4,A DEMOCRATIC FAMILY NEWSPAPER. "
MARION, N. C, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 12,1895.
yvVYMiS AllAIKS IHSCL'SSKI).
jj.:r Kf'littloJM With F.nplaiul-The
i ijl in Insurrection anI American
(:, !'ii--sl'.! v at noon tho !ong-exiicc-I
M-.v-ay frrii PrthMcnt Cleveland
(..-: licfiro CungresH. The eloe-
nas vury lengthy, but below
vi ; f.;::n-i its faliest iointe:
1 ' ' : (J.,. ); of the United Mutes:
i.: j.r'K-iit assemblage of the legis
; :;. v Lrane-h of our government occurs
. r;ic h tho iiiit-rcFta of our
( ,. I !-:' he lco-Is cf the country
;(', t!.-: condition of our foreign
t : . cs ita-1 the exigencies of our
...:. l.i! Ji'iiui'"'S cijjI importance.
I'. rij'wt-i of tho Lends of the
-., ii iii.iiiihtrutiuu (li'j ait!r.(;iit.s of
: , . .,( rume-nt fully ami plainly ex
L.'.t uhit his been Hcconiijli-sheel
; : the- kvj'O of their rcf-pect've
.;: , an-1 i i o". t f-u;h recozntnen.la-
t..: - f r the betterment of our conn
t r " - cm-htioii itK atri'.jtia and inttlli-i:-i.-or
"till observation tuggebt.
Ait' i rtviettiti;' in a general way the
!i it icf'-iiL'i tu the i'reddeuts pro
( i i. Hiiijji-tion of specie payments
1 ( i ili i.t a type of great interest and
i: ,i .iiiuc; both iu its direct eonse
fj .. - suj orihtr own welfare, and as an
i i i. oi the aseeudency of Round
f;t.!.:.c;i.l i iiucipl' s iu one of the most
:t. u ::!;ui of the South American re-
I : iLe as iro in calling to your at
! l!: 'ii the encomiums bestowed on
thv . Is of our new navy which
t ,i. pat in the notables ceremony of
.!.- i.iel CiMiul.
rii! 1 1 lutif.iis sjth Great Iiritian, al
t.; - intimate anil important, have de
i:. !i '. ih;ii;ig the piu,t year even a
iti r shaie of consideration than is
! -:... Heverul vexatious questions
vi. 1. ;t unde tcrmiued by the decision
i : lin: iivhriug Sea aibitiatiou tribunal.
: application of the principles laiel
,! by th:it august body has not been
f'.iiluwod 1)V the results they were in
t to uccomplifch, because their ex-n-';t!i
u ha.sbcen more or lees imperfect.
iLr ini(lctbtumiiug by which the
I i.it. ii States "as to pay and Great
!:.'.!!. :i to receive a lump sum of
?!:", ecu iii full hettleuient cf all 13rit-;.-!:
ti:tiiiis for damages arising from
i ; .: i ;rare of liritish sealing vessels
i itlii ii.i d under tho award of the
!:.:i a tiii.ai.id of arbitration was not
..hiii .r.r. by the- la:.t Congres?, which
?.- !i::-d to make tin; necessary nppro
1 ri : t : :i. 1 urn still of the opinion that
t li i m i uu;( meiit was a judicious and
i; i'.-ii.tiigeous one for the CJovcrnment,
.:. I i t ui ii' i-tly rt commeiid that it bo
i ; -in. e-)i.. i iert d and sanctioned. Not
"utiinding that Great Britain origi
: .in- i tin- proposal to enforce interuu
' i n il ndi.. for the prevention of colli-)
!: - at hen.
VLNKilEU BCV-NDAUY li'lsrUTE.
I' I .'iu' ai'i arciit that th liouiularj dl
I ! . ; w:-u lireat Driinia and tho I.epub
! f i-ntviirla eyiiecruinjj tho limits of
1' i i- (i ,ia:ia was a-Huac!iini; au aeuto
: .ic!init sta'f-HR'iit of iuterest and
l-a'-v .! t!;o Uuit"l States us rRards tho
uT.-y V" '!t:".l to Imj required hoth oij
!..: :i-'.i!iitt aad ia vir-.v ul its relations
!'. i . t i : i I y j'owers directly concerned.
I . tily l:.-t, therefore, a dispatch was ad
'' - t .ur e:.i':a.-fad-jr at London for
:: ii.i -ati-.n to the l'.ritwlt pveninat'ut,in
i atti'.u 1' of the. Ui.ited States was
. ! li-!t:sctly sit forth. Tho general
. .-: i s tln ieiu rea.-hed and ionuiilated
: :: u!-:-tai.- that thu traditional and
. i. . ! I i -y of this Kovenaaeiit Is
i-vd t a for iuo increase by any
' ' . o ,v.T i f it-, territut i il 'OS;'SSioUS
' :.t, : I.' ; :Ii i.l tliis i'o!i"y is as well
' : 1 iu ; ? "e1 a it i- :-tro;i'ly sup
: : ..: ;;. j'r"ee.lc:,t.-5; that as a
. . I'uitc.l States is l.ound to
i' ' :i mo1. t!te n!arj;eii!"nt f tho area
' : 1 1 '.; i'i 1 in 'rotation of tho rights
. ' i'i ff Ve!..v.ieSa; the t tutorial
' t v. ..!. th. ;n -aa l e re:i. -iL"i''ly net
';.! , ! leti hy .tad iint artial ar'-Uratiofl.
i ' n .-oit iorii. h arbitral iou should
tin- w !:.)!, coutr'..ve;-sy aid is iK-t sat-
if . f t!:o jower- con "?rae I is per
1 te ::..., ;.:i arbitral v iiuo through thd
' ' ry ; ,,- and to declare that it will
' .t i" a rhit ration only tho portion lying
- : m.:- vi it. Iu view of these eoncius
: - '!i ; ;.t h iu question ealied upon
1 :':.-! u 'vcii.m :.t f.sr a de'iuito answer
,.:..-;i. a wl-ethor it vonl l or would
: ' :..tth- territory coi.t.ovei?y between
V ae-uola i-i its entirety to itnpar
1 -; Tho answer .-f the Uritish
f ' 1 1 ? not y.-t been received, but
;v ' ; t I horiU. wlii-n furt'n r cottacuui-
it:, -nt.jTt nili prol'ably bo made
' " ' ' ':.-'(.-.-. '
'liiE CUl' AX lXFUUUrOTlON.
1 : i Jaia gravel;,- dtturbed. An in
f ::r t:,..:i, in sorae respects raoro aetlve
t:.- :.;-t i rec-cdln revolt, which con
' : fr :i. -0S to now exists iu a
a-t f the eastern iuierior of tho Is-
it!- even some population on the
. - '. ! -i.h-s derania the comiuerei.d ex-'1
t- : ;!,, i.iand of which our country
v - . I re.'.vT.iiuaut share. This flagrant
u oflio.-tility by arou.-ics seutiaiental
. :-.!. v and inciting adventurous support
L:;- i pe !e has entailed earnest effort
'- ' ' i a rt of this government to enforce
" ; ) r,:.r neutrality laws and to pre
"i t. ; litory of tho United States from
-'--used as a vantage ground from
:-' :ii lt!i-5o in r.ru:s against Spanish
:-Lty. whatever may be tho tradi-
r ;1 '''! athy of our oouutryraen as indi
1 1!;- lam dutv of their jjovcrnaient is
rv'-' rNvi faith in the recognized o'o
' " ' f i;;t-Tti::l relationship.
f . :. -..s ia Turkey Lave continued to
- :" " u...rn. The reported massacres of
' la nrf nia and the develepmcnt
"'-i ia . ti:er ili.-tricts of a spirit of fa-
-; ;'il;ty to Christian irji'uerces natar-j
', N '" 1 apprehension for tho safety or
- t -.l i:un aa, women, who, as de-'
I r" "i ' ' ' t"''' foreign niisMonary soeietiesj
" b-.t"d (States, reside in Turkey under;
';;r'iMee of law and usao and in the.
I'-rformance of tin ir educational;
;i 'I1.5 Uiission. No efforts havo leeu;
t, , . " 'ma iroperty nas oecn enrnuy
v;;; -"r.m-'.v enforced by every means
( r -ii, ,. js made to tho extension of the
, ' n ' rules to certain consular ap-''-"ats
ty. I then follows;
ore miycxAL sitcatiox.
As we turn from a review of our fjrcln
relation to the contemplation of our nation
al financial situation we are immediately
aware that we ar;iroa-h a sabicct of domes
tic concern more inajortaut than any other
that can engage our attention, atd'eno at
present la tueh a perplexing and delicate i
premcament as to require prompt and wise
Uy command of the people a customs rc-ve-nno
system, designed lor the protection and
l netlt of favored classes at the expense of
the- great mmes r,f our couDtrvrnen. and
which, whilo ln-nieient for the purpose of
revenue, curtailed our trade relations and
Impeded our entrance to the markets of the
world, has been tupersceded by a tariu
policy, which in rrin"ipl9 is based uj.on a
d"nial of the rtht oi the govrnrnent to
oV-truct tho avenues to our peoples' cheap
living or lessen their comfort and coLtcnt
ment, for tho take of according especial ad
vantages to favorites, end which, while
encouraging our interior and trade with
other nations, recognizes the fact that Ameri
can self-reliance, thrift, and ingenuity can
build up our country's industries and develop
its resources more surely thnn !n enervatin;
paternalii f ia February, therefore, the
situation 4- ' a esctidlnfly critical.
Tho results of prior bond issues had been
excec-din-tly uasatisfa 'tory, and tho lar'o
withdrawals of gold immediately succeeding
to their public sale in open market gave rise to
a reasonable suspicion that a large part of
tho gold paid into tho treasury unon 6uch
sales was promptly drawn out again by tho
presentation cf United States notes or treas
ury notes and found its way to the hands of
thoso who had only temporarily parted with
it in tho purchase of bonds.
Ihe message then takes up the repeal of
the silver pnrchaso clause, says it under
mined conhdn re and produced tho p-mie.
The history of the issue and partial redemp
tion of United states notes is given at length.
Stress is laid oa tho Importance of the gold
reserve. Loss of gold is attributed to the
existence of Treasury notes. Tho riso and
fall of tho reserve is followed, and tho histo
ry o the bond issue?, matters that are fanai
har to our readers, aro rehearsed in detail.
Then follows a history of the contract with
the bond syndici'?.
"I have "never had the slightest misgiving
concerning tho wisdom or propriety of this
As to further gold withdrawals it oays:
Quito largo withdrawals for shipment in the
immediate futu;e are predicted in well in
formed quarters. About 10,000,000 has
been withdrawn during the month oi Novem
ber. The foregoing statement of counts and
condition, develops tho fivct that after in
creasing our interest bearing bonded indebt
edness more than $102,000,000 to save our
gold ieserve. we are nearly where we started,
having now in such reserve 79,333, 'JCtS,
against 05,43,377 ia Feb. 1S'J4, when tho
first bonds weie issued.
The government has paid in gold more
than nine-tenths of. its Uuiied States notes
and still owes them all. It has pail in gold
about one-half of ii3 notes given for silver
purchases without extinguishing by such
I aynicnt one dollar of these notes. Tho
government has iueurred a bonded indebt
edness of 495,500,000 in establishing a gold
reserve, and of 102,315,490 in efforts to
FAVORS EEI1EE3IEST OF OIIEEXEACE3.
Trouble is found in the retirement and can
cellation of our United States notes, common
ly called greenbacks, and the outstanding
treasury notes issued by the government in
pavrreut of silver purchases under the act of
I heli.jvc this could be quite readily accom
plished by tho exchange of these notes for
United States bonds of small as well as largo
denominations, bearing a low rate of iiiter-
The currency withdrawn by the retirement
of the United States notes and treasury notes,
amounting to probably less than 180,000,000,
might bo supplied by such gold ao would be
used on th ir retirement or by an increase in
the eiieulutiou of our national banks.
I think they should be allowed to issue cir
culation equal to the par value of the bonds
they deposit to secure it, and that tho tax oa
their circulation should bo reduced to no
fourth of ouo per cent., which would un
doubtedly meet all tho expense tho govern
ment incurs on their account.
In a general way the Tresideiit proceeds to
intimate that tho establishment of Statu
banks may be a necessity. As to silver coin
age, he says :
I do not overlook the fact that the cancella
tion of tho treasury notes issued under tho
silver purchasing act of lS'JO would leave tho
treasury in the actual ownership of sufiieient
silver including seigniorage, to coin nearly
173.000.000 in standard dollars. It is worthy
of consideration whether this might not,
ftom time to time, be converted into dollars
or fractional coin and slowly put iato circu
lation as in the judgment of tho Secretary
of tho Treasury tho necessities cf tho coun-
; try should require.
i rtiiETALLiss: isirossiELn.
! No government, no human contrivance or
! act of legislation.' has ever been able to hold
; the two m tals together in free eoinago at a
! ratio appreciably different from that which is
! established in "the markets of tho world,
i Those who believe that cur independent freo
i coinage of silver at an artificial ratio with
gold of 10 to 1 would restore the parity be
tween tho metals, and con-dpi-Dtly t ween
' the cuius, oppose aa i.nsupported and im
probable theory to tho general 1 lief an.l
; practice of ether nations, and to tho teach
ing of the wisest statesmen and eooi; o:ui.-t uf
. the world, both in the past and present.
! The President then weut on to argue, tho
j itnpraetabfiityof bimeta!ism,uj held tho cold
standard us mo oniy uu means ti vaiue,
holding that "it does not despise silver nor
seek its banishment," and that "such a
standard also gives free scope for the use and
expansion of safe and conservative credit."
Ho urges tho advocates of freo coinage of
silver to re-examine their views and beliefs
in the light of patriotic reason and faur.iiar
experience, and to weigh again and a.ain
the consequences of such legislation as thetr
efforts have invited, liven tho continued
agitation of the subject adds greatly to tho
difficulties of a dangerous linaacial sitv.atka
a! read v forced upon us.
Ia conclusion 1 especially entreat tho peo
ple's representatives in the Congress, who aro
charged with tho responsibility of inaugura
ting measures for the safety and prosperity
of our common country to promptly nnd ef
fectively consider the ills oi our critical ti
n ineial plight. I have suggested a remedy
which ruy judgment approves.
I desire, however, to assure the Congress
that I am prepared to co-operate with them
iu perfecting any other measure promising
thorough and practical relief, and that I win
ghillv labor with them in every patriot! en
deavor to further tho interests and guard tho
welfare of our countrymen whom in our re
spective p!a:es of duty we have undertaken
Chilean Finances in Gooil Conditioi
Tho financial situation of Chile is
highly satisfactory, according to the
recent message of President M"ntt to
the Chambers. The expenses In 1S01
amounted to 7S,4!:.Vx pesos. The
receipts produced Dl.Oil'.OOO pesos,
which shows an excess of l'j,Xt,.
It is also estimated that under ordi
nary circumstances the financial ex
ercise of IStHJ will close with a surplus
of about lo.tKXV0 pesos. The produc
tion of nitrate, the most important ar
ticle of Chilean exports, which reached
in 1S90 20.Gr.101 Spanish quintals has
amounted in 1S04 to 23,81),i:S3 quin
tals. The whole commercial move
ment In 1S94 was represented by 12V
f'J4,0o0 pesos in value, T4.4SoC10 being
for importation and 72.010,40 pesos for
exportation. New York Tribune.
ME PEGKHAM CHOSEN
A New Yorker Nominated for the
Supreme Court Vacancy.
JUSTICE JACKSON'S SUCCESSOR.
President CleveHnfl Sends to the Senate
the Xaiue of Itufua AV. l'rrkhara, s
Ju1ge of the Court of Appeals at Al
tnny, X. V. brother or TT. II. Peck
Ixiio, YVhoie oinlnatio!i Rejected.
President Cleveland nominated Ituios W.
Peckharc, cf New Yorlr. to be Associate Jus
tice o! tho United States Supreme Court, to
succeed Iloweil E. Jack3on, of Tennessee,
Tho nomination wa3 received in the United
States Scsata simultaneously with the mes
sage. For the tine bc-ing it divided Interest
with tha President's review ot the country's
condition, find when the Senc.tors had heard
the message rfad it .vas one of the main
When the Senate went into executive ses
sion Senator Pujrh, of Alabama," Chairman
oi the Judiciary Committee, made a motion,
which wts adopted, referriag tho nomina-
T.ITCS W. PECKHAM.
tion to his committee. Sanator Pagh im
mediately called a meeting of the committee
io consider the nomination and report upon
it to the Senate.
A dispatch from Washington says: "The
nomination of Judge Feckham seems to have
ended a s-'ries of incidents by which New
Yorlc has been deprived for two years past
of a seat in the highest National tribunal.
Judere Paelchitra has the support for con
firmation of both Senator Hill und Sena
tor Murphy, and his eminence cn the
New York bench roaie his accentance by the
Judiciary Commitlee an! the rest ot the
Senate a foregone conclusion. Senators on
both sides of t lie Chamber expressed them
selves as highly pleased with the appoint
ment, and in no "instance was any doubt ex
pressed as to the nominee's acceptability.
Senator Ilill was not present in the Senate,
but he expressed himself so favorable to
Ju ice r.ufus W. Peskham when engaged in
ma-Jus the campaign two years ago against
Wheeler II. Peckham that it was generally
bolieved he would accept the nomination
without cavli and even with satisfaction.
Senator Jlurphy. of New York, pronounced
the seleclioii'ns equal to the best that could
ba made, and said there could be no doubt
of speadv confirmation."
Judge"re?kham's promotion leaves a va
cancy on the bench of the New York Court
of Anpenls which sits at Albany. It devolves
on Governor Morton to appoint a successor
who will hold ofilce for a year, when a special
elect ion will b3 held to till the unexpired
"Rufus W. Peckham, a younger brother oi
Wheeler H. Peckham, wiio was also nom
inated for Supreme Court Justice by Presi
dent Cleveland, and rejected by the Senate,
was born in Albany, Y., in 1S33. Ilis
father. a's- named llufus W. Peakhatn,. was
one of the Ju Iges of the New York Court ot
Appeais. He was admitted to the bar when
twenlj-ont) years old. Soon after hi3 admis
sion to practice, ho became a member of the
11 rm of PeelAam & Tremain, and contin
U"l in that couneetiou until tho
iU itii of Mr. Tremaia, when the
!tnn became reckham k Rosendale.
Iu ISo? he v.-as elected District Attor
ney of AlVanv County. He wa President
of the Albany Democratic County Commit
tee Tor several vtar-. In lS93he was elected
Ju.'iea of the N?w York Supreme Court to
serve a term of fourteen years and in 18S6
he was elected to tho New York Court of Ap
;.ea'.. tak;u; the seat of Ju'lge Miller, who
ha t heen th successor of the elder Peekhata.
J j;l;e IVckham in his eight year? of servica
has written opinions in many important
Hill Told the Senate All About the
The Senate committee on the judiciary
Monday morning, on motion of Mr. Hill, of
New York, dlrvtei a favorable report to ba
made on tho nomination of Rufus W. reck
ham. of New Yi.rk. to be A-soMate Justiee of
the Supreme Court of the United States.
S.milar action wa alo taken with regard to
tne nomination of ex-Representatives Sprin
ter and KiU'or. nominated to be judges of
United States Court for the district of
Thre was t-r.t little diseuvion over the
nomination i f Mr. reckham. Mr. Ilill stating
that he was perfectly satit!ed with tho pre
sentation of his name; that if he had been
railed upon to s'. iect a candidate he could
have made no better choice. It will be re
niemlered that when the name of William IL
IIorr.Llower was sent in. Mr. Ilill remarked
that Pufus reckham should have teen nom
inated. The nominee s qualifications were
discussed in a srt-neral way. Senator Hill be
ing able to enlighten the rest cf the commit
tte as to the le:al attainments of the new
justice. Later in the day the Senate in exe
cutive region confirmed the nomination of
Judce Peckham aad also tho?e of Walter L.
Paison. of North Carolina. Solicitor for the
Pet artmer-t of State, and Elmer B. Adams,
I' jited States judge lor the eastern dirict
Gale Wrecks and Lost Lives iu Italy.
Terrinc gaies have prevailed throughout
Italy and along the coat. Twenty or more
wrecks arc reported from various seaports in
which there was great loss of life.
Value of th Trade Dollar.
The despised trade dollar, which went cut
of circulation several years ago, is now
worth tut flfty-fivB centa, or practically Its
General Master Woriiinan SovereisD. of
tRe Ku'-;hts of Labor, s ivs h will positively
decline a re-elect ion. He ilc lares that t
the end of his resent term he will go to
farminc' in Arkansas.
Peter Conlin has been made chief
cf police of New York city, after a
civil service examination in which he
obtained a rating of 93.03 percent.
Attorney General Judson Harmon
in his report recommends that the
United Sttttes Supreme Court be re
lieved of all criraiual appeal cases ex
cept where capital punishment is in
volved. A violent storm swept over England,
Belgium, Denmark and Germany.
Rivers overflowed", and great damage
Comptroller Ecktds has appointed J.
F. Flournoy reeeirer of the Chatta
hoochee National Bank, of Columbus,
Ga., which failed a week Ego.
The "Pittburb' Flyer," a faet train
on the Pittsburg and Lake Erie Rail
road, which left Newcastle, Pa., at 6
o'clock Saturlay evening, collided
with nn ea:-tbound freight train, near
Newport fetation. Engineer, fireman
and mail ckrk are fatally injured.
The South Carolina Republican State
committee nt Columbia have isspd an
address to thi people, in which the
committee refuses to accept as iinal
the new constitution foisted upon the
State by tho Tillman faction, on tho
ground that it is per 6e fraudulent,
and because it is not to be submitted
to the people for ratification.
Dr. William J. Idurray, an aged
physician of Toledo, O., died Wednes
day, after fasting -47 days.
M. H. Gibson, the Chicago member
of the Illinois Legislature, who was in
dicted for boctlling, has been a cquitted.
Secretary Carlisle has accepted an in
vitation to deliver an address on the
government finances to the business
men of Richmond, Va.
When his lore affair was frowned on
by his father, the millionaire harvester
manufacturer, C. W. Deering, Jr., en
listed in the army and is now a private
at Fort Sheridan, 111.
Everett B. Pomeroy, editor and pro
prietor of the Oakland, Cal., Times
died Thursday night, after a brief ill
ness, lie was one oE the best' known
newspaper men of the West.
The New York Reform Club's com
mittee on sound currency distributed
during the past year twenty-four pam
phlets, of which 1,637.000 copiep were
disseminated where they would do tho
WEEKLY REVIEW OF TRADE.
Dun Co. Say tlittt Business Was
It. G. Dun & Co., of New York, say of the
business of the past week: -
With all the shrinkage in present business
and prices it is encouraging to find but a
small increase in failures. Liabilities for
four weeks of November were $12,099,293
against 610,531,873 la?t year. Manufactur
ing liabilities were 3,565.731 ajraiust $3,242.
84'J last vear, but trading liabilities only $6,
723,912 against $7,207,307 last year. Failures
in tho United States for the week have been
324 against CS3 last year and 52 ia Canada
against 40 last year.
Business is still sluf?si.-;h, as if gorged by
excessive indulgence of tho appetite for buy
ing when prices were advancing. In nearly
every branch stocks not yet distributed to
consumers stand in the way of new orders,
and competition of a producing force largely
exceeding the present demand put" down
prices, that decline retarding purchases yet
more. After the holidays business men look
for a larger deiu-.nd. Financial influences
have not hindered, and rarely has the open
ing cf a session of' congress affected business
Iron nud its products are lower, antracite
No. 1, at 613, plates at 1.5 and bar at 1.3
cents and L-s seiner $12 at Valley Mills, with
billets ilC.50. The average of all quotations
is 8 1-2 per cent, below the highest point iu
September, but actual sales are frequently
mad 3 below quotations. The proposed com
bination of laka ore producers has not yet
been effected, and with the fall in the price
of iron i less probable. There is more pres
feur : to sell Southern pi her, and som-3
large, transactions hae lecn ma le by con
eessions whii i the stuail demaud lias broken
the barbed wire coaibinntion aud two nail
and the two bar associations are now ia
session to cr,ri?idr tli-'ir policy. Kails havp
Dot chanired while B sseuier piir has deolin
d -5. ard billets i'J per ton. and a purchaso
of 19.030 tons for Sau Fraricis-ro from England
is noted, with a considerable importation of
wire nails at Boston.
NO COMPROMISE OFU. S. CLAI3IS.
Harmon's Opinion Reverses 31 c
Vtiigb's. Attorney General Harmon has rendered
an opinion tu th-j effect that section 3,436,
revLv.d Statutes, does n't confer upon the
Secretary of th Treasury t ovr to com
promise a claim cf the United SUtes when
there is no dou' t of its retire- and ready col
ivtibii:y. Tii is if-of the lawr was held
by Att-ru-y (i a.-a's Evarts and Iev-ji-,
tut Attor;:y G--ii-ral M -V-a-'h tvk an oj-p...sit-
v:-: - and si:i- h:s ii:n, fourteen
yca aro, lnv. M.Vc:i.-!i opinion beiug the
Lore i'-- i '-''"ii 1 -jliowcd by the Treas
ury in iiitj-ijtir.i.; all coaipromioo cases. At
torney u -rai llarsa cjw revers-js Mr.
M.-V !-":.. 'i 'r;:ii i..'-v c-.-nstru jti-.d f.I thu law
Is r. '. : 1 a p;.t JHiporraut. It was cal
led vut ?..-. -it v the lt.ru.vonal Cotton
Pf-js C ,-r. ai:y, t.'t N v Ori- aa-.
b tin:e in.;. o:i;:.any b juLt a
pi'-'-c of prtp.rty trcn a iuaa taxel
i.e,:d.T. in:; man Li: ow 1 the govern
m i.t a .-cm oi a.oa-y ac-x jadsTtnciit against
nun w.o o'. t.'ii.' d J a iiii trnierci upon
Lis pr ;rtj. T.. j cotton j.res coxpany
t-vgt-t the S-ni'-iit-r property ;j ignoran:e
.,: tu-i sact that t::err was a am against 1.
'Iii- gDverarnvr.: :eppei in to tv:rvT the
ua.;t.nt vi fa .-1, -a a J the '-cttc-a preis eoin
i .iriy. cjlwi.i. r.- vetire iiuoceuce ia the
u..u.-. r. n dt j juiiTciZic-; the natter.
l!. ra; i z..: . 1 it.t tne property was worth
ih' a: . i.-'. vi tnc i.1.: a.'uitst it. 8r:tary
C iri..-; 'i.j-L .i'.iCg i '.-c .-er t eompromis a
cf.' wh-. re it na the gov-, minuet could
rt-cov-r-r in f '-i. a i for aa authoritative
coatr jci-u cf thv iu v.ith thJ result
st.t v I. '. : h.'z'.: :vJe i tl;at tho ni'.KjTfo-n-er.'.
vi t:. . i:::,-c.-l a cre:t bardahip
ap-ja ti.- -il u:-s-: cva:iaiy. tut it is
c.a:md that th g v-r.:uitiit Lai no part ia
jlaii. : i: th-. p.!.x.ia which it ilnii
Coagre-53i'.'n who hae int-rviewel Re J
are of th opinion that th e-jniniittt iit
will t-e anno'in'-oJ on or before the 15th of
this month. Irmor hpakcrs have seldom
had th hat tn.le up be-fore C'hristai-, but
1:-.m1 has ha 1 alvantag'-s, prav-ticaWy of a
year in which to mak up his cou:mitte-P9.
He tays that he i anxious to havj congress
complete its wort and adjourn.
OCCURRENCES WORTH NOTIXU
FROM ALL OVER THE STATE.
The State Board of Agriculture has
decided that the holding of farmers'
institutes shall begin in January and
continue during that month and Feb
ruary, eo as to reach the farmers at a
time when they ere not busy on their
farms. Just as many institutes as pos
sibe will be held within tho two
months. It is ordered that a new
Handbook of the State 6hall be issued;
far more complete than any previous
one. It will be prepared by Commis
eioner Patterson, T. K. Brnner and H.
B. Battle. A special vote of thanks
was tendered the Seaboard Air Line for
for its co-operation with tho board in
furnishing free transportation to the
persons who hold farmers' instituted,
and also for its hearty cy-operation
with the board in the f utherance of the
immigration work. The work of
Commissioner Patterson in holding in
stitutes was heaitily applauded.
Death Iu a Well In Alamance.
News has been received cf the killing
of Mr. Will P. Summers, a hard-working
farmer, ia the northwestern part
of Alamance county, Wednesday after
noon, by a well'h caving in on him. A
large chunk of rock and earth fell on
him at a depth of about 30 feet, ter
ribly mangling his body. After being
rescued he came to consciousness, but
lived only a few minutes. " He leaves a
wife aud eight children, the youngest
Southern Railway Indicted.
The Southern Bailway Company
was defendant in Justice Deaver's
court, at Ache ville Wednesday, charged
with running freight trains on Sunday,,
and was bound over to court in a bond
of $1,000. Several employees of the
company, charged with working on
Sunday, filed a demurrer which was
overruled and the defendants appealed.
Cleveland In North Carolina.
President Cleveland left Washington
Thursday night on the light-house ten
der, Maple, to , recuperate from the
strain he has been under in the prepar
ation of his message to Congress and
on a hunting trip through the North
Carolina fiounds. - With him were Dr.
O'Reilly, Commander George I'.
Wilde, naval secretary of the light
house board and coniander Benjamin
P. Lamberton, in charge of tho light
house district comprising tho sounds.
School Superintendents to Meet.
The North Carolina School Superin
tendent's Association will meet in Ral
eigh, Thursday evening, December 20,
1895. Superintendent C. W. Toms, of
Durham, is President of the Associa
tion. There are eighteen graded
school superintendents in North Caro
lina and the attendance at the ap
proaching meeting promises to be
larger than usual. The program will
be an interesting one.
STATE NEWS DOTS.
A bank at Washington, N. C, de
posited $5,000 in gold in the U. S.
Treasury on Thursday.
The City Board of Tax Equalization
of Raleigh reports an increased valua
tion of SG2.000.
Dr. R. I j. Payne, of Lexington, will
move to Norfolk, Ya., to accept a posi
tion with a fine salary attached.
The Sun says sufficient water pro
tection is now a quefetion in Durham.
It favors municipal ownership of water
,, t- i i i a rvi t i t . I
.uayor r i-noiaie, oi nmingiou, eias ,
resigned, and the board of aldermen
has elected Alderman Harris hia suc
cessor. In a nail keg in the btore of William
Alderman, of Harrison's Creek, Pen
der county, was found, a fewdaya ago,
$190 in gold and $10 in silver.
The Governor orders a special term
of Person Superior Court for the trial
of civ'l cases to begin July 6th, Jude
Starbuek to preside.
The Tyson & Jones Bngjry Company,
of Carthage, were owardeel the firfct
medal at the Atlanta Exposition last
week for the bes.t uil-roand exhibit of
George Costello, whose real name
was George Loughlin, and whi was a
noted trapeze performer in Sell's cir
cus, and who was lulled by a full from
a train in Georgia, we? a resident of
Henderson, and was very popnlar. He
was to have been married soon to the
"strong worx.au" of the circi6, of New
Stat3 Treasurer Worth has n-jtitle I
the legislative joint committee to taett
December 15th, to inepect the books,
vouchers, etc., in h:- ofiice and in that
of the State Auditor. The committee
is composed of Senators W. H. Fatth
ingandC. W. Mitchell, and Repre
seiitatived A. F. Hil-man, W. P.. Ulit
! and D. R. Jnliaa.
I Governor Carr offere 5-00 reward for
J the apprehension of Sam Netiland, of
I Lenoir, Caldwell countv, for the mur
der of Frank Stcelmn. He ehot the
latter dead, although Steelman on his
knees prayed for mercy. Newland'
friends sav Kteelmaa had made thrt-aU
that he uonli kill Lim and tievexal
Robert WatkiiiS, a married man 27
years old, was found frozen to'death iu
hia wagon near Hay Meadow, Wilkes
county, Tuesday icrning. He had
been orer the mountains with alovl of
prewluce. When found he was Bitting
in tho wagon, his feet on the double
tree anl his head leaning against the
6ide o' the waoa.
BILL ARTS LETTER.
HIS FLORIDA BOY JOINS THE
Anl W llllam Does th Honors Grace
"fully at the ,,Ioflr.
Tin re his been rommo'ion in tt.ca prU.
Our Florida bo Lu rro ed iho Hubi on nd
got nurned. II fuuod h a t-rtda lt winter
neir San ford, and I tins a!l d prufeakiouallr
tovHiLtr iarl:d father took a .vautaw c(
the old centhman and tried Lis ana xsvoa the
daug Uter. It doesn't take a mi art, food look
injr young nan Ions to capmro an cnupc
in? maiden, aud bo sha tumndeml at Ulcera
tion. The mother generally falls in'o 1 ne
wi;fc the choice of au t.Ulient rtPsVer, hat
the old gciitknianwa6entaoeiB.lv harmoiicd.
'Til think about it, I'll trunk aUrnt it" said
Le. "1 don't know much bont you! I'll hro
to irqaire. I tbtigbt joo atrj ct'iniu. cut
litre to ete me, but it ttciai I was nii'aken.
Are yon making enough io support a wife? D
yu lay up anything or do jon fpeud i all?
Whit do?a Sara Ray about it, and her mother?
Thu i a Buip ise t mo, s.r; a nrpr.ie, but I
ni'Rlit havj expected it. I w.ll oi.aiJer if, air,
ai dciveyou an answer btfere we return to
My rt collection ia that it ia an awful soltmn
affair to s tho d koi Itmaufor h a Janhnr.
I put it ofT fiom dav to day. I e'rea (cd t I
had no troublj rh t: edu,htcr cr th-j mot? or.
bnt thefe eld solid fathers can't to Usnilel
with good looks anl honied w-ds. I would
liito t. set a 1-ook fu I if tu n inUivic what
the youcg man aid and huw he ud it and
wbat the old mn said in reply. I knew a young
man in tLe louj a;o who jut it off uu il be
found the old mm aloue iu LU tlc'.d fitting cn
a log. and he was s ex it.d 'hat he forgot
hiuite 1 and aal:cd h'm to pli tso to atrp fiia
way a tuirm e. Ihe old rnau tmiltd and ea.d:
"Go ahead, Jin), tLtro is nuU-d behind this
my yonng days thcro l ad to be a perfocal
intfrvifw". Writnig a btur to ihe old man
would hardly Lave been tolerated, but i:ow it is
q ute ccmuion. and sj the inotlrrn y a h avoids
math embcrassaicnt, Why, ihcy t ven pop ttte
qi stion in a letter and cover whole pases with
adoration and a.lniirtion and adulation
and all the other a ion anl wm prom
ises that aro likely to le forgotten
after the honeymoon is over. Ia our Uy
the girl waited UiOJcetly to be c ui ted, but
niw they are more ag-receive and nianv if
them tet eoarea to c ch their pniuc Dean
Bwift cays that tho teamen why there are to
many enhappy man lages is that the jouug la
dies f peud ra re t me iii uiakiag nets than ia
making eagre. I don't 1 ko thc?o co d, calcu
lating matrimou al allianccn. Iho eqii.sue,
ecu atic, angelio qmetiouB of lovo should not
le Fupprts td. Never was a tr;da more charm
ingly won than Coleridges Gencviertt. Hi had
tola her a tender, touching story and it ended
so sweetly that
'She wept with pity anl delight,
6he blushed with love and virgin ehame.
And like the mm mnr of a dream
I heard her breathe tiy name."
But I started to tell about the commotion
the preparation for the in fair. That is what
it used to be called, and it u a proper word. It
ia in the uicti inry and means the reception of
the wedding party at the heme ot the groom's
parcn's. You fco the bii te was a stranKtr to
u. Il-r home w:ib in Philttdeiphia and our boy
had to travel 1,103 mik-s to get her and liked to
have been shipwrecked off apo ila tctason
the way. Tho veofcel lust two days in the utorm.
For a week lef ne that my f lks had been
cleaning np the hotve and the yard and feeding
raBim aud s all-fied.cg tuikiy gobblers and
they k pt me or the miu servant trotting to
town for "6U2ar and f p ce an I ail that's nicj"
or something f leaUizen times a day. And
they talked aud wcrkei and won lercd what
kind cf a girl the boy ws br;ngmr inro the
family. I was (.really adraonishtd bow to bs
have, and as fnen.!s and kiudred hid been ia
vitid to a giand d.ning and some would stay
over night, they pa d I miRht eleepon tho s"fa,
as 1 had done before on such occasions. Iam
a very huu.ble man aid wan thankful. I wou!d
have plept outdoors on a plank if they hal said
so. I wits insti ncted to m to A lanta and meet
the bride aud groom and escort them to our uu
pretention! home, wh:ch I did with exceeding
It is all over now and mv wif j sn I I are calm
and ferene. What 'he Qiker C'.tjhas lost we
have gamed another kind. Jovnig and consid
erate daughter. They were married n in
ha to an I are not likely to :tp n at Uinuro.
Ti ere is another entry to nuke tiow in the
family B.b.e. The Ood old bjok is gottintr
prettv full of recerdt Bir.h. marnagci a d
deaths nature's totaiivn g'adntss and sad-ne-y,
joy and eorrcw. O.d Father Tune hai
tfn kii.u to m I. r a goou miiis. iue -ca ate
itdl l.vin and ho hai taken bu. two gtaid
children from 'he flock, i 1c old raacal si ek
his wuett tl fcythe at ire occukionahy and wis
his head and L-rins and pn.s. 8 on m h on
and cut3 don.iuy fii- n Is, the f:ienils of my
youth to warn nie. N -i 1k iro ha int d u
Dr. Dtl:rv, tue noble-hearted surge n. tbe
friend of n:j fara'ly forty five yea-; tiis cc-ntb
hearted man whom (TO'VUetlr loet. He was
venn'r than I. ItithjWjB ripe. !! had d ne
t uon ,h &Ull wa, .ir.,,. An. onr .st
cut down Dr- bioh Lranham, the nun of (od,
the T reacher, edi'or an l educator, a man whos:
pure, exalted character and hfedong ervice
v,as sn lllusttitus txamp'e to tho gecf-ra'ion
th&t followed iu Ids wake. He, too, wis rip.
The lives cf tuch men all icoiu 1 tv
We miy make cur lives sublime.
Eat we don't do it. It is ptiful to th ek
how few cut of thj ruillKus kava foot
ptinta on he can 1 How many m Iho imvo
'..iid a'id ltf tio ai'n. no murif, n imprea-iv
e xrmj.l f r goe.d; nothing hnt that they hvd
cud eic-d and the pi a, h aLould be:
Once ia tLe fl ght of ages
Th-re Lret a nian
A mau f r a woman id the LumLhV. wslka of
life can hve tu' 1 rue and thx aatrJs of tunn
do it. L' ngfeilow it i nll m to Mm?!t
xtd -. kTotig-" I temerntr a pxr Led n :doa
jLri'iJ hobc knevi were !rain 'o hia clun
an l his Cii. m to his iita atid U. a; i e U ut
like a yrs In in chroi.ii ih'-nmattsni, but his
rac' was a!r.i-t anz he in ita ar.d h s
grat.tidc to (j" f'r Hi t&Atv mat mrr 1
eui. Tha' tzexjd man's ii-fla' tvx ovr tho fs
iiy t! at give h:ni f l aul aU-.Iitr and or-r
the nti-hcT wis tub!it.'i'. ILo ficr hri
more f- portuniu-s to ahow (ru au'.l m:t of
thtitcter than tin rich. Ilvr man anl
w- virii fhould berin h' to io this iifo .Lera!i
mejts tr. iduca iou f'.r t' I fc to cm?.
Ihe more we lern L're of trn.'h, pa uur.
T.rta. pr t:tn le arl lore to Gol ar.d mati th
V.ie'.ir !and w will take amon? tin hit's.
H"s.v-' n s a rLoo! aud is a ron-nire aa the
rchO"!s of earth, h wu p a o:d to !ovw
an ! Lli to t- pre-sTit at -h trarun.'crat cx
TL'V had tta-Jutft t w:t!i thi I icb t Lui',
tn:'&::y f. ns can lea.n enough L r to cnur
grin mar cji I if no. a cU' ; e in Lfd to c m
What d-tdth! Itiar-kx.iT.D; meaii? I
it in tini: r is it a aliac? Are th? p o
pld tfcifkfnl rr j&t hunij? II can a inan
r g attfal ncltas Lc kcow aoci thing cf the
O rer a; I how cm b ko-w u- !- he roTiawa
w.lh i-at-rs an-l nstort'a Goii? Eat I uidu'i
tart to rl e a M-itr.on. L t tb preachoi do
that. We l.ar Lad ur T. arik;ir n and my
wife ar.'t I nccired tho eatd:c l-tttm i a tton
cf children and grandcLildn-n and tnrmw
diuKi.tr i firly in roduced to h r wmtezn
k norrd. Just new i er pol tirs and mncU of
Lerrc lgia i is coco n rat d ia her La ba'l
and will r main so as I ng as L in d anl
faithful and tftn. Hay "he gw.l L -rd le-
thtia n ' k tp ti.era Lappj. bax AaP in At
lanta G.nu uti-n.
The Intmatioaal Ei-Metailic Lea?n hAS
rceive-J intiiatioa that I3ritih and German
delegate will attend ths U-nieLalil.? eonns
to b h-l l in I'arii Leo?xU r 10th, 11th and
Ia th ctly Democratic Newipaper la
HcDowell county, and has a large cir
culation in adjoining countic. It pub
lishes all the newt without fear or
favor, ted is the orgta of so ring ft
It le the bold champion of the peo
ple's rights, an tamest tdvecAU of the
best Interest of the county of UcDow
ell acd the town of Marion. IU avlTtr
thing rates are reasonable, end the sub
scriptioo price is $1.00 per (ft mi
If you want the best newspaper In the
country brimming full of choloo reed tag
matter for business mea, fanners, - ma
chiaici, tod the home circles of ell
dieses subscribe and pay for tne
Record. If you doa't, why just doot,
and the pspcr will be printed erery
Thursday evening as usual.
If you haven't enough interest In jout
county's wellfare to sustain the best nd.
vocate of its diversified interests, aad ita
truest friend tho newspaperyon need
not expect a 2-column obituary notice
when jour old stingy bonee are hid
from the ejes of progress in the
All who owe subscriptions to tne
Record will be dropped from our list
unless they pay up at once.
The Marion Record,
Practical and Scientific Barber. Orer
btreetm.n's drug store. Call and eee
rue, as I promise satisfaction in ail In
PIEDMONT AIR LINE.
noKtiENetn Jcnmt li or tamixoz taaiys.
Ortubrr . IHIi.
I t. tUrita C. T.
" AlUnu K. T
" Lula ...
( rnelia ..
" Westni Inner.
" S.-r a.
" I'.larkkour? ...
Ar. hit hmond ....
" New York
lJil,iDljr Efcwi taallr
Lv N. Y.I'Rk .
" H'l lmore...
" Wllil)gtOD .
Klua s Ml
' !. tbure ...
- ill. Airy
" hut M
Ar Af.twtK. T
"A'a-iJ. "V p.m. -M'nooa. "y-nJiht.
So. J7and 3ft Wiih iiwa and Southwestern
Vtrt.to!-! Lirnitrd, IliTix t fal.icaa felKrs
between New o:k ar.d w Grlet.a. U
D.of, Atr.ta aud J!oat'Tneiy. td '.to b
twrni New Yo k aud Men.j.ti;a, .a Whlrnt03.
ACta aud 0Lro.li.chau). V.niog Cars.
S(M 'Sand Ubitl "ats tsat VaU.Pnllxan
I f-!- ir.t Cars between Ailinu, New Orltans aad
5o. 31 and 32. Expcsl'lun Flrer. Taroneb Pn'.l
man eri.'S bft'fa New York and Arauta ria
uectiun Will t v ade f oi hi'bmcud with N
21,si;-irii Cm foilwan feUeplnf tar will
I flrid ttw-en Ki fcnr.ond sud Atlanta. Oa
WetuoCa's aLd Huur yt Cjfcr.eeuon Iroa Al
141. ta to KkiiBv-nd with thn.oa s evlct car
wi.l be to lcate At.aa a Ij train No. S2.
yM. 11 toi 12. fnllrtsn P'.eerina Car bttweee
CcLtnoi.'J, LauTlh ad oieeuaUro.
IV. A. IfWC, 8- H. IIABDWICK.
Ccu'l i'os. A? t, As't Gcs'l l"a. Ag t
Vabio:o. D. C. ATLaVTA, Oa.
W. B. EYDEK, Soperlnundetit, CBaaxorre,
w. n. CEEES.
Gen l Sept ,
WauiixfaTos. D. C
J. M. CCI-P.
WatmsGToy, V. a
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