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Today will be clear and
moderate with a high in the
upper 50s. The overnight
low will be in the upper 30s,
and the high Saturday will be
in the mid 60s.
Associate editors Lou
Bilionis and Ed Rankin
review the news of the past
seven days in the regular
Friday Daily Tar Heefeature
"The Week" - p. 6
Serving the students and the I diversity community since l'S93
Volume 85. Issue No. 35
Friday, October 14, 1977, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Please call us: 933-0245
newswire too co
it, W "Hi HI Ml!
O O i
While UNC students scurried to classes in an attempt to keep
their heads dry, these two, wet-weather lovers apparently
enjoyed basking in yesterday's showers. Staff photographers
Rainfall fails to abate water shortage
By STEPHEN HARRIS
A cold, steady rain fell on Chapel Hill
Thursday, but students tolerated its
discomfort and hoped the rain would ease
Chapel Hill's water shortage.
At 7 p.m. Thursday, the Orange Water
and Sewer Authority had recorded .79
inches of rainfall. University Lake, the
town's reservoir, had risen only one-half inch
to 6T2 inches below capacity, but a
continuing rise in the lake was. expected.
OWAS A greeted the rain enthusiastically
but was skeptical of whether the rain would
ease Chapel Hill's water emergency.
"We still need lots of rain," W. H.
Cleveland, OWASA assistant director, said
"I assume at this time of the year, if we can
go from 68 inches (below capacity at
Carter denounces oil firms as
'potential war profiteers'
WASHINGTON (UPI) President
Carter Thursday accused the oil companies
of "potential war profiteering in the
impending energy crisis" and said "the
biggest rip-off in history" would occur unless
Congress passes his energy program.
Appealing for public support to save his
proposals from extinction in the Senate,
Carter implied that profit-lusting oil
companies are blocking his legislative efforts
to deal with lomming, "inevitable" oil and
Opening a counterattack in a televised
news conference, he also blamed himself for
not fighting hard enough for his own
faltering proposals, and the public for
guzzling energy at a record pace oblivious to
"the seriousness of the crisis."
He suggested he would veto any bill that
scraps too much of his conservation plan and
said that, in that event, he would "seriously"
consider gasoline rationing and other
But Carter's main message was a harsh
attack on the oil industry. In effect, he
WUNC to hold
WUNC-FM radio station will hold a
pledge marathon today through
During the four-day marathon, the
station will solicit pledges of
contributions from listeners in central
North Carolina. The marathon number
will be 933-1616.
WUNC radio, 91.5 on the radio dial, is
licensed to the University of North
Carolina and broadcasts across an 85
mile radius. Like other public radio
stations, WUNC broadcasts without
commercial advertising and depends on
community funds for support.
Most of the station's funding comes
from the University, but audience
contributions are essential, according to
station manager Don Trapp.
WUNC receives a large share of its
funding from the Corporation for Public
Broadcasting (CPB) Trapp explained.
The amount paid to the station by CPB is
proportionate to the amount given by
The station raised $26,500 from more
than 1,200 listeners in a marathon held
last October. The contributions allowed
WUNC to begin broadcasting at 6 a.m.
daily, one hour earlier than before.
WUNC broadcasts a blend of classical
and jazz music and special features.
Money is needed by the station to
continue its format of jazz and classical
music while upgrading broadcasting
University Lake) up to 36 inches, we will
probably be in pretty fair shape."
If the lake has risen to 36 inches below its
crest before Christmas, Cleveland said, it
will probably be filled by winter rains.
Meanwhile, the University is continuing
the water-conservation efforts begun this
fall, according to John L. Temple, assistant
vice chancellor for business and finance.
Temple said that the University has
succeeded in reducing water use on campus
and said he hopes that would be a sufficient
contribution by the university to the water
The University dug wells on campus this
fall in response to the water crisis, and
Temple said the University would continue
Should the water crisis become more
acute, Temple said the University would
renewed his allegation that the Senate is too
cowed by the oil lobby to pass "tough, tax
based conservation laws.
"Back in April, when our national energy
policy was presented to Congress and the
people, I said that... this was 'the moral
equivalent of war,' " Carter said in an
introductory news-conference statement.
"I haven't changed my mind. In fact, the
seriousness of the energy crisis is even more
acute than it was then.
"But as is the case in time of war, there is
potential war profiteering in the impending
energy crisis. This could develop with the
passing months as the biggest rip-off in
He said energy prices would continue to
rise' "drastically" because of worldwide
shortages and the actions of foreign cartels.
' Asking, "Who will profit from these prices
and to what degree?" Carter said his
proposed energy package approved in the
main by the House, but now being
dismantled in the Senate "is fair and well
balanced. It insures that the American
people are not robbed.
"It also insures that the oil companies get
enough incentive to insure adequate
exploration and production.
By STEPHEN HARRIS
Editor's note: This is the last of a two-part
series about Chang and Eng Bunker,
Siamese twins who lived in North Carolina
in the late I800's. Most of the material for the
story comes from the book, Duet for a
Lifetime, by Kay Hunter.
Their new life in North Carolina was
pleasing to Chang and Eng. But there was
still one thing missing.
The Bunkers often visited David Yates, a
part-time preacher and wealthy landowner
in the area. Yates had two daughters, Sarah
and Adelaide. The twins often visited Yates,
but they never told the girls that they had
grown fond of them. This process lasted five
years. Finally, Chang and Eng told Sarah
and Adelaide of their affection. Sarah was
cold to the advance, but Adelaide was less
discouraging. When the twins visited the
next time, Sarah was not at home.
Adelaide planned with Chang and Eng to
hold a party, where the twins again
approached Sarah. The three finally
convinced Sarah to accept Eng's affection.
The four met secretively for a time. Such a
courtship would cause a scandal in a
community with rigid unwritten laws. They
lived in a frontier-like community where
anything unorthodox was unwelcome. This
was a community w here men and women sat
on opposite sides in church. And the local
Mike Sneed captured these ducks on film as they paddled
around a pound near Pittsboro.
cooperate with the town in any additional
Cleveland said Tuesday that Chapel Hill
would be in "big trouble" if the town did not
get additional water by Dec. 15. OWASA
Director Everett Billingsley has estimated
that Chapel Hill could face water rationing
as early as Thanksgiving.
Cnapel Hill stopped water purchases from
Durham Monday, shutting off a water
source that supplied one-third of the water
If the water emergency worsens, Temple
said the University could cut water to
campus buildings and urinals. He declined to
speculate on what the U niversity would do if
rationing is started.
The University has no plans to suspend
classes due to a lack of water, Temple said.
The final decision on class suspension would
rest with the chancellor, he added.
"But the oil companies apparently want it
all. And we are talking about enormous
amounts of money. . .Our proposals would
give the oil companies the highest prices for
oil in all the world, but still they want more!
"If we deregulate natural gas prices,"
Carter said, "then the price will go to 15
times more than the prices were during the
The Senate last approved a plan to
deregulate natural gas prices. Senate
committees had already killed his proposed
taxes on oil production, gas-guzzling cars
and oil-burning industries.
Baptist church went a step further and had
two front doors, one for men and one for
Accounts of Chang's and Eng's courtship
differ, but most probably it went this way:
One day in a neighboring county the twins
were spotted driving down the main street of
Mount Airy with their arms around their
respective girlfriends. The news raced back
to a surprised David Yates. Yates was told
that the courtship must be stopped. Rocks
were thrown at the Yates house. Though
Yates did not know previously of the
courtship and forbade the girls from seeing
the twins, verbal abuse continued.
The breaking point came when a trusted
neighbor of Yates threatened to burn down
Yates' crops if he did not control his
The twins retreated to their farm after
such strong reactions by the community.
Meanwhile, the four planned to elope
when Yates would be away. But Yates
somehow learned of the plan and stopped it.
Though the abuse was probably due to racial
prejudice, the twins became convinced the
abuse stemmed from the fact that they were
connected. They became despondent and
decided to have themselves separated, even if
it meant death.
They traveled to Philadelphia where they
insisted on having an operation that had
little chance of success.
Please turn to page 4
V" s , I
By HOWARD TKOX1.EK
Student Body President Bill Moss vetoed
the $14,000 WXYC budget at a meeting of
the Campus Governing Council (CGC)
Finance Committee Thursday night.
The budget, including a controversial
$2,800 appropriation for a United Press
International newswire, was approved in its
entirety by the CGC Oct. 4.
M oss told the Finance Committee that the
funds for the wire service could not be
justified, considering the drained CGC
budget. "1 support everything about this
(WXYC) budget to the nth degree except the
wire service." Moss said.
Finance Committee Chairperson Phil
Searcy told the CGC at the Oct. 4 meeting
that the WXYC appropriation practically
emptied CGC funds for the remainder of the
semester. "I hate to say it, but we're broke,"
Searcy told the council.
The student body president does not have
item veto power. Therefore. Moss could not
limit his veto to the wire service
After the veto, the Finance Committee
approved a new budget identical to the old
one minus the wire service appropriation.
The revamped budget, which was suggested
by Moss, will be submitted to the CGC for
Mike Hyman, chairperson of Student
Educational Broadcasting, Inc., the
COSC ponders cheating
By JACI HUGHES
Editor's Sole: This is the last in a four-part
series on the Honor Code at UNC.'
Administrators and students who have
worked on the proposed Honor Code
changes of the Committee on Student
Conduct (COSC) predict a substantial
increase in the number of students
suspended by the courts if the proposals are
The proposals w ould make suspension the
normative sanction for academically related
"1 do think more students will be
suspended," Student Body President Bill
Moss said, "but I don't think this means 90
percent of the cases will result in
James O. Cansler, COSC chairperson,
said he thought the new plan would result in
more suspensions, but he said the proposals
would "ultimately result in a reduction in the
number of cheating cases that come before
Cansler said the current sanctioning
system has no deterrent value for the average
student. "Under the present system, there is
little reason for the student that is
uninvolved in campus activities to resist
cheating," he said.
"The threat of suspension will reintroduce
an element of deterrence into the system for
the average student," Cansler said.
Student Attorney General Elson Floyd
said he though the student courts would
impose the suspension sanction on a greater
percentage of students, but he said that the
courts also had the option of probation.
"The proposals would make probation
mandatory if suspension is not imposed," he
sisters, squire 22 children
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The Bunker twins lived in this house in Traphill, N.C. from 1 838
until their deaths in 1874. The present owner of the house, Mrs.
controlling board of WXYC. criticized the
veto Thursday. "CGC is the keeper of their
own funds, not Bill Moss." Hyman said. "If
they decided that we should have a newswire,
what right does Bill Moss have to step in and
take it away?"
"I think the money for the newswire does
exist," Hyman said. "We've been singled out
and blamed for draining CGC's money."
Hyman also criticized the CGC handling
of the WXYC budget. Delays caused the
budget appropriation to be left off the CGC
agenda. The billdid not reach Moss' desk for
his signature until almost a week alter its
"I have reason to believe that it was not a
clerical error that kept the budget from being
presented that late," Hyman said. "1 believe
it was not a clerical error, but a matter of Bill
not wanting it to be presented to him until
This is the second Moss veto this year.
Last week. Moss vetoed the censure of two
CGC members for missing three consecutive
Both vetoes will be reported to the CGC
formally at its next meeting Tuesday night.
A simple majority vote is required to
overturn a presidential veto.
J. B. Kelly, CGC speaker pro tempore,
said Thursday that he expects an attempted
override of the vetoes.
"1 don't understand Bill's reasons for
vetoing these bills," Kelly said. "At the CGC
meeting where the budget was passed, he
Floyd said that in the past a student
convicted of his first offense usually received
The courts would have a choice of
' imposing any one of four sanctions under the
proposed changes: Definite or indefinite
suspension or definite or indefinite
Definite probation and suspension last for.
the duration of the semester in which the
sanction is imposed on the student.
Indefinite probation and suspension would
last through the semester in which the
sanction is imposed and an additional
semester. The student would then come
before the court to be reinstated (in the case
of suspension) or to have probation lifted.
Suspension severs the relationship
between the student and the University, but
probation allows the student to continue
attending school, although he is restricted
from extracurricular activities.
Soccer team plays Clemson
By TOD HUGHES
The Tar Heel booters will have their hands
full Sunday when national-power Clemson
brings its undefeated soccer team to Fetzer
Field for a 2 p.m. match. .
The Tigers wield some impressive
statistics, having captured five straight ACC
titles and NCAA tournament bids under
coach I. M. Ibrahim. Clemson has reached
the national semifinals twice in the last five
seasons, including last year's fourth-place
This season's Tiger team is following in the
same pawprints, sporting an 8-0 record, a
No. I ranking in the South and a No. 2
national ranking behind St. Louis
Etta Brown, says the
the world." Photo by
heard all the arguments and debates and he
voted for passage of the budget in its
entirety. I think the veto w ill be overridden."
Reaction to the veto among CGC
members was mixed. Seracy agreed with
"I just think it was an expense CGC didn't
think about, or the Finance Committee
didn't fully consider. It's our fault that it
came up like that."
But Finance Committee member Darius
Moss told the committee that acceptance of
Moss' terms would be "the equivalent of
giving him an item veto, a power that he
doesn't have." Darius Moss voted against
the new budget proposal for that reason.
WXYC's budget has been the subject of
controversy since the semester began.
Disagreements over the control of the
station arose in mid-September when station
personnel protested it was in violation of
federal regulations by not having its own
autonomous controlling board (SEB).
The station engineers threatened to go off
the air in September unless the CGC
recognized SEB as the controlling board of
the radio station. The Media Board finalized
this transfer of power last week by officially
giving up control of the radio station.
In other action, the committee voted to
propose a $2.50 student fee increase per
student per semester. If the entire CGC
approves the resolution, a campuswide
referendum will be held concerning a fee
Cansler said most students who are
suspended from the University eventually
Students convicted of cheating also
receive an "F" in the course. Mark
Appelbaum, a member of the Educational
Policy Committee, which is now studying
the proposals, objected to the provision in
the Instrument of Student Judicial
Governance which imposes an automatic
"F" in the coufse if a student is convicted of
"Grades are something issued by faculty
members as an assessment of the quality of
work done," Appelbaum said. Appelbaum
said that when a student gets an "F" for
disciplinary reasons, it looks like he tried a
course and didn't succeed.
Appelbaum said some other sort of
notation should be made to indicate that tht
student withdrew involuntarily from thi
University. The defense has allowed only
two goals all season long, both coming in a 9
2 shellacking of Florida Tech. Seven other
foes, including N.C. State, a 6-0 victim, have
failed to score.
Last year Clemson beat UNC 8-0. But in
Ibrahim's opinion, Fetzer Field will prevent
that from occurring again.
"The UNC field is too narrow," Ibrahim
said. "That makes defense a lot easier and
makes attacking a lot more difficult. The
defense is compact on a narrow field. Also
we were playing at the peak of our ability last
year at Clemson. The playoffs were a week
away. The nature of soccer is very low
scoring. We won't score that much.
Please turn to page 5.
twins called the area "the garden spot of