Chapel Hilts Morning Newspaper
Vol. 83, No. 33
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, Friday, October 18, 1374
Founded February 23, 1S33
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Staff plwlo by Ton! Hutto
by Laura Toler
Staff Writer .
Unbelievable the price of one grocery item has gone down during the last
; A pound of Oscar Meyer bacon, priced SI. 85 Sept. 16, sold for $1.79 at Winn
Other prices at Winn Dixie have continued in the popular direction up, the
Daily ' Tar Heel's monthly survey has shown. The price of one pound of Roman
Meal bread climbed from 57 to 59 cents; 1 5 ounces of Post Raism Bran from 73 to 8 1
cents; a dozen grade A large eggs from 79 to 81 cents; and Pringle's potato chips
from 43 to 45 cents.
Some staples have resisted the upward trendA six-pack of Old Milwaukee is still
Sr.57 in bottles and '$1.59 :cm-: . . ' '
Meanwhile, outside the urban center of heavy demand, a few savings can be
found. Toler's Grocery, a small store north of Hillsborough, undercuts most Chapel
Hill stores by selling a loaf of bread for 53 cents and soft drinks for 20 cents, an item
that ranges from 22 to 30 cents in town.
Although all grocers have increased prices on items containing sugar, rural
dealers contacted Monday have maintained lower retail prices for sugar products
than town dealers. The J and J Quik Stop near Hillsborough bettered Winn Dixie's
price on a small bag of Oreo cookies by 10 cents.
Anne Toler, co-owner of Toler's Grocery, said small stores may be able to
underprice large supermarkets because they have lower overhead costs. They often
have fewer wages and less rent to pay, she said.
Rural stores, however, must charge more for some items, she said, because they
are supplied by only the most expensive wholesalers. "Supermarkets have many
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more wnoiesaiers caning on mem ana may oe,aDie 10 ouy inings cncapci.
Indeed, pure sugar the real culprit is cheaper in town. A five-pound bag costs
$2.59 at Toler's and $2.39 at the Four-Way Quick atop north ot Durham, in unapei
Hill it costs $1.99 to $2.09 at Winn Dixie and $2.19 at Fowler's Food Store.
Bob Fowler, owner of Fowler's downtown, attributed the rise in sugar prices to a
current upward price trend in the world market.
"For a lone time the price of sugar was protected by treaties between the U.S
government and countries that sell sugar," he said. "Congress has gradually
abolished these treaties, and we're now buying sugar on the world market. That
doesn't necessarily mean a high price, but it's high right now.
No store has been able to avoid a hike in candy and gum prices. Only Four-Way
Quick Stop sells all packs of chewing gum for 10 cents, which cost lOand 15centsat
all the other stores. The price of most candy bars has also jumped from 10 to 15
cents. Bubble gum, which saw a 100 per cent increase last month, now costs two
cents instead of the usual penny.
by Elizabeth Wharton
United Press International
WASHINGTON During an historic
appearance on a congressional committee
witness stand. President Ford Thursday
flatly denied that he had made any deal to
pardon Richard M. Nixon in return for his
In his testimony, which he said he hoped
would not become a precedent for violating
the confidentiality of the Oval Office, Ford
repeated his belief that acceptance of the
pardon had amounted to an admission of
guilt on Nixon's part. 7
He also repeated his belief that for Nixon
to have been the first President in history to
resign in "shame and disgrace," rather than
face virtually certain impeachment and
removal from office, was punishment
enough for any man.
Ford had volunteered to do what no other
chief executive has done before give formal
testimony and submit to the questioning of a
He said that a few days before Nixon
resigned, he and former White House Chief
of Staff Alexander M. Haig had discussed a
pardon as one of a number of possibilities,
should Ford become President.
But he -said there had been no' promises.
And under questioning by Rep. Elizabeth
Holtzman, D-N.Y., he declared:
" l want to assure you and members of this
subcommittee, members of the Congress,
and the American people, that there was no
deal, period. Under no circumstance."
Subcommittee Democrats generally
agreed afterwards that other witnesses
should be called for questioning on the
circumstances of the pardon. Republicans
seemed more satisfied with Ford's
testimony. - . ,L - ,
But subcommittee Chairman William D.
Hungate DrMa...said he . expects ,lo call
Special Watergate Prosecutor Leon
Jaworski when Congress returns from its
election recess next month.
Ford said he received no reports of
deteriorating physical or mental health of
the former President before the pardon.
He flatly denied reports that Nixon's
millionaire friend, Clement Stone, who
called on Ford in the White House a day
after seeing Nixon in San Clemente. Calif.,
had brought dire reports of health problems,
and he scofffed at rumors that Secretary of
State Henry A. Kissinger had warned him
Nixon might commit suicide if he had to
At any rate. Ford insisted, he had not
granted the pardon for Nixon's benefit, but
for the country's.
Rep. Lawrence J. Hogan, R-Md., who
was the first Republican member of the
committee to endorse Nixon's impeachment
last summer, asked Ford if he felt Nixon's
acceptance of the pardon was "tantamount
to an admission of guilt."
1 do, sir," Ford replied. "The acceptance
of a pardon does, in effect, admit guilt."
He said he realized that most of the public
controversy over the pardon centered on the
timing rather than the fact of the pardon
itself, but said he still thinks he was right.
He said he had given the matter deep
thought, and had considered waiting until
after an indictment of Nixon, but added:
"I'm convinced that timing of this pardon
was done at the right time."
Rep. James R. Mann, D-S.C, asked him
if he had intended by the pardon "to
terminate the investigation by the special
prosecutor's office in the areas that -you
received reports from that office on."
"I think the net result of the pardon was in
effect, just that, yes, sir," Ford replied.
The President entered the hearing room
precisely at the scheduled starting time 10
a.m. He sat alone at the long witness table,
and poured a glass of water from a silver
pitcher beside the microphone while cameras
He had volunteered his testimony, after
the subcommittee headed by Rep. William
L. Hungate, D-Mo. had pressed him for
written answers to a number of questions
surrounding the circumstances of the
pardon. ; .. . . . - - ,
Ford read a half-hour prepared statement,
in which he outlined the circumstances of the
decision which he said was made "to shift our
attention from the pursuit of a fallen
President" to pressing national problems.
Holtzman, sternest of the questioners who
also complained that the committee had not
prepared itself sufficiently for the
momentous hearing, told Ford the people
had a suspicion that the agreement on the
disposition of the tapes was designed to help
Ford conceal the recording of conversations
he had himself held with Nixon in the past.
To allay that rumor, she asked, would
Ford be willing to turn over to the
subcommittee the tapes of all conversations
he had held with the former president?
Ford did not answer d irectly, but repeated
his assurances that the agreement was
designed to protect the availability of the
tapes for criminal prosecutions of others
connected with the cover-up.
He said he had sought no confession of
guilt from Nixon in return for the pardon,
but that his lawyers had advised Nixon's
attorneys his statement should express
He had seen Nixon's statement before it
was published, he said, but felt it was not his
place to suggest changes or to judge its
Ford returned again and again to his
central theme that the people should no
longer be diverted by the Nixon resignation
but move ahead with more pressing
"We would needlessly be diverted from
meeting those challenges if we as a people
were to remain sharply divided over whether
to indict, bring to trial and punish a former
President, who already is condemned to
suffer long and deeply in the shame and
disgrace brought upon the office he held." he
More music majors,
but no more space
by Meredith S. Buel Jr.
The Music Department is having
difficulty meeting its students needs due to
the lack of adequate facilities, according to
its chairman. "If you'll excuse the pun,"
.Chairman Edgar Alden said Wednesday,
"it's been a bit like musical chairs."
Alden said music is becoming an
increasingly popular major here. "In the last
five years enrollment has tripled, but our
space has remained the same," Alden said.
. "The last addition to Hill Hall was 1 1 years
ago." . -
The University's five-year plan, submitted
this week to UNC President William Friday,
did not appropriate any money for physical
improvements to the music department.
The University has promised Alden seven
new office studios and class and chorus
rooms in Person Hall, but these facilities
won't be available for at least a year.
"In the meantime," Alden said, "we are
eleettloes Iheldl today
National, state races eyed
A mock election for U.S. Senate, North
Carolina Attorney General and state senate
will be held today in the Pit.
Students will have the opportunity to
indicate their preference for either Democrat
and former state attorney general Robert
Morgan or Republican WilliamStevens, for
Sam Ervin's U.S. Senate seat.
Stevens' campaign manager Richard
Morgan said Thursday he is confident his
candidate will win because he considers
UNC an anti-Morgan campus.
Morgan campaign aide Carrol Legget
would not make any predictions concerning
In the attorney general race, incumbent
James Carson Jr. faces Rufus Edmisten, a
Democrat and former Ervin aide.
Democrats Russel Walker and Charles
Vickery are running against Republicans
Michael Budd and Ed Tenney for two state
Today's election, which will be held from 9
a.m. to 5 p.m., is sponsored by Sigma Phi
Epsilon fraternity and Student Government.
"We first want to give the candidates an
idea of how the students perceive the various
political views of the candidates," Student
Body President Marcus Williams said
Thursday. "This election also gives the
students a chance to see how their peers feel
about candidates. This might encourage
some students to go out and vote during the
Nov. 5 election.
"The results of the election might also
motivate students to go out and actively
campaign for one of the candidates," he said.
el amis for W UN C -F I
Donald M Trepp
by Bob Marske
"WUNC will be a fully professional
station, run by the best people we can
get to work," Donald M. Trapp, newly
appointed director of WUNC-FM said
Trapp, appointed by UNC V ice
Chancellor William F. Little, received
his B.A; and M.A. from UNC and is
now an official in the Corporation of
Public Broadcasting in Washington,
D.C. He will begin his new position
As director, Trapp will be concerned
with supervising the station's operation.
WUNC-FM ceased broadcasting in
1 970 after a storm destroyed the
station's antenna and transmitter.
"Now that we're starting all over
again, from scratch," Little said, "we are
fighting an uphill battle. We will have to
buy, assemble and test equipment, and .
renovate new office space.
"My best guess is that we will resume
broadcasting in late spring," Little said.
WUNC will be a public service
station, Trapp said, featuring
contemporary, modern and classical,
programming, plus programs for the
blind, the aged and other minorities.
"We. are going to hire a research
person who will perform a demographic
study of the area, to determine exactly
who is out there, and what they want to
hear," he said.
Trapp plans to work closely with the
citizen's advisory group, to see that
programming conforms to public needs.
"My goal is to make this one of the,
best radio stations in the country," he
said. "With the strong commitment
made to us by the University, 1 think we
can do it."
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going to use practice rooms over at
University Methodist Church. We wouldn't
have to go in this direction if we had been
able to move into Person Hall earlier."
Referring to the present state of the
economy, Alden said he realized the
University is operating under adverse
conditions. He also pointed out, however,
that there has been a shift recently toward
the arts and humanities at universities across
the natim. "We are not doing our duty to the
state if we fail to consider this shift," Alden
As a result of the increased interest in
music, the department has had to make
adjustments in their present physical
facilities. "Rooms designed as study areas
are having to be used as teaching studios,"
Alden explained. "We only have 36 practice
rooms for 300 students.
"Carolina has one of the finest music
schools in the state and one of the best music
libraries in the country," Alden said. "We
have had to use space in the basement of Hill
Hall for our expanding library and our
professors cannot be supplied with the
Alden also pointed out that the
department was in dire need of office space.
"We have the same amount of secretaries we
had five years ago," he said. "But if we got
more we would not have a place to put them.
A full professor must share his office with
two part-time teachers.
"We have tried everything as far as using
up extra space in H ill Hall," Alden said. "We
have gone as far as we can go."
Alden thinks people in Chapel Hill are
interested in music because of the success of
the music department's recent concert series.
"It does kind of hurt when we think our
needs have grown more rapidly than those of
the University, and the music department's
budget has risen only slightly," he said.
Violence In a Charlotte High School
An unidentified Olympic High School student is aided by
other students after she was injured during fighting et ths
school Thursday. A "beautiful school year" was rudsly
interrupted when fighting broke out between black end white
students in the southwest Charlotta school. A morning of
sporadic violence between roving bands of black and white
students ended with two students hospitalized end 10 to 12
hurt lass seriously. Tha school wss closed until further
notice. Ironically, Charlotte had been the focus of national
attention earlier this week when students et nearby West
Charlotte High School bunched a letter writing campaign to
Invite students from Costsn's racially troubled schools to visit
Charlotte end see how well busing and integration worked.