M. BEALE, Editor.
In Essentials: Unity la Non-EssenutfHubertv- AlJJehArHy.
SUBSCRIPTION: $1.00 Per Tear.
POTECASI. NORTHAMPTON CO.. N. C. NOVEMBER if. 1888,
The .Cincinnati Enquirer says: "Mr.
Bancroft's report shows that there,
are 119,713 miles of railroad maiservice
in this country, and 5073 miles of steam
boat mail service. Altogether it amounts
to a distance which is six time? the cir
cumference of the globe that we live on.
The United States of America is a pretty
big country. "
The American Banker notes the dis
covery lately of a deceptive $30 counter
feit. The paper of the counterfeit is
said to be fully as good as that of the
gilt-edged $20 bills, but the counterfeit
can be easily discovered by reason of the
fact that it ir one-eighth of an inch
shorter and narrower than the gold bills.
The engraving is also coarse.
The joom where the Court of Appeals
Bits in the Capitol at Albany, N. Y., is
described as the most gorgeous in its
t appointments of all the court-rooms in,
the country. fg The woodwork is beauti
fully carved and paDels are of mahogany
and onyx. The carpet was woven to
order a ross the water. Portraits of all
the Judges that have ever sat in the
court are. placed in panels about the
The latest suggestion oncerning the
an'gin of yeiow fever comes from . r
GaUher, a French physician, die believes
that the disease is an. do"-
o:;s to cholera;
.: j; ccd'ar o :i
1 :c'u:.--:al :nr
is t-.c ;:', gon
i 1' : -: . s. -i.'e
i ri i'fo :i the
that it. flourishc; cnlvund
n (f i'i'.co, cli.u i;
;J it -;;T3t ("ICS
r ' .' microbe - !u the
i: - ' :-h : ( ;i c :l.-ui-
i '" ret:.--. :..
icl olutl :he d..-'
f.V. i - T", . M"-
i t i .i
tuied .M :i
what :i -live
in a '.
very ou -can
; ' i;. Tievr . ers-ey. It i
the Kcx Vorl:
he a roblfi: o'sl :i--..l
.r; envc in a dreary v.o
.-cs-ts the dniag'na'i n of
y-. in fact many old boys
vh":i they had secret
lnguig.t-' dwc-il .;i a cave. Vet caves
are, v.c :!(1!." usually damp and un
healthy ; '. c of residence. Marble
hail t .iu 1 ):'. i bowers, or any sort of
habirtible hw;-e-, are much referable to
cavi.s. vec u-. eaiic invi';i?i.ition dotes
upon the ... .. As a:;" c aws tho young
dream-Tin r - (hiicis, he ones to prefer
a habitat :; -with a ee l ;r if the cellar
is well stovhed to the bet cave in the
A h'deou-" narrative was given me in
regard to the conduc t of those in charge
of the Mauley relief party in the African
Congo (ays the European correspondent
of the New York I' .ei) by a man who
is in close om:;iuuication with the Brus
sels authorities. ne of its features was
the hifiturof a body of cannibals to at
tack, ma-sacre, and feast upon another
body c Africa::?, the purpose being that
Jaraieson, who is the savant of the ex
pedition, nhjht secure photographs of
this unique and interesting scene. There
is no -vouching for this story, but some
thing of the same sort wa3 proved last
yearln Uurm.ih. and my informant be
lieved it ent rely. At least it helps us
to understand why the English expedi
tions for the parpo-e of promoting civil
iration in savage iands are not invariably
ppreciaied bv the natives.
"When the Mayor of Charleston, W.
Ya., sentence. 1 a white woman the other
day to work svent,xn days on the
"street?, the .1 W.i declares
ihata young farmer arose and oiered to
take her phi e, saying that he would
never permit a woman to be worked as
a convict ou the public streets. The
'Mayor accepud his o'ier, and the man
was marched o'T to the chain gang. lie
declined to ghe his name, and Kid that
"John Smith" would do as well as any
thing else. He said that he was a farm
laborer from some place up the river,
and that tie ceTer saw or heard of the
womm ia h s life until he saw her in
the Mayor s court, but that his sense of
tnaufhood and his respect for weman
kind would not permit him to see one of
he es scraping the public streets in
Company wuu irampsana bummers.
SCIENTIFIC AND INDUSTRIAL.
The ue of oil on water to prevent or
remove fogs is suggested.
A physician says that breathing
through the nose is the only way to sleep.
To prevent the condensation of vapor
in lensx-s of .instrument for examining
the throat coat them thinly with
The pollen of the German plaine tree
produces iniiuenza, exactly like what in
this country is called "rose cold ' and
It requires just double the power to
propel a steamship twen;y miles an
hour that it does to drive the same vessel
6ixty miles an hour.
It is stated that two-thirds of the wood
used in paper-making is waste, though
experiments indicate that this can be
profitably converted into fertilizers.
A new utilization of a waste product
is the manufacture of paper from the
cedar ships of pencil-makers. The piper
is said to keep moths from carpets, wool
A curious monstrosity ha3 been ac
quired by the Paris Museum of Natural
; History. It is an apparently healthy
sow, having one head, one thorax and
tw lorelegs, with two trunks, two tails,
aud four hind legs.
Means for the accurate comparison of
electrh-al standards and apparatus are to
be .-upplied at cohn liopkins's Cni
' -versity, 'no provi-ion for such measure
ments having been made elsewhere in
the I r.red states.
i'o a. a has recently bcei; di-covc re 1,
is the sovereign remedy' for hoar e:cs
any kind. Oi -solve n niece th: h'c of
a pea hc.iy in-the' Evuth and swallow
; C '.:('
ii ;f ev
: !- 1 1:1 : :-al : it is
r : - .."j. :i d f -.)v us
. t::c j-.JU of p:d
t b;: f , u (:( in
i is ;
' j "r- " i"': -' -i- f.tZ.
a " . ' -:.l;d 1U i-'j i OL
hi. h:: the
atiua : o a . ; : .
of aim I
i v . 1 : : -1:
-i i ii
I. nt bo '
maker i-.iii alt to h s sto- k of raw
trriais a w atcrnroo, i:.ait!i -r.
ccs. wh.cu ha-- ;e. en'. lv !)e-.-:i perfected.
is not only, cf service on the un-ut
leather., but 'can bo ued in rendering
v.- thle-- 1 at iivr vabir.ble by plain iirrr,
stiliening an I waterpitouting it for iu-.-o'c-i,
counters b toes,' e c. Mvery
part of a boo or .-hoe can be "water
pro fcdM either before or after it is
An Eel Fools a Snake.
An amusing encounter between
water snake and an eel occurred in the
Hudson iii . er. near a dock at Giasco,
N. Y. Recently a party of fishermen
noticed a commotion in the shadow
w at r on one sldo of the dock, and lean
ing over they s-aw a iarge water snake
moving lar.dwaid, with an eel nearly
half the sie of the snake. The reptitV
had the (c. by the throat, and the slimy
thing was evidently making for dry
ground, where it c .uld more easily dis
patch its prey,1 which was making a fran
tic effort to get free. Twice the eel
squirmed itself loose from the snake and
made for the water, but ea h time it
was recaptured and brought to land.
After a third chase lor the eel the snae
seemed to Ioe all patience, and winding
itself about the wriggling eel, pressed
nearly all the life oat of it, and lien
dropped it on the beach. The eel was
I he snake w ound itself in .and out of
a little opening unher the dock, return
ing every now and then to smell its pre
sumably dead prey, for wh.ch it was
evidently getting up an appetite. The
latter had ust disappeared , under the
r ck a fourth time when the eel. whirh
had been p aying 'pcuu. ot g.m moving
toward the water. ". nen the snake re
turaed.to the pot ard found no rish to:
dinner its mo emeats were iiKe tl o-e of
an angry, disappointed r h id. It lashtd
it ta.l furiously, coiled itself half a
do en times as though i icparing to at
tack an f nemy. moved rapidly n un i
find rour-d the spot where the te! had
lain, aud th u rrv.de for th' open water,
u hence it v. as o.n ios: to v.c-.v. Vt
o I' s a.
! 1 lie water glass i oonstrucc i of f.-u,
j boanis about fifteen inches 1 nt, naiied
! together ia the form of a Inistrum of a
; 'hollow pyramid. The small end is
I closed with a piece of ordinary window
! frlao;. This, u'.aced a few inches below
the surface of water, enables the observer
to see ob ects for a considerable distance
j under water. It is much used by earl
Glacier, tilled cvv-ry valley ana ravine, :
and the ice st -hue' m tall ramparts t
wherever the Wus t0? a8row to j
hold its riirid waves. t-iacier ice is ;
you squeeze a s :ov. ball in your hand un- '
;i ; h-r 1 it becomes iev. So in
the Alps, the c utlnual fall of snow ia i
the pressure an J the suh's heat the I
warmth which produces tnose seas ol
ice that are called glaciers. There are j
overoOOof ti cm in witzerland, and j
some are coeval with the glacial period :
of this continent, while others are now 1
in process of formation. Winter is their
season of rest, but wumine spring they
resume their onward motion, due to the !
combined action of heatiid gravitation.
For in spite or their apparent immobility ;
all Alpine gir.ciers do move constantly, j
although with d tlerent degrees of speed, j
and, like liquid breams, they carry with I
them debris of all sorts, but principally !
the stones th:t fall upon their surface
from the mountains' sides. The glacier j
starting in its purity from some white, !
unsullied peak, h s&s before many years !
its spotless charriCter;4(Prhe wintry frosts j
gathering into iron.onds the streams
that trickle down tne mountain side3
expand'the wctcr hi freezing and shatter
rocks with a forte that the most solid
cliffs cannot -sibly resist. Thus
broken f ifivui' nt drop on to the once
unspotted be-on the ice sea and swell
its burden with ;d vanning years. The
debris thus broi Lrhi dewn form what are
Each glacier has a
moraine on eni-n siuc vi 11: ixs enci 13 a
terndiial mo; ; i; and when two glaciers
fo: m u n
as v c cair.
-al mora'nes jo n and
' moraine. One of the
norah.es hereabouts I - aw
n from this excursion.
it 5S i:: til
' 1 ( : : : '
.tr- of the Morterat-ch
br- u t a
C'.'iit: e. -
i.i ' :r '
- i. ..e C:.- 11 plil
of 1:-; (i ulf." I
- r ii hor-c-s were
i .-. hut ; hii'h . is
o h'.Mik i- aiwaya
i.i a : od a. .
- diseiiir:vi:ed he i
:ii id- hor-f, ad
: . t-i tee he ioc
alv.:c ; ti:o::grt! ti
t .. en ritio.n of the
I'm of t.'ei'i. 'i lie
pro'i l of his h v e,
eariv all the t:me i
either j.etti-ig or roi t
itt interval- he bring-; o.
f:;;n under the seat h
tncid.asThe iiarUcsS of
t a little r.' se b.ig
feed him o ,is or
tlrC ilOSe iv.H
ligi.t leather caa be i.i:.de, n-ia - oi the
tr ins being more than half an inc h in
v.-id'h. and m6-t of t. cm ere round, not
larger than a leal pencil. There i no
breechen because th.-rt ar- no grade? in ;
Petersburg; the touarry i- j.erlh'etly :
level. '1 here :ire r idir.d-rs on the '
bridle, and the hor-e f -rs nothing: ho !
w.il waiik up to a loccn.oti. e with as
itiv.ch indilTerente as hi- m i-ter. lie
never shies, nevereets ratt eel. never runs j
away, but ,is perfectly o'-i-dient to the ,
voice of his; m'ister. I d d not see a
whip during my entire -tay in I eters- 1
bu'g, but the ishvoshtnik keeps up a j
continual one-sided conversation with
his fleet-footed partner. The erect of
npruliiir. :inil an r-hi-
servant rider will be it.tere ted in i
studying this odd relationship.
Cnte Thief. Bnt Cuter I) -teethe.
A lady and a gentleman were travel
ing together on" an Englh railway,
6ays the New Yori Grayhv. They were
perfect strangers to each othtr. Sud
denly the gentleman said: ".Madam, I
will trouble you to look out of the win
dow for a few miautes: I am going to
make some changes in my wearing ap- !
pared. " 'Certainly, ste replied, !
witn nohteness. risinrz sn u -n t.g ner
g tier '
hack upon him. Ia a snort tin e ne said : :
"Now, madam, my change is comph-ted, j
and you may resume your seat.' When J
the lady turned she l-ehcld her male
rompauion transformed into a di-hing '
ladv with a heavv veil over her face. !
'.Now, sir. or' niadi-u. whichever you !
like." s:.id the ladv, "I must trouble you j
to h ok out of the window, for I ai-o
have some changes to make in my ap- j
parol." ertainlv. madam," and the 1
gentleman in lady's attire immedhiU-j
complied. "Now, sir, you may res urn (
your seat." To hi 'eat surjrise. oa ,
resumicg his scar, the gentleman m
mile attire found hi- iad-y companion
transformed into a raan. II- th?p
laughed and said -"it tppear that w '
are both anxious to avoid recognition. :
What have vou done ' I ave roobed
bank."' --And I '" aid the wniiom lady,
as Le ucxicrousij ie" '
ion s wn-ts with a P3-1 v U4U-uu,i .
'am Detective Jor.es ol onsna aru
and m female apparel have shadowed
you. Now.-drawing revolver, - kee;
siUI" And he did.
Canada is mad beca" -he llonapm
re settiinir there.
1 i ' 'UT ' 1 -i or i;.i.,o
r 1 -
i :- ia n:g. m it3
Y rk 7'4.-;,;v. ,
! !" 0." - :s- urn: ,, i e.. : . . : a. .
no c&i flC'v r:n;i u-ii I ' 1 -l- lVT'i; ! braTe; Iwhhh iliycU ijiu brain aud are.
rr -,; gvoi r .. ::.-. v; f;U: a hhn.clf cihed ! r.erve secret- a certain amount of Hum ,
1 . Ii-?i'.-if ' u . . ... v .a ..,:! .. . 1 . , . .. . J wh"ncvf'r tun: f n uvfum ,f th j
.i v' io !i?.-; c a vi.r oi uucks. na too.-:
. . I ; .C.5 a U . . . ! - . I . i -, ,',! 1 II L'i . . . . . ,
. . .ii... I vie i;
; i..:i-, u.cia. . v r. v a.-..-; :caca
i to the 13 : ; -l: .h h ;:h. , ;r.:ail 'l'"ri
1 1 u
: i;. .. i . e . ;. ' i :
" ' ' l' ' ' - : T"
Utility of Practical Science.
"It is astonishing how. many little bits
of practical scientific knowledge , a
youngster picks up when he i$ learning
bs trade," said a workman in a general
people think the onlv way to' make a
hno in ols ia tn KrAt it nront it. with
a diamond, but it isn't. There are two
or three wavs of doing it. The neatest.
to my mind, is to warm the glass and
spread it over with wax. Cut the wax
down to the place where you want the
hole and drop a little fluoric acid on the
glass with a piece of wire. Thejacid will
eat through the glass, and you Can shape
the hole afterward with a copper wire
and some rotten stone and oil.
-'The handy man in a shop will make
many of his own tools. A whalebone
bow is often necessary, in using a fine
saw, but many people don't know how
to handle whalebone. If it is too stiff,
orunequally stiff,it can be scraped down
easily with a bit of broken glass. These
bows usually have brass hooks at the
end, but you can make a hook out of the
whalebone itself by holding the end in
boiling oil a short time, and bending it
around and holding it until it is cool.
"Sometimes I have had to make holes
in steel that was too hard to cut or lila
easily. Then I make a mixture that wilt
eat the hole. I mix one ounce of sulphate
of copper, quarter of an ounce of alum,
h ulf a teaspoonfui of powdered salt, a gill
of vinegar and twenty drops of nitric
acid. This will make the hole. or. if it
is washed o!l quickly, it will give a reau-
tnui frosted appearance to th2 metal.'
Mall and E ;re s.
Dining Fifty Years A?o.
The dhm.rs. says AValter Bezant in
'i'it'ty Ve.'irs Ago," v.m, con iuclcd on
".ri-.r.ltive prin?-:;,des. Jlx. epi in great
i ) .so.s, wht re tii ; j. e .t and game were
u ved by ti.e i u' or, evi ry thing was
ar- ed 0:1 t "L . tab.e. l ite ho-t at be . i 1: I
:i v ii.mr.cu K; itt"U ami iie.:o("J w.tn
iU" ue-t-; ti.e uu & !.;e tur-
:nin- v .'.a o.i'n.c:: cuccks anei i er-
, jiOsc; now, ;,t last, an impostor,
vho knew not the wuvs of lolite
toc! ty, would V'e di-eoveied: he begs n
to See! for the 'oints, while the cold eyes
3: hi- lio-te-s :a.; d reprou'-hluliy upoa
aha iadies in the e days know g-jod
arviag, and could carve for themseh cs.
he had, with a ghastly grin, to
th.at ho could not i.rnl tho'-e
Then tit" d:-h was reniovc d and
given to another guet, a horribly
reliant: creature, wno laughed and talked
while he dexterously si-ccd the breast
!nd cut oh" the legs. If, in bis agony,
the poor wretch would take refuge in
&C bottle, he had to wait'until some one
j , "i -l ..,. .
nvitca him ,to taKe wine norribie
The dinner table was dm a- i
mented with a great cj)crgue of silver or
-lass. After dinner the doth was re
moved, showing the table deep in color,
iUstrous, well waxed, and the gentie
tnen began real business with the bottle
ifter the ladies had gone.
An Expensive Uonqnet.
interesting incidents oo-
curred at the performance of "Madjy,
giveh in New York in aid of the yellow
1CCI BUUC1 CI 3. M liv Al- " vi '
located on the floor over the ticket office,
and for an hour preceding the beginning
of the performance it was surrounded by
a bevy of beautiful ladies and elegantly
dressed gentlemen. . One of the latter was
an ardent admirer of one of the ladies,
and taking advantage of the fact, she im
pressed upon him th? necessity of his
wearing a rose and geranium in the but
tonholeof his coat. He acquiesced. only
too readily, and in an instant the deft
finirers hart fastened the dowers together
with wire and tinfoil
Tnen passing the
ends through the buttonhole, she fast-
, v.o. ... tarwl tv4tV an nrfiinRrV
"IIow much?" he queried, reaching j
for his pocketbook and bending a pas- (
sionate glance on the upturned face of j
the young lady.
Twentv-five dollars," tne repueat
without a" tremor of hesitancy in her
He was stunned for an instant, but he
was too shrewd :o manifest it visibly.
Having deposited the crisp bills in her
outstretched pa. m. he said:
'Excuse me. but may I ask; what is
the itemized tariff for bu juets? I
merely ir quiie through curiosity.'
"r ive dolhrs for the ros, five for the
g?.aniu:n, bve f r the tinfoil, live for the
oin. ' and five for .listening it to the
Lapel of your coat,' -was the ju;et reply.
A moment later, when the Toung man
thtm, who had heard the conversation.
.'-he didn't charge you for the trire,
"That's so; let's cr-t away before she
i thiak-a of it." A'--v Y-k 5un.
A emit or stale bread wfil remove
iptits from wail paper.
. . .
A Helpful Spelling Kale.
A correspontient of the Hartford Cov
'int says: In conversation with the
principal of one of our private schools
an the" subject of "spelling," he asked
me if I had seen the "ei" or "ie" rule
which Pptred in your paper some day
He further asked me if I knew the
fU,le ?iven by E- A- Abbott ia "How to
ell the parts of speech "viz: "Eire,
lt is sometimes difilcult to de
cide in such words as 'deceive," be
lieve," etc., whether the "e" or V
should come first, but the difficulty will
vanish if it is borne in mind that (ex
cept after "c"j " " comes tirst. (1) Be
lieve, reprieve, retrieve, grieve, mis
chief, mischievous, (ti) Deceive, deceit,
conceive, conceit, receive, receipt.
I then asked him if he knew the folr
towing rule on which 1 had been brought
up, and which, for many yeari, has done
me most excellent service. Ho confessed
that he had- not, and, after hearing it,
asked me if "I would not send it to you,
as he knew it would help 'so manv of
the little folk?.' ' The rule is as fol
lows. I cvjn t give the authority and
perkaps I do not give the exact phrase
Words in whch the termination
"tion"' can be given arcs spelled "ei."
Words to which, it cannot be given are
I. Ife.elve, reception; deceive, de
P.elicve, grieve, mischief, etc. (No
"tion" can be givtv, )
! have not tried to hunt up any ex
ceptors to this rule. There may ue some,
Lull do not know them.
j Making the IJUiid to S?o. . i
S "A new operation has been discovered
f by which the .icath of tt;e optic nervo
i may be opened,'' said a New ; ork oc
ulist recent! v to a reporter for the ..,
i f..d J-u;res. "13y this means the res-
suieutpu the nerve can be released and
in some, cases total blindness cured as
we'd as relieving the b:ain. The mc:n-
tecretion the pressure within the cavity'
of the sivuh is i: c.-ea-eu .iai often finds
its way down to the level, of the eye,
causing in many inscanccs tot:d blind
ness. For years ocuh.-t- have been try
ing to find a method bv wh.ch this c ould
l e lelie. ed. ne ocudst tiied to feci his
way to the nerve without the aid o
sight by rnems of an instrument carry
ing a concealed knife which was project
ed by a spring. This method failed.
Another devised a method of operating
by which the sheath was exposed to
view. Four cases were operated in this
manner. One case failed; in tne other
three cases the patients' eyesight was re
stored and they were relieved from all
pain arising from the pressure on the
uaiii nosing iroiu iuv uruwuri1 on a
f . . . . 1 , . w
u,aixl- 'mn,J vau Z v-
ery, as a great many persons lui 1 rom
this ail men L"
Miss Vaccine Virus Sanndcrs.
A happy father out on a Massachusetts
street, gays the Buffalo (N. Y.) Cruriery
had his first child, a girl three months
old, vaccinated a short time ago. "By
o'eorge. Lm't that creat!'' he exclaimed.
as he saw the doctor at work. "Bv
.Jove, why I guess I'll call her by that
name! Vaccine! "NVhy, that vi a glri'a
name, ain't it? Vaccine Virus Saunders I
Capital! Pecple will think we are de
scended from some old liomaa family.
Dear little Vaccine 1" The mother
strongly objected to this appellation foi
her frst born. She wanted it named
Imogene, but the father was determined,
and Vaccine Virus Saunders ill gc
through life. Her diminutive will prt
ably be "Yacksy.'
A Small Concession.
Elderly Lady (to boy in hard war!
store) '-Ilev ye got any o' them hand'
bellows fer buildin' fires? '
Ioy ,,Yes'm; there's Kraethin' nice
twenty-five cents each.
Elderly Lady "Is that the cheapest
ye can seU'emf"
Boy "YeVm : but I'll tell yon what
I'll I do; a tou don't look to be a very
stren'thy cl'd lady, I'll fill it with wiz.d
fer you.' Life.
Prevenifa? -a FamiiiC.
A missionary writes from tho Feejee
Islands as follows:
"Our small force of brethren seems to
be absolutely unable to cope with the
distress which prevails in this dark and
benighted land Many of the natives
are starring for food. Please send at
once a few more musioaarie. w A"na
Ulnerra's Little Joke.
"What planet ia that, Minerrr asked
Venus one night, pointing to one of Ler(
neighbors in the firmament.
-That is Man," replied Minerva.
"And that other r inquired Venus,
nodding toward Jupiter. ,
"Oh, that," observed the goddess,
with a mirtWul trnile, -that if Pa'a."