SALISBURY. H. C. THTTBSBjAY, DEC!
, 18, 1880.
XXII. THIRD SERIES. ,
G. W. WHIG
le Leading Furniture Dealer and Undertaker
IN SALISBURY. s
Ujow offermg the Largest and Uest Assorted Mock ot rami-
line igyer mouiu to mis piacu.
Jt .' . . . r Q
- PARLOR fJHTS!
Moblir Crush Plush at $ 00. Former
price . f V.i.00.
SiHfr Piush at $-0.00. Former price,
Won Pluh atrf:5o.00. Former price,
PIANOS AND OLGAXS.
Wilcox and-White Organs and Dcchcr
Bros., Chrtkvriuy & tus and Wheelock
, BED ROOM SUITS 1
Antique Oak, Antique Ashe, Cherry anil
Walnut atpricts. that defy competition. -
;a LAUGE STOlK
Of Chairs, Suits, S! at turn ol all Kii.ds
Spring Beds, Work Tables for Ladies,
Pictures and 'Pit tire Fiau.cs of je
and quality alas in stock, or vTill be
made to order dn short not ice at reason
".: BABY CAUKIAGES'
Abirge stock of Baby Caj ria;is with
wire wheels at $7.50.
Silk Plush Stat and tatin I aiasol Car
riages with w ire wheels at only $10.50
Iummjrdy-sofd foi 22.50.
, -UNDERTAKING DEPARTMENT I
Spt ciahajttcr.tion :icn to ui d rtakirg
in-all tls-vrSUehcs, at all hours day and
Pai ties wishing rayjM i vices at night w ill
rail at my residence on Bmfk street, in
Thanking my fi tends ami the public
generally lor past "patronage and .inking a
couth. mine e the same, I am, .
YoarsLanxious to o lease,
G. W. WR GrHT,
reading Furniture Dealer.
Our thought of thee is glad with "Rope,
Dear country of our love and prayers;
The way i down no fatal slope.
- But up to freer suns and airs.
Tried as byrnace fires, and yet
By God's grace only stronger made;
In future tasks before thee set
Thou snail not lack the old time aid.
The fathers sleep, but men remain
As true and wise and brave as they:
Why count the loss without the gniu?
The best is that we have to-day.
No lack was in thy primal stock,
No weakjing founders builded here;
There were the men of Plymouth Hock,
The Puritan and Cavalier.
And ihey whose firm endurance gained
The freedom of the souls of men,
Whose hands unstained iu peace main
tained The swordless commonwealth of
And time shall be the power of all
To do the work that duty bid.-:
And make the People's Council ilall
As lasting as the pyramids.
The lesson all the world shall learn,
The nations at your feet shall sil;
Earth's furthest mountain tops shall
From watch fires from thine own Uplit.
Great, without seeking to be great
By fraud or conquest rich in gold,
But richer in the large estate
Of virtue whichThy children hold.
With peace that comes of purity,
And strength to simple justice due,
So own our loyal dream of thee,
God of our fathers, make it true.
Oh, land of lands! to thee we give
Our love, our trust, our service free;
For thee thy sous shall nobly live,
And at thy need shall die for thee;
J. G. Whittikr.
LUTTZ A REND
IW1LL BE FOUND
THE HANDSOMEST ASSORTMENT OF
IE W FALL AND WINTER GOODS
ul the Shade's aid Fa- -The best Flour made in j The Largest and Best
rcs of .the Coming Sea- A mom a : the best Cured assortment in town, from
! Meats to be had, Canned; the finest Kid and Calf
MXTElt CLOTiilNG. Fruits, Meats and Vesre- hand-sewed made, down
ftuHs now open or in- tables of all kinds at eld to the cheapest made, of
jwon; it is handsome prices, raid the Choicest All Leather, at the very
fttt prices to suit the ; Teas, Coflees and Cocojis i Lowest of all Rock Bot-
to8- i s from many climes. j torn Prices.
'E offer SPECIAL INDUCEMENTS to the
p ua before ycfu buy as wo mean to sell yon gooas CHEAP
dash or-'barter. ( Yonr to servv,
. -I i KLUTTS & RENDLEMAX.
Regulators of low prices
P.Cifica, Towns an-
in Hip SnnOi
J. ALLEN BKCW t
4 Slrorg Campany
J. KHODES BROWNF
I if Ment Agent,
The cotton gin was invented by Eli
Whitney in 1793.
A thirteen year old girl is the organ
ist at a Maine church.
An Iowa woman has named her twins
Gasoline and Kerosene.
There are only six thousand stars
visible to the naked eye.
Five thousand boxes of gum are
chewed up in Chicago every day.
A pe.tsaut woman near Nates,
France, recently gave birth to tire
At the funeral of an age.l l ily at
Wool wich, England, her seven sous, all
clergymen of the church of England
The rhododendron plantation ol
Mr. Follansbee in the town of Fitz
william, N. tl., is one of the floral
wonders of New England.
Thomas Winan, the Baltimore
millionaire, said on his deathbed that
he wguld give $1,000,000 to be able to
eat a piece of bread and butter
The population of London can be
best estimated by the not generally
known fact (that it is greater than that
of Norway unJ b.veedeu combined.
The colony of Hong Kong. China,
was first ceded to Great Britain in
1841, and tlie cession was confirmed
by the tieaty of Nanking in 1742.
The first Colonial Congress met
October 7, 1765, at New York. Tim
othy toggles of Massachusetts, was
Chairman, and John Cotton, Clerk of
A Three Rivers girl has a beau who
is a Lake Shore fireman. Every day
she ties a bouquet to a stick and hands
it to hnr lover as he nies by her home
in his cab.
A family ia Isabella, Penn., was the
possessor of four kittens joined to
gether after the manner of the Sia
mese twins. A cord fastened them
together which seemed to pass
through the four: They lived Beveral
An ox has been dugout of a straw
stack on t he farm of George Pizer,
Louisiana. Mo. It had been missing
forty-five days. Though weak it ws
ante and will survive. 1 he straw bur
ied the animal as it came from the
The latest rage in Franee seems to
I the search for dead men's bones and
other port'ons of their anatomy. An
unsuccessful search for the bones of
Mirabeau is now succeeded by a ques
tion as to the precise whereabouts of
the heart of Gam'jetta.
Horoditus states that the Greeks re
ceived the sun dial from the Chaldeaas
The first dial on record was one set up
bv King Ahay, of Jerusalem, nearly
400 years lief ore ArVotle and Plato,
and just a little previous to the lunar
eclipses observed at ualy Ion, as recorded
The peculiar r m h toward Lake
Erie in the Slate line .f Pennsylvania,
known rs the Triangle (from its being
originally th Star of New York ex
tension) w. a sie:al pu chase, Stp
tember 4, 17c 8, from the Gowmmsnt.
rti h slie of tke Northwest Territory
itntiir vrLiol acres at a &iat
cosL of $150,0.0.
Children Cry for Pitcher's Castoria.
Are You Ready for Wifiterf
As winter approaches, whn the
keeping of fowls is attended with
more expense, we should inspect ur
flocks and reject all except those which
we are sure will prove profitable or will
be needed for breeding purposes in the'
r: n i l . a i , i.jI
spnag. vret nu oi uie superaanauiea
cocks and hens, and the very late pul
lets that will not begin laying before
It is a good plan also to dispose of
all the cockerels raised on the place,
and replace them with an entirely new
lot of thoroughbreds, procured from
some reliable poultry deale. hese
young cockerels should be of the early
spring hatch, so as to be near maturi
ty; and if possible I prefer buying
them early in the fall, for they are not
near so pugnacious among themselves
as when almost grown, and if the old
roosters, who for so long have leded it
over the yard, show a desire to drive
them off, why it is better to dispose of
Keep, by all means, your early spring
pullets; they apjar larger now it any
thing than the old bens, but can easily
be distinguished by their smooth,
clean legs, trim shape, and bright
If some of the flock have been al
lowed to roost out of doors during the
warm weather, which is by far
etter plan, thev should now be
s nailed to go indoors. The frost
destroyed the leaves on the trees,
ifter tins the fowls will have no
tection from the chilling rains and the
cool night wind. The owls, too, can
lave a better chance at them, and these
sly rogues, as every farmer knows, are
especially lively in the fall.
1 he poultry house should be thor
oughly cleansed and made reidy for
lie accommodation of the new comers,
giving the perches especial attention.
1 he frequency with which the floor
needs sweeping of course depends on
the size of the house, the warmth of
he weather and the number of fowls
kept. I never like a longer interval
than two weeks to elapse at any time;
in summer one week is preferred,
though my poultry house is large, well
ventilated and not at all crowded with
inmates. After each sweeping the
smooth plank floor is covered with dry
earth, ami lime sprinkled over that.
the nests, which were ail removed for
the summer, will soon be replaced, and
then the old biddies will be happy.
or nothing pleases them so well as
keeping house in it house. In fact, so
oth were some of them to give it up,
hat they persisted during summer in
depositing their eggs on the upper sill
or plate of the house on which tha raf
ters rest, from which insecure place
the eggs of course rolled down, and
made a feast for the fortuuate fowl
hat found them.
A nest eggs, they much prefer the
white glass or china eggs, which stav
cleaner and fresher, and look more like
real eggs than the unpainted wooden
ones, which, though cheaper at first
are dearer in the end for they so soon
get lost. It is unfortunate that the
brooding instinct of many improved
breeds of fowls is still inseierable from
their increased prolificness. Even
some of their non-sitters, when kept
on the farm for a few years where
they have a wide range and a variety
of food, return by degrees to their or
iginal brooding habit.
And the trouble of it is, they are
just as determined to sit out of season
as in; they have no method whatever
in their madness. And how thev do
sck, these same innocent brownies!
always wrap my hand up in mv ap
ron when I fiucLone ot them on the
nest. She doeYnt say a word, but if
her sharp eyes catch a glimpse of my
wrist she fires away, and the mark
stays there for a week. But if it's a
Plymouth Kock on the nest, then my
hand goes boldly under her soft feath
ers; she may quarrel a little but she
wouldn t hurt me for the world; in
fact, she is too dignified to be aggres
The hens kept for brooders next
pring should be from two to three
years old; their eggs are larger and
more perfect, and the hens themselves
make more sensible, patient, aud more
Pure-bred Plymouths that have been
fed pretty liberally are not generally
profitable after the third year; they
are apt to become fat and sluggish
too lazy to do anything but eat, and
too heavy to make good brooder.
They are excellent for the table, how
ever, all during fall, winter and early
spring; and when dressed whole and
stuffed like a turkey they make quite a
handsome appearance, being nearly a
large as a turkey hen, the skin clean
and transparent, with the yellow fal
shining through, and the flesh tender
and savory, juicy and sweet.
I have never had a Leghorn get toe
old to lay; they are too active and in
quisitive to "carry flesh, and too full
of mischief to grow sluggish. When
cared for judiciously, they may doubt
lss lie kept with profit until five years
A Fakmeb's Daughter.
Logan Co., Ky.
The sub-treasury idea is rapidly los
ing ground in Kentucky. S. B. Orin.
.resident of the state Alliance and ed
Ur of the Kentucky State Uninn, th
lliance organ, his come out strong
eyaiusi the bill, and carries many with
How to Cut cp a Hog.
B. W. JONES, VIRGINIA.
With a sharp axe and a sharp batch
er's knife at hand, lay the hog on the
chopping bench, sidedown. With the
knife make a cut near the ear clear
across the neck and down the bone.
With a dexterous storke of the axe sev
er the head from the body. Lay the
carcass on the back, a boy" holding it
upright and keeping the forelegs well
apart. With the axe proceed to take
out the chine or backbone. If it is de
sired to put as much of the bog into
neat meat as possible, trim the chine
very close, taking out none of the skin
or outside fat with it. Otherwise the
cutter need not be particular how much
meat comes away with the bone. What
does not go with the meat will be iu
the offal er sausage, and nothing will
be lost. Lay the chine aside, and with
the knife finish seperating the two di
visions of the hog. Next strip off with
the hands the leaves or flakes of fat
from the middles to the hams. Seize
the hock of the ham with the left hand,
and with the knife in the other pro
ceed to round out the ham, giving it a
neat oval shape. Be very particular in
shaping the ham. If it is spoiled in
the first cutting, no subsequent trim
ming will put it into a form to suit ex
actly the fastidious public eye. Trim
off the surplus lean and fat and pro
jecting pieces of bone. Cut off the
loot just above the hock joint. The
piece, wheu finished, shoulu have near
ly the form of a regular oval, with its
projecting handle or hock.
With the axe cut the shoulder from
the mid ling, making the cut straight
across near the elbow joint. Take off
the end ribs or "spare bone" from the
shoulder, trim the piece, and cut off
the foot. For home use,, trim the
shoulder, as well as the other pieces,
very closely, taking off all of both
leau. and fat that can be spared. If
care was taken to cut away the head
near the ear, the shoulder will be at
first about as wide as long, having a
good deal of the neck attached. If the
meat is intended for sale, and the larg
est quantity of bacon is the primary
object, let the piece remain so. Bat if
it is preferred to have plenty of lard
and sausage, cut a smart strip from off
the r.ech side of the shoulder, and make
the piece assume the form of a parall
elogram, with the hock attached to one
end. Trim a slice of fat from the back
of the middling, take off the "short
rib," aud, if preferred," remove the long
ribs from the whole piece. The latter,
however, is not often done by the far-
Put the midline in nice shape
by trimming it wherever needed, which,
when tinishel, will be very much like
a square in form, jierhaps a little lon
ger than broad, with a small circular
piece cut out from the end next the
The six pieces of neat meat are now
ready tor the filter. The head is next
cut open longitudinally from side to
side, seperating the jowl from the top
or "head," so-called. The jawbone of
the jowl is cut at the angle or tip, and
the "swallow," which is the larynx or
upper part of the windpipe, is taken
out. The head piece is next cut open
vertically, and the lobe of the brain is
taken out, and the ears and nose are
The bone of the chine is cut at sev
eral places for the convenience of the
cook, and the task of the cutter is nn
ished. Besides the six pieces of neat,
there are the chine, souse, jowl, head,
fat, sausage, two spare and two short
ribs, and various other small bits, de
rived from each hog. A good cutter,
with an assistant to carry away the
pieces and help otherwise, can cut out
rom fifty to sixty hogs in a day.
The Veteran's Story.
Our State is Progressing.
HIS ESCAPE FROM THE PRISON PEN AT . NEW INDUSTRIES TO BE PUT IN OPJOA-
SALISBURT, N. C.
I was one of the crowd of Union
prisoners which dag the long tunnel
and escaped from the prison pen at
Salisbury, N. C, said a veterau to a
New York Sun writer. Those of us
who had worked the hardest had the
first show on the night when we
broke through into the railroad cut.
As fast as we got out we took different
directions, as had been planned. I
went up the Yadkin river, hoping to
get into Virginia. I had a $20 gold
piece one which I had carried in my
boot heel for three months unknown
to any one. It was given to me by a
citizen of Salisbury in exchange for
$5,000 worth of Confederate gold
I made fair progress to the North
that night and the next day. As ev
ening came again I was forced to stop
at a farm-house and ask for something
to eat. My request was readily grant
ed, and when 1 rose to go the man of
the house observed:
Stranger, they say a lot of Yanks
ffOt rlun out- ftf tho mm u t iil,ni'r i i 1: i
r 17 : r jui iiuiiiisning a carriage
Bryson City E. Everett is presi
dent; A. M. Fry, viee-pnsident, and
N. Newberry, secretary, of the Bryson
City Land & Improvement Co., report
ed in last issue.
Charlotte II . P.Cook land othera
have organized the Charlotte Cider &
Culberson- Tlieottla Consolidated
Iron, Marble & Tale Co., Notth, is
reported as erecting marble works at
F.iyeUerflle-Mipr O.rell is cor
responding relative to the erection of a
cotton factory in Fayctterille.
Greensboro W. E. Worth, of Wil
mington, has purchased A. J. limes'
ice factory, as if at fd 1 ist week, will
increase capacity of and operate
the other night
"Is that so?"
"And they've scattered over the ken
try like so mauy rabbits."
"And they say that whoever brings
one back gets a hundred dollars.''
"Well, I reckon I'll hitch up the cart
and drive you back."
"What ! Do you take me for an
escaped Yankee prisoner?" I exclaimed.
"Sartin we do," replied the farmer
and his wife iu chorus.
"You are greatly mistaken. Would
a Yankee prisoner have this about
1 laid the gold on the table. Per
haps it was the first twenty either had
ever seen. It seemed a tortune to a
"I am going to leave it with you," I
continued. "You can give me some
meat and meal and a bed-quilt for it."
The were perfectly satisfied of my
identity and where I had come from,
but the man held the gold in his hand
Q"Mother, he'un can't be no Yank."
"In co'se he aint," she replied.
"He'un must be a Confederate contractor-looking
after hogs an' co n."
"An' it's our dooty to help he'tin
"Then you put up the stuff for him
while I tell him the best route,
an' in case any sojers call here an' ak
if we'u ns has seu any of theiu Yan
kee prisoners, we'uns is to say to they
'uns that we'uns haven't seen a hair
of heard a hoof."
I was captured near Rockford and
returned to the pea, but it was no fault
of the people who gave me such a lift
ou my way.
Henderson The organization of a
M0,000 stock company fcr the purpose
or establishing a carriage factory is
Lexington S. H. Tat ten, Albert
Keisfar, Jshii Keiserjuid otners have
incorporated the Pittsburgh & North
Carolina Manufacturing & Lumber Co.,
for the purpose of mining gold, silver
coal, etc. The capital Mock is $50
Marion D. K. Hitchcock will prob
ably construct water works.
Raleighf-W. 0. Itebeson has started
a cigar factory, as recently stated.
Raleigh I. Winetiirob will organ
ize it io stated, the North Carolina Fine
tailoring k Manufacturing Co. to es
tablish a clothing factory.
JUleig'a L. W. Jacobs has obtuin
ed fran cnis4o erect an electiic light
Raleigb The Raleigh Street Rail
way Co. will erect an electric-light
plant as reported in oUr last issue.
A Little Boy's Heroism.
HE THOUGHT HE WAS GOING To BE LEFT
IN THE CEMETARY.
A little boy's heroism was tested not
long ago through a mistake. The edi
tor of a contemporary relates that a
gentleman in a New Eugland town
proposed to drive with his wif to the
beautiful cemetarv besides the river
beyond the town. Calling his son, a
bright little boy some four years old,
he told him to get ready to accompany
them. The child's coun'.cuauce fell
and the father said:
"Don't yuu want to go, Willie?"
The lit lie lip quivered, but the child
answer): "Yes papa, if you wish."
The child was strangely Silent during
the drive and when the carriage drove
under the wide archway he clung to his
mother's side aud looked up in her f.ce
with pathetic wist fulness. The party
alighted aud walked among the graves
and alo;ig the tree-hadowed avenues,
looking at the inscriptions on the last
pesting place of the dwellers ia the
leabtiful city of the dead. After an
uour so spent they returned to the
k;arrige and Ike father lifted his little
son to h: sent. The child looked ur
.iri.ed, drew a breath of relief, and
"Why, am I going back with you? '
"Of course you are; why not?'
"I thought when they took little
boys to the cemetary the' left theiu
there,' said the child.
Many a man des not show tb he
roism in the face o " death t .at t he cbi i
evincd in what to him had evmentiy
been a summous to leave the world.
That Vestibule Train.
The Rail Road reporter of the Atlanta
Constitution has learned that the new,
solid vestibule train between Washington
and Atlanta will be put on about the first
of January; that everything is completed
with the exception of the observation
car, which is still iu the Pullman shops.
This train will, without exception, be the
finest in the southern country, and the
best equipped. It will cousist of bag
gage, mail, dining and observation cars
and two sleepers, and the entire cost, in
cludiagengine,will be $200,000. The train
will be equipped with everything in the
matter of the safety, comfort and con
venience of the travelling public that the
wonderful ingenuity of the modern man
has been able to suggest. It will be
lighted with gas from eud to end by the
celebrated Piutsch gas system. Each car
will be keated by the standard system of
hot water circulation. This system com
prises circulation pipes within the car,
which are filled with water, and two
heaters iu opera, ive contact with these
pipes, which can be used simultaneously
ro seperately tor imparting heat to the
water in pipes, steam from the locomo
tive being the primary source ot heat, and
Baker, or any similar heater, within the
a . . 1 I .. . .
car, tne nuxmarj wuwi wic iiihu.ii
heater is not iu use. The heat obtained
ia abundant, pleasant, easily regulated
and absolutely safe. At both ends of the
car are valves which close the pi pea when
the car is uncoupled, and the heat i
thus retained in the car for hours after
There is no need t dwell upon the ef
ficacy of the Pinseh lighting syhicm,
which is everywhere recognized as the
highest step reached in the lighting of
This is the first regular sdid vestibule
train ever in the South. The distance oi
64Smile to Washington is to be traversed
in righ;een hours, or at the rate of CO
miles an hour, including all stop9.
Tti Pennsylvania railroad, which is
the finest fq iil'ed system in the e..un
try, cannot present a tint-r or uiuie suuip
tous traiu ikati this.
putting additional spindles in its' cotton
Reidsville The city has purchased
the electric-light plant of rhe-Keids-villo
Llectric Light aud Power Co as
reported last week, will pt new nia
cin aery in and operate saiue.
-Sulisbnry The erection ef an elecv
t rie-bgh t pi:. t is tat ked of. Tht may
or can give information.
Trboro -The Riverside Knitting
Mills is reported as putting new ma
chinery in its plant.
Taylorsville A rollar flou rH will
Troy D. C. Stroup is reported as to
develop the Ward gold mine.
Troy S. T. Muffly is reported-as to
develop gold mines and erect astamp
mill in Montgomery.
Weldon The Romoke
D C. T .
iojr a rtavigatioii Uo. I reported as
erecting a building to be used for an
electric light plant.
Wilmington L. N. Cox, of Wash-
mgti n. Nrt., is ren r.ed n h.iv.'n
purchased the water works of the Clar
endon Water Works Co. and as to en-
argesame; also Is to erect an electric-
Wilmington ft is stated
cur ir -t m- 1 1 ! U .. ,1
"" w uiaue ior a
Winston The Winston T.w
Improvement Co. has been incorporat
ed with G. W. Henshaw, president;
it. ju. urowu, vice-president, and W. -t.
Trogdon. secretary. T
ed capital 'stock is $1,000,000.
for the establishment of a shoe factory
t , V , mston-Salera
Laud & Improvement Co.. can iwp in.
Winston It is stated that the Pied
mont Land k Manufacturing r-
eeutlv ri'ported. IS 1 n Vs) liruf i nrr .in tl..
j . - mi
line ol the Roanoke & Snuthernr Rail
road for suitable sites on which to erect
Bessemer iron fui
Ttto E blical Errors.
A typographical error has been r;l
cuVrred in the lost issue of the Bib;e
from the Cambridge p ess. It occurs
iu Isaiah 48:13, the word "foundation,"
being begun with an "r" instead of an
"f." The young son of Dr. Adkr
got the standing reward of a guinea.
Years ago there was an edition of the
Bible known as tiiebad Bible," from
.he fact that the yord"iKt"' was omit
ted from -the nint important cou
ruaiiuine t. T .e u i fortunate print r
was tried f.r his life and the whole
edition confiscated and suppressed.
fcUI SCRILE i v)K
Children Cry for PitcherJs Castoria.
Work:d Lik3 a Charai
- 8"ad field's. Female Regulator worked
i a nrra; iuiu-oveieut leen wonder
.u . a A express my gratitude. Wish
ev- 1 ly afflicted would try it. I know
t u ui ; them. Mas. Lulu A. Long.
Spf.uk Jr ve, Fla. Write the Bradreld
Regulator Oo., Atlanta, Ga., for. further
particulars. ?iold by al I di uggists.