D. M. BE ALE, Editor.
"In Eateot&b: nitj In Hon.-Eitnto Bberty la Ail Thino CWtr
POTECASI, NORTHAMPTON CO., N. C, JAN. 29, 1891,
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NO. 39 I
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SOUTHERN STATE NEWS.
Happenings of Importance For A
Dwellers In City and Country Get a
Write-XJp Here Free of Charge,
ana No Questions Asked.
Another cotton factory is to b? built
at Buffalo pajK.r mills, Cleveland county.
Stajcsville organizes a Luud Develop
ment and improvement company.
Lieutenant .1. B. Hughes, who hu9
been instructor of tactics at Bingham
school, Orange county, has gone to Fort
Grant,, under orders from the war de
partment. Senator Zebulou B. Vance was re-elected,
receiving the full Democratic vote of
Stepj are being taken by the Raleigh
Chamber of Commerce to hold a great
Southern exposition at that place. '
A new charter has been granted Triui
ty College by the North Carolina Legisla
ture. This allows its removal to Dur
ham and increases its board of trustees to
thirty-six, of which the t wo Methodist
Episcopal conferences in the State choose
twelve each, while the alumui choose
The Work of the brown-stone quarry
has br0Ught to Sanford quite a nnmber
of foreigners. Nearly all of these stone
cutters are from France, and. nearly all
of them are belOw the average stature.
As u rule, they fire very ien,erved and well
Governor Fowle commissioned Julian
E. Wood, of Elizabeth City,, colonel of
the First. Itegiment of North Carolina
Stale Guard, and W. T. Howell, of
? (Joldsboro, major.
An appeal to the supreme court of the
'United States in the suit of Baltzer and
Roaks, of New 'oik against the State of
North Carolina, which was decided ad
versely to plaintiffs by the State supreme
couit, v.( eil'-ted. at Kak-'igh. T1k
case involves $140,000, and is to get
payment for iron furnished the Chatham
Bail way Company.
The report of the Slate Superintendent
of Public Instruction for the last fiscal
year shows that,- iii the matter of private
schools the county of Granville is far
in the lead of any CDunty in the Srate.
This county reports fifty-seven private
schools, lifty-three of which ars for whites
and four colored.
The House in session at Raleigh adopt
ed a resolution favoring a repeal of the
tax on the State National Banks. In the
Senate a lively discussion was created
over a bill to increase the penalty for car
rying concealed weapous to $30 or thirty
days in jail, which linally passed the sec
Rev. .1 A. Sligh, of Newberry, re
ceived the appointment of railroad com
missioner to succeed the late Gen. Bon
ham, thus completing the commission.
The French government has abolished
the office of Frauch vice consul at
State Treasurer Bates moved into the
Treasurer's office at the State Capital last
Wednesday, having been occupying tem
porarily a corridor office, while the
official chamber was undergoing repairs.
The wife and child of the Treasurer are
still quite ill.
The town of Goldville, on the Colum
bia, Newberry and Laurens railroad, in
Laurens county, way almost totally de
stroyed by tire Monday, There was an
explosion of powder that injured several
leople. The place has just been biult
Muce the new road was opened, and has
flourished in that lime.
Columbia'. new daily paper will place
its lirstj issue before the people of the
State by the middle of February.
Emma Abbott the swett opera siuoer
who dietl last week bequeathed a lega
cy of $50.00u to the Citadel Square
Baptist church of Charlestou.
The inieroutfonal pet aud poultry
show at Charleston was n great success
There were over 2, 000 entries of poultry
and 107 dogs.
At the Wedu'odav's session of the
Sinking Fund Commission in Columbia,
the Secretary of State nominated D. m!
Means for chief clerk of the public land
department, and Col. .lames G. Gibbes
for abandoned land agent, and thev were
elected by the commission. The"loard
intends to vigorously press the collection
of debts due the State for prior liens, and
has 'concluded that under the existiu"
laws it has the right to bring suits to a
sert the State's prior and confessed lieu
on land for tnxev cmis and penalties ac
crued prior to
J- A. Nonis has leen appointed post
master at Stateburg. Sumter county.
tvii' U, ? IIi!1 general ma.r of
t he i narleston &.Savunah rail war," was
elected vice pn-id, ut of the plant In-
vestment Co., to fiP the vacancy occasion
ed by the death of Judge W. S. Chisolm.
The KissjmrGce sugar mill is turning
out a fine quality of sugar and running
day and night.
Ground is broken and work under way
at Punta Gorda upon a large, ice 'factory,
the daily product of which wjtl be twenty
five tons. . '
Bartow has new Irish potatoes and will
soon have all kinds of fresh vegetables of
V. J. Shipman,' leceiver of the land of
fice, Gainesville, says there are over 8,
.000,000 acres of land in the State yet sub
ject to homestead, also that the past year
has been the busiest the office has ever
known. Over 12,000 settlers have
The Tavares, Orlando and Atlantic
railroad is advertised for sale under a
foreclosure of mortgage. The F. C. &. P.
is reachiag out for this persimmon.
The forty-seventh session of the Flori
da conference of the M. E. church, South,
met in Month ello, Bishop W. W. Dun
can presiding. Among the the venerable
men of the body was Rev. S. Wood ber
ry, who for lift y-two years has been pre-,-ent
.-tt the opening session of the confer
ence. At Tampa the other day Sam .Joaes
said to his audience of four hundred peo
ple : "If the devil and Jesus Christ were
to run for office in this place, his satanic
majesty would get live votes to .Christ's
one if people voted as they live, I mean.
Wouldn't he, liowr'' (Here he appealed
to the ministers and a voice replied: He'd
get a majority, sure.)
Commissioner Turnbull says that it is
high time that public interest was
awakeued in the matter of having Florida
properly represented at the World's fair.
I he legislators have a .serious problem on
their hands. They must keep taxes down
lor their constituents and still appropri
ate money liberally for the general good
liobeit Miller, of the Atlanta Real E
tate Exchange, is in Flordu closing up a
big deal in phosphate lauds for an Eng
lish vi:.i:tte. About $13,000 ! i
volved in the' deal.
The Free Masons of Manchester a?o
preparing to build a three 'story lodge.
The exploding of a saw-mill boiler r,t
Iron Gate killed John Heudersou, lm
son and a negro named Reubin WillR
and, totally destroyed the engine.
Governor McKiuney issued a requisi
tion for "Judge" A. B. Eat. now in the
District of Columbia. East is charged
with forgery and altering a , negotiable
note purporting to be signed bv one H.
T. Ea.st. He has been taken to Rich
mond for trial.
At Lynchburg a thirteen-year-old son
e Councilman J. D. Suliivan, while
walking on the street, laid his hand on a
guy wire from an electric pole and was
instantly killed. A companion, who en
deavored to release Sullivan from the
wire, wasiknocked down, but escaped in
jury. ? Gov. MpKinney has received a copy o.'
resolutions from the Lunenburg county
Alliance j: rotesttng the calling of an ex
tra session of the Legislature. The reso
lutions stated that the Alliance was op
posed "to any settlement of the State
debt for any greater amount than was
agreed upon by both political parties in
the Riddleberger act."
The Synod of Virginia in Lvnchburg
appointed Revs. H. H. Hawes and D. A.
Penick to conduct evangelical work.
That an English syndicate will shortl
locate a steel plant with a capital o
th ree million dollars in the State aud
somewhere within a radius of two' hun
dred miles of Lynchburg. The capital
ists are experienced men in that line,
having been long engaged in the stee.
manufacture in Sheffield, England, and
the exact location of the enterprise will
greatly depend upon the action of the
laud compauies here as well as of monied
Alice MacGowan, of Chattanooga, is a j
new syndicate writer whose articles are j
popular. Her letter and sketches deal 1
with southwestern .life as it is.
Mrs Amelia Towusend McTyeire, wid
ow of Bishop McTyeire, of the South
Methodist church died Wednesday morn
ing at Nashville. She was a relative of
the Vanderbilts, and was instrumental in
getting the endowment of Yauderbilt Uni
versity. Bishops Keene and Fitzgerald
will assist at the funeral.
ArthurS. Colyar, Jr., of Nashville,
whose escapades dtiriug the past few
years have greatly grieved his familv,
and attracted wide attention, has been
adjudged insane by the circuit court at
Manchester, Coffee county, and ordered
to the asylum for the insane.
There will be no strike on the Nashville
i: Chattanooga railroad. An amicable
settlement was reached at the final con
ference between the officials and the em
A bill has been introduced in the Leg-
islature providing for the calling of a
Constitutional Convention, bv Ralph Da
vis. A press dispatch from Columbia says:
Captain J. H. Andrews and Lewis Lands
down, two prominent citizens, met in
front of the Second National bank and
began discussing appoint upou whith An
drews had been sued by Landsdown. Af
ter a few heated words, Andtews drew a
pocket knife and cut Landsdown's throat
severing his jugular. A physician hap
pened to be uear, and through his imme
diate efforts Landsdown's life was pro
longed for a short while, but he finally
bled to death.
Ex-Governor Taj lor will now reside in
Chattanooga and is not particular wheth
er he pleases the haughty Nash vidians or
not, especially. TShe current rumor is,
that there have been times when he re
ceived ,'noiie too much consideration at
the hand- ol the aristocrats of that
straight -laced old city.
John r. Buchauan was last week de
clared by the legislature duly and consti
tutionally eleeted governor of Tennessee
for the en.Miing two years. He was in
augurated Saturday. Gov. Taylor deliv
ered hib'tvtiring address, after which the
oath of othYe was administered to Mr.
Buchanan bv Chief Justice Turney, of
the Supreme t'ourt. Gov. Buchanan "then
delivered his inaugural address.
Hie Uiaul of education has opened a
night chool at Savannah, which is in
session three nights a week.
A policeman dare not take a drink
while aa duty in the streets of Albanv.
They are not allowed to eater a barrooiniJ
while on .1uty. uuleJ called in on official
businei-. f '
A new bill passed by the last Legisla
ture, has ken agitating the people of
Rome a 5400 I deal lately, and especially
the t-ir 3 rouncil. It provides for the
creation of the office of recorder and Com
bines that office with that of city attor
nej', making one man both judge and city
attorney. hi h is. of course, impossible.
The bridge ith Georgia, Carolina
and Northern va!JS5S4-. across the Salau-
-hahmrHL-f ,Ml5 puAcdtoBJm-
s&f built of trie ibest
s are four in
Augusta's Cottton Imposition aud car
nival began Tuesday.
A mortgage has ken filed iu: Rich
mond county Superior Court, at Augus
ta, for $6,000,000 (in the Augusta and
West Florida Railroad. The Mercantile
Trust Company of New York, is trustee.
The mortgage provides for $15,000 per
mile. Tweury-tive uales are graded from
Augusta toward Thouiasville.
N. BGriffin has liiade quite a valuable
discovery on his place near Rome. He
has found a vein of lead and silver com
bined about 50 per cent, silver. It is
cut in two by the Oostanaula river, and
at that point is fourteen feet wide by fif
teen thick. Mr. Griirin has refused an of
fer of $50,000 by a Chattanooga party.
He says he wouldn't take $100,000 for it.
There is an old Indian legend of a silver
mine iu the vicinity.
The cotton crop of Alabama is valued
Rev. Mr. Finger, :t Methodist minister,
ran for Governor on tie Republican tick
et in the last Arkan-as election. He has
now been suspended f(Jr six months by
his Bishop for goiuy into politics.
Smallpox is on tLj increase in Texas,
and at several points appears to be assum
ing an epidemic form. The Governor has
ordered thi State Health Officer to Aus
tin, aud he will make that place hi?
headquarters uutil the disease abates.
Bishop John P. Newman, . who is one
of the bst known Methodist divines and
educators iu the. couutry. will be a promi
nent figure at the quarter-centennial
Methodist jubilee that is soon to be hed
iu New Orleans. He will speak on "The
Future of the Negro Race" a subject
which he is particularly fitted to discuss,
as much of his work ha been among the
colored people of the South.
The heavy snows up north make is very
probable that the lower Mississippi region
will have a tremendous flood this spring.
It is feaied that the uow wxl thaw and
cause the river to rise before the new le
vees can be completed.
The Postmaster General has abolished
the office at Catherine, Ala., owing to the
recent trouble there.
Four thousand miners at Pratt Mines,
A1 a., have returned to work.
Colonel Daniel fenuett, a well-known
agriculturalist writer, died at Brookkaven,
MUa., the other day. He was at one
time the associate editor of the New Or
What Koch's Lymph Is.
report just- pobh
t jProf. Koch
composition of b-J
tively brief. It y
lrmnh, is com para -
etbe Ijjnph consists
of glvcenne, and
fSiraci uivmeu irom
a pun: cultivation o!
ilie Southern Farmers Opportunity
And Duty, j
An Exposition of What Cosiatitutea a
Prosperous Country; Skilled
Labor is Wealth.
By the operation of nature's laws this
year would seem destined to be the turn
ing point in the financial condition bf the
great mass of the farmers of the world.
For years past the price of the products
of the farm has been gradually decreas
ing, and the decrease has been intensified
by the abunbance of the crops raised, not
only here but iu all the great cereal -growing
countries of the world. The ef
fect of this decreased value has been to
materially reduce the area planted to ce
reals; but this reduction alone would not
have been sufficient to cause any substan
tial rise in the value of crops, bad it not
been that uatuie had come to man's assis
tance, and by climatic causes, operating
not only here but almost throughout the
world, caused a material reduction in the
crop yields, sufficient, we believe, tc
cause a near approximation to supply and
demand, and to lift from the market that
overwhelming surplus which whilst it ex
ited surely prevented a rise in value. We
Hie now in receipt of the returns of the
year s crops from the principal producing
countries of the world, and an examiua
don ol them yields some startling results.
Taking this country first, we tiud that
there will be a probable decrease of f 15,
000,000 to 120.000,000 bushels of wheat
below the crop of 188S; corn will show a
decrease of about 600,000,080, and ' oat
will yield less by probably 300,000,000
bushels than last year. Addipg these
three staples together, we have a gross
deficiency of 1,020,060,000 bushels of
grain in this country alone. The return
from England show that she will need t.
import quite as much wheat as last year,
say 144,000,000 bushels. France, also
will need to import from 40,000,000 to
50,000,000 bushels. Indeed, the whole
PA..lij together, HviU r4Hti tfitTrf H-
t about 20,000,000 bushels. The rUnWr was r Sunday hrnll aiiiifim-
Indian wheat harvest is officially reported
at 13 per cent, below the average of the
last five years, with a decrease in area of
1,500,000 acres and in yield 955, 000 tons.
With such figures as these before him no
one can doubt but there must be a sub
stantial increase in the value of all the
cereals during the winter, and we are
strongly of opinion that this will be a
permanent increase, as the shortage will,
from the natural increase in population
and decrease in the area of available land,
be a permanent one that is to say, that
even giving good average crops, the sur
plus having been swept away by thit
year ! of diminished production, supply
.nnd demand will continue for some years
to nearly balance each other, and so a
permanent higher level of prices will be
maintained. Now here is the Southern
farmers' opportunity, anil he should make
haste to seize it. In this and the adjoin
ing Southern States w;e have had rathe;
-trder an average wheat crop, but we
have an abundant corn crop. Let, then,
every farmer economize in the use oi
wheat and corn, and hold them as long
as he can conveniently. Usually corn is
extravagantly fed here and other equally
valuable feeds are neglected, or, if used
at all, only to a very small extent. Bran,
cotton seed, and cotton seed meal may
with great economy be substituted for a
part of the corn ration for horses, cattle
and hogs. Bran will no doubt advance
in price, but may yet be bought so as to
save money when compared with corn.
The cotton crop being a large one, cotton
seed and cotton seed meal is likely to bit
cheap and ought to be used freely. In
this way corn may be saved and money le
made by its sale whilst the head of pay
ing stock on the farm need not be reduc
ed. Market all stock in excess of what
tan be well and profitably fed at once,
and do not waste an ounce of corn upon
them. Southern Planter. I
-i K 4,
SKILLED LA BOB IS WEALTH.
The South in natural products is with
out a rival, says the Constitution. All
the world utilizes her raw material for
commerce and manufacturers.
But the raw material alone cannot
make any section rich. We have inex
haustible fields of iron, but the crude iron
is comparatively of little value. It takes
skilled labor to make it count. A single
iron bar worth $5. worked into horse
shoes is worth $10.50; made into needles
it is worth $355. and made into balance
springs of watches it is worth $250,000!
. This is an example of what skilled la
bor can do.
Then we have cotton. A Iale is worth
about $50. Skilled labor comes along
and turns it into calico worth $250, or
into the finest lace worth $10.000 1
We might go on indefinitely on the
line, but these two illustrations show how
the value of a crude product is multiplied
when skilled labor takes bolu of it.
Here in the South we are jut entering
upon our march ot industrial progress
Our greatest need i to nave our
properly trained. The technological
school is Georgia's latest effort in that
direction. With the judicious support
of the State it will open for our brainy
and ambitious young men brighter, more
useful and more profitable fields in devel
oping our material resources than any
profession can offer. Honey spent on
this school will be a good investment. It
wilt train up an arm? of workers who
will turn our iron and cotton and other
raw material into thousands of useful and
beautiful forms that will make this the
richest spot on the globe. Alliance Re
SORT OF NAPOLEON OP FINANCE.
Ex-Counsellor Crawl Hypnotized a
Cashier and Squanders Thousands.
Baltimore, Md., Jan. 21. Ex-Coiin
sellor H. Webster Crawls has succeeded .
in making a reputation as a sort of local
"Napoleon of Finance,,, by a series of
ingenious transactions. Mr. Crawls has
been extensively engaged in land specn
lations, aud failed several mouths ago,
owing several hundred thousand doilsrs.
Ou Monday afternoon, at a "meeting of
the stockholders of the Franklin bank, it
was learned from President Baker tlat
Crawl had overdrawn his account ou thai
bank upward of $100,000. Further thau
'his. the bank holds Mr. Crawl's paper to
in extent to increase his indebtedness to
the bank to $11,900. President Baket
said Crawl was enabled to overdraw hie
'.n count through the incapacity aud uu
trusfwoithiuess of Cashier Gardner, who
had leen dismissed.
Mr Baker, iu reply to a question as to
.thether he thought Gardner had made
iii vihiug out of the transactions, replied
;hat he thought not, but he could uot ac
count for the cashier's action except on
the ground that Crawl had hypnotized
him.- What Crawl did with the money
he picked up around town is a mystery
to those who know him. He borrowed
right and left, subscribed for stock, gave
his note for it, aud then hypothecated it :
mortgaged the same property twice, and,
iu fact, wherever be could pick up a
liollnr ltf if an ond that was tVto lftt
tendent, and Crawl was a pillar of the
The Solid South.
.The Charleston News andX'ouner says:
The Hon. Hugh McCulloch sent a letter
of regret to be read at the Emancipation
Day celebration at Alexandria. Va., in
which he said : ' 'The South will cease to
be politically solid when the colored vote
is divided, as it will be when the voters
do their own thinking nnd vote accord
ing to their party feelings and principles.
The whites have always been divided,
ami pretty evenly divided, upon political
questions when not united in defending
common rights. So will the blacks
when freed from outside pressure. They
will become memlnirs of the two great
political parties into which the country
has ever leen divided. Some will be
Republicans and some Democrats. To
neither party are they indebted for their
freedom. This was Ixstowed as a mili
tary necessity to save the Union, and it
should be used for the common good and
reservation of free institutions. As they
lecome independent voter they will
stand practically as well a legally in po
litical equality with the whites "
THE OYSTER PRESERVES.
North Carolina Will Fight, if Neces
sary, Against Intruders.
Raleigh, N. C., Special. The leg
isluture passed unanimously a bill em
powering Governor Fowle to use the mil
itary or other force in protecting the
State's oyster interests, and authorizing
him to expend a sum not to exceed $15,
000 for the purpose of putting a stop to
the piracy. The bill prohibits the taking
of oysters by any other means than ordi
nary tongs, and forbids all use of dredges
and drags. Ample authority is given for
the arrest of offenders aud the seizure of
vessels engaged in the depredations in
the uysterbeds. Members from all parts
of the State are heartily in favor of
prompt action, which will betaken.
For the Colored 761k.
Mr. Teller introduced in the Senate
Wednesday, at the request of the Afro
American Colonization Society of Wash
ington, D. C. a bill for the relief of the
American colored man. The bill appro
priates $50,OO,OOO, to secure Isnd in
South California; transportation and sub
sistance for the, permanent settlement of
the colored people of the United 8tte.
to be returned to the government with
interest in forty years.
The Horth Carolina TJstoat.
Raleigh, N. C, 8pecisl. The grand
lodge of Maa-ons, of North Carolina, met
at Raleigh in their lMth annual conven
tion. Officers were elected as fellows:
Grand Master, II. A. Gudger; Deputy
Grand Master, Jobs W. Cotton; Senior
Grand Warden, F. M. Move ; Junior Grand
f I Warden, Dr. R. N. Noble: Grand getn
Ubor tArJ D W. Bain.