt far
! flr"Proof State tmUdin.
fthe bill, allowinr married weae t
contract at If unmarried.
The bill to establish Avery Oos&t?
passed third reading asd was seat
I to the House.
Th bill for the relief of th Ap-
I Pa,cnian Training School, givlax
UfJ UUI Pviaing ror tfce creation
! of P1mont County was postponed
to a later dny.
A racMagft from Governor Kite bin
! recommended an addition in iv.
clerical forr in th -m
of one aR!atant at a lalary of $900
In the Honae.
Only one "bill vai voted on la th
House Thursday and it was killed.
Representative Marshall, of Surry,
Introduced a bill for free text books
to the poor children of the State.
The bill requlric railroa.l. i
null mileage on train.
aiIC sawuuc ror tne Governor.
Marshall: To provide free text,
books for children attending pi bile
schools who are unable to pay for
Mr. Marshall asked that this bill
be referred to the Committee oa
ProposIUons and Grievances, (tat It
was sent to the Committee on Edo
Thome: To amend the reviaal re
lating to cost of criminal cases la
Justices of the peace courts.
Carr, of Durham: To appropriate
money to pay off debt of Soldiers
Carr, of Durham: To provide
headstones at graves of Confederate
soldiers at Raleigh.
The Committee on Pensions re
ported favorably General Carrs bill
to appropriate $10,000 to erect a
monument to the women of the
Confederacy, in Capitol Sonar at
me bill to create Piedmont Cosn-
ty failed to pass by a vote of ayes
z, noes 54.
Senator Cotten's bill establishing
the Torrens Land Title systeia, warn
reported favorably by the commit
tee on Agriculture, but at their sag.
gestion referred to the Committee
oa the Judiciary.
The following bills passed third
To tax dogs in Caswell Oouaty.
Amendment adopted and bin sent to
House for concurrence.
To prevent the shipping ot live
coots or rice birds outside of State..
Sent to House. ;
To prevent loud or obscene lan
guage in New Hanover County. En
rolled for ratifleaUom- r
Taxing dogs in Gastoa County.
Enrolled for ratification.
The bill amending the act as to
the recorder's court fa Wilmington
was the subject of a lively discus
sion. The bill was finally passed.
It allows the city to get rid of its
present court recorder.
The Piedmont County bin was
tabled, which meant Its death.
The following bills . ere tiitro
dnced: - s . . i '
S. B. 630, by Mr. Hobgood: To
(Continued oa Page t.)