It will be partly sunny and
warm Saturday with the
temperatures in the mid 70s.
Partly sunny skies and low
70 temperatures are forecast
. Tennis, anyone? .
The ACC tennis tournament
begins today at N.C. State.
The Heels, after an
undefeated year in the
conference, are favored. See
story on page 5.
Serving the students and the University community since 1893
Friday, April 15, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Please call us: 933-0245
c i Z Z
Volume No. 84, Issue No. 132
Apple Chill Fair
set for Sunday
By ROBERT THOMASON
Music, games and laughter will
dominate the Franklin Street scene
Sunday during the largest Apple Chill
Fair in the history of the annual event.
More than 25,000 fun seekers are
expected to attend the fair, which is
sponsored by the Chapel Hill
Recreation Department. The fair will
extend east from Henderson Street to
Graham Hall, near the Morehead
The number of booths and exhibits at
the fair has increased from 210 last year
to approximately 300 this year. Two
hundred and forty-five groups have
already registered, and more
participants are anticipated.
A wide variety of activities have been
scheduled, including a continuous
volleyball game, Karate and Tae Kwon
Do demonstrations, and a plethora of
There also will be a Cut-A-Thon on
Henderson Street in which one may get
a shampoo, hair cut and blow dry for
$10. The proceeds will go to the North
Carolina Association for Retarded'
Continuous music is planned for the
afternoon. Among the groups playing
will be The Village Band, Liquid
Pleasure and Skinny. There also will be
a number of individual folk guitarists.
The Carolina Playmaker's Theatre,
the UNC Jugglers Association and
other campus organizations will be
involved in the fair. Three fraternities
and two sororities also will have booths.
WUNC-FM will have a van outside of
the street barricades on Franklin Street
to get the public's opinion of the fair.
Complimentary program guides will be
available at the van.
The Recreation Department will sell
t-shirts, balloons and soft drinks to help
absorb the costs of the fair said Shirley
Crawford, the Recreation Department's
coordinator for the fair. The
Department is operating on a budget of
$2,500 and hopes to regain as much of it
as possible, she said. Last year the
department came within $100 of
The Recreation Department will have
an information booth in front of the
Post Office, Crawford said. Those
interested in either helping the
department run the fair or entering a
booth should register here Sunday
morning, she said.
The Apple Chill Fair began in 1971
under the direction of Harper Peterson,
who headed a team which tried to
introduce a different type of community
activity to promote local participation.
After Peterson left Chapel Hill in 1974,
Shirley Crawford began to organize the
Legislature considers bill
on election-day registration
By CHARLEN HAVNAER
A bill is being considered by the N.C.
Senate Elections Committee which would
amend the state elections laws to allow
voters to register on election day. Sen.
Charles E. Vickery D-Orange, introduced
the bill last week. ,
Under the proposed law, a person would
be allowed to register at the polls if he could
to be announced
The eight faculty winners of the
AMOCO Foundation, Nicolas Salgo and
Tanner awards will be announced at 3
p.m. today in 100 Hamilton Hall.
The awards are given for excellence in
inspiration teaching on the
undergraduate level. A reception for the
winners will be held from 3 to 5 p.m.
Sunday at the Old Well. In case of rain,
the reception will be in Great Hall.
The Distinguished Teaching Awards
Committee will announce the winners'
from a pool of nominees chosen by
student and faculty ballot earlier this
semester. The committee is made up of
five students and five faculty members.
"Research is the criterion by which
faculty members are normally
recognized," said Dirk Wilmoth,
spokesperson for the reception
organizers. "However, teaching remains
the primary responsibility from a
"Students have a chance to show that
they are participants in the University by
attending the reception Sunday,"
Wilmoth said. "A lot of people do not see
students as participants, but rather as
clients of the University."
Squint those eyes and bite that lip. With all that concentration maybe she'll win the
Frisbee throw. This contest, sponsored by Morrison dorm, was one of 32 booths and
games at the APO Campus Carnival held on Ehringhaus Field Thursday night. Staff
photo by Allen Jernigan.
Andrus outlines department policy at Duke symposium
By LOU BILIOMS
DURHAM Secretary of the Interior
Cecil D. Andrus pledged Thursday no more
cozy relationships between his department
and special business interests.
"Pro-business and developmental aspects
have had their inroads in the Department of
the Interior," Andrus said at a press
conference held in conjunction with a Duke
Sec. Cecil Andrus
prove his age and residency either by a valid
identification card such as a driver's license
or by an affidavit from an already-registered
voter. The registration would be placed on
the permanent recordds.
President Carter presented a similar
proposal which would apply to national
elections to the U.S. Congress earlier this
Vickery said Wednesday he asked the
committee to delay action on the bill until
Congress reaches a decision on Carter's
If Congress passes this legislation,
Vickery's bill stands a good chance of
passing in the state, he said. Vickery is trying
to acquire a ruling from the attorney general
to determine if the law would apply to
national as well as state elections if Congress
rejects Carter's proposal and the state passes
"If the national Congress doesn't pass it
and the state does, I think we can still apply it
to national elections, but I want to get a
ruling to be sure."
The purpose of the proposed law is to
allow more person to vote, according to
"1 believe anything that would allow
people to vote more easily and by the
numbers is good," he said.
Vickery proposed a second bill which
would change the date of the state primary
from August to the first Tuesday in April
with runoffs being held on the first Tuesday
"This would mean we would have all
elections while the public school system is in
session. This would be the best time because
this is when you find the largest amount of
people at home. During the summer people
are out of town on vacations," he said.
Vickery said this might prevent University
students who are away from home in April
from voting but would allow more people
across the state to vote.
University symposium on forest policy.
"Some of those people who had cozy
relationships in the past will still have
relationships, but they might not be so cozy,"
In order to sensibly maintain and develop
our resources, the former Idaho governor
said he favors a balanced judgment which
would assure that no special interest groups
enjoy undue influence in policy and decision
"One approach which would be doomed
to failure would be for each special interest
and its counterpart in government to set its
own goals and work up its own strategy
without regard for other interests," Andrus
said at a luncheon meeting following the
"Tunnel vision is a danger whether we are
talking about the livestock or forest products
industry, environmentalists or
recreationalists, or any others involved in
forest management. We need a balanced
judgment to keep in proportion all the values
that can come from our public lands and
Andrus said that one of his department's
highest priorities is strip mining. Criticizing
traditional abuse of resources, Andrus noted
that "strip mining in the past has been a one
time use." "That concept is not going to
prevail in this administration," he said.
Andrus suggested temporary use of land
for strip mining, but emphasized that
precautions must be taken to assure that the
land is returned for alternative uses later,
such as farming.
Clear-cutting of forests is another
problem which his department is tackling.
"America's forests provide one of the few
situations where we can have our cake and
eat it too," he said. "But this is only true if we
give some forethought to our actions and
display some reasonable table manners.
Indiscriminate clear-cutting has done to
some of America's forests damage that is
equivalent to what poor farm practices once
did to the Midwest."
Andrus maintains that clear-cutting can
be a management tool, citing the effective
use of the process as an aid in regenerating
Genetic counseling suffers growing pains
By SARA BULLARD
The second of three parts
Genetic counseling, probably the most
effective means of preventing hereditary
disorders, is not without its problems.
Testing techniques, as well as counseling
procedures and ethical concerns, are
currently being scrutinized.
Because the testing techniques are not
fully perfected, there are problems of timing
that complicate the counseling procedure.
Amniocentesis, drawing the fetus cells
from the mother, cannot be done before the
16th or 17th week of pregnancy. By the time
the amniotic cells are grown and the
chromosomal studies made, the mother is
already into her 18th or 20th week. Then, if
abortion is to be done, it has to be done
immediately. This means that a decision
about the abortion possibility must be made
before amniocentesis is done.
The UNC genetic counseling director, Dr.
A. S. Aylworth, anticipates the development
of much more sophisticated techniques for
prenatal disgnosis in the next few years, so
that a fetal cell sample can be taken as early
as eight weeks.
There is also a slight chance that
amniocentesis will give a false negative,
incorrectly showing no defect. "Our lab has
By KATHY HART
The Campus Governing Council (CGC)
Finance Committee completed trimming
1977-78 budget requests from $217,765 to
$142,871 Thursday. The proposed budget
will be presented to the CGC for approval
Budget requests of all 35 organizations
seeking funds were cut to some extent. The
Drop period action unlikely
By AMY McRARY
A proposal to extend the four week drop
period to six weeks will be presented to the
Faculty Council at its regular meeting at 3
p.m. today in 100 Hamilton Hall.
But no vote on the proposal is expected,
said Maynard Adams, faculty council
chairperson. The proposal probably will be
referred to the Committee on Educational
Policy, he said. . ,
The Faculty Council will not meet again
until next fall, and the committee probably
will not act on the proposal until then,
Adams said. If this occurs, there will be no
changes in the drop period until at least next
spring, he said.
Tal Lassiter, Student Government
secretary of academic affairs, said he hopes
the drop-period extension will be voted on
Andrus said he supports expansion of the
Redwood National Park in northern
California to protect the park's giant
redwoods from the effects of timber cutting
on adjoining lands.
Andrus, whose department contains the
National Park Service, said he had
recommended to President Carter that "we
have some additions around the park to
Andrus statements were the first public
comments made by the Carter
administration on the proposed -park
The timber industry claims the park
expansion would put hundreds of persons
out of work, while conservationists contend
that the logging industry threatens to tip the
Friday, HEW discuss
By MERTON VANCE
UNC President William Friday and
representatives of five other university
systems whose desegregation plans were
declared inadequate by a U.S. Federal
District Court met Monday in
Washington with officials of the
Department of Health, Education and
Welfare (HEW) to discuss how to meet
Mel Blanc brings cartoon heroes
Bugs, Porky, Woody to Duke
Mel Blanc, perhaps best known as the
voice of Bugs Bunny, will appear at 8 p.m.
tonight at Page Auditorium on the Duke
campus. Tickets ($3, all seats reserved) are
on sale at the Page Auditorium box office.
Besides Bugs, Blanc also does the voices of
such well-known Saturday-morning heroes
as Porky Pig, Speedy Gonzales, Daffy Duck,
Tweety Bird and Barney Rubble.
Two of his records, "I tought I taw a putty
tat" and "The Woody Woodpecker Song,"
not had this problem so far," Aylworth says.
The National Genetics Foundation Inc.
readily admits that genetic counseling is
having its growing pains. In a 1974 report of
a foundation workshop on genetic
counseling, F. C. Fraser notes that, "The
methodology of counseling is in a highly
experimental stage, and it will no doubt be
some time (if ever) before there is any general
agreement on optimal procedures."
Some of the questions under debate,
Fraser notes, are what priorities will
determine who gets counseling services as
resources become more overtaxed, and
whether a counselor either should give
advice as to what action a family should take
or present them with the statistical risks and
options and let them decide.
At UNC, Aylsworth says, the decision
about abortion, for example, is left entirely
up to the patient and private physician. "We
provide the genetic counseling service," he
says, "but we don't make
Another question often arises: should a
genetic counselor be a Ph.D. or an M.D.?
There is no prescribed training for a genetic
counselor, and genetic counseling is not
considered a medical specialty; so a genetic
counselor's credentials are not clearly
largest cut was to the WXYC and Graduate
and Professional Student Federation
WXYC requested $20,768 and received a
recommendation for $5,951. The GPSF
asked for $31,415 and received $19,000. The
smallest cut came in the Elections Board
request. It requested $750 and received $700.
GPSF made the largest request. Next
came the executive branch of Student
Government, which asked for $30,260. It got
today. "It is a straight forward proposal," he
A six-week drop period would be a
compromise between the four-week drop
policy in effect now and the twelve-week
drop period that was University policy
before this year, Lassiter said.
"Six weeks is the time period of minimum
value to the students. Any longer period
proposed would be turned down by the
council," Lassiter said.
"A student usually doesn't know anymore
about the course work load in four weeks
than he does during registration, so he drops
the course out of fear and ignorance."
Extending the drop period would give the
student the information he needs to decide
whether to remain in the class, Lassiter said.
"A great majority of courses have had tests
Please turn to page 3.
ecological balance in the park and destroy
many of the redwoods.
Andrus was one of Carter's first cabinet
appointments. The two worked together in
the National Governors' Conference, and
the President admitted that the former Idaho
governor was "the only man ever considered
for the job."
"The President is a unique man in that he
believes in a cabinet form of government,"
Andrus noted. "We supply him with all the
information we can."
--Although Andrus and the President both
believe in the cabinet system, Andrus
observed that the administration is still in a
developing stage. The juggling of
responsibilities from department to
department is taking time, Andrus noted.
the deadline for compliance set down by
Judge John H. Pratt ruled April 1
that HEW incorrectly accepted the
desegregation plans of the schools and
gave the department until July 1 to
revise its desegregation guidelines.
Pratt ruled that the desegregation
plans violate Title VI of the 1964 Civil
Rights Act, which states that no U.S.
have sold over two million copies each.
Blanc has been known to let his characters
spring into life at the least expected times.
After breaking nearly every bone in his body
in a 1961 auto accident, Blanc emerged from
a coma and said to the doctor, "Ehhh, what's
Blanc's appearance will include an
informal talk (featuring nearly all of his
voices) accompanied by a slide show, and
also a showing of his three favorite cartoons.
Not enough is known about the
psychological effects on the carriers of
mutant genes or the parents of children with
birth defects, Fraser says. A major part of
the genetic-counseling program should be
spent helping families deal with the news that
the counselor provides, Fraser says.
It also is debatable how far a counselor
should go in his attempt to prevent birth
defects and the occurrence of genetic defects.
Should he seek to counsel other members of
a family known to be carriers, even though
the family has not requested the service.?
In cases where carriers can be identified,
should he withhold information that the
individual may not want to know? For
example, in the future the carrier state for
Huntington's chorea may be identifiable
before its overt onset in the carrier. Should
the counselor tell the carrier of the problem,
so that the chances of children's being
affected will be clear, or should he withhold
that information, so that the carrier will not
have to face the prospect of the painful and
incurable disease in himself before he has to?
In instances where certain enzyme
deficiencies predispose a person to a disease,
the same kind of question arises: Should it be
mandatory that the person know of his
condition, or should he be allowed to refuse
treatment in exchange for being able to live
$29,275. Student Legal Service requested
$22,720 and received $15,220. The Coastal
Club made the smallest request $165. It
The least amount of money appropriated
was $25 to the Undergraduate Political
Science Association, which had asked for
$200. The Carolina Gay Association
received $800 of its $900 request.
The budget was cut on the basis of zero
based balancing. "We cut everything that
was not a necessity," said Phil Searcy,
chairperson of the Finance Committee. "The
Finance Committee feels that zero-based
balancing is the fairest and most equitable
system of funding."
The money the Finance Committee has to
allocate has stayed the same since 1957,
while the number and size of organizations it
must fund have grown. "This makes it
extremely hard to fund organizations,"
Searcy said. "It is difficult to give
organizations the amount they deserve."
Other organizations' requests and
recommendations include Student
Consumer Action Union, which requested
$17,773 and received $12,500; Academic
Action, which requested $9,470 and received
$8,700; Sports Council, which requested
$5,000 and received $3,800; Black Student
Movement, which requested $10,752 and
received $7,650; and Association for Women
Students, which requested $7,710 and
"But we're working on it."
After outlining his tentative goals and
objectives, Andrus was asked whether he
had any long-term plans. He humorously
referred to the existence of an eight-year
plan, saying he has "every confidence that it
will be fulfilled."
Andrus first became known to the
American public through a series of
television advertisements in which he
promoted the State of Idaho while standing
amid thousands of potatoes.
The two-day symposium, entitled
"Centers of Influence and U.S. Forest
Policy," is designed to study the steps which
the country has taken in forest policy in the
past, as well as to discuss possible
improvements for the future.
citizen shall be excluded on the basis of
race, color or national origin from
participating in any program that
receives federal financial assistance.
At the three-hour meeting, Friday
reviewed the questions he raised at a
meeting of the UNC Board of
Governors on April 8. Specifically,
Friday said he wants to know what Title
VI means and exactly what is
insufficient in the UNC desegregation
Friday said he thought the meeting
was constructive. "For the first time in
my experience with HEW on this
particular issue, there was a frank
exchange between the department and
the institutions involved."
The representatives from the
institutions will meet with HEW
officials again in another three or four
weeks, according to Friday.
A key question in the discussions
concerns the predominantly black
schools in the University system.
as he wants to? The test that shows a
predisposition to emphysema is very simple,
and the person can avoid the disease by
exercising some control over his
environment not smoking, not working in
a coal mine or living in a big city. Should
these environmental controls be mandatory?
Should medical genetics be applied to every
possible case just because it is available?
Aylsworth predicts that sometime "way
off in the future" geneticists will be able to
identify many more genetic factors, from a
blood sample or skin biopsy, that predispose
a person to a disease.
If this occurs, it also would be possible to
map out a person's life according to his
genetic workup,, so that he is able to derive a
medically optimal existence and to show that
it is more socially beneficial for some people
to reproduce than others.
Some people fear the dangerous
implication that these abilities: the creation
of a selective population, with the individual
losing his right to live and reproduce as he
Although he does not see any of these
things occurring in the near future,
Aylsworth warns that "this may be a case of
technology moving ahead faster than people
are ready for, of people being able to know
more than they want to know."