M. BEALE, Editor.
"In Essentials: Unity In Non-Eseentals: Liberty In All Thmgs Charity. "
SUBSCRIPTION: $1:00 Per Year.
POTECASI, NORTHAMPTON CO., N. CM JUNE 4, 1891,
LATE SOUTHEEN BI&EFS.
Knowing That Variety Is
Spice Of Life,
We Present to Our Beaders All the
Home News, Fresh, Spicy
The contract for Danville's new
dred-thousand-dollar hotel has
The Episcopal Council Thursday voted
in favor of dividing the diocese of Vir
ginia. A tramp was run over and killed near
St. Paul, Wise county, by a passing train.
He was asleep on the track. His body
was severed in twain.
Resident Southerners are now contrib
uting toward the erection at Luray,
Va., of a monument to the unnamed
Confederate dead. It is to be a bronze
statue of heroic sizeand and the cost of
: the work will be $5,000. ,
The Norfolk Conncil accepted the prop
osition of the Norfolk and Western rail
road to erect a union passenger depot,
freight and car shops and make othei
The Charlotte electric street cars com
monced running on Mecklenbug Inde
Prof. George II. Winston of the chair
of English of the 5tate University, was
VJtlccted President of that institution to
succeed Hon. Kemp P. Battle, who re
signed. A stock company is bejDg organized at
Charlotte to erect weaving mill. A
new tannery is to be built there also.
A desperate fight occurred at Green
ville Thursday between J. J. Perkins, the
postmaster, and editor D. J. Whi chard,
o the Reflector.
Late in July the new telegraph line ol
: the Seaboard Air Line will be completed
to Charlotte. It is how finished from
-Foi'Umwab Lo Hoffman.
A terrible accident happened to the
eastbound; passenger trainon the Western
North Carolina railroad Thursday. The
train was going down from Red Marble
Gap, where the grade is 256 feet to the
mile, when a Avheel of the baggage car
broke, throwing the whole train from the
truck. Express Messenger J. W. Rictor
was killed by a sample trunk that fell on
him. Postal Clerk J. D. Craven had his
leg broken in two places. Two passen
gers were badly hurt, but their wounds
are not known. j
The value of the precious metal pro
duct of South Carolina in 1890 was $100;
177.04, being an increase of over $53,
000 over that of the preceding year.
The corner-stone of the new building
of the Aiken Institute was laid with
Mascnic honors under the direction of
Grand Master L. T. Izlar, Wednesday,
May 27. Ex-Governor Thompson, Sen
ator Butler and State Supt. of Education
Mayfield made addresses.
The Coosaw Mining Co. has moved to
Chisolm's Island and is mining phos
phates there, paying the Pacific Guano
Co. a royalty.
It is reported that the Charleston, Sum
tor & Northern Railroad proposes to
build an independent line into Charles
ton from Eutawville through Summer
(ville, thus shortening the distance from
Darlington and Bennettsville. It is pro-
iosed by parties in Florence to urge the
milding of a line to the main line, and
thus give Florence a competing line to
Charleston and a connection with the
Cape Fear & Yadkin Valley atBennetts-
Gov. Buchanan continues to maintain
'. profound silence as to the extra sesion.
A cotton coinpress is to be erected at
The w idow of James K. Polk is 88
y,'ars old, but appeared as sprightly as a
young woman at the wedding of a grand
niece of hers in Nashville Mie other
The People,' s bank at Knoxville, one
of the oldest banks iu East Tennessee,
closed its doors Thursday. The capital
was too small.
Late advices from Nashville state that
movement is on foot to redeem about
( P acres of wheat of what is known as
oick Bottom for the purpose of a pub-
mfark; at a cost of $300,000.
iowih.iih.ui, iuai ijiiiu o "if xiau con-
Tennessee editor hasbeen offi
toe Wv,njeci gam mereiy dine(j ifa
favorabnduced him to listen while he
they aressing on the Tennessee beef.
ome farm convicted at Bain
mg in epotSdering bis wife, was
on rapidly, f
very good, bu
sentenced to be publicly hanged on Fri
dav, June! 6, 1891.
Newton county now has a county court.
The first session of the court will be held
on the first Wednesday in June, with
Judge Capers Dickson presiding.
The eighth annual session of the State
Bar Association closed at Columbus, af
ter being entertained by a grand banquet
at the Rankin house. Macon was select
ed as the next place of meeting.
Twenty-six years ago Charlie. Edwards
was killed in Cherokee county. George
Pierce who did the killing was arrested
Friday in Texas, and will be brought
back to Georgia for trial.
Thursday morning Mados L. Verdery,
i well-known Savannah citizen, commit
ted suicide by shooting himself in the head
with a shotgun.
The Florida Horticultural Society met
at Intcrlaehen last week with 200 enthu
giastic members present.
A $150,000 barge company has been
organized in Florida for the shipment of
phosphate from Punba, Gorda to deep
water at Bocca Grand Pass.
John Hosmer, of Battery G, Fourth
United States artillery, stationed at St.
Augustine, committed suicide yTuesday
by taking laudanum. He made a simi
lar attempt on Sunday, but was relieved
by stomach pumps.
The Ocala and Blue River Phosphate
Company, of Ocala, have increased the
capital stock to $3,000,000, and incor
porated into their holdings 18,000 acres
of phosphate lands situated in Suwanee
and Lafayette counties. The company now
owns 22000 acres in Citrus, Marion,
Levy, Suwanee and LaFayette counties.
The company is in active operation, and
- now shipping its second cargo of phos
phate to Hamburg, Germany, and is very
much encouraged by the average analysis
of the first shipments, which have just
arrived at Gottenburg and Hamburg.
Average analysis was 81.59 tribasic phos
phate of of lime, with less than 5?10 per
cent.'of alumina and iron.
Capt. Whitehead is erecting a hand
some Federal monument at Jackson
Miss., Cemetery, over the grave of the
late Gen. George C. McKee.
Texas is promised the largest wheat
and oat crops ever produced in the State,
and it is estimated that they will aggre
gate in value $20,000,000 to $25,000,
000. Dr. H. C. Dubose, of South Carolina,
'"as been chosen moderator of the South
srn. Presbyterian Assembly at Birming
ham. JACKSONVILLE IN FLAMES.
The Metropolis of Florida Badly
Jacksonville, Fla., Special. A
few minutes before 12 o'clock Monday
night a fire broke out in the third floor
of the Mohawk block, on the corner of
Bay and Market streets. It was bursting
through the roof when discovered, and
though the progress of the flames was
slow during the first half hour, the fire
men found it impossible to control them.
For the first half hour the flames were
confined to this building, but they soon
spread in every direction and were not f
checked until several surrounding build
ing were burned.
The owners of the Mohawk block,
which was entirely destroyed, are R.
II. Shoemaker, M. M. Shoemaker and
Mrs. Frances Shoemaker, all of Cincin
nati, and Mrs. Judge R. H. Putman, of
Saratoga, N. Y. The total loss on this
property is $500,000.
HE HAS TWO WIVES
And Felt Uncomfortable in the Neigh"
borhood of Both.
Savannah, Ga., Special. There is
a queer case of bigamy here. The wife
of Oliver Law, a white watchman, left
him because he had become intensely
jealous. While consulting with a justice
about the matter, he jokingly suggested
that Law get another wife. Acting on
this advice Law hunted up a young girl,
Maude Estell, aged eighteen, of Jackson
ville, visiting here, proposed to her, was
accepted and took out a license and
married her at once. After two days of
bliss with his new wife, Law suddenly
awakened to a consciousness of his un
pleasant position with two wives in one
small city, and stepped out, leaving a
note for each. I!c ;- thought to have
cone to Columbus
Poisoned by Bad Whiskey;
Birmingham, Ala. At Vincent, late
Tuesday afternoon, D. : C. Hand was
seized with convulsions. He stated that
he had taken a drink of what he suppos
ed was whiskey from a bitters bottle, but
was poisoned. He died in an hour. A
man named Chancellor has been arrested
on suspicion of poisoning the liquor.
"THE PEOPLE'S PAKTY."
The Work of Trie Cincinnati Con
vention. The Delegates Close Their Labors
Amid Excitement and Adjourn.
Cincinnati, O., Special. In talking
with the delegates to this conference, the
chief impression received is that they are
terribly in earnest. When the public
learned that the gates had 'been thrown
open to to the socialists and anarchists, a
rough crowd was expected. The result
is very different from whet was antici
pated. Though the. mass of the delegates
is permeated with revclutionaiy ideas, it
v.'us by no means an assemblage of hood
iums. The largest delegation, that from
'Kansas, was principally composed of
sturdy farmers, who are intelligent
enough to give a reason for the faith that
is in them.
mr. Livingston's views.
, Congressman Livingston, who is fight
ing hard toisake this conference a nullity,
except as to an endorsement of the Ocala
platform, is of necessity dumb as to the
the future. He only presents the fact
that the alliancemen of seventeen states to
the south are not ready to go into a third
party. When the western men demand
of him to say when the south will be
ready, he will not say. Cf course he
knows that so long as the race problem
remains and dominates- all issues, the
south will not be ready to .leave its old
moorings, and that no class, urban or
rural, will contribute largely to a third
party. But that fact has to be left in
the background in dealing with people
who cannot bear to hear any one speak
of allegiance to old parties. Their funda
mental idea is change. That is the thing
jri which they are most agreed. This is
the general assembly of the dissatisfied.
In spite of what appears to be an over
whelming sentimeng for k immediate and
independent action, the conservative
leaders have an advantage in the disin
tegrating influence of so many and so
diverse views, all pronounced and all
THE CLOSING SCENES.
When the convention got together
Wednesday morning a chorus from the
Fanner's Alliance songbook preceded
prayer by Rev. Gilbert Delamater.
Greenback ex-Congressman Delamater
was roundly applauded when he arose to
Frequent and earnest amens from the
o adience punctuated the invocation, and
'lien the Kansas Glee Club regaled tem
witn a numorous ditty.
Reports from the committees of ar
i ingemerits and credentials now helped
to kill time, pending the exciting devel
opments that many looked for when the
platform committee was ready to report.
A collection was taken to reimburse
Chairman Power, of the arrangements
committee, $365, which he had expended
and on account of which he had received
The report of the credentials commit
tee showed 1,417 delegates present. The
largest delegations were Kansas, 407;
Ohio, 317; Indiana, 154.
Senator Peffer was then presented to
the convention as a permanent member.
CHIPPING IN FOR THE NEGROES.
An appeal was made from the platform,
for funds to pay the home fare of the
colored alliance delegates from South
Carolina. Delegate Savage, by name,
'jame forward personally, and in a clever
speech said the reason so few of thp col
ored organizations wre represented was
that colored people were too poor.
It wrs perhaps as well for the conven
tion, he added, eyeing the hats that
being passed around for his benefit, that
so few of the colored delegates came.
He A'as handed a hat full of small change,
and retired amid great cheering for the
colored alliance. A proposition to adopt
a unit rule was overwhelmingly defeated
on the srround that ever v man that came
to the convention should have a vote and
have it counted. A five minute rule for
speeches was adopted. Recess was taken
until 2 p. m.
A LETTER FROM POLK.
When the convention reassembled, a
ktter from L. L. Folk, which was read.
advising this conference to issue an ad
dress and defer action on the third party
until 1S92, caused a breeze, and when a
motion to refer it to a committee on res
olutions was declared carrried, there was
loud demand notably from the Minne
fota delegation fhat ft, negative be
put more forcibly by the chair. The de
mand was renewed and continued from
time to time during the reading of a num
ber of miscellaneous telgrams. Ignatius
Donnelly, chairman of the committee on
resolutions, climbed up on the rostrum at
this juncture amid a whirlwind of excite
uitnt. and .announced that he was there
to report that the committee on the
platform was a unit for thit organization
of the third party.
He gave way to Robert Schilling, of
Wisconsin, secretary of the committee,
vho read the platform as follows :
THE PLATFORM .
The committee on resolutions reported
the following platform :
1. That in view of a great social, in
dustrial and economical revolution now
dawning on the civilized world and the
living issues confronting the American
people, we believe that the time has ar
rived for the crystallization of the polit
ical reform forces of our country and the
formation of what should be known as
the People's Party of the United States
2. That we most heartily endorse the
demands of the platforms as adopted at
St. Louis, Mo., in 1889, Ocala, Fla., in
1890, and Omaha, Neb., fn 1891, by the
industrial organizations there represented,
summarized as follows :
(a.) The right to make and issue mon
ey is a sovereign power to be maintained
by the people for the common benefit,
hence we demand the abolition of na-'
tional banks as banks of issue and as a
substitute for the national bank notes we
demand that legal tender treasury note
be issued in sufficient volume" to transact
the business of the country on a cash
basis ; without damage or an especial ad
vantage to any class or calling, such notes
to be legal tender in payment of all debts,
public and private, and such notes, when
demanded by the people, shall be loaned
to them at not more than 2 per cent, per
annum upon non-perishable products as
indicated in the sub-treasury plan, and
also upon real estate, with the proper
limitation upon the quantity of land and
the amount of money.
(b.) We demand the free' and in
limited coinage of silver.
(c.) We demand a passage of laws
prohibiting alien ownership of land, and
that Congress take prompt action to de
vise some plan to obtain all lands now
wned by alien and foreign syndicates,
and that all land held by railroads and
other corporations in excess of such as
are actually used and needed by them be
reclaimed by the Government and the ac
tual settlers only.
(d.) Believing the doctrine of equal
rights to apply to all and a special privi
lege to none, we demand that taxation
national, State or municipal shall not be
used to build up one interest or class at
the expense another.
(e.) We demand that revenues na
tional, State or county shall be be lim--ited
to the necessary expenses of the
government, economically and honestly
(f.) We demand a just and equitable
system of graduated tax on income.
(g.) We demand most rigid, honest
umi just national control and supervision
of means of public communication and
transportation, and if this control and
supervision does not remove abuses now
existing we demand government owner
ship of such means of communication
(h.) We demand the eletion of, the
President, the vice-President and the
United States Senators by a direct vote of
3. That we urge the united action of
all progressive organizations in attending
the conference called for February 22,
1892, by sis of the leading reform" organ
izations. 4. That a national central committee
'.)e appointed by this conference to be
composed of a chairman, to be elected by
this body, and of three members from
ea'h state represented, to be named by
each states delegation.
o. That this central committee shall
:epresent this body, to attend the nation
al conference, on February 22, 1892, and,
if possible, unite with that and all other
reform organizations there assembled. If
no satisfactory arrangement can be effect
ed, this committee shall call a national
convention, not later than June 1, 1892,
for the purpose of nominating candidates
president and vice-president.
6. That the members of the central,
committee for each state, where there is
no independant political organization
conduct an acting system of political ag
itation in their respective states.
Additional resolutions, not, part of the
platform, were presented. They recom
mended a favorable consideration of uni
versal suffrage, demanded that the treas
ury notes paid soldiers be made equiva
lent to coin, favored eight hours a day
and condemned the action of the world's
fair commission with reference to w aires.
THET CHEERED EACH PLANK.
The name of the new party, "People's
iarty of the United States," elicited a
magnificent outburst of applause, and as
each plank was read the cheering was re
newed so frequently that the great hall
shr ined to reverberate continously. When
i t solutions recommending universal suff
rage to a favorable consideration, and
demanding payment of bounties on a gold
basis, were read, the former met with a
rather chilly reception, but the latter was
THE BLUE AND THE GRAY.
An extraordinary spectacle followed.
Wadsworth, of Indianna, an ex-union
soldier, rushed up to ex-confederate
Davis in full view of the convention and
the two one-time mortal foes grasped
R. W. Humphrey, of Texas, organizer
of the colored alliance, seized with the
inspiration of the moment, suddenly
joined the ex-soldiers, arid amid a perfect
cyclone of enthusiasm the delegates
moved the adoption of the platform as
The convention went wild and the del
egates mounted tables and chairs, shout
ing and yelling like Comanches. A por
tion of the convention in thunderous
chorus sang to the tune of "Good-bye,
My Lover, Good-bye' the words "Good
bye, Old Parties, Good-bye," and then
In a forest of flags and state banners
that had been gathered with their bear
ers around the trio, a Kansas man on the
shoulders of two colleagues standing on
chairs, raised the Kansas banner andheld
it aloft above all others. The tumult
surpassed in its remarkable suddenness
and vigor anything that had previously
taken place in the convention and lasted
a full quarter of an hour, till it ceased
from sneer exhaustion of- the delfgates.
The platform was .hen adopted by a
A lew moments of .confused prepara
tion for adjournment sine die ensued, the
chairman's gavel fel and the first con
vention of the People's Party of the
United States had passed into history.
THE IMMIGRATION PROBLEM.
A Committee Proceeds to Europe to
Washington, D. C, Special. Sec
retary Foster appointed a commission
composed of Ex-Congressman Charles H
Grosvenor, of Ohio, Dr. Walter Kemp
ster, the noted expert . on insanity,
and Mr. Powderly, a brother
of T. V. Powderly, to proceed to
Europe and investigate the immigration
problem. The commission will sail
about the middle of June. Prior to their
departure the commission will devote
some time to studying the character of
emigrants who come to this country and
land at the port of New York.
The commission is instructed to devote
special attention to the countries of South
ern Europe and to ascertain the reason of
the outpouring of people from Southern
Europe to the United States; the charac
ter of the emigrants; the financial aid fur
nished them by municipalities; whether
criminals and emigrants are sent here by
sanction of State or municipalities and all
information on the subject as wll ena
ble the United States to frame laws to
prevent undesirable immigration into
the country or to stop entirely through
DR. GRIFFIN'S HEAD FALLS OFF.
The Superintendent of S. C. Insane
Columbia, S. C, Down comes the
guillotiu and off rolls the head of Superin
tendent Griffin! As was foreshadowed
Dr. Griffin refused to resign the superin
tendency of the State Insane Asylum.
He fowarded to the Governor a lengthy
communication, in which he stated this
determination, and gave his reasons
therefor. In less than two minutes after
his letter had been received two letters
were written, both brief and
formal, one removing Dr. (Sriffin
from . office and the other placing in
temporary control of the Institute Dr.
Griffin's first assistant Dr. J. L. Thomp-
son. Dr. Gnmn lor months past,
understood, has been anxious to
and had fully expected to do so.
the investigation proceedings were insti
tuted, however, he felt that he could do
nothing but remain and await the issue.
Catholics in Indian Schools.
Washington, D. C, Special. The
Secretary of the Interior has directed that
the Catholic Sisters Angelia, O'Colobau
and Vincentia Coughlin, teachers who
were dismissed from the Government
school on the Menominee reservation , in
Wisconsin, by Agent Kelsey,.be restored
to then: positions. This action was
taken on the recommendation of Inspec
tor Cisney, who made a full investiga
tion cf the case.
Prisoners for Siberia.
London, Cablegram. There are fivi?
thousand prisoners in Russia awaitiDg
suitable weather for their transporta
tion to Siberia. The prisoners will be
voluntarily accompanied by their wives
and families, numbering ten thousand