Mi In I f
Chapel Hill's Morning Newspaper
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, Friday, January 10, 1975
Vol. 83, No. 77
Founded February 23, 1S33
by United Press International
Amid reports that U.S. Marines in Tokyo
are on alert. Senate Democratic Leader
Mike Mansfield predicted Thursday
Congress would fight any effort by the Ford
administration to seek increased aid for
The Tokyo newspaper Manichi said
Thursday two regiments of the U.S. Marine
Corps 3rd Division on Okinawa have been
on alert since Jan. 6 as a possible rescue force
for American civilians in South Vietnam.
A Marine spokesman on Okinawa said:
There has been no change in the alert status
of Okinawa's Marine units. He refused to
There are approximately 18,000 Marines
stationed on the Island.
Marine Corps headquarters in
Washington denied the Leathernecks were
on alert, citing the Congressional ban on
by Jim Roberts
A student bill of rights has been drafted by
Student Government. Upon approval, it will
inform students of rights they may not be
The bill of rights, an amendment to the
Instrument of Student Judicial Governance,
clarifies students rights, and may prevent
such events as the last summer's search of
Mclver dorm and the recent confusion over
The proposed bill of rights states explicitly
that students, their belongings and their on
campus rooms shall be secure against
unreasonable searches and seizures.
Reasonable searches are defined as those
made in case of extreme emergency, such as a
suspected suicide or a problem involving the
immediate safety of the room occupants.
If possible, an emergency search of a
student's room will be made with, his
permission and in his presence.
Only authorization by the dean of student
affairs can permit a search if permission
cannot be obtained from the occupant. V
In cases of a suspected violation of state or
federal law, a search may be made, but only
with the proper civil search warrant.
The Mclver dorm search was conducted
by the resident director, assistant resident
director and two campus policemen, wjio
knocked on doors and then entered with pass
keys whether or not the occupafus'
permission was given. j
The Student Bill of Rights was jointly
written by Marcus Williams, student bi dy
president, his executive assistant Mur 'ay
Fogler, and Bill Bates, a member of the
Residence Hall Association.
Williams said the document was patten ted
after similar lists of rights which were ndta'r
put into an official judicial constitution
Before the bill of rights is submittecWor
Chapel Hill and Orange County are
seeking to collect taxes on UNC property for
not only 1974 but for the five preceding
years, tax officials said Thursday.
If the tax collectors win their case to force
the University to pay its first property taxes
in this century, the bill, including the late
penalty, could run into the millions of
dollars, officials said.
At current tax rates, the University would
have to pay $45,000 in county taxes, plus
$36,000 in local taxes for the past year.
But the collectors also have the authority
to bill property owners for the five preceding;
years, adding penalties of 10 per cent for
each year the taxes are late, said Joseph S.
Ferrell, professor at the Institute of
The penalties would add 10 to the 1973
bill, 20 to the 1972 bill and so on, back to
However, Ferrell said, "The county
commissioners have the authority to ;waive
the late penalty. But they must put it on the
bill to start with." 4
Ferrell and other tax experts say they
expect the University to contest the tax in the
courts. University officials have not said
what action will be taken.
American military intervention in Indochina
which President Ford has pledged to abide
by. ' .
And despite Pentagon denials that a U.S.
7th Fleet task force led by the nuclear carrier
Enterprise has been dispatched toward the
area, American civilian sources in Saigon
and Communist pfficials report the warships
are in the Gulf of Thailand off South
Vietnam's southwestern coast.
"Additional aid means more killing, more
fighting, Mansfield said. "This has got to
"It is up to those people to settle their
difference in their own way. They are going
to have to do it sometime, and without
additional aid from the United States and
that includes Cambodia.
Asked if Congress would resist attempts
by the Ford administration to obtain more
funds, Mansfield said that would be a fair
approval, it will be reviewed by the
Committee on Student Conduct, Williams
The Campus Governing Council, the
Faculty Council and the Chancellor must
ratify the bill of rights before it can become
incorporated in the Instrument on Student.
The Student Bill of Rights does not give
students many new rights, but puts down on
paper the rights Student Government feels
the students should have.
In addition to "protecting the students'
right to - privacy. Vxfie'uJjill' of rights, also
protects the right of a student to continue in.
classes despite a prolonged illness,
pregnancy, or tragic personal problems.'
The bill also stipulates that separate files
will be kept for the students' official
transcripts, official disciplinary records and
official medical records to prevent improper
When passed, the bill of rights will also
insure that a student's grades will be sent to
the address he wishes and sent to his parents
only with his written permission.
Drew Diehl was introduced to the world,
one day after Independence Day in 1952.
He was born into an Ah-MER-ican era,
after an Ah-MER-ican day, into an Ah-MER-ican
supporting family in Ah-MER-ican middle
America. But one day he discovered the
environment. Very spiritual.
As the head of ECOS, Inc., Drew has
made a salary of $800 since he took the job in
July. He lives with several other,
environmentalists at a community called Ox
Bow near Chapel Hill.
They pool their resources so they can live.
Most of them use food stamps, which don't
always take them far.
A few times on their paper recycling route,
Drew stopped behind a food store on the
route and scrounged through the old boxes
for food. "I got some pineapples and jelly
and some other stuff.
The electric bill has been in constant
jeopardy, so they burn wood in a pot bellied
It's a weird life-style but he loves the farm
work, even pulling the plow. ("I'm filled with
the Protestant work ethic.')
He doesn't own a car, so he hitchhikes or
walks or catches a bus or a train wherever he
Drew is so environmentally sensitive that
he uses only a minimum amount of water
when he brushes his teeth.
He won't even use Shell pest-strips
because he read somewhere that they emit
vapors that effect the human brain.
Drew says he's not commited to an
alternative life-style and he will be leaving
ECOS and looking for another job soon so
he can make money to go to law school.
But he will remain an environmental man.
It's settled in his psyche.
"There were several things that turned me
into a rabid environmentalist, 1 guess. Where
I was born is one. Yellow Springs, Ohio,
where Antioch College is.
"It's a college town and the area is so nice
like the woods where my 12th grade
science teacher taught us about conservation
and ecosystems. I loved nature.
"My science teacher was a super teacher.
During my senior year he was all along
building an interest in me for environmental
U.S. military sources in Bangkok said
extra stocks of bombs and ammunition now
in Thailand were being shipped to Vietnam.
The sources portrayed the movements as
routine, calling them redistribution of war
In any case, they said, the United States
during the past two years has fallen way
behind in replacing stocks and arms and
ammunition used by South Vietnamese
forces, and there appeared "there was no
violation of the 1973 Paris peace accords by
Manichi, quoting American military
sources on Okinawa, said the Division's 9th
and 4th Regiments have been on a "four
hour" alert since Monday.
. The newspaper said the alert was ordered
to "prepare for the rescue of Americans now
stationed in South Vietnam if the war
situation there got worse.
Okinawa police and taxi drivers said there
were almost no Marines in the night spots
around the bases on Wednesday night,
although off base activity picked up
Two Japanese language newspapers in
Naha, Okinawa's capital, said the Marines
were on "alert stage four."
The Okinawa Times and Ruykyu Shimpo
both said the Marines were on alert for
possible redeployment to Vietnam.
Meanwhile in South Vietnam, the loss of
Phuoc Long province to the Communists
sent refugees stampeding from another
threatened capital . to seek sanctuary in
Saigon Thursday and the United States
poured in more ammunition from big
stockpiles in Thailand.
Field reports said that refugees were
swarming from Tay Ninh City, 50 miles
northwest of Saigon and capital of Tay Ninh
province, as fears spread their city is the next
target of the Communists.
Communist troops earlier this week
overran a platoon-size post perched on top
of the Black Virgin mountin, five miles
northeast of Tay Ninh. ; i:. ; - . ;
Reporters said an estimated 300-man
battalion of regular Communists
Wednesday night crossed the Vam Co Dong
river which runs on the west flank of Tay
Ninh. Small engagements were reported
Thursday morning and searches continued.
A new Communist threat also was
developing southwest of Saigon. Military
sources said a government artillery platoon
in Tra On district, Vinh Long province, 58
miles southwest of Saigon, was overrun at
Drew Diehl lives his own
h : f':
ECOS director Drew Diehl
The same year that his teacher was.
instilling ecological virtues in young Drew,
two events happened that changed the
course of his life: Earth Day was held in the
spring of 1 970, and Paul Erlich, author of the
Population Bomb, spoke at Antioch
The reform spirit of Earth Day exhilirated
Drew. lt was as if we were going to clean up
the whole world."
Erlich appealed to his intellectual sense.
He made me realize that we were doing
things harmful things without knowing
that we were doing them. People were calling
him a madman because he was saying that
we'd soon be seeing people starve on our
TV's. Well, it's happening now."
Youthful idealism. How can you clean up
the world with that? "I'm just a kid," he says.
And not very imposing in size or personality. :
m , 7&I fr
Carolina 74-Clemson 72
Frosh Phil Ford drives for a lay-up with Walter Davis blocking out Clemson center
.Tree Rollins during Thursday night's win over the Tigers. Davis connected on a 25
foot Jumper with 1:06 remaining in the contest to give UNC a 73-72 lead. Details In
Monday's DTH. (Staff photo by Alice Boyle)
CIA planned studies
of NATO countries
by Clay F. Richards .
United Press International
- WASHINGTON The CIA, according
to a confidential letter disclosed Thursday,
began soliciting U.S. companies last fall to
conduct a secret study of transportation
systems being developed by some of
America's NATO allies as well as the Soviet
The disclosure exposed the agency to yet
another possible area of controversy and
investigation, and Sen. Richard S.
Schweiker, R-Pa., said he would push for a
Watergate-style Senate investigation to
way, both on the
the eimviFoiminnieiiTi4sil M'aiHi
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talks about his lifestyle and the environment
Drew doesn't smoke, take drugs, rarely
has a single beer and isn't even very religious.
His only over-indulgence seems tabe hot
showers. "1 like hot showers," he says rather
What's a little guy like that going to do
pick up litter? Plant dandelions on highway
No. He takes on the N.C. Dept. of
Transportation and stops highway
construction by filing law suits.
During December he did an end-run
around a congressional committee to save
farm land, energy and the second oldest river
in the world (the New River.)
wl joined ECOS at Duke my freshman
year, and my sophomore year 1 got involved
with transportation," Drew said.
The Department of Transportation
determine whether the CIA has "established
an invisible government of its own."
disclosed that the Justice Department had
asked the intelligence agency in 1970 to keep
tabs on some 9,000 American citizens
abroad, including members of the Black
Panthers and Vietnam war critics.
The purpose of the overseas monitoring
operation, which is legal under the CIA
charter, was to determine whether there was
any foreign involvement in the campus
unrest and other disorders in the United
States during that period, he said.
farm and in Washington
Staff photo by Gary Dency
In his cluttered Union office
continues to do illegal things. The National
Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (NEPA)
said environmental things must be
considered in all national decision-making,"
NEPA. Neepah, Drew calls it.
A highway through Durham was planned
to go through the Duke campus, right by two
hospitals and two convalescent homes. ("It
always goes through poor neighborhoods,
. The transportation department also didn't
file a finale statement on the highway's
environmental soundness and didn't
conduct the proper public hearings for the
He filed a NEPA suit ' and halted
construction of the expressway temporarily.
He's now dreaming up ideas for three new
by Tim Pittman
Dean of Student Affairs Donald Boulton
announced Thursday the existence of a plan
to halt the marijuana use of the High Noon
Boulton's press release states that
administration officials are working with
local law enforcement officers to enforce the
High Noon, a group of students who
gather to smoke pot and socialize on Fridays
at noon, grew from about a dozen people
early last semester to nearly 300 by late
A timetable has been set and appropriate
steps taken to halt the High Nooners pot
smoking, Boulton and Cansler said.
We don't want anyone to be hurt, James
Cansler, associate dean of student affairs,
said, "but we have a responsibility to enforce
state laws on this campus.
Student Body President Marcus Williams
told his staff at a recent meeting that a
crackdown was soon to come. He did not
give details concerning when it would come
or how it would be handled.
"I don't approve of this open flouting of
the law by UNC students for two reasons,
"First, it casts a negative light on student
activity at UNC, and second, it pressures
UNC administrators to. take definitive steps
not only to eliminate this, but also to tighten
restrictions on a lesser degree of this
Both UNC Chancellor N. Ferebee Taylor
and Williams said they had received letters
from individuals asking that disciplinary
action be taken against the High Nooners.
"These people are not going to stay in a
corner," he added.
Both Boulton and Taylor defended the
students' right to congregate. "The students
have a right to congregate and 1 intend to
protect that right," Taylor said.
-According Ito!, Boulton's, press release,
however, "illegal activity which is made a
part of any group's rationale or program can
not be tolerated.
"UNC is carrying out the continuing
responsibility of a state institution to carry
out the laws of this state, Taylor said.
Although the UNC administration
previously has taken a tolerant view of High
Noon, its growth, press coverage and public
criticism combined to force the
administration to take disciplinary steps.
So he writes letters to the Department of
Transportation asking them what they're
doing and reminding them of the NEPA
guidelines they're required by law to follow.
They're supposed to follow the law."
Neepah. "They know what I've got on my
His most thrilling battle was last month
when he and Jack Comart, a grad school
dropout, scurried up to Washington just in
time to initiate a razzle-dazzle play in the
House of Representatives that saved a bill
stopping construction of a hydroelectric
plant on the New River.
The bill was being held up by a House
committee that didn't want it brought to the
floor for a vote. The bill would have died at
the year's end without a vote and dam
construction would have started in early
The New River up in northwestern North
Carolina and Virginia is the second oldest
river in the world. A hydro-electric dam
would have destroyed it and flooded a lot of
The only way the bill could be saved was if
House Speaker Carl Albert called a
"suspension of the rules" and brought the bill
to the House floor himself. "It was an end
So Drew and Jack went to Washington.
They lobbied, made phone calls and with the
help of a few friends were finally able to
persuade enough North Carolina
representatives to talk to Albert. On Dec. 19
Albert called a suspension of the rules.
A House maj ority voted for the bill. 1 1 was
enough to keep it alive and stop the power
plant construction, save the river and the
farm land. So far.
How did a young man from middle Ah-MER-ica
and a conservative family with a
Goldwater-backing background turn into a
. . . uh ....
"People used to tell me that
environmentalists were radicals. I thought
maybe there was something wrong with me
bringing law suits and things maybe an
Oedipus complex or something."
Drew looked up "radical" in the
dictionary and was relieved when it wasn't
him. "I'm just a very conservative fellow."
He's no radical. Naww. He's